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Physics  1999 

Two-photon Franson-type experiments and local realism

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.2872

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Abstract:

The two-photon interferometric experiment proposed by Franson [Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2205 (1989)] is often treated as a "Bell test of local realism". However, it has been suggested that this is incorrect due to the 50% postselection performed even in the ideal gedanken version of the experiment. Here we present a simple local hidden variable model of the experiment that successfully explains the results obtained in usual realizations of the experiment, even with perfect detectors. Furthermore, we also show that there is no such model if the switching of the local phase settings is done at a rate determined by the internal geometry of the interferometers.

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