The purpose of this paper was the analysis of the relationship between boredom and deviance behavior; this is a field not completely explored by the sociology of deviance, despite the increase in alarm due to the increase in: deviant behavior by young people and crimes committed by groups. After a brief presentation of the most important contribution in literature, to deepen this issue, we use data collected from a survey using as principal instrument, the Boredom Proneness Scale, BPS, (Farmer & Sundberg, 1986) to identify the possible forms of prevention to be adopted in family, social and institutional context, in order to not compromise, immediately or in the long term, social, physical and psychological young person well-being. To test the evidence, it was decided to implement a model, in order to describe and analyze empirical phenomena, introducing a statistical relationship, since it is not possible to know an exact relationship between variables. The model results allow to observe a direct relationship between the BPS and variables analyzed.
Amos, A., Wiltshire, S., Haw, S., & McNeill, A. (2006). Ambivalence and Uncertainty: Experiences of and Attitudes toward Addiction and Smoking Cessation in the Mid-to-Late Teens. Health Education Research, 21, 181-191. https://doi.org/10.1093/her/cyh054
Blunt, A., & Pychyl, T. A. (1998). Volitional Action and Inaction in the Lives of Undergraduate students: State Orientation, Procrastination and Proneness to Boredom. Personality and Individual Differences, 24, 837-846. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(98)00018-X
Caffray, C. M., & Schneider, S. L. (2000). Why Do They Do It? Affective Motivators in Adolescents’ Decisions to Participate in Risk Behaviours. Cognition and Emotion, 14, 543-576. https://doi.org/10.1080/026999300402790
Connor Gorber, S., Tremblay, M., Moher, D., & Gorber, B. (2007). A Comparison of Direct vs. Self-Report Measures for Assessing Height, Weight and Body Mass Index: A Systematic Review. Obesity Reviews, 8, 307-326. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2007.00347.x
Gordon, W. R., & Caltabiano, M. L. (1996). Urban-Rural Differences in Adolescent Self-Esteem, Leisure Boredom, and Sensation Seeking as Predictors of Leisure Time Usage and Satisfaction. Adolescence, 31, 881-901.
Haller, M., Hadler, M., & Kaup, G. (2013). Leisure Time in Modern Societies: A New Source of Boredom and Stress? Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, 111, 403-434. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-012-0023-y
Highhouse, S., & Gillespie, J. Z. (2009). Do Samples Really Matter That Much? In C. E. Lance, & R. J. Vanderberg (Eds.), Statistical and Methodological Myths and Urban Legends: Doctrine, Verity and Fable in the Organizational and Social Sciences (pp. 247-265). Abingdon: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.
Mason, B. (1996). From Shamans to Shaming: A History of Criminological Thought. In K. M. Hazelhurst (Eds.), Crime and Justice: An Australian Textbook in Criminology (pp. 13-37). Sydney: LBC Information Services.
Myers, A. K., & Miller, N. E. (1954). Failure to Find a Learned Drive Based on Hunger; Evidence for Learning Motivated by “Exploration”. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 47, 428-436. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0062664
Pekrun, R., Hall, N. C., Goetz, T., & Perry, R. P. (2014). Boredom and Academic Achievement: Testing a Model of Reciprocal Causation. Journal of Educational Psychology, 106, 696-710. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0036006
Schafer, W. E. (1969). Some Sources and Consequences of Interscholastic Athletics: The Case of Participation and Delinquency. International Review of Sport Sociology, 4, 63-79. https://doi.org/10.1177/101269026900400104
Seib, H. M., & Vodanovich, S. J. (1998). Cognitive Correlates of Boredom Proneness: The Role of Private Self-Consciousness and Absorption. The Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 132, 642-652. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223989809599295
Segrave, J., & Halstad, D. (1984). Interscholastic Athletic Participation and Delinquent Behavior: An Empirical Assessment of Relavant Variables. Sociology of Sport Journal, 1, 117-137. https://doi.org/10.1123/ssj.1.2.117
Stein, R. T., & Heller, T. (1979). An Empirical Analysis of the Correlations between Leadership Status and Participation Rates Reported in the Literature. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 1993-2002. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3518.104.22.1683
Sudman, S., Willimack, D. K., Nichols, E., & Mesenbourg, T. L. (2000). Exploratory Research at the U.S. Census Bureau on the Survey Response Process in Large Companies. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Establishment Surveys (pp. 327-337). Boston, MA: American Statistical Association.
Sundberg, N. D., Latkin, C. A., Farmer, R., & Saoud, J. (1991). Boredom in Young Adults: Gender and Cultural Comparisons. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 22, 209-223. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022191222003
Vodanovich, S. J., Wallace, J. C., & Kass, S. J. (2005). A Confirmatory Approach to the Factor Structure of the Boredom Proneness Scale: Evidence for a Two-Factor Short Form. Journal of Personality Assessment, 85, 295-303. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa8503_05
Zuckerman, M., Eysenck, S. B., & Eysenck, H. J. (1978). Sensation Seeking in England and America: Cross-Cultural, Age, and Sex Comparisons. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 46, 139-149. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.46.1.139