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Physics  2008 

Canonical partition function and finite density phase transition in lattice QCD

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.78.074507

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We discuss the nature of the phase transition for lattice QCD at finite temperature and density. We propose a method to calculate the canonical partition function by fixing the total quark number introducing approximations allowed in the low density region. An effective potential as a function of the quark number density is discussed from the canonical partition function. We analyze data obtained in a simulation of two-flavor QCD using p4-improved staggered quarks with bare quark mass $m/T = 0.4$ on a $16^3 \times 4$ lattice. The results suggest that the finite density phase transition at low temperature is of first order.


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