All Title Author
Keywords Abstract


Boredom and Social Deviant Behavior: An Empirical Study

DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2018.82010, PP. 174-187

Keywords: Boredom, BPS, Deviant Behavior, Deviance, Society

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

The purpose of this paper was the analysis of the relationship between boredom and deviance behavior; this is a field not completely explored by the sociology of deviance, despite the increase in alarm due to the increase in: deviant behavior by young people and crimes committed by groups. After a brief presentation of the most important contribution in literature, to deepen this issue, we use data collected from a survey using as principal instrument, the Boredom Proneness Scale, BPS, (Farmer & Sundberg, 1986) to identify the possible forms of prevention to be adopted in family, social and institutional context, in order to not compromise, immediately or in the long term, social, physical and psychological young person well-being. To test the evidence, it was decided to implement a model, in order to describe and analyze empirical phenomena, introducing a statistical relationship, since it is not possible to know an exact relationship between variables. The model results allow to observe a direct relationship between the BPS and variables analyzed.

References

[1]  Agnew, R. (1992). Foundation for a General Strain Theory of Crime and Delinquency. Criminology, 30, 47-87.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-9125.1992.tb01093.x
[2]  Ahmed, S. M. S. (1990). Psychometric Properties of the Boredom Proneness Scale. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 71, 963-966.
https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.1990.71.3.963
[3]  Amos, A., Wiltshire, S., Haw, S., & McNeill, A. (2006). Ambivalence and Uncertainty: Experiences of and Attitudes toward Addiction and Smoking Cessation in the Mid-to-Late Teens. Health Education Research, 21, 181-191.
https://doi.org/10.1093/her/cyh054
[4]  Baldwin, J. D. (1985). Thrill and Adventure Seeking and the Age Distribution of Crime: Comment on Hirschi and Gottfredson. American Journal of Sociology, 90, 1326-1330.
https://doi.org/10.1086/228212
[5]  Barbalet, J. M. (1999). Boredom and Social Meaning. British Journal of Sociology, 50, 631-646.
https://doi.org/10.1080/000713199358572
[6]  Berlyne, D. E. (1950). Novelty and Curiosity as Determinants of Exploratory Behavior. British Journal of Psychology, 41, 68-80.
[7]  Blunt, A., & Pychyl, T. A. (1998). Volitional Action and Inaction in the Lives of Undergraduate students: State Orientation, Procrastination and Proneness to Boredom. Personality and Individual Differences, 24, 837-846.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(98)00018-X
[8]  Brissett, D., & Snow, R. P. (1993). Boredom: Where the Future Isn’t. Symbolic Interaction, 16, 237-256.
https://doi.org/10.1525/si.1993.16.3.237
[9]  Caffray, C. M., & Schneider, S. L. (2000). Why Do They Do It? Affective Motivators in Adolescents’ Decisions to Participate in Risk Behaviours. Cognition and Emotion, 14, 543-576.
https://doi.org/10.1080/026999300402790
[10]  Caliman, G. (1997). Normalità devianza, lavoro. Roma, LAS: Giovani a Belo Horizonte.
[11]  Clinard, M. B., & Meier, R. F. (1995). Sociology of Deviant Behaviour (9th ed.). Orlando, FL: Harcourt Brace College Publishers; Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.
[12]  Cloward, R. A., & Ohlin, L. E. (1960). Deliquency and Opportunity: A Theory of Deliquent Gangs. Glencoe: Free Press.
[13]  Cohen, A. K. (1955). Delinquent Boys: The Culture of the Gang. Glencoe. IL: Free Press.
[14]  Cohen, P. (1972). Sub-Cultural Conflict and Working Class Community. Working Papers in Cultural Studies 2, Birmingham: University of Birmingham.
[15]  Connor Gorber, S., Tremblay, M., Moher, D., & Gorber, B. (2007). A Comparison of Direct vs. Self-Report Measures for Assessing Height, Weight and Body Mass Index: A Systematic Review. Obesity Reviews, 8, 307-326.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2007.00347.x
[16]  Cook, M. (1993). Levels of Personality (2nd ed.). London: Cassell Publishers Ltd.
[17]  Durkheim, E. (1962). La divisione del lavoro sociale (Parigi 1893). Milano: Libro III.
[18]  Durkheim, E. (2008). Il suicidio. L’educazione morale. Torino: Utet.
[19]  Edwards, W. S., & Cantor, D. (1991). Towards a Response Model in Establishment Surveys. In Measurement Errors in Surveys (pp. 211-233). New York, NY: Wiley.
[20]  Farmer, R. D., & Sundberg, N. (1986). Boredom Proneness: The Development and Correlates of a New Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 50, 4-17.
https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa5001_2
[21]  Gana, K., & Akremi, M. (1998). French Adaptation and Validation of the Boredom Proneness Scale (BP). L’Annee Psychologique, 98, 429-450.
https://doi.org/10.3406/psy.1998.28576
[22]  Garfinkel, H. (1967). Studies in Ethnomethodology. Cambridge: Polity Press.
[23]  Gibbons, D. C., & Kronn, M. D. (1991). Delinquent Behavior (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
[24]  Giddens, A. (1991). Modernity and Self-Identity. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
[25]  Gordon, W. R., & Caltabiano, M. L. (1996). Urban-Rural Differences in Adolescent Self-Esteem, Leisure Boredom, and Sensation Seeking as Predictors of Leisure Time Usage and Satisfaction. Adolescence, 31, 881-901.
[26]  Haller, M., Hadler, M., & Kaup, G. (2013). Leisure Time in Modern Societies: A New Source of Boredom and Stress? Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, 111, 403-434.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-012-0023-y
[27]  Harris, M. B. (2000). Correlates and Characteristics of Boredom Proneness and Boredom. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 30, 576-598.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.2000.tb02497.x
[28]  Highhouse, S., & Gillespie, J. Z. (2009). Do Samples Really Matter That Much? In C. E. Lance, & R. J. Vanderberg (Eds.), Statistical and Methodological Myths and Urban Legends: Doctrine, Verity and Fable in the Organizational and Social Sciences (pp. 247-265). Abingdon: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.
[29]  Hirschi, T. (1969). Causes of Delinquency. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
[30]  Hirschi, T., & Gottfredson, M. (1993). Testing the General-Theory of Crime—Commentary. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 30, 47-54.
https://doi.org/10.1177/0022427893030001004
[31]  Iso-Ahola, S. E., & Crowley, B. D. (1991). Adolescent Substance Abuse and Leisure Boredom. Journal of Leisure Research, 23, 260-271.
[32]  Kemper, T. (1978). A Social Interactional Theory of Emotion. New York, NY: Wiley.
[33]  Klapp, O. E. (1986). Overload and Boredom: Essays on the Quality of Life in the Information Societv. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
[34]  Lea, J., & Young, J. (1984). What Is to Be Done about Law and Order-Crisis in the Eighties. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
[35]  Luhmann, N. (1984). Soziale Systeme: Grundriss einer allgemeinen Theorie, Suhrkamp, Frankfurt am Main. trad. it. Sistemi sociali: Fondamenti di una teoria generale, Bologna: Il Mulino, 1990.
[36]  Marx, K. (2004). Manoscritti Economico-filosofici del 1844. (a cura di) N. Bobbio, Einaudi.
[37]  Mason, B. (1996). From Shamans to Shaming: A History of Criminological Thought. In K. M. Hazelhurst (Eds.), Crime and Justice: An Australian Textbook in Criminology (pp. 13-37). Sydney: LBC Information Services.
[38]  Mason, G. J., & Wilson, P. (1988). Sport, Recreation and Juvenile Crime. Canberra: Institute of Criminology.
[39]  Matza, D. (1964). Delinquency and Drift. New York, NY: Jolm Wiley and Sons.
[40]  Merton, R. K. (1938). Social Structure and Anomie. American Sociological Review, 1, 672-682.
https://doi.org/10.2307/2084686
[41]  Merton, R. K. (1967). On Theoretical Sociology: Five Essays, Old and New. New York, NY: Free Press.
[42]  Merton, R. K. (1968). Social Theory and Social Structure (Enlarged ed.). New York, NY: The Free Press.
[43]  Myers, A. K., & Miller, N. E. (1954). Failure to Find a Learned Drive Based on Hunger; Evidence for Learning Motivated by “Exploration”. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 47, 428-436.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0062664
[44]  Pekrun, R., Hall, N. C., Goetz, T., & Perry, R. P. (2014). Boredom and Academic Achievement: Testing a Model of Reciprocal Causation. Journal of Educational Psychology, 106, 696-710.
https://doi.org/10.1037/a0036006
[45]  Ragheb, M. G., & Merydith, S. P. (2001). Development and Validation of a Multidimensional Scale Measuring Free Time Boredom. Leisure Studies, 20, 41-59.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02614360122569
[46]  Schafer, W. E. (1969). Some Sources and Consequences of Interscholastic Athletics: The Case of Participation and Delinquency. International Review of Sport Sociology, 4, 63-79.
https://doi.org/10.1177/101269026900400104
[47]  Seamon, J. G., & Kenrick, D. T. (1994). Psychology (2nd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
[48]  Seeman, M. (1959). On the Meaning of Alienation. American Sociological Review, 24, 783-791.
https://doi.org/10.2307/2088565
[49]  Seib, H. M., & Vodanovich, S. J. (1998). Cognitive Correlates of Boredom Proneness: The Role of Private Self-Consciousness and Absorption. The Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 132, 642-652.
https://doi.org/10.1080/00223989809599295
[50]  Segrave, J., & Halstad, D. (1984). Interscholastic Athletic Participation and Delinquent Behavior: An Empirical Assessment of Relavant Variables. Sociology of Sport Journal, 1, 117-137.
https://doi.org/10.1123/ssj.1.2.117
[51]  Simmel, G. (1996). Le metropoli e la vita dello spirito. a cura di P. Jedlowski, Armando Editore.
[52]  Stebbins, R. A. (2002). Choice in Experiential Definitions of Leisure. Leisure Studies Association Newsletter, 63, 18-20.
[53]  Stein, R. T., & Heller, T. (1979). An Empirical Analysis of the Correlations between Leadership Status and Participation Rates Reported in the Literature. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 1993-2002.
https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.37.11.1993
[54]  Sudman, S., Willimack, D. K., Nichols, E., & Mesenbourg, T. L. (2000). Exploratory Research at the U.S. Census Bureau on the Survey Response Process in Large Companies. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Establishment Surveys (pp. 327-337). Boston, MA: American Statistical Association.
[55]  Sundberg, N. D., Latkin, C. A., Farmer, R., & Saoud, J. (1991). Boredom in Young Adults: Gender and Cultural Comparisons. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 22, 209-223.
https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022191222003
[56]  Thackray, R. I. (1981). The Stress of Boredom and Monotony: A Consideration of the Evidence. Psychosomatic Medicine, 43, 165-176.
https://doi.org/10.1097/00006842-198104000-00008
[57]  Trojanowicz, R. C., & Morash, M. (1992). Juvenile Delinquency: Concepts and Control (5th ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc.
[58]  Vodanovich, S. J., & Kass, S. J. (1990a). A Factor Analytic Study of the Boredom Proneness Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 55, 115-123.
https://doi.org/10.1080/00223891.1990.9674051
[59]  Vodanovich, S. J., & Kass, S. J. (1990b). Age and Gender Differences in Boredom Proneness. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 5, 297-307.
[60]  Vodanovich, S. J., Wallace, J. C., & Kass, S. J. (2005). A Confirmatory Approach to the Factor Structure of the Boredom Proneness Scale: Evidence for a Two-Factor Short Form. Journal of Personality Assessment, 85, 295-303.
https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa8503_05
[61]  Volkart, H. (1951). Social Behavior and Personality. Contributions of W.I. Thomas to Theory and Social Research, New York, NY: Social Science Research Council.
[62]  Weber, M. (1920). Sociologia delle religioni. Ghibli, 2015.
[63]  White, R. W. (1959). Motivation Reconsidered: The Concept of Competence. Psychological Review, 66, 297-333.
https://doi.org/10.1037/h0040934
[64]  Wilmott, P. (1966). Adolescent Boys of East London. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
[65]  Wilson, J. Q., & Herrnstein, R. J. (1998). Crime & Human Nature: The Definitive Study of the Causes of Crime. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.
[66]  Wink, P., & Donahue, K. (1997). The Relation between Two Types of Narcissism and Boredom. Journal of Research in Personality, 31, 136-140.
https://doi.org/10.1006/jrpe.1997.2176
[67]  Zuckerman, M., Eysenck, S. B., & Eysenck, H. J. (1978). Sensation Seeking in England and America: Cross-Cultural, Age, and Sex Comparisons. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 46, 139-149.
https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.46.1.139

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679

微信:OALib Journal