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The uses of epidemiologic and public health approaches for HIV/AIDS control among young men in the Royal Thai Army and Thailand
Saengdidtha,B.; Rangsin,R.; Kana,K.; Kaoaiem,H.;
Sanidad Militar , 2012, DOI: 10.4321/S1887-85712012000100011
Abstract: the effectiveness of hiv/aids control in thailand is well recognized internationally and is due to the perception of national threat, the acknowledgement of the policy-makers, the efficient mechanisms of management at all levels, the relevant counter-measures and plans, the sustained commitment in the fight against hiv/aids and the total mobilization of all sectors of the country to deal with the problems. the royal thai army (rta) and the rta medical department (rtamd) have significant roles in solving the hiv/aids problems by partnering in the threat assessment, surveillance among conscripts to monitor hiv spread and control it effectively, research on behavioral risks leading to the development of targeted intervention models first piloted with conscripts and later adapted for other risk groups, providing care and support to people living with hiv/aids (pwa) and cooperation with civilian and international partners. factors that have contributed to the success of the rta's operations include the strong organizational infrastructure and management, the relevant strategies and measures, the determination for long-term commitment and total mobilization of resources and multi-sectoral coordination. the lessons learned from the rta's experience in hiv/aids prevention and impact alleviation, especially by epidemiologic and public health approaches, can be used as a basis for further development towards more effective and efficient models. it can also be a useful example for other agencies in thailand and other countries with the same problems and similar socio-cultural backgrounds to apply and adapt for their own uses.
The uses of epidemiologic and public health approaches for HIV/AIDS control among young men in the Royal Thai Army and Thailand Actuaciones epidemiológicas y de salud pública para el control del VIH/SIDA entre los hombres jóvenes en Tailandia y el Real Ejército de Tailandia  [cached]
B. Saengdidtha,R. Rangsin,K. Kana,H. Kaoaiem
Sanidad Militar , 2012,
Abstract: The effectiveness of HIV/AIDS control in Thailand is well recognized internationally and is due to the perception of national threat, the acknowledgement of the policy-makers, the efficient mechanisms of management at all levels, the relevant counter-measures and plans, the sustained commitment in the fight against HIV/AIDS and the total mobilization of all sectors of the country to deal with the problems. The Royal Thai Army (RTA) and the RTA Medical Department (RTAMD) have significant roles in solving the HIV/AIDS problems by partnering in the threat assessment, surveillance among conscripts to monitor HIV spread and control it effectively, research on behavioral risks leading to the development of targeted intervention models first piloted with conscripts and later adapted for other risk groups, providing care and support to people living with HIV/AIDS (PWA) and cooperation with civilian and international partners. Factors that have contributed to the success of the RTA's operations include the strong organizational infrastructure and management, the relevant strategies and measures, the determination for long-term commitment and total mobilization of resources and multi-sectoral coordination. The lessons learned from the RTA's experience in HIV/AIDS prevention and impact alleviation, especially by epidemiologic and public health approaches, can be used as a basis for further development towards more effective and efficient models. It can also be a useful example for other agencies in Thailand and other countries with the same problems and similar socio-cultural backgrounds to apply and adapt for their own uses. La eficacia del control del VIH/SIDA en Tailandia es bien conocida a nivel internacional y se debe a la percepción de amenaza nacional, el reconocimiento de los encargados de formular las medidas políticas a adoptar, los mecanismos eficientes de gestión a todos los niveles, las correspondientes contramedidas y planes, el desarrollo sostenido del compromiso en la lucha contra el VIH/SIDA y la movilización total de todos los sectores del país para hacer frente a este problema. El Ejército Real Tailandés (RTA) y el Departamento Médico del RTA (RTAMD) han desarrollado un papel importante en la solución de los problemas del VIH/SIDA mediante la evaluación de la amenaza, la vigilancia sobre los soldados para controlar la propagación del VIH y su control de manera efectiva, la investigación sobre comportamientos de riesgo, que propicien al desarrollo de modelos de intervención, dirigidos primero a los soldados y más tarde adaptado para otros grupos
Seroprevalence of hepatitis B and C in Brazilian army conscripts in 2002: a cross-sectional study
Toledo Jr., Antonio C.;Greco, Dirceu B.;Felga, Marcelo;Barreira, Dráurio;Gadelha, Maria de Fátima S.;Speranza, Francisco A.B.;
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-86702005000500004
Abstract: hepatitis b and c constitute important public health problems worldwide. in brazil, studies on prevalence of viral hepatitis have local and regional characteristics; consequently it is difficult to define the national epidemiological situation. our objective was to evaluate the seroprevalence of hepatitis b and c in conscripts of the brazilian army. a transversal study among males aged 17 to 22 years was conducted nationwide. after informed consent, each volunteer filled in a social-behavioral questionnaire and had blood drawn to test for hbsag and anti-hcv. a total of 7,372 volunteers were evaluated in the second half of 2002. the prevalence of hbsag was 2.6% (95% confidence interval: 2.2, 3.0) and that of anti-hcv was 1.5% (95% confidence interval: 1.2, 1.8). a wide variation among macro regions and states in the same region was observed for both markers. in conclusion, although this population theoretically had a low risk for hbv and hcv infection, these results are higher than expected for this age range. these findings may indicate a change in the pattern of hbv and hcv transmission in brazil. due to the different dynamics of these epidemics, further studies are warranted to confirm these apparent trends.
Lack of Food Supply and Health Provision and Kidney Diseases among the Soldiers of the Royal Hungarian Army in 1942-43  [PDF]
Revai Tamas MD
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2007,
Abstract: Explorers and members of the armed forces frequently have to make expeditions in to unknown and hostile country, where the opportunities for obtaining food are either limited or altogether absent. In such circumstances the expedition has to take with it sufficient food for its members. The planning and provision of the rations may make all the differences between the success or failure of the expedition or military operation. In 1920-1942 the food supply and health provision was acceptable among the soldiers of the Royal Hungarian Army and no signs of kidney diseases and nephrotic syndrome could be seen. In August 1942 in Russia the temperature was plus 41°C and in 1943 January it was and 41°C. May be that this indetermination in the temperature and starvation and undernutrition, accompanied with lack of fluids resulted in the greater frequency of the occurrence of kidney diseases and not punctually registered nephrotic syndrome among the soldiers of the Royal Hungarian Army. In almost a year of the eastern front the 2nd Army lost 125,000 men and dead, wounded or captured, only 70,000 returned.
The Dynamics of Condom Use with Regular and Casual Partners: Analysis of the 2006 National Sexual Behavior Survey of Thailand  [PDF]
Aphichat Chamratrithirong,Paulina Kaiser
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0042009
Abstract: This study aims to determine factors associated with levels of condom use among heterosexual Thai males in sex with regular partners and in sex with casual partners.
Condom leukoderma  [cached]
Banerjee Raghubir,Banerjee Kalyan,Datta Ajit
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2006,
Abstract: Contact dermatitis from natural latex of condom has been reported and is attributed to latex sensitivity. Chemical leukoderma from rubber condom is probably not reported. Here we present a case of chemical leukoderma in a 32-year-old male who developed depigmentation around the shaft of the penis in a circumferential pattern. Since the lesion was solitary and the site corresponded to the point of maximum contact of the condom, a diagnosis of contact leukoderma due to latex condom was thought of. Patch testing was done with mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT), dusting powder present in the condom, and condom latex as such. The patient tested positive (3+) with mercaptobenzothiazole and the condom latex. On discontinuation of condom use and with UVB phototherapy, lesions repigmented in eight weeks.
Fortune et Gloire .Les Parthes arsacides de l’armée de Gaule à la fin de l’Empire “Fortune and Glory”: Parthian Arsacids in the Army of Gaul at the end of the Empire  [cached]
Aram Mardirossian
Droit et Cultures , 2009,
Abstract: Parmi les nombreux contingents barbares incorporés dans l’armée romaine au Bas Empire ne figuraient pas uniquement des éléments germaniques. On observe également la présence, non seulement de troupes celtes, mais aussi de différents soldats africains et orientaux.S’agissant plus précisément de la Gaule, il appara t qu’une inscription lapidaire en latin retrouvée dans le vicus de Grand d’une part, et une source littéraire arménienne – l’Histoire de Mo se de Khorène – d’autre part, se font mutuellement l’écho de la présence, dans le dernier quart du IVe siècle, de militaires arméniens emmenés par le clan royal des Arsacides. Ces nobles étrangers au service de Rome se sont unis à des provinciales. Ils ont ainsi re u le conubium, alors même qu’une constitution de Valentinien Ier interdisait sous peine de mort toute union entre militaire non citoyen et provinciale.à Grand était bati un important temple consacré à Grannus, l’Apollon solaire local. Bien qu’officiellement chrétien, les cavaliers arsacides avaient d être frappés par la ressemblance existant entre le dieu local et une divinité du panthéon pa en arménien : le dieu Tir. Or, ce dernier occupait une place particulière dans l’idéologie royale arménienne. Amongst the numerous barbarian contingents enlisted in the Roman army in the late Empire, there were not only German conscripts. In addition to Celtic troops it is worth noting the presence of African and Oriental soldiers.As regards Gaul in particular, a lapidary Latin inscription found in the vicus of Grand on the one hand, and an Armenian literary source – Moses Khorenatsi’s History of the Armenians – on the other hand, both refer to the presence of Armenian soldiers led by the Arsacid royal clan in the last quarter of the fourth century. These noble foreigners in the service of Rome married provincials. They were able to receive the conubium even at a time when, according to a Constitution of Valentinian the 1rst, any marriage between a non-citizen soldier and a provincial was liable to the death penalty.In Grand was built a great temple dedicated to Grannus, the local solar Apollo. Although officially Christians, the Arsacid knights must have been struck by the similarity between the local god and an Armenian pagan pantheon divinity: the god Tir. And it happened that this god occupied a special place in Armenian royal ideology.
“There is discrimination in the Russian army against religious minorities” - Interview with Abdurashid Saidov, surgeon, writer and Moscow correspondent for Dagestanskaia Pravda, Moscow, 7 October 2008  [cached]
Elisabeth Sieca-Kozlowski
Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies , 2009,
Abstract: PIPSS.ORG – What is it like for Dagestani conscripts? How do the officers relate to them? Are they able to fulfill all their religious duties? Do Dagestanis have the ability to rise to the officer ranks?Abdurashid Saidov: In Moscow, there are more than 10 million residents; in Dagestan, there are 2 million. In each conscription, however, Dagestan offers up many times more young men to the army than Moscow. Speaking of attitudes towards Muslims, it is possible to say with confidence that in th...
The relationship of hyperuricemia and blood pressure in the Thai army population  [cached]
Ouppatham S,Bancha S,Choovichian P
Journal of Postgraduate Medicine , 2008,
Abstract: Background: Previous studies have demonstrated a strong association of hypertension and renal disease with gout. Nevertheless, controversy remains concerning serum uric acid concentration as an independent factor of hypertension. Aim: To explore the relationship between systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) with serum uric acid levels. Settings and Design: An observational study. Materials and Methods: A total of 5,564 subjects from the Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences were included in the study. Statistical Analysis: ANOVA tests, Chi-square test, correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis were performed. Results: Of the total subjects, 4,099 (73.7%) were male. Mean SBP and DBP were 128.73±17.06 and 81.62 ± 11.58 mm Hg, respectively. The mean serum uric acid level was 6.54 ± 1.71 mg/dL. A significant and positive correlation was found both between serum uric acid and SBP (r=0.186, P < 0.001) and between serum uric acid and DBP (r=0.255, P < 0.001). After multiple regression analysis of various clinical variables, serum uric acid levels were correlated with the severity of both SBP and DBP, increased age, increased body mass index, decreased glomerular filtration rate, increased serum cholesterol, and male gender. Conclusions: In this study, we suggest that serum uric acid be used to correlate with levels of blood pressure in the general population. Further investigation is required to establish the treatment for hyperuricemia in hypertensive patients.
Condom Use in Nigeria: An Evaluation  [cached]
Iyaji Adejoh,Ogbuke Martha Uchenna
Current Research Journal of Economic Theory , 2011,
Abstract: The research is mainly aimed at examining the factors militating against the use of condom in Nigeria with particular emphasis on Ankpa town in Kogi East of Kogi State Nigeria. Other objectives of the study includes examining the general reason for condom use as well as making recommendations that will ensure the wide acceptability of the use of condom especially in this era of HIV/AIDS pandemic in Nigeria. In the course of the study, the researcher made use of in-depth interview to gather the required data. Findings revealed that condom is used both for prophylactic and family planning or pregnancy prevention purposes. It was also discovered that encumbering beliefs, adverse experience, gender-related fears and tensions among others militate against the wide usage of condom. The writer recommends increased awareness of the use of condom that will popularize the use of condom, eliminate the belief in its harmful side effect and its association with illicit sex as well as the expansion of the existing range of condom that may be easier and more comfortable to use.
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