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Jan 30, 2019Open    AccessArticle

Proximate Composition and Phytochemical Screenings of Crotalaria retusa Leaves and Seeds

J. A. Alalade, J. A. Akinlade, A. A. Akingbade, C. B. Emiola, I. A. Adebisi
The leaves and seeds of Crotalaria retusa were evaluated for the proximate, mineral and anti-nutritional contents in a completely randomized design. Atomic absorption spectrometry was used in determination of the seeds and leaves for phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, calcium and iron. Anti-nutritional factors (ANFs) including tannin, oxalate and phytate were also determined using appropriate technique

Jan 25, 2019Open    AccessArticle

Corrections in Recently Described Species of Ferns and Lycophytes from the Neotropics

Alexander Francisco Rojas-Alvarado
In recent papers on ferns and allied plants, several new species names were published invalidly or illegitimately, because they had been used previously or because their type specimens were designated ambiguously. The International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Shenzhen version) was revised to remedy these situations and to apply correct names for the new taxa. Finally, new names are proposed or the correct ty

Dec 13, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Three New Species and New Records of Dennstaedtia Bernh. from Mesoamerica

Alexander Francisco Rojas-Alvarado, Federico Villalobos-Brenes
Navarrete & Ollgaard [1] indicated the presence of a “C” group within Dennstaedtia Bernh. that contains D. obtusifolia (Willd.) T. Moore, which is the type material of the genus Patania C. Presl and indicated that it could require taxonomic recognition. They also discussed the situation generated by other authors including D. cornuta (Kaulf.) Mett. and D. obtusifolia as synonyms for D. dissecta (Sw.) T. Moore a

Oct 26, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Pharmacognostical, Phytochemical and Antioxidant Evaluations of Guettarda calyptrata A. Rich.

Yamilet Irene Gutiérrez Gaitén, José González Yaque, Ramón Scull Lizama, Zuleira Ocanto Torres, Alejandro Felipe González, José Luis Mayoral Jiménez, Max Monan
Guettarda calyptrata A. Rich., originally from Cuba and known as “Contraguao”, has traditionally been used to counteract quickly and effectively burns produced by Comocladia dentate Jacq (Guao), vegetable species that secretes a highly caustic latex for skin and mucous membranes. A burn is a traumatic injury resulting in local and

Oct 24, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Case Study of Baiyun and Caohai Lakes Implies How to Implement Wetland Restoration/Creation

Lin Xiao, Qun Zhang, Guifeng Wei, Sixi Zhu, Fanyang Yu, Boping Han
This work discusses how to implement wetland restoration/creation from the viewpoint that wetland aquatic plants are divided into four life forms: emergent, submergent, floating and floating leaf plants. Caohai Lake and Baiyun Lake were selected to discuss the difference of the species richness changes during the creation/restoration process. Baiyun Lake and eight surrounding wetlands have been selected to discuss how the species

Oct 15, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Morph-Anatomical Studies and Antibacterial Activities of the Rhizome of Zingiber officinale Roscoe

Ahlam Salih Eltahir, Massara Ibrahem Elnoor, Sarrah Menahi, Eiman Mohammed Ali Mustafa
In this study, morphanatomical study and antibacterial activity of the rhizome of Zingiber officinale (Zingiberaceae) were investigated to assist as a relevant source of information and contribute towards the standards to dispose the quality and identity of this plant to avoid adulterations. The transverse section of the rhizome includes different types of tissu

Sep 18, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Biometric Estimation of Carbon Storage in Hevea brasiliensis Planted in Different Densities

Rasyidah Mohamad Razar, Mohd Nasaruddin Mohd Aris
Carbon pool can be found in all four spheres of earth and the flux of carbon from one pool to another would result in climate change. An increased awareness to offset release of carbon in the atmosphere is emphasized in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change through Kyoto Protocol. The establishment of rubber forest for the purpose of reducing atmospheric carbon is one of the options to sequ

Jul 13, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Effect of Foliar Applied Urea on Growth and Yield of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)

Rajesh Kumar Oad, Muhammad Ali Ansari, Jagdesh Kumar, Dilpat Rai Menghwar
A field study was carried out during 2012-13 at Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan, geographically latitude 25°N and longitude 68°E, to assess the effect of foliar applied urea on the growth and yield of sunflower. The experiment was laid out in a three-replicated Randomized Complete Block Design. Five treatments were tested against sunflower variety Hysun-33 which included: T1

May 30, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Efficacy and Cost-Benefit Analysis of Indigenous Technical Knowledge versus Recommended Integrated Pest and Disease Management Technologies on Common Beans in South Western Uganda

Peace Kankwatsa
The common bean is the second most important food and third economically important crop after banana and coffee in the South Western Agro-Ecological Zone of Uganda. Farmers’ returns to investment in bean production are consistently negative mainly due to losses resulting from collective effects of insect pests and diseases that cause damages at the various plant growth stages. This research study was carried out to 1) identify the

May 16, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Zeylanidium as Pollution Indicators: Live Sensors to Water Parameters

Thara K. Simon, Veena Mathew, S. L. Sreekala
Podostemaceae family is well known as a group of aquatic angiosperms with enigmatic characters. The present work was performed to trace ecological aspects, phenology, water analysis and phylogenetic analysis of the genus Zeylanidium, in order to establish the uniqueness of the species in the fresh water habitats S-1 (9.9559°N, 76.8339°E) and S-2 (10.0538°N, 76.8