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Indexes of trends of changes climatic in the Bahia State

Keywords: Climatic changes , Index changes climatic in Bahia State.

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This work had as objective to investigate the occurrence or absence of climatic changes in the period of 1970 the 2006, in some microregions of the state of the Bahia: Irecê, Oeste, Sudoeste and Baixo Médio S o Francisco, through indexes of trends of climatic changes with data of daily total precipitation and the daily temperatures maximum and minimum of the climatological stations of the respective regions. One used the indexes of detection of climatic changes suggested by (World Meteorological Organization WMO) calculated from the data of daily precipitation and the daily temperature through software RClimdex 1.9.0. It was observed that in the region of Irecê it had trend of reduction of the annual total precipitation and increase in the intensity of daily rains. In the region Oeste it had increase in the number of days with raised temperatures, increase in the daily minimum temperatures and increase in the intensity of rains. In the Sudeste region it had a trend of a small increase of the annual rain totals. In the region of the Baixo Médio S o Francisco it had increase the number of days with daily maximum temperature, reduction of daily rains and the annual total precipitation. This variation in the precipitation in the region can be attributed to the circulation of great scale, while the intensity of rains can have influence in the climatic variability.


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