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Língua, discurso e política

DOI: 10.1590/S1517-106X2009000100012

Keywords: powers, acts of silencing, spread of discourses, linguistic prejudice, linguistic dislocations.

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Abstract:

after discussing the meaning of the word politics, this paper shows that there are four possible approaches to the issue of the relationships between language, discourse and politics: a) the intrinsic political nature of language; b) the relations of power between discourses and their political dimension; c) the relations of power between languages and the political dimension of their usage and; d) linguistic policies. this paper addresses only the first two of these items. languages have an intrinsically political nature because they subject their speakers to their order. the acts of silencing operationalized in discourse manifest a relation of power. the spread of discourses in the social space is also subject to the order of power. the use of language may be the space of pertinence, but is also that of exclusion, separation and even the elimination of the other. therefore, language is not a neutral communication tool, but it is permeated by politics, by power. because of the dislocations that it produces, literature is a form of swindling language, unveiling the powers that are imprinted on it.

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