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Jan 30, 2019Open    AccessArticle

Tragic Aftermath of Californian Jungle Fire and Hawaiian Volcano Outburst, a Warning about Persistently Rising Global Warming, Resulting into High Rated Disaster’s Chain

Malik Muhammad Nazeer
Earthglobe is almost at flash point with respect to global heat contents and temperature and any sizeable further addition of heat to its environment will result into huge disaster of life, property and infrastructure at multiple locations on the globe. The recent example of this is the aftermath of Cali-fornian forest fires (2017-2018) and Hawaii volcano eruption as elaborated in this treatise. This has resulted into 7 main catas

Oct 24, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Seasonal Variability in Aerosol Microphysical Properties over Selected Rural, Urban and Maritime Sites in Kenya

Geoffrey W. Khamala, Jared O. Odhiambo, John W. Makokha
Atmospheric aerosols are posing a great threat to the already stressed climate with the effects being felt more on African continent. Their presence and interaction with the clouds contribute to the strongest uncertainty in aerosol characteristics and Earth’s energy budget hence; calling for a long term assessment to be done. The present study analyses long term spatiotemporal microphysical aerosol characteristics (namely: effecti

Aug 31, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Methane Gas Emissions: Methods of Improving the Efficiency of the Biggest Landfill Gas Waste to Energy Project in the Middle East Installed in Amman, Jordan

Constantine Hadjidimoulas
In a world of increasing population and consumption, there is a pressing need to use our resources in the best possible way. This involves reducing the generation of waste, achieving high-quality recycling and efficient use of the residual waste for highly productive clean energy generation. A waste-to-energy facility may generate a range of energy outputs such as electricity, district heating, steam for industrial processes and m

Aug 30, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Shortwave Radiation and Sea Surface Temperature Variations over East and West Tropical Pacific Ocean

Yongxin Huang, Biyun Guo, Mantravadi Venkata Subrahmanyam
Shortwave radiation (SWR) is having direct impact on sea surface temperature (SST). In this paper the relation between SWR and SST has been over east and west Pacific Ocean. TAO/TRITON buoy data have been used for this study. It is well known that El Nino phenomenon is related to SST anomalies and warmer temperatures can observe over eastern Pacific Ocean (EP) leading to strong El Nino. The relation between eastern and western Pac

Aug 23, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Optical Characterization of Atmospheric Aerosols via Airborne Spectral Imaging and Self-Organizing Map for Climate Change Diagnostics

John W. Makokha, Jared O. Odhiambo
Self-Organizing Map (SOM) analysis is used to perform optical characteri- zation of both Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) and Angstrom Exponent (AE) retrieved from Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) in relation to Precipitation Rate (PR) from Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission (TRMM) over selected East African sites from 2000 to 2014 and further diagnose climate change over the region if any. SOM reveals a marked

Apr 27, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Aerosol Optical and Micro-Physical Characteristic Derived from AERONET in Kenya*

Misiani Zachary, Shengjie Niu, Jingjing Lü
The identification and classicization of both natural and anthropogenic atmospheric aerosols originating from different region is becoming very useful when dealing with effect of air quality. Different areas may encounter the problem of dust storm events which is harmfully to the environment and human health. This thesis works focused mainly on the evaluation of level 1.5 data from Sunphotometer remote sensing to understa

Mar 06, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Aerosol Optical Depth Pathways and Sources; Lake Victoria Basin*

Misiani Zachary, Lun Yin, Mwai Zacharia
The air mass back-trajectory clustering analysis was combined with Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) of fine mode, coarse mode and fine mode fraction in order to evaluate the long-range effects of transportation patterns of trajectories for the ground based station at ICIPE Mbita which is located on longitude and latitude of 34.2°E, 0.417°S respectively at 1125 meters above sea

Feb 28, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Climate Variability Adaptation Strategies: Challenges to Livestock Mobility in South-Eastern Burkina Faso

Charles L. Sanou, Daniel N. Tsado, André Kiema, Julia O. Eichie, Appollonia A. Okhimamhe
This research work aims to study the perceptions of pastoralists and agro- pastoralists on climate change impacts on mobile herding and the effectiveness of herders’ adaptive strategies within Kompienga Province, south-eastern region of Burkina Faso. In order to achieve this aim, survey data were retrieved from 271 respondents and analysed. From respondents’ perceptions, climate change is real and is negatively affecting forage av

Feb 27, 2018Open    AccessArticle

A Trend Analysis of Temperature in Selected Stations in Nigeria Using Three Different Approaches

Dakéga Saberma Ragatoa, Kehinde Olufunso Ogunjobi, Appollonia Aimiosino Okhimamhe, Sabastine Dekaa Francis, Lucette Adet
This study used daily observation data obtained from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NiMet) to investigate the temperature trend of Nigeria from 1981-2015. The data were homogenised using the Quantile Matching (QM) method and Quality Controlled. The data have been transformed into three sets of data with different periods: daily, monthly and yearly. The datasets (daily, monthly and yearly) were checked for autocorrelation and

Nov 21, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Typhoon-Induced SST Cooling and Rainfall Variations: The Case of Typhoon CHAN-HOM and Nangka

Shengyan Yu, M. V. Subrahmanyam
This paper focuses on the investigation of sea surface temperature (SST) and the rainfall variations due to typhoon CHAN-HOM and Nangka occurred in 2015 over Northwest Pacific Ocean (NPO). On 7-13 July, the SST cooling area occurred mainly in the middle of the two typhoons track, the maximum SST decline reached more than 4℃ during typhoon CHAN-HOM and Nangka passage. Due to the collective effe