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Parametros e tendência genética de peso de bovinos criados á pasto no Brasil

DOI: 10.4321/S0004-05922011000300035

Keywords: heritability, nellore, zebu.

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Abstract:

genetic parameters and trends of weights were estimated for nellore cattle from central west and south east in brazil. abcz/embrapa provided weights (kg) at 120 (w120), 205 (w205), 365 (w365) and 540 (w540) for 86 852, 86 852, 61 637, 36 187 animals, respectively, from 1975 to 2001. parameters were obtained using mtdfreml in single trait analyses. fixed effects were contemporary group (dry or wet season), year, sex and farm and age of dam (linear and quadratic covariate). random effects were direct and maternal genetic effects, their covariance, and the uncorrelated maternal permanent environmental effect. the analysis was restarted until twice the logarithms of the likelihoods changed no more than two decimal places. estimates of direct and maternal genetic variances, direct-maternal covariance, and environmental and phenotypic variances were [51.1, 17.9, -12.0, 190.5 and 280.4] for w120; [128.6, 47.2, -25.9, 695.7 and 932.4] for w205; [435.9, 32.2, -27.4, 2934.0 and 3604.9] for w365; and [607.9, 177.7, -117.6, 5637.7 and 6602.5] for w540. direct heritabilities ranged from 0.09 to 0.18, maternal heritabilities from 0.01 to 0.06, direct-maternal genetic correlations from -0.23 to -0.36, and permanent environmental effects from 0.05 to 0.12. direct and maternal genetic and environmental trends from 1975 to 2001 were 10.4, -1.6 and 18.43 kg for w120; 16.6, -2.8; and 23.0 kg for w205; 21.7, -1.3 and 23.6 kg for w365, and, 25.5, -3.6, and -8.1 kg for w540, respectively. the direct genetic trends were positive and maternal trends were small. the importance of maternal performance for w120 and w205 suggests it should be considered in breeding programs although it has a low heritability and modestly adverse genetic correlation with direct genetic effects.

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