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Do marinheiro Jo?o Candido ao Almirante Negro: conflitos memoriais na constru??o do herói de uma revolta centenária

DOI: 10.1590/S0102-01882011000100004

Keywords: chibata revolt ("the revolt of the whip"), memories, navy, -national hero, racial questions.

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Abstract:

this article discusses the consolidation of the "chibata revolt" ("the revolt of the whip") (rio de janeiro, 1910) as a theme in brazilian national memory, through the analysis of different moments and attempts at the restoration, appropriation and commemoration of the rising. i discuss how the building of the black sailor jo?o candido as a national hero was a complex process during the twentieth century, which reveals values of different temporalities, contexts and social places. analyzing three levels of memory - collective, national and individual -, i seek to understand how the celebrations related to this revolt also revealed violence, silence and forgetfulness, at the ecebido: mar?o / 2011; aprovado: maio / 2011 time that clashes occur in the search for the recognition and legitimacy of an icon in the celebration of its centenary.

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