OALib Journal
  OALib Journal is an all-in-one open access journal (ISSN Print: 2333-9705, ISSN Online: 2333-9721). It accepts a manuscript for the peer-review processing, typesetting, publication and then allocated to one of the 322 subject areas. The article processing charge for publishing in OALib journal is Only $99. For more details, please contact service@oalib.com. Submit now
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Nov 22, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Harnessing the Solar Energy in Extracting Essential Oil for Community Based Perfumery and Aromatherapy

Agnes R. Pesimo
The study is focused on the use of solar energy in extracting essential oil as alternative process of extracting essential oil. In particular, it determined the rate of extraction and percent yield at normal temperature and weather condition. Four kinds of plant samples with known aromatic characters and pharmaceutical importance, Sambong (Conyza balsamifera Lin
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Nov 14, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Dual-Purpose Solvay-Dow (Magnesium) Conceptual Process

Hussein Abdel-Aal, Maha Abdelkreem, Khaled Zohdy
The proposed process basically combines two decades old processes (Solvay and Dow Magnesium) for the manufacture of soda ash and magnesium, respectively into a single process that also produces “partially-desalinated” water. It does so by subjecting salt brines first, to ammonia causing two simultaneous actions: 1) the absorption of ammonia forming what is called “ammoniated brine”, and 2) the precipitation of magnesium ions, foun
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Oct 13, 2014Open    AccessArticle

One-Pot Synthesis of Imidazolidine-2-Thiones, Hydantoins and Thiohydantoins under Solvent-Free and Grinding Conditions

Mohammad M. Ghanbari, Javad Safari, Zahra Roohi
A convenient, environmentally friendly and mild green synthesis of imidazolidine-2-thiones, hydantoin and thiohydantoin derivatives was developed by the one-pot reaction of benzils, urea or thiourea derivatives, and strong base at with grinding. The key advantages are the short reaction times, excellent yields, simple workup, and easy purification in the solvent-free condition. The present method aimed to overcome the limitations and drawbacks of the reported methods such as hard work-up, low yi...


Oct 06, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Skeletally Modified Polyamide Flame Retardant Coatings

J. Sheeba Vinolia, D. Duraibabu, S. Aparna, S. Ananda Kumar
The use of polyamide coatings for electrical applications is restricted mainly because of its inadequate flame retardant behaviour. In order to improve its flame retardant behaviour, polyamide is modified by incorporating phosphorus moiety in its backbone. The structure of the phosphorus and poly amide was confirmed by infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), NMR, thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), UL-94 vertical burning tests and char residue tests. From the resul...


Sep 15, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Microwave Reactors: A Brief Review on Its Fundamental Aspects and Applications

Kalyan Kumar Rana, Suparna Rana
Improved laboratory protocols for convenient and rapid transformations are highly desired in modern synthetic chemistry. Microwave irradiated reactions have received considerable attention in recent years and it is a subject of intense discussion in the scientific community. Microwave heating is more efficient in terms of the energy used, produces higher temperature homogeneity and is considerably more rapid than conventional heating methods. This technique as an alternative to conventional ener...


Aug 27, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Fundamentals, Representative Applications and Future Perspectives of Green Chemistry: A Short Review

Kalyan Kumar Rana, Suparna Rana

Green chemistry is an eco-friendly and rapid emerging field of chemistry which offers a green alternative to conventional chemistry practices. It focuses on the reduction, recycling and removal of the use of toxic and hazardous chemicals through innovative alternative routes making desired products with minimum environment impact. Its growing importance is in exploitation of maximum possible resources in such a way that, there is minimum production of un

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Jun 18, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Determination of Carbon Oxide in Exhausts of Vehicles by Thermocatalytic Method

E. Abduraxmanov,М. М. Sultanov,G. N. Daminov,S. U. Tillayev
Selective methods of thermocatalytic determination of carbon oxide and hydrocarbons in exhaust gases of vehicles are based on measurement of different thermo effects of oxidation of a combustible mixture, obtained from two identical thermosensible elements working at different temperatures are developed. At one temperature there is an oxidation of all analyzed gas mixture, and on another—the mixture without a selectively determined component and by the difference of thermo effects an exact conce...


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