In the 21st？century, the shale gas is a greatly
potential unconventional gas resource, which can serve as an important
complement to conventional energy sources, and can effectively alleviate the
energy pressure of the world. The development of shale gas in the USA is in the
developing stage with advanced exploitation technology and huge reserves.
Compared with the USA, the development of shale gas in China is still in the
early stage. The development of shale gas is both an opportunity and a
challenge. Chinais in the exploration and preparation stage of resource
assessment and exploration. This paper presents the importance of the formation
principle of shale gas and the energy application, and compares the progress of
shale gas studies, exploitation technology as well as the study hot-points
betweenChinaand theUSA. Meanwhile, this paper states the difficulties and
challenges with the development of shale gas inChina.
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