OALib Journal
  OALib Journal is an all-in-one open access journal (ISSN Print: 2333-9705, ISSN Online: 2333-9721). It accepts a manuscript for the peer review process, typesetting, and publication, allocated to one of the 322 subject areas. The article processing charge for publishing in OALib journal is Only $99. Submit now
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Apr 17, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Economic Modeling for the Renewable En-ergy Support

Sara Nada, M. Hamed
This paper presents a general economic modification for the present energy strategy. This modification is unidirectional economic concept depending on three principles. The paper explains shortly the basics of engineering connections between renewable energy stations and the traditional electric power networks, illustrating the technical rules while the economical base has been accounted with time consideration. Converting stations and rectification principles are priced, simply. Also, the cost ...

Apr 17, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Alternative Approach for the Solution of the Black-Scholes Partial Differential Equation for European Call Option

Sunday Emmanuel Fadugba, Adedoyin Olayinka Ajayi
In this paper we present an alternative approach for the solution of the Black-Scholes partial differential equation for European call option which pays dividend yield using the modified Mellin transform method. The approach used in this paper does not require variables transformation. We also extend the modified Mellin transform method for the valuation of European call option which pays dividend yield. The numerical results show that the modified Mellin transform is accurate, mutually consiste...

Apr 17, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Cross-Sectional Study of Improved Sanitary Facilities’ Availability in an Urban Setting of Ghana

Anthony Mwinilanaa Tampah-Naah, Anthony N-Yelkabong
Background: The availability of sanitary facilities to human populations is deemed a necessity worldwide to promote healthy sanitation. In the Upper West Region, sanitation remains one of the major development challenges of our time, and despite growing attention and efforts by governments and donors, many approaches to urban and rural sanitation are failing. The study was conducted to examine environmental factors linked with sanitary facilities, and to assess socio-demographic factors with the...

Apr 16, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Determinants of Students’ Observance of Library Regulations in Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria

Adaora J. Udo-Anyanwu, Matilda C. Oduagwu, Nkechi O. Okorie
This paper studied the determinants of students’ observance of library regulations in Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri. The survey design was used. The population of the study consisted of all the 400 registered users of the library from which a sample of 196 was drawn. The questionnaire structured using the 4-point scale was the major research instrument. The data collected were analyzed using the mean rating scale and 2.50 was the cut-off point. The findings showed that 5 out of the 6 determ...

Apr 15, 2015Open    AccessArticle

UV Spectrophotometric Assay Method for the Determination of Fluconazole Capsules

Safila Naveed, Maheen Nafees
A very simple, accurate, rapid and economical UV spectrophotometric method was developed for the estimation of fluconazole. The UV method permits a simple, rapid and economical quantitation of fluconazole in capsule dosage form only. The maximum absorbance of fluconazole was found to be 210 nm. Fluconazole, which is available in Karachi in different brands within the pharmacies, was collected and used for this assay method. The results showed that the assay results of the two brands were in rang...

Apr 15, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Wettability and Surface Morphology Investigation of RGP Eye Contact Lens Irradiated by 193 nm Excimer Laser

Tayebeh Ariyafar, Ali Pourakbar Saffar, Peyman Tajalli, Habib Tajalli
In this work, Rigid gas permeable (RGP) contact lenses based on Fluoro Silicone Acrylate, were irradiated by using 193 nm ArFexcimer laser, at 1 Hz pulse repetition rate with 75 mJ/pulse energy to improve surface wettability. We investigated the morphology of the ablated area by imaging the surface modification with Atomic force microscopy (AFM) with roughness analysis and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Characterization techniques were performed too via contact angle measurement in order to...

Apr 14, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Anchoring Heuristic Messes with Inflation Targeting

Evelin Da Silva, Sergio Da Silva
We evaluate recent inflation-targeting using Brazilian data and also consider the framework of the macroeconomic model of adaptive learning blended with a cognitive psychology approach. We suggest that forecasters interpret the inflation target as an anchor, and adjust to it accordingly. As current inflation increases above the target level, a central bank loses credibility, and forecasters start the adjustment from the top because they expect an even higher future inflation. Then, they move bac...

Apr 14, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Transient Solution of M/M/2/N System Subjected to Catastrophe cum Restoration

Dhanesh Garg
In this paper, we study the distribution of the number of times that a finite capacity with equal servers Markovian queuing model catastrophic-cum-restorations reaches its capacity in time t. The occurrence of a catastrophe makes the system empty instantly but the system takes its own time to be ready to accept new customers. This time is referred to as “restoration time”. The aforesaid distribution is obtained as a marginal distribution of the joint distribution of the numbe...

Apr 14, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Evaluation of the Quality of Antenatal Care (ANC) Service at Higher 2 Health Center in Jimma, South West Ethiopia

Tirsit Mehari Abate, Waju Beyene Salgedo, Negalign Berhanu Bayou
Background: Antenatal care is the care that women receive during pregnancy to ensure a healthy outcome for women and newborns. In spite of its clear importance, such services continued to be important determinants of maternal mortality and morbidity throughout the world. Methods: A case study was conducted in Higher 2 Town Health Center, using client exit interviews of 265 clients who came to the health institution. In addition, 10 observations of client-provider interactions, docu...

Apr 13, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Perturbative Quantum Gravity on de Sitter Spacetime

Ashaq Hussain Sofi, Shabir Ahmad Akhoon, Asloob Ahmad Rather, Anil Maini
We will analyse perturbative quantum gravity on de Sitter spacetime. We propose a new type of inner product for modes on de Sitter spacetime. This inner product is used to mode decompose perturbations of the metric on de Sitter spacetime. Using this inner product, it is possible to calculate the two-point function for perturbative quantum gravity on de Sitter spacetime. This two- point function will be written in terms of a mode sum for various modes on de Sitter spacetime.

Apr 13, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Chern-Simons-Matter Theory in Superspace Formalism

Ashaq Hussain Sofi, Sajad Ul Majeed
In this letter, we will study the Chern-Simons-matter theory in Harmonic superspace. It will be shown that this superspace is well suited to write theories with high amount of supersymmetry. This will be done using harmonic variables. The harmonic superspace will have N=3 supersymmetry. It will be argued that it will be possible to analyse this theory in non-anticommutative superspace. The non-anticommutative superspace for this theory will be explicitly constructed.

Apr 10, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Augmentation of Dry Matter Production, Photosynthetic Enzymes, Yield Attributes and Quality Parameters of Sunflower through Seed Priming Effect of Gibberellic Acid—A Multifaceted Hormone

Nikhat Jafri, Mohammad Mazid
The aim of this experiment is to search best concentration of GA and appropriate duration (soaking hour) as well as to find out best interaction between best concentration and best soaking duration. Soaking the seeds with 10-5 M GA for 8 h is best for growth and development of sunflower cv. PAC 3776. Surface sterilized seeds sunflowers (Helianthus annus L.) were soaked in 0, 10-7, 10-5 and 10-3 M aqueo...

Apr 09, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Impact of Fixed Orthodontic Therapy in Correction of Malocclusion in Adults

Angela Cristina Pinto de Paiva Cunha, Olga Benario Vieira Maranhao, Ana Glaucia de Oliveira Macedo, Anderson Farias da Cunha, Kenio Costa de Lima
Objective: To measure the impact of fixed orthodontic therapy in the correction of malocclusion in adults and to evaluate the influence of factors associated with this impact. Methods: The sample consisted of 288 adult patients who had undergone fixed orthodontic therapy. The adequacy of orthodontic treatment was assessed by the PAR index in models of initial and final study. Associated factors were divided into two groups: socio-economic demographic variables (gender, education level, type of s...

Apr 08, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Breed Characterization: Tools and Their Applications

Addisu Hailu, Addis Getu
During the subsequent history of livestock, the main evolutionary forces of mutation, selective breeding, adaptation, isolation and genetic drift have created an enormous diversity of local populations. Organizing and documentation of basic tools for breed characterization are the major aims of the review with the scope of available markers. This farm animal genetic diversity has a primary requirement to meet current production needs in various environments. In addition, farm animal genetic dive...

Apr 08, 2015Open    AccessArticle

A Book Review of Tourism, Poverty and Development by Andrew Holden

Geoffrey K. Riungu

Andrew Holden’s book titled “Tourism, Poverty and Development [1] gives a solid introduction of how a pro poor tourism agenda can be used to alleviate poverty and propel development in Least Developing Countries (LDCs). The book uses case studies to paint a picture of the prevailing conditions in LDCs and how some countries are trying to use tourism as a stepping stone towards freein


Apr 07, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Development of an Automotive Liquid Waste Management System for the BSU-CIT Automotive Technology Department

Warlito Galita, Charlie Cano
This action research aimed to identify the various problems and issues arising from the day-to-day operations of the automotive repair shop in terms of proper automotive liquid waste management and from these problems, to develop an Automotive Liquid Waste Management System for the BSU-CIT Automotive Technology Department. The respondents of this study were the 77 faculty members and selected students from the College of Industrial Technology Automotive Technology in the BSU Main Campus for the ...

Apr 07, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Reading against the Digital Archive: Historiography and What Is Not

Amy Young, Joshua Gunn, Jon Hoffman, Barry Brummett
Social media sites like Buzzfeed and Twitter provide significant opportunities for understanding circulation of meaning in our contemporary media ecology. Aligning these social and viral media with cultural productions and reproductions, we argue that Heidegger’s theoretical frame of historiography illuminates the ways in which genres are created, memed and mutated across the digital archive. A homological historiography, then, highlights social and viral media as those that require constant fee...

Apr 03, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Measuring Customer Satisfaction towards Cafeteria Services in Primary Health Care Setting: A Cross-Section Study among Patients and Health Care Providers in Bintulu, Sarawak

Kong Jian Pei, Azlee Bin Ayub
In Malaysia, the total number of patients accessing primary health care institution increased from 137,604 in 2008 to 141,593 in 2012. Tremendously large numbers of patients on primary health care institution have unquestionably raised the expansion of demand for food service availability and quality on institution. The objective of this study was to determine the levels of satisfaction (food quality, service quality, ambience, price and portion) among patients and staffs on the cafeteria facili...

Apr 02, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Comparative Optimized Protocols of DNA Extraction and Purification Using FTA PlantSaver Card and DNAzol Methods for Eggplant (Solanum Species) Studies in North Central Nigeria

Celestine Uzoma Aguoru, Lucky O. Omoigui, Joseph Olalekan Olasan
Two methods of DNA extraction and purification in eggplant molecular research were investigated. FTA PlantSaver card and DNAzol were optimized, simplified and presented. The aim was to discard the rigorous protocols and help save energy, resources and time wasted in DNA extraction during molecular research in eggplant. DNA was extracted from fresh leaf of 18-day-old eggplant seedlings. Quality of genomic DNA extracts was verified on 1% agarose gel electrophoresis and viewed on a UV-transillumina...

Apr 01, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Nosocomial Infections in a Morocco Burn Unit

Amine Rafik, Hakim Chabbak, Kawtare Jouhri, Mounia Diouri, Naima Bahechar, Abdes-samad Chlihi
Introduction: The bacterial nosocomial infection remains a common cause of death in patients who have sustained a severe burn injury. Material and Methods: We conducted a prospective study of 45 patients hospitalized in the ICU burns Hospital IBN-ROCHD of Casablanca over a period of six months, from 1 January 2014 to 30 June 2014. The criteria for nosocomial infection were those of the Center for Disease Control in Atlanta in 1988. Result: Incidence rates were calculated. The bacterial ecology o...

Apr 01, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Validating Customer Loyalty Model Using Structural Equation Modelling in a Kenyan Hospital

Mahuro G. Mbuthia, Egondi Thaddaeus
In healthcare services, customer satisfaction measurement is increasingly gaining emphasis due to researchers’ and clinicians’ desire which is to get outcomes that reflect varying unique patient perceptions. Ultimately, the main aim of every patient is to have their disease or health problem alleviated. These parameters alienate healthcare service from other service contexts. The study sought to assess quality levels and examine drivers of patients’ loyalty in Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairo...

Mar 31, 2015Open    AccessArticle

An Investigation of the Effects of a Period of Individual and Team Plays on the Social Development of Educable Mentally Retarded Children

Jamal Fazel Kalkhoran, Morteza Homayounnia
Children learn to collaborate with and attract children of their own age, to observe others’ rights, to live a team life and to develop many more social processes through play. The present study aimed at investigating the effects of a period of individual and team plays on the social development of educable mentally retarded children. In this quasi-experimental study, two experimental and one control group were used with the pretest-posttest design. The statistical population consisted of mental...

Mar 30, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Indigenous Knowledge and the African Way Forward: Challenges and Opportunities

Beyuo Alfred Naamwintome, David Millar
Indigenous knowledge exists and particularly in Africa and is being challenged as science and this negatively influences the harnessing of it globally. The study focused on the history of knowledge as science and the evolutionary analysis of science as a body of knowledge, within a Grounded Theory approach. The findings revealed that indigenous knowledge is a body of knowledge like the western science and has survived the custodians of this body of knowledge for generations; it dictates the prog...

Mar 30, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Developing Reading Culture for the Challenges of Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria

C. Olujide Ajidahun
The paper critically interrogates and assesses the importance of reading and its indispensable contributions to the educational development of the society. The paper also laments the fallen standard of education in Nigeria and addresses the decay and the rot that have characterised the educational system in Nigeria, which are a consequence of the dwindling reading culture among the Nigerian youths. An analysis of the recent Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination results conducted by bot...

Mar 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Faith-Based Organizations-State Relation and the Democratization Process in Kenya

Solomon Owuoche
This article examines how Faith-Based Organizations (FBOs)-state relation influences the democratization process in Kenya. Ideally, the state should be in the forefront in nurturing the democratization process. However, evidence suggests that the Kenyan state has for a long time appeared as an unwilling participant in the democratization process. Instead, the Kenyan state has refused to let go of the old system of governance associated with restricted political freedoms, ethnic discrimination, h...

Mar 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Preparation and Characterization of Copper Oxide Nanoparticles Synthesized via Chemical Precipitation Method

Ismat Zerin Luna, Lutfun Naher Hilary, A. M. Sarwaruddin Chowdhury, M. A. Gafur, Nuruzzaman Khan, Ruhul A. Khan
Copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO-NPs) were synthesized via chemical precipitation method using copper (II) chloride dihydrate and sodium hydroxide. Then nanoparticles were characterized by using X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX), and Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR) spectroscopy. The XRD patterns and EDX spectra showed that the prepared CuO-NPs were highly pure, crystalline and nano-sized. The SEM image suggested that nano particles were ...

Mar 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Prevalence of Human Intestinal Helminth Parasites among Undergraduate Students at the off Campus (North Gate Area), Federal University of Technology, Akure (Futa), Nigeria

Ebenezer Oluyemi Dada, Christiana Eleojo Aruwa
Studies have shown that soil-transmitted helminth infections are widely distributed throughout the tropics and subtropics. Poor sanitation is a major factor in the spread of intestinal helminth parasites. Hence, a study was carried out from July to September 2014, to determine the prevalence of intestinal helminth parasites among undergraduate students at North Gate, FUTA. A total of two hundred (200) stool samples were collected randomly from both males and females. Faecal samples were analyzed...

Mar 25, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Dielectric Properties of Human Normal and Malignant Liver Tissue: A Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics Approach

Francesco Farsaci, Annamaria Russo, Silvana Ficarra, Ester Tellone
In this paper we will show the possibility of studying physical properties and irreversible phenomena that occur in biological tissues by applying the dielectric Kluitenberg’s non-equilibrium thermodynamic theory. Namely, we shall use some recent extensions of this theory that allows deducing its main characteristic parameters from experimental measurements. We determine frequency spectrum for phenomenological and state coefficients of the non-equilibrium thermodynamic approach. Applying these r...

Mar 24, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Syndemic Theory and Male Same Sex Intimate Partner Violence: An Urban/Non-Urban Comparison

Matt L. Pimentel, An-Lin Cheng, Patricia J. Kelly
Background: The majority of research with gay men has been conducted in urban populations, with minimal work on partner violence in non-urban (suburban and rural) settings. Syndemic theory, the concept that negative health outcomes are increased with the addition of each new deleterious health variable, has been used to understand partner violence. The aim of the study was to determine differences in prevalence and associated factors of male same-sex intimate partner violence (MSSIPV) among gay ...

Mar 23, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Perception of Risks and Benefits of Smoking among Adolescents of Glacier International College

Bibha Dhungel, Neema Bhandari
Background: Tobacco use is one of the important preventable causes of death and a leading public health problem all over the world. Multiple factors are involved in the initiation of smoking in adolescents and young adults. Adolescents may incorrectly believe that cigarette smoking is less risky than other behaviors, such as alcohol consumption and drug use, and they do not understand the short-term effect and addictive nature of smoking. Objectives: The main objective of the study was to find o...

Mar 20, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Comparison of an In-House Quantitative Real-Time PCR and COBAS AmpliPrep/TaqMan Roche for Determination of Viral Load for HIV Type 1 Non-B

Erick Ntambwe Kamangu, Adawaye Chatte, Raphael Boreux, Fabrice Susin, Richard Lunganza Kalala, Georges Lelo Mvumbi, Patrick De Mol, Marie-Pierre Hayette, Dolores Vaira
Context: The in-house techniques or experimental methods are increasingly recommended for their low-cost reagents for the determination of the Viral Load (VL) in resource-limited settings. The objective of this study was to compare the determination of VL from HIV-1 non-B samples by an in-house technique with the COBAS AmpliPrep/TaqMan version 2.0. Method: In this cross-sectional study, 39 plasma samples from patients infected with HIV type 1 non-B from N’Djamena and Kinshasa were used to determ...

Mar 20, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Social-Ecological Evolutionary Resilience: A Proposal to Enhance “Sustainability Transformation” about Theoretical Foundation

Qiyan Wang, Masakazu Yamashita
In this conceptual paper, we try to take a step to explore theoretical foundation of sustainability transformation in dimension of resilience thinking. Firstly, this paper will reexamine the ontology of ecosystem resilience so as to avoid the conflated view between ecosystem resilience and engineering resilience; secondly, it will propose social-ecological evolutionary resilience as theoretical and conceptual foundation for sustainability transformation.

Mar 20, 2015Open    AccessArticle

An Opportunity of Failure of the Air Rotational Motion

Sergey Niikolayevich Dolya
The article shows that to suppress the rotational motion of the air, form a funnel with a diameter of 200 m and the velocity of rotational movement of its walls equal to V = 100 m/s, it is required to pour 80 tons of liquid nitrogen into the funnel.

Mar 19, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Smear Positivity and Associated Risk Factors among Pulmonary Tuberculosis Suspects at Nigist Eleni Mohammed Memorial Hospital, Hossana, South Ethiopia

Dawit Jember Tesfaye, Lopiso Dessalegn Tirore, Wassie Gebi Beshir,Techalew Shimelis
Background: Tuberculosis remains to be a major public health problem among the under developed world due to delay in detection and treatment of patients with active TB. In Ethiopia, case detection rate remains low compared with WHO target. Prolonged delay of tuberculosis case detection may lead to disease that is more advanced, high mortality, and continual transmission in the community. Therefore, we aimed to assess the prevalence of smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis and its associated fact...

Mar 19, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Chang Chien’s Thought on Education

Shun-Chih Sun
Chang Chien (1853-1926) was a native of Nant’ung, Kiangsu. In spite of the various works on Chang Chien, which testify to the significance of his role in modern China, Chang Chien’s thought on education is still not well-researched. The purposes of this paper are firstly, to analyze Chang Chien’s thought on education systematically and clearly in the hope that it may become a useful reference for researchers on modern China, and secondly, to stimulate scholars for further research. This paper de...

Mar 18, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Against Geometry: Nonstandard General Relativity

Gunter Scharf
We show that the Schwarzschild solution can be embedded in a class of nonstandard solutions of the vacuum Einstein’s equations with arbitrary rotation curves. These nonstandard solutions have to be taken as physical, if dark matter as needed in the standard theory cannot be found. As a consequence general relativity is considered as a classical field theory in Minkowski space and not as a geometric theory in the sense of Einstein. Assuming an asymptotically flat rotation curve and introducing a ...

Mar 18, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Association of TCF7L2 Gene Polymorphisms with T2DM in the Population of Juana Koslay, San Luis Province, Argentina

Susana Siewert, Federico Marquez, Gisela Mendoza, Gustavo Fernandez, Irma Gonzalez, Marta S. Ojeda
Polymorphisms in the gene coding for transcription factor 7 like 2 (TCF7L2) are recognized as the strongest common genetic risk factors for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) across multiple ethnicities. This study was conducted to evaluate an association between TCF7L2 variants and diabetes susceptibility in the population of Juana Koslay, San Luis, Argentina. We genotyped 2 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) rs7903146 and rs12255372 in controls and diabetic subjects. Association with T2DM was ...

Mar 18, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Primers for Dengue Virus Strains Based on Their Sequence Variability

Raghavendra Krishnappa, Rajendran Paramasivam
Since DENV-1, 2, 3, and 4 determine the strains for dengue virus, their gene sequence can be used as marker for diagnosis, amplifying and genotyping subtypes in molecular screening reaction which includes RT-PCR, real-time RT-PCR, nucleic acid sequence-based amplification, microsphere- based duplexed immunoassay, and DNA microarrays. There are many gene based PCR diagnostic kits available for screening and quantifying dengue virus, which one to choose? Decisions on choosing the diagnostic kit ar...

Mar 17, 2015Open    AccessArticle

An Analysis of Urban Management in Zhejiang Province—Based on the Granger Causality Test and VAR Model Analysis

Haisheng Chen
Based on granger causality test and VAR (the Vector autoregressive model, Vector autoregressive model (VAR) is usually used in related time series prediction and stochastic disturbance on the variable system) analysis, the article finds the relationship among labor transfer, residents’ consumption and economic growth. On the one hand, the labor transfer is the granger reason of residents’ consumption. On the other hand, economic growth is the granger reason of labor transfer at the 5% significan...

Mar 16, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Assessment of Reading Proficiency in Urban Education: The Case of Charter Schools in Michigan, United States

Suleiman M. Hamdan, Joseph L. Musial
The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the 7th grade reading performance among a random sample of urban public school academies (charter schools) in Wayne County, Michigan, compared with a random sample of traditional urban public schools within the same geographic area. This study was conducted using the fall 2012 Michigan Educational Assessment Program (MEAP) reading test scores, as reported by the Michigan Department of Education. A total of 11 public charter schools ...

Mar 16, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Treatment of Children with Anorectal Malformations—10-Year Review

Sejdi Statovci, Hysen Heta, Nexhmi Hyseni, Salih Grajcevci, Murat Berisha, Gani Ceku
Introduction: Anorectal malformations include a wide spectrum of congenital defects of the anus, anal canal and rectum, which are often combined with urogenital tract defects. They are often associated with congenital anomalies of other organ systems such as genitourinary, cardiovascular, digestive, skeletal, etc. Objectives: This study aimed to review the patients with anorectal malformations, diagnosis, different types of associated anomalies and their frequency, modalities of treatment, resul...

Mar 13, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Investigation of the Effects of Eucalyptus camaldulensis on Performance of Neighbouring Crop Productivity in Western Amhara, Ethiopia

Melkamu Alebachew, Tadele Amare, Minale Wendie
The study was conducted on investigating effects of Eucalyptus camaldulensis on the performance of adjacent crop productivity for the benefits over adverse effects of it versus different land uses in district Mecha of Western Amhara region, Ethiopia. This research was carried out with the aim to test the performance of neighbouring crops grown near E. camaldulensis on the effects on plant growth performance and grain yield. Eucalypts has many important uses and a reliable source of...

Mar 13, 2015Open    AccessArticle

On the Contribution of Nigerian Female Dramatists to Indigenous Theatre Development

Kyantirimam Riken Ukwen
Nigeria’s performance theatre consists of variety of creative works reflecting the cultural diversity of its people. Many of the written texts and stage performances are slices from everyday lives of the people, captured by these playwrights and shown to the audience through live theatre. The paper examines the contribution of Nigerian female dramatists in the development of theatre in Nigeria. The paper advances that this group of theatre practitioners contributed to the overall development of ...

Mar 12, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Compensatory and Learning Strategies of Cit Students: Tools in Improving Listening Abilities

Warlito M. Galita
The objective of this study is to determine the learning and compensatory strategies the College of Industrial Technology (CIT) students use to enhance their listening skills and the various strategies that these learners use to compensate their limited skills and abilities. Findings reveal that the student-respondents exhibited the (10) learning and compensatory strategies of study, concentration, memory, learning from textbooks, learning from lectures, essays and assignments, exams, organizati...

Mar 11, 2015Open    AccessArticle

On Standardizing Philanthropy

Uzi Sasson
Philanthropies and governments traditionally share power relations. While governments exercise their power to rule by regulations, philanthropies, on the other hand, perceive government involvement, through regulation, as a way to reduce their power. In order to bridge these two forces that don’t necessarily share similar interests, a third party is needed. This external agency should set guiding standards for philanthropies to follow as well as for the cooperation between the government and the...

Mar 11, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Idiosyncrasy of Israeli Philanthropy-Government Interaction

Uzi Sasson
The purpose of the study is to evaluate two different systems, in the relations between the government and philanthropy. While the one is controlling in regulation, the other is establishing a committee that will standardize philanthropy activities in Israel. I use the Israeli government actions vs. philanthropic activities as a case study to demonstrate my assumptions and conclusions. As far as the government-philanthropy relationship is concerned, Israel is a unique case. In this paper, I will...

Mar 10, 2015Open    AccessArticle

A Research on Chang Chien’s Thought on Local Self-Government

Shun-Chih Sun
Chang Chien (1853-1926) was a native of Nant’ung, Kiangsu. In spite of the various works on Chang Chien, which testify to the significance of his role in modern China, Chang Chien’s thought on local self-government is still not well-researched. The purposes of this paper are firstly, to analyze Chang Chien’s thought on local self-government systematically and clearly in the hope that it may become a useful reference for researchers on modern China, and secondly, to stimulate scholars for further...

Mar 10, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Fireman Numerical Solution of Some Existing Optimal Control Problems

J. O. Olademo, A. A. Ganiyu, M. F. Akimuyise
This study employs the Fireman Method in the solutions of optimal control problems of the form, under an admissible control , which causes  to follow admissible trajectory ...

Mar 10, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Development of a Smart Solar-Powered LED Street Lighting System for Greener Community

Warlito M. Galita
The major objective of the study was to design and develop a Smart Solar-Powered LED Street Lighting System for a Greener Community. The project is different from conventional street lighting systems not only in the sense that it uses solar energy, but more importantly, it is also a stand alone device that provides for an efficient energy management program that ensures effective maintenance and reduced energy wastage due to malfunctioning lighting controls. In addition, it is much cheaper to fa...

Mar 09, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Role of Conformational Traits on Dairy Cattle Production and Their Longevities

Addis Getu, Godadaw Misganaw
The dairy industry faces a unique challenge to constantly improve functionality of the dairy cows to meet the needs of future production and reproduction demands. The basis of improvements is selection of the best animals. The accuracy of selection can be increased by using the combined analysis of both direct information on herd life and indirect information obtained from conformation traits. Generally, conformation traits are important in dairy cattle development. These traits are used ...