OALib Journal
  OALib Journal is an all-in-one open access journal (ISSN Print: 2333-9705, ISSN Online: 2333-9721). It accepts a manuscript for the peer review process, typesetting, and publication, allocated to one of the 322 subject areas. The article processing charge for publishing in OALib journal is Only $99. Submit now
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Feb 05, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Clinical Research on the Method of Huafu Zaisheng in Treating Diabetic Foot with Tendons Necrotic

Chaojun Zhu, Jing Ma, Xianzhou Liu, Xuya Lu, Qiang Xu, Zhaohui Zhang
Objective: To observe the effect of liquefying the necrotic tendons of diabetic foot and promotion of wound healing using the treatment of Huafu Zaisheng. Methods: 98 patients suffering from diabetic foot were randomly divided into Huafu Zaisheng group (35 cases), Huafu group (32 cases), Zaisheng group (31 cases), and then had eroded debridement timely for its wounds. Since then, different methods and drugs applied to deal with the wound, observe the liquefaction time and detachment time of the ...


Feb 04, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Revegetation of Dark Coniferous Taiga at the Site of Second Growth of Light Coniferous-Leaf Woods in the South-Eastern Pre-Baikal

A. P. Sizykh, A. P. Gritsenyuk
Zonal and height belt differentiations of the environmental parameters determine forms and types of forest changes while forming natural systems of any hierarchy. Under the conditions of climate changes, shifting of natural (geographical) environments or height belts as definite environments is possible, with the structural differentiation of the whole biosphere. Determination of consequences of such changes is a problem for modern biogeography, biocenology, geobotanics and ecology ...


Feb 04, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Some Studies on the Lorentz Theory of Radiation Reaction in Relation to a Charged Particle Acted on by a Constant Force in a Finite Time Interval

Rajat Roy
An attempt to predict some experimental verification of the Lorentz theory of radiation reaction using theoretical methods is being made. The dynamics of charged particles using the equations of motion of this theory is compared to that of uncharged particles. Some verifiable consequence of pre-acceleration is also worked out.


Feb 04, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Utilitarian Moral Judgments Are Cognitively Too Demanding

Sergio Da Silva, Raul Matsushita, Maicon De Sousa
We evaluate utilitarian judgments under the dual-system approach of the mind. In the study, participants respond to a cognitive reflection test and five (sacrificial and greater good) dilemmas that pit utilitarian and non-utilitarian options against each other. There is judgment reversal across the dilemmas, a result that casts doubt in considering utilitarianism as a stable, ethical standard to evaluate the quality of moral judgments. In all the dilemmas, participants find the utilitarian judgm...


Feb 04, 2016Open    AccessArticle

The Effects of Brain Drain Phenomenon under the Greek National Health System

Koukoufilippou Ioannis, Bogri Damaskini, Soursos Georgios, Koinis Aristotelis
The phenomenon of the brain drain is a form of contemporary emigration consisting of the best section of the human capital of the country. The loss of productive dynamism at the highest level stymies the future prospects of the country. The National Health System is damaged immediately by the phenomenon as the country is deprived of talented young physicians, the very staff who comprises the “cadets” of the public health system. Motivation theories and empirical researches and motivation incenti...


Feb 03, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Regulation of Both Cell State and Gene Expression with Nutrient Gradient as Conserved Mechanism Differentiating the Cell Fates for Embryonic Gastrulation: A Theory

Zi-Jian Cai
In this article, it is newly suggested the regulation from nutrient gradient on both cell metabolic state and expressional gene classes as the conserved mechanism differentiating the cell fates for formation of the three germ layers of gastrula in animals. As a new theory, it is supported by the totipotency and pluripotency of early embryonic cells and cultured stem cells to be regulated by nutrients, as well as by the universal formation of nutrient gradient during gastrulation in various anima...


Feb 02, 2016Open    AccessArticle

The Dominant Islamic Philosophy of Knowledge

Hassan Ajami
The Arab-Islamic culture is certainty-oriented, such that most Arabs and Muslims consider their beliefs to be certainties. This enabled the traditionalist philosophical school of knowledge to be dominant in the Arab-Islamic world. Both Muslim philosophers Al-Ghazali and Ibn Taymiyyah articulated the dominant philosophical theory of knowledge. While Al-Ghazali claimed that God creates knowledge in us, Ibn Taymiyyah held that knowledge is justified true belief or a set of beliefs presented by an i...


Jan 29, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Socio-Demogrphic Profile and Complications of Patients with Retained Placenta in a Tertiary Centre, South-South Nigeria

Christopher U. Iklaki, Cajethan I. Emechebe, Charles O. Njoku, Boniface U. Ago, Brown S. Ugwu
Retained placenta is a life threatening emergency and a major cause of primary postpartum hae- morrhage and maternal morbidity in the developing world. Objectives: To determine the socio- demographic characteristics and complications in patients presenting with retained placenta in this centre. Materials and Method: This was a retrospective study of all cases of retained placenta managed at the UCTH from January 1st 2008 to December 31st 2012. The case records of these patients were retrieved an...


Jan 29, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Primary Extranodal Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Mimicking a Painful Gingival Swelling: A Case Report

Ayhan Tetik, Cem Peskersoy, Banu Ozveri Koyuncu, Murat Cihan Solmaz, Guray Saydam
Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), the most common subtype of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL), is an aggressive, rapidly growing neoplasm which is the most common lymphoid neoplasm affecting adults. Jaw involvement of NHL is rare, but among jaw lesions, the maxilla is more frequently involved than the mandible. Primary lymphoma of the mandible is often misdiagnosed clinically. A 43-year-old man admitted to the Ege University, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at the Faculty of Dentis...


Jan 29, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Amartya Sen’s Peasant Economies: A Review with Examples

Haradhan Kumar Mohajan
This article provides partial mathematical analysis of Amartya Sen’s published paper “Peasants and Dualism with or without Surplus Labor”. This paper may provide useful illustrations of the applications of mathematics to economics. Here, three portions of Sen’s paper “the simplest model, production for a market response and to withdrawal of labor” are discussed in some details. Results of the study are given in mathematical formulations with physical interpretations. An attempt is taken here to ...


Jan 29, 2016Open    AccessArticle

On One-Step Method of Euler-Maruyama Type for Solution of Stochastic Differential Equations Using Varying Stepsizes

Sunday Jacob Kayode, Akeem Adebayo Ganiyu, Adegoke Sule Ajiboye
In this work, a one-step method of Euler-Maruyama (EMM) type has been developed for the solution of general first order stochastic differential equations (SDEs) using Ito integral equation as basis tool. The effect of varying stepsizes on the numerical solution is also examined for the SDEs. Two problems of first order SDEs are solved. Absolute errors for the problems are obtained from which the mean absolute errors (MAEs) are calculated. Comparison of variation in stepsizes is achieved using th...


Jan 28, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Afforestation of Extrazonal Steppes in the Baikal Region

Alexander P. Sizykh
The published paper presents the results characterizing structural-dynamical changes and anthropogenic destructions of forests, which form in the zones of contact between taiga and extrazonal steppe of Barguzin and Tunka Depressions (the Baikal Region). We have used perennial (for 22 years) geobotanical descriptions of model sites and made inventory large-scale geobotanical schematic maps on the base of field deciphering of aerophotographs of different years (1974- 2002). Soil-geobotanical ...


Jan 28, 2016Open    AccessArticle

A Quantisation of Cognitive Learning Process by Computer Graphics-Games: Towards More Efficient Learning Models

Ahmet Bahadir Orun, Huseyin Seker, John Rose, Armaghan Moemeni, Merih Fidan
With the latest developments in computer technologies and artificial intelligence (AI) techniques, more opportunities of cognitive data acquisition and stimulation via game-based systems have become available for computer scientists and psychologists. This may lead to more efficient cognitive learning model developments to be used in different fields of cognitive psychology than in the past. The increasing popularity of computer games among a broad range of age groups leads scientists and...


Jan 28, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Applications of Virtual Modules in Numerical Analysis

Abd Elrazig Awadelseed Edries Suliman
A number of modules have been designed and developed by the paper writer, using LabVIEW for numerical analysis to the design of a virtual interactive graphical user interface (GUI) software to solve QR Factorization, and LU Factorization. The focus of this study is to provide virtual models to solve systems of linear Equations by using QR Factorization, LU methods. The significant finding reached by the researchers, is that the virtual model can be used to solve any systems of linear equation. B...


Jan 28, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Blunt Abdominal Trauma Combined with Postoperative Atelectasis and Mediastinal Shift: A Case Report

Suya Zhang, Hongshun Xu, Yubin Kou
Blunt abdominal trauma is a frequent emergency and is also associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Spleen is the commonest organ injured. In this study, we meet a special complication after splenectomy, atelectasis and mediastinal shift, and this is the complication with hemodynamic unstable. Without bronchoscopy, the patient is told to inspire deeply by blowing balloons with pressure 8 - 10 cm H2O and recovered uneventfully.


Jan 28, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Formation of an Ecotone at the Boundary of Forest and Mountain Tundra—Morskoy Ridge as an Example, Middle Part of Eastern Coast of Lake Baikal

Alexander P. Sizykh
During last decades, new trends appeared in the ecotones of the upper boundary of forests at the ridges surrounding Lake Baikal: ones to advance of wood species (Pinus sibirica Du Tour, Abies sibirica Ledeb., Larix sibirica Ledeb.) out of timber stands into the area of sub-goltsy with Pinus pumila (Pallas) Regel. up to mountain tundras. In average, this is from 100 to 200 - 300 meters in linear distance from the margin of dense timber stand. A burst of forests re...


Jan 27, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Socioeconomic and Ecological Impact Analysis of Rubber Cultivation in Southeast Asia

Chansack Vongkhamheng, Jianhua Zhou, Mukete Beckline, Sythud Phimmachanh
In this paper, we aimed at examining the role of natural rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) cultivation as a source of income for rural communities as well as a potential source of ecological damage. We reviewed existing scientific literature and data sources on natural rubber cultivation particularly in south East Asia. We observed that, the latex from the lower part of the trunk has a high commercial value which can assist rural communities in socioeconomic development; the trunk is a source o...


Jan 27, 2016Open    AccessArticle

An Action Research on TPACK’s Influence on Teachers of National Open University: Exemplified with an English Teacher of Zhejiang Radio and TV University

Xiaoyang Shu
TPACK (Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge) is a kind of new knowledge required by teachers for technology integration in their subject teaching. With the connotation of TPACK including TCK, TPK and PCK, the project, exemplified with translation teaching, conducts an action research of an English teacher of Zhejiang Radio & TV University on how she uses information technology to help conduct translation teaching, then integrates technology into translation teaching, and finally acquires ...


Jan 27, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Estimation of the Lower Bound Reliability of Latent Dimensions of Morphological Variables of Handball Players

Dragan Popovic, Evagelia Boli, Veroljub Stankovic, Milos Popovic, Jasna Popovic, Vladimir Savic
Morphological characteristics describe a person on the basis of morphological (anthropometric) traits that are determined by anthropometric measurement techniques. The morphological structure of the entire psychosomatic status of a person means a system of basic anthropometric latent dimensions obtained from a series of manifest variables. In modern anthropometry, using factor analysis for data processing, four main factors or dimensionalities of the human body have been identified: longitudinal...


Jan 27, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Oxygen Reduction Reaction (ORR) on Platinum Coated Nafion Membrane: Effects of Synthesis Conditions

Sakineh Chabi, Mehdi Kheirmand
The present study describes the catalytic activity of the platinum coated Nafion membranes towards oxygen reduction reaction in proton exchange membrane fuel cells. In contrast to the conventional three layered structures of the gas diffusion electrode, as-made gas diffusion electrodes are two layered in which the platinum electrocatalyst are deposited directly onto the Nafion membrane. Spin-coating method and impregnation-reduction approaches were used to synthesize Pt-coated Nafion membranes. ...


Jan 27, 2016Open    AccessArticle

The Mathematical Representation of Turbulent Heat Fluxes Using Reynold’s Decomposition

Kazeem O. Rauff
From a mathematical perspective, it is fundamental to develop a rigorous background upon which to study the physical quantities of a turbulent flow. The first problem in the mathematical theory is related to the deterministic nature of chaotic systems assumed in dynamical system theory and believed to hold inturbulence. This has actually not been proved for the Navier-Stokes equations. It is in fact one of the most outstanding open problems in mathematics to determine whether given an initial co...


Jan 27, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Comparative Studies on Mineral and Scavenging Ability of Edible and Some Underexploited Wild Beans in Nigeria

O. A. Awoyinka, A. Ileola, C. N. Imeoria, M. F. Asaolu
This work was set out to assay for some minerals essential for healthy state and biochemical indices that underlined degenerative diseases in some edible bean cultivar and nearly extinct local wild bean. Against this backdrop, ash composition was determined before Na , K , Ca2 , Mg2 , Zn2 , Fe2 , Pb2 and Cd were determined by Flame Photometer and Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) respectively. 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylh...


Jan 26, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Mutual Interactions between the Mechanisms Maintenance Stability Internal Energy of the Open Thermodynamic Systems of “Alive Organisms” and Thermodynamic System of Atmosphere

M. R. Ponizovskiy
The development of an organism from its birthday down to its death was elucidated via fluctuations entropy from organism’s formation down to organism’s death using Glansdorff-Prigogine theory. The stability Internal Energy and Internal Medium of organisms were presented by the stable biochemical and biophysical indices which are regulated as by three levels of regulation, as well as by cellular capacitors operations. Besides estimating the mutual influences mechanism stability of open non equili...


Jan 26, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Application of Wavelet and Wiener Filtering Algorithm in Image De-Noising

Yuanmei Wang, Tao Li
Image is often easily polluted by noise in the process of image processing, so image de-noising is an important step in the field of image processing. Based on the wavelet threshold de-noising algorithm, an improved image de-noising algorithm based on wavelet and Wiener filter is proposed in this paper, which can effectively reduce the Gaussian white noise. Firstly we use wavelet soft threshold to reduce noise, then use Wiener filter to process the image and get the valuation of the image. Exper...


Jan 25, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Evaluation of the Performance of Some Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Varieties in Two Different Environments

Salih Hadi Farhood Al-Salim, Reem Al-Edelbi, Falah Aljbory, Maysoun Mohamed Saleh
A field experiment was carried out in Iraq, during the season 2014, in order to evaluate the performance of different ten genotypes of bread rice under irrigated field conditions, according to the design of randomized complete block with three replications (5 var × 2 sites × 3 rep). The results indicated the existence of genetic variability, in a significant manner (at the level 5%). Responses of the studied genotypes to the conditions of the field for all of the traits are such as Plant height ...


Jan 25, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Our Experience in Neonatal Acupressure and Acupuncture

Aslihan Abbasoglu, Mehmet Tugrul Cabioglu
We want to share our experience about acupuncture and acupressure in newborns as a treatment modality. Researches have shown that acupressure and acupuncture are effective for headaches, stress control or obesity. Our studies and experiences about acupressure and acupuncture use in newborns and adults suggest that alternative and complementary medicine could be a promising treatment modality to be used with modern medicine. We studied in which diseases and how we can use these treatment modaliti...


Jan 25, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Effects of Mental Activity on Hand Skill Rate Performance Ability among Second Grader Medical Students

Nimet Unay Gundogan, Erhan Kiziltan, Leyla Aydin, Ersin Ogus
Introduction: Determination of hand skill rate is thought to be important for the functional evaluation of nervous system. Therefore, hand skill performance monitoring could be a reliable measure for the effect of audio-visual medical teaching on central nervous system. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of mental activity on the hand skill rate performance ability following one hour audio-visual medical teaching. Methods: Participants were 34 healthy screened right handed voluntee...


Jan 25, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Persistent Brain Herniation after Decompressive Hemicraniectomy: Role of Lumbar Drainage for Cranioplasty. Case Report

Mario Francesco Fraioli, Francesco Marzetti, Bernardo Fraioli, Pierpaolo Lunardi
Hydrocephalus and ex-vacuo ventricular dilatations which cause persistent brain herniation with impossibility to perform cranioplasty, are well known late complications after decompressive hemicraniectomy; concerning the physiopathologic mechanism leading to these complications, there are several theories. We report the particular case of a patient suffering from persistent brain herniation after decompressive hemicraniectomy, due to development of subdural hygroma, intraparenchymal multiple liq...


Jan 22, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Survival Outcomes of Breast Cancer in Ghana: An Analysis of Clinicopathological Features

Alice C. Mensah, Joel Yarney, Sagary Kaku Nokoe, Samuel Opoku, J. N. Clegg-Lamptey
Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer and the leading cause of cancer death in female’s worldwide. Its incidence is on the ascendancy in Africa including Ghana. In addition, Ghanaian women are more likely to be diagnosed with high-grade tumours that are triple negative breast tumours. The objectives of the study were to investigate the clinicopathologic features of breast cancer in Ghanaian women; identify and describe breast cancer survival pattern in Ghana and factors that expl...


Jan 22, 2016Open    AccessArticle

A Chemotaxonomic Approach to the Fatty Acid Content of Some Acacia Taxa from Central Sudan

Eiman Mohammed Ali Mustafa, Hatil Hashim El-Kamali
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the composition of fatty acids of mature seeds of some Acacia taxa (Acacia mellifera, A. nilotica ssp. adansonia, A. nilotica ssp. nilotica, A. oerfota, A. polycantha ssp. campylacantha, A. enegal var. senegal, A. seyal var. seyal and A. sieberiana var. sieberiana) from Central Sudan in order to reveal their potential classification t...


Jan 22, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Prevention and Management of Periampullary Tumors in Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Naoki Hashimoto
Familial adenomatosis polyposis (FAP) is one of two well described forms of hereditary colorectal cancer. The primary cause of death from this symdrome is colorectal caner which develops usually by the fifth decade of life. The overall survival of FAP was significantly improved by screening by genetic testing and endoscopy with prophylactic surgery. Almost all patients with FAP develop duodenal polyposis most of which occurs in periampullary. The second leading cause of death in FAP is duodenal ...


Jan 22, 2016Open    AccessArticle

A Great Find in Life Science Study

Peizhan Tian
Character net system of yield performance was firstly found and determined, and secret of both life activity and product yield forming was revealed in higher plant on both individual stratum and community stratum. The key point and point of starting off forming this theory system were basic principle of contradiction and its movement between adaptive ability of life body self for all of environment factors and its yield ability (or yield potential). It was a great breakthrough for classical form...


Jan 21, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Thirty-Eight New Records for Algal Species of Iraq’s Marshes

Ahmed Aidan Al-Hussieny, Lamyia Abed Thijar
Mesopotamian marshes in Iraq occupy a vast network of wetland at southern region. This study contains the description of many algal species that were identified in the marshes of Iraq, and based on the study thirty-eights new records will be added to the Algal Flora list of Iraq. Samples were collected at (10) stations, situated on Hammar, Chebaish and Hawizeh marshes in Iraq in May 2014. Thirty-eight new records for algal species of marshes were determined. Among these algal species, there were...


Jan 20, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Time Allocation as Correlate of Undergraduates’ Academic Achievement in Cataloguing and Classification in Library Schools in Southern Nigeria

Samuel Oke Ogunniyi, Kenneth Ivo Ngozi Nwalo
The study focuses on time allocation as correlate of undergraduates’ academic achievement in cataloguing and classification in library schools in Southern Nigeria. Cataloguing and classification courses are expected to be taught theoretically and practically in library schools. The main problem of this study is undergraduates’ poor academic achievement in cataloguing and classification. According to authors, cataloguing and classification are core courses in librarianship. Despite the importance...


Jan 20, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Effects of Three Acaricides on the Germination Rate and Head Weight of Taskopru Garlic in Turkey

Sultan Cobanoglu, Cihan Cilbircioglu, Atilla Hepkorucu
Three acaricides (azadirachtin, abamectin, and hexythiazox) were used, the effects on development parameters of Taskoprü garlic, Allium sativum L. (Asparagales: Amaryllidaceae) as seed treatment. This research was done in 2013-2014 on one hectare of garlic at Alatarla, Kastamonu, Turkey. Each acaricide and the untreated control were designated as four replicates on 16 plots. The effects of these acaricides on the germination rate and head weight of Taskoprü garlic were evaluated through r...


Jan 19, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Benefits of Cardiovascular Rehabilitation of Insufficient Cardiac to the Institute of Cardiology of Abidjan

Justin Koffi Djinguin, N’guetta Roland, Anderson Amani Kwadjau, Ambroise Gnaba, Jean Jacques N’Djessan, Ines Angoran, Arnaud Ekou, Herman Yao, Kramoh K. Euloge
Objective: Our work aims to propose a simplified approach by the cardiovascular rehabilitation for the cardiac heart failure. Method and Patients: We realized an observational prospective study during 12-month period which included 85 cardiac heart failure patients at Abidjan Cardiology Institute. Results: 85 patients were included in our study; the average age was 45 ± 20 years. The ratio-sex (men/woman) was to 2. Six patients abandoned the study due to financial issues so that we continued the...


Jan 18, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Study on Numerical Simulation of Oil-Water Phase Non-Darcy Flow in Low-Permeability Reservoirs

Rongqiang Li, Jianzhong Wang
Based on the basic laws of non-Darcy seepage in low permeability media as well as dynamic permeability, a dynamic function of permeability is derived. On this basis, factoring in the effect of the non-linearity and the starting pressure gradient, a piecewise numerical simulation model was established for low permeability reservoirs and through discretization, a numerical model was obtained. According to the results of the simulation test, this model and method reflect well the seepage in low per...


Jan 15, 2016Open    AccessArticle

A Voyage to Beyond the Human Eye by Microscope, Leeuwenheok's Invention

Nasser Pouyan
Microscope, an instrument used for obtaining magnified image of small objects. The term of microscope was coined by Johannes Faber of Bamberg. The identity of its inventor has not been clearly established. Aristotle about 24 centuries before Leeuwenhoek described the working of microscope in some detail. The earliest records of optical lenses date from the late 13th century, when spectacles came into use. Roger Bacon, in his “Opus Magnus” of 1268 spoke of the use of lenses for magnify...


Jan 15, 2016Open    AccessArticle

MPV Values in Children with Adenoid Hy-pertrophy and Correlation with Adenoid Size

Esra Akyüz Ozkan
Background: Adenoid hypertrophy (AH) leads to chronic upper airway obstruction. Upper airway obstruction may cause pulmonary hypertension and right ventricle dysfunction. Mean platelet volume (MPV) may be used as a marker of platelet activation and it is shown that MPV is related to cardiovascular disorders. We investigated in our study if MPV is correlated with adenoid size and can be used as an indicator of obstruction due to adenoid hypertrophy. Methods: 95 children with AH and 99 healthy con...


Jan 14, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Activities of Lactate Dehydrogenase, Methemoglobin, Carboxyhemoglobin and Sulfhemoglobin Concentrations in the Blood of Albino Rats Exposed to Cashew Seed Fume

Makinwa Tunmise Tope, Ibiyemi David Adedotun, Alabi Toyin Dorcas, Okunade Muda Bode, Oniwon Wisdom Otaru, Adeusi Tomilola Esther
Smoke produced in cashew processing factories during roasting of the seed contains toxic chemicals which have adverse health effects on workers exposed to it. This study investigated the effect of cashew seed fume on lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity, methemoglobin (Hi), carboxyhemoglobin (HbCO) and sulfhemoglobin (SHb) in the blood of rats exposed to cashew seed fumes (CSF), via the dynamic exposure system. Eighteen (18) male albino rats were used; they were divided into three groups of six ...


Jan 13, 2016Open    AccessArticle

A Deeper Analogy between Electromagnetism and Acoustics

Qiankai Yao
Based on an assumption of that the cosmological constant term in Einstein field equation can be modeled as a material medium, we propose the concept of cosmological acoustic wave (CAW). In the process, we will see: 1) By the dual framework of electromagnetic theory, it is possible to consider some implications of CAW, such as, the acoustic charge quantization, the unit spin of phonon, the mechanical meaning of acoustic current and the acoustic radiation. It shows that, besides the transverse and...


Jan 12, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Heaven Ungained

Thomas Smythe
There has been quite a bit of literature on heaven of late. In this paper I state some claims that theistic philosophers and theologians have made about heaven, and make the concept of heaven incoherent. I maintain that it is possible for a rational individual to prefer not to go to heaven. Finally, I argue that it may be preferable for a person of moral integrity to decide that they want to go to hell given the immoral nature of many passages in the Bible.


Jan 11, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Further Pharmacological Evidence Supporting the Development of an Antiulcerogenic Drug Based on Rhizophora mangle L. Aqueous Extract. HPLC Method Proposed for Determinating a Chemical Marker

Luz María Sánchez Perera, Janet Piloto, Deyanira Canelsota, Liliam Pelzer, Betty Mancebo
Rhizophora mangle L. is a vegetal species with high disponibility in Cuba for guarantying economical factibility by drug development. Preview studies showed promissory pharmacological results by the use of this plant in the treatment of gastroduodenal ulcers. The present work involved another evaluation of the active extract important by the development of a new drug. It was evaluated by intestinal absorption in vitro and in situ models and anti-diarrheic activity in rats. T...


Jan 11, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Relation between Endothelial Protein C Receptor Gene Polymorphisms rs867186 and rs9574, and the Risk of Deep Vein Thrombosis in Sudanese

Hytham Ahmed Abuagla, Awad Omer Ahmed, Ahmed Kamal Bolad, Khalid Mohamed Adam
Background: Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) can lead to a serious fatal pulmonary embolism. Many genetic risk factors may predispose to DVT; one of these is the mutation in the PROCR gene responsible for the production of endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR), which plays an important role in activation of protein C (PC). The objective of the present study was to examine the association between the rs867186 and rs9574 polymorphism in the PROCR gene and the occurrence of DVT in Sudanes...


Jan 08, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Floristic Diversity and Ethnobotanical Uses of Vedhagiri Hills in Bhavani, Erode District, Tamil Nadu

Saranya Ravi, Rajendran Arumugam, Sarvalingam Ariyan
Background: The present study was undertaken to enumerate the floristic composition of Veddhagiri hills, the Southern Western Ghats of Erode district. It becomes essential to analyze the diversity statically to find out the distribution of plants species in various families. Material and Methods: Several field trips were made from September 2013 to March 2014, covering different seasons, in order to know the phenology of the plants. Results: A total number of 135-species under 40-families with 1...


Jan 08, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Why People Strive to Get Rid of One’s Own Gene from the World? A Psychological Analysis upon Terrorism

Kahsay Weldeslasie Hailemariam
Everybody remembers the April 19/2015 holocaust action committed by the ISIS terrorist group upon the Ethiopian Emigrants in the Libyan port. It was very immoral and devil action to behead and shoot people for the reason they do not know. In addition to that, it was the recent events to remember back about the massacre actions committed upon the France journalists and college students in Kenya who killed by the terrorist groups. For this inhuman and brutal action of the terrorist group, I initia...


Jan 07, 2016Open    AccessArticle

The Relationship between the Changes of Blood NT-proBNP Levels and Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation Occurance in Coronary Artery By-Pass Grafting Surgery Patients

Davut Azboy, Erdal Simsek, Burak Erdolu, Zeki Temizturk, Mehmet Ali Yilmaz, Kasim Karapinar
Background: The new onset of atrial fibrillation (NOAF) can be occurred after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. NOAF can be occurred because of postoperative severe hemodynamic instability, long duration of ICU and hospital staying time, morbidity and mortality. Our aim of this study was to investigate whether N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a cause of NOAF after CABG. Methods: Forty CABG patients were enrolled for this study. Twenty patients operated on car...


Jan 06, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Is It Possible to Defend the Moral Permissibility of Abortion without Deciding on the Moral Status of the Human Fetus?

Ana Jimena Casillas Castaneda
In this article I intend to defend the moral permissibility of abortion through metaphysics, allowing the reader to change or confirm his or her point of view about abortion under the light of reason. To be able to defend the main idea, abortion is something that affects not only a human life but every living being.


Jan 05, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Phytochemical Investigation of Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activity Leaves Extracts of Corchorus olitorius

Rehab Mobark Osman Mohammed
The leaves extracts of Corchorus olitorius, the family Malvaceae, are commonly called khudra, the plant extensively used in Sudanese traditional medicine. The Sudanese varieties are one of the best in the market, which prompted investigation of leaves extracts. Some chemical analyses of the leaves have been done such as determination of ash content and trace elements (Ca, Fe, Mg, and Na) by atomic absorption spectrometry. The 96% ethanolic, Ethyl acetate and chloroform extracts exh...


Dec 31, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Constructing a Subsequence of (Exp(in))n∈N Converging towards Exp(iα) for a Given α∈R

Vito Lampret
For a given positive irrationaland a real ∈ [0,1), the explicit construction of a sequence of positive integers, such that the sequence of fractional parts of products ...


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