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Jan 16, 2019Open    AccessArticle

Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor—Major Depressive Disorder and Suicide

Roberto Galea, David Cassar
Objectives: The aims and objectives of this systematic review are to inves-tigate the different theories underlining major depression and suicide while exploring the correlation between BDNF, major depression and suicide. Method: Literature was researched through the University of Malta research platform and statistical reports published by the Maltese National Statistics Office, Eurostat and World Health Org

Dec 28, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Lived Experiences of Legal Guardians of Adolescents Who Deliberate Self-Harm

Roberto Galea, Michael Galea
Objectives: To explore and understand the lived experiences of the legal guardians of adolescents who engaged in Deliberate Self-Harm while inves-tigating the need for further education and support. Method: Four participants and one pilot study were purposively sampled from the Child Guidance Unit in Malta— all recruited participants were the biological mothers of self-harming adolescents. Each participant was interviewed twice. S

Jun 06, 2018Open    AccessArticle

One Neglected Yawning Function like Slow Wave Sleep: The Hypothetic Neurovascular Regulation from Mouth to Eye Driven by Expiration

Zi-Jian Cai
In this article, it is considered that the mechanism of yawning function is cor-relative to sleep. It was revealed from the electrophysiological studies that the slow wave sleep (SWS) was characterized as decrease in excitation from inspir-atory motoneurons more than from expiration, manifesting the expiratory activity dominating in SWS. To analogize yawning to SWS, herein it is only considered the expirat

Mar 15, 2018Open    AccessArticle

An Open-Ended Approach to Piagetian Development of Adaptive Behavior

Kole Harvey
In this paper, we are interested in the open-ended development of adaptive behavior by infant humans in the context of embodied, enactive cognitive science. We focus on the sensorimotor development of an infant child from gestation to toddler and discuss what aspects of the body, brain, and environment could allow for the sort of leaps of complexity observed in the developing infant that has heretofore not been replicable by artif

Dec 28, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Five Phases Music Therapy (FPMT) in Chinese Medicine: Fundamentals and Application

Hui Zhang, Han Lai
Music therapy has served as complementary and alternative medicine for various neurological disorders. Five Phases Music Therapy (FPMT) employs the theory of five phases and five music scales or tones (宫Gong (do), 商Shang (ri), 角Jue (mi), 徵Zhi (so) and 羽Yu (la)) to analyze and treat mind-body illness. In Chinese Medicine (CM), the five music scales are used to connect the human body and the universe, interpret personalities and con

Jul 12, 2017Open    AccessArticle

The Cholinergic-Regulated Thalamocortical Imagining as Mind Differentiated in Two Phases of Sleep: A View from the Guangdong People

Zi-Jian Cai
Recently, many achievements on neural sciences have been made by the people in television, such as the adipose cause of male hypothalamic aging, and so on. In this article, it is reported that, on June 17 this year in evening in television, the people in Guangdong attending the Opening Ceremony of BRICS Games there suggested that the cholinergic-regulated thalamocortical activation would result in the cortical imagin

Mar 21, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Prevalence and Pattern of Workplace Violence and Ethnic Discrimination among Workers in a Tertiary Institution in Southern Nigeria

K. E. Douglas, A. K. Nkporbu
Background: Work and work environment are important influences on both health and production. Psychosocial hazards, including Work place occupational violence and racial discrimination, may be assuming a major place in occupational health and safety, especially in developing countries like Nigeria. Work place occupational violence and racial discrimination, though appears latent, equally appears to receive

Mar 14, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Vitamin B12 Deficiency in Resistant Schizophrenia in Tropics

Thirunavukarasu Kumanan, Naveen Thomas, Selladurai Pirasath
Vitamin B12 deficiency and hyperhomocysteinemia are common in tropical developing countries. In prevalence study, among Indian population by Yajnik and colleagues, 67% of men had low vitamin B12 concentration and 58% had hyperhomocysteinemia [1]. Here, we report two patients with vitamin B12

Dec 12, 2016Open    AccessArticle

“I Have Macroglobulinemia, and Now What?”—Case Report

Susana Sá, Miquelina Redondo
Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (WM) is a chronic, indolent, lymphoproliferative disease of B lymphocytes, characterized by a lymphoplasmocytic lymphoma in the bone marrow and by Immunoglobulin (Ig) M monoclonal hypergammaglobulinemia. WM is considered incurable and the treatment of asymptomatic patients didn’t show benefit in terms of mortality. In this article, the authors present a case report of a 64-years-old woman, without rel

Dec 08, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Anti-LGI1 Limbic Encephalitis—Case Report

Susana Sá, Miquelina Redondo
Limbic encephalitis is characterized by acute or subacute changes in mood and behaviour, by recent memory changes, seizures and cognitive dysfunction. In this article, the authors present a case report of a 53-year-old woman that resorted to consultation with clinical presentation suggestive of major depressive episode. However, the worsening of symptoms despite treatment and the testimony of seizures put on the trail of another d