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Color Barrier Free Displays in Disaster Situations

DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.42005, PP. 25-29

Keywords: Color Barrier Free, Design, Displays, Disaster Situations, Evaluation Systems

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Abstract:

Concerning color barrier free, there have been many research studies and an increasing interest in it. For example, to expand activities for the promotion of colorblind-friendly designs not only among scientists but also among industrial products and public facilities, the non-profit organization CUDO (Color Universal Design Organization) was established in 2004. However, there has been very little research of this type focusing on disaster situations. From their experiences volunteering in reconstruction support for victims of the 2011 tsunami, the authors came to recognize the importance for both non-colorblind and colorblind people to notice and distinguish emergency escape notifications, cautions and passage maps quickly and accurately. Therefore this research is aimed at the realization of color barrier free displays in disaster situations. Initially, requirements for color barrier free displays in disaster situations were analyzed. Four desirable criteria were derived as a result: “eye-catching”, “instantly-readable”, “unmistakable” and “stable”. In order to evaluate given signs from the viewpoint of the above criteria, evaluation experiment systems for displays in disaster situations were developed. With the evaluation experiment systems it would be possible to design effective signs and maps as color barrier free displays in disaster situations.

References

[1]  Ichihara, Y.G., Okabe, M., Iga, K., Tanaka, Y., Musha, K. and Ito, K. Color Universal Design—The Selection of Four Easily Distinguishable Colors for all Color Vision Types. Preprint for the 2008 The Society for Imaging Science and Technology Meeting at San Jose.
[2]  http://jfly.iam.u-tokyo.ac.jp/lab/colorresearch.html
[3]  http://www.cudo.jp/ (in Japanese)
[4]  Eizo Nanao Corporation, Color Universal Design Handbook. http://www.iar.unicamp.br/lab/luz/ld/Cor/Color%20Universal%20Design%20handbook.pdf

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