Since allergic diseases are more and more common nowadays, they are a very important clinical problem. The effective treatment of these diseases in childhood may contribute to decreasing diseases at a later time. The role of general practitioners in diagnosing atopic dermatitis is extremely significant, because they are the first who examine children with atopic lesions. They ought to educate parents about the basic knowledge, identification and elimination contributing factors of atopic dermatitis and systematically control children's health. The treatment should be based on the close cooperation of general practitioners, paediatricians, allergologists and dermatologists because atopic dermatitis may be the starting point of chronic disease process.