The study was conducted to explore factors associated with condom use of young Thai men conscripts. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Participants were 159 conscripts in second year who served in the Royal Thai Army by lottery method. Demographic data, sexual history including condom use, HIV and STDs and knowledge were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Logistic regression was used to analyze the data. Results: Condom use at the last sex was 41.18% of the conscripts aged 20 - 27 years and secondary school education completed of 74.2%. 25.78% had experience with drugs used but injection was rare (6.9%). Age at the first sex was reported lowest at 11 years, 9.4% reported first sex with men and 21.38% were married. The participants have sexual history (last six months) with female only of 83.2%, male only of 4.1% and both of 14.6%. Among these only 12.6% reported every time of condom use and 19.5% never used condom. Older age, higher education, drinking alcohol, drugs use and higher knowledge were associated with condom use with statistical significance. Conclusions: Condom use among male Thai conscripts was low. Education and a condom use program are urgently needed to prevent future spread of HIV and STDs.
Bing, E.G., Bingham, T. and Millett, G.A. (2008) Research Needed to More Effectively Combat HIV among African-American Men Who Have Sex with Men. Journal of the National Medical Association, 100, 52-56.
Szwarcwald, C.L., de Andrade, C.L.T., Pascom, A.R.P., Fazito, E., Pereira, G.F.M. and da Penha, I.T. (2011) HIV-Related Risky Practices among Brazilian Young Men, 2007. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, Rio de Janeiro, 27, S19-S26.
Staton, M., Leukefeld, C., Logan, T.K., Zimmerman, R., Lynam, D., Milich, R., et al. (1999) Risky Sex Behavior and Substance Use among Young Adults. Health & Social Work, 24, 147-154. https://doi.org/10.1093/hsw/24.2.147
Szwarcwald, C.L., Carvalho, M.F., Barbosa Júnior, A., Barreira, D., Speranza, F.A. and Castilho, E.A. (2005) Temporal Trends of HIV-Related Risk Behavior among Brazilian Military Conscripts, 1997-2002. Clinics, 60, 367-374.
WHO (2008) Prevention and treatment of HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections among Men Who Have Sex with Men and Transgender Populations: Report of a Technical Consultation, 15-17 September 2008, Geneva.
Chemnasiri, T., Netwong, T., Visarutratana, S., Varangrat, A., Li, A., Phanuphak, P., Jommaroeng, R., Akarasewi, P. and van Griensven, F. (2010) Inconsistent Condom Use among Young Men Who Have Sex with Men, Male Sex Workers, and Transgenders in Thailand. AIDS Education and Prevention, 22, 100-109.
Hanenberg, R.S., Rojanapithayakorn, W., Kunasol, P. and Sokal, D.C. (1994) Impact of Thailand’s HIV-Control Programme as Indicated by the Decline of Sexually Transmitted Diseases. The Lancet, 344, 243-245.
van Griensven, F., Thanprasertsuk, S., Jommaroeng, R., Mansergh, G., Naorat, S., Jenkins, R.A., et al. (2005) Evidence of a Previously Undocumented Epidemic of HIV Infection among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Bangkok, Thailand. AIDS, 19, 521-526. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.aids.0000162341.50933.e8
London, A.S., VanLandingham, M.J. and Grandjean, N. (1997) Socio-Demographic Correlates, HIV/AIDS-Related Cofactors, and Measures of Same-Sex Sexual Behavior among Northern Thai Male Soldiers. Health Transition Review, 7, 33-60.
Haque, M.R. and Soonthorndhada, A. (2009) Risk Perception and Condom-use among Thai Youths: Findings from Kanchanaburi Demographic Surveillance System Site in Thailand. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, 27, 772-783.
Fongkaew, W., Fongkaew, K. and Muecke, M. (2006) HIV/Sexual and Reproductive Health Program for HIV Prevention: The Youth-Adult Partnership with School Approach. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, 89, 1721-1732.
Cong, L., Masako, O.K., Xu, G., Ma, Q., Pan, X., Zhang, D., Homma, T. and Kihara, M. (2008) The Characterization of Sexual Behavior in Chinese Male University Students Who Have Sex with Other Men: A Cross-Sectional Study. BMC Public Health, 8, 250. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-8-250
Mansergh, G., Jommaroeng, R., Jenkins, R.A., Stall, R., Jeeyapant, S., Phanuphak, P., Tappero, J.W. and van Griensven, F. (2006) Inconsistent Condom Use with Steady and Casual Partners and Associated Factors among Sexually-Active Men Who Have Sex with Men in Bangkok, Thailand. AIDS and Behavior, 10, 743-751.
Chamratrithirong, A., Thongthai, V., Boonchalaksi, W., Guest, P., Kanchanachitra, C. and Varangrat, A. (1999) The Success of the 100% Condom Promotion Programme in Thailand: Survey Result of the Evaluation of the 100% Condom Promotion Programme in Thailand. Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 124 p.