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Changes in the Institutional Context of the Ombudsman System in the Republic of Hungary in 2012

DOI: 10.4236/blr.2012.33015, PP. 112-120

Keywords: Hungary, Ombudsman, Transformation, Constitutional Law

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After the landslide electoral victory of the Fidesz-KDNP in 2010, the new Hungarian government with a two-thirds majority in Parliament adopted a new Constitution which significantly modified the previous institutional structure. Written by the former Commissioner for Civil Rights (as the Ombudsman of general competence used to be called) who is now Commissioner for Fundamental Rights, this article describes, analyses and evaluates the changes which terminated the previous Ombudsman system consisting of four Commissioners and established an independent authority to uphold information rights on the one hand, and a unified Ombudsman structure with increased responsibilities and powers on the other hand.


[1]  “Act LIX of 1993 on the Parliamentary Commissioner for Civil Rights,” 1993.
[2]  “Act CXI of 2011 on the Commissioner for Fundamental Rights,” 2011.
[3]  “The Fundamental Law of Hungary,” 2012.
[4]  “Act CLI of 2011 on the Constitutional Court,” 2011.
[5]  “Act CLXIII of 2011 on the Prosecution Service,” 2011.


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