All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Evaluation of ColdZyme Mouth Spray for the Protection against Common Cold in Elite Athletes to Reduce Unwanted Absence from Training and Competition

DOI: 10.4236/ojrd.2017.73010, PP. 103-109

Keywords: Common Cold, Athletes, ColdZyme Mouth Spray

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


This study evaluated the protective effect of ColdZyme on common cold infections in elite athletes from three different sports (biathlon, ice-hockey and handball), and assessed the level of reduction in corresponding sick days. The biathlon team (n = 11) and the ice-hockey team (n = 29) significantly reduced the average number of sick days by 51% respectively 67% compared to historical data. No historical data on sick days was available for the handball team but 76% of those who experiences a cold during the study period reported little or very little impact on training and competition. Conclusion: Using ColdZyme may be an easy and practical way for elite athletes to protect themselves against the common cold and to prevent corresponding unwanted absence from training and competition.


[1]  Schwellnus, M., Soligard, T., Alonso, J.M., Bahr, R., Clarsen, B., Dijkstra, H.P., Gabbett, T.J., Gleeson, M., Hägglund, M., Hutchinson, M.R. and van Rensburg, C.J. (2016) How Much Is Too Much? (Part 2) International Olympic Committee Consensus Statement on Load in Sport and Risk of Illness. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50, 1043-1052.
[2]  Spence, L., Brown, W.J., Pyne, D.B., Nissen, M.D., Sloots, T.P., McCormack, J.G., Locke, A.S. and Fricker, P.A. (2007) Incidence, Etiology, and Symptomatology of Upper Respiratory Illness in Elite Athletes. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 39, 577.
[3]  Gleeson, M. and Pyne, D.B. (2016) Respiratory Inflammation and Infections in High-Performance Athletes. Immunology and Cell Biology, 94, 124-131.
[4]  Walsh, N.P. and Oliver, S.J. (2016) Exercise, Immune Function and Respiratory Infection: An Update on the Influence of Training and Environmental Stress. Immunology and Cell Biology, 94, 132-139.
[5]  Nieman, D.C. (1994) Exercise, Infection, and Immunity. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 15, 131-141.
[6]  Gleeson, M. (2007) Immune Function in Sport and Exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology, 103, 693-699.
[7]  Alonso, J.M., Edouard, P., Fischetto, G., Adams, B., Depiesse, F. and Mountjoy, M. (2012) Determination of Future Prevention Strategies in Elite Track and Field: Analysis of Daegu 2011 IAAF Championships Injuries and Illnesses Surveillance. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 46, 505-514.
[8]  Kemmerer, T.P., Cetron, M., Harper, L. and Kozarsky, P.E. (1998) Health Problems of Corporate Travelers: Risk Factors and Management. Journal of Travel Medicine, 5, 184-187.
[9]  Arroll, B. (2011) Common Cold. BMJ Publishing Group, Hoboken.
[10]  Cox, A.J., Pyne, D.B., Saunders, P.U. and Fricker, P.A. (2010) Oral Administration of the Probiotic Lactobacillus Fermentum VRI-003 and Mucosal Immunity in Endurance Athletes. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 44, 222-226.
[11]  Vareille, M., Kieninger, E. and Edwards, M.R. (2011) The Airway Epithelium: Soldier in the Fight against Respiratory Viruses. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 24, 210-229.
[12]  Clarsund, M., Fornbacke, M., Uller, L. and Ahlström Emanuelsson, C. (2014) Common Cold Prophylaxis Using ColdZyme Mouth Spray. XXXII Congress of the Nordic Association of Otolaryngology, Denmark, 22-24 May 2014, 118.


comments powered by Disqus