OALib Journal
  OALib Journal is an all-in-one open access journal (ISSN Print: 2333-9721, ISSN Online: 2333-9705). It accepts a manuscript for the peer review process, typesetting, and publication, allocated to one of the 322 subject areas. The article processing charge for publishing in OALib journal is Only $99. Submit now
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Jan 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Malnutrition and Associated Factors among Adult Individuals Receiving Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy in Health Facilities of Hosanna Town, Southern Ethiopia

Mekuria Asnakew, Chernet Hailu, Habtamu Jarso
Background: In resource limited settings, many human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected individuals lack access to sufficient quantities of nutritious foods, which poses additional challenges to the success of anti-retroviral therapy. Morbidity and mortality related to human immune deficiency virus infection in the developing world remain unacceptably high, despite major advances in human immune deficiency virus therapy and increased international funding for care. Objective: To determine mag...

Jan 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Nitriles in Heterocyclic Synthesis: Synthesis of Pyrido[3’,2’:4,5]Thieno[2,3-d] Pyrimidines Derivative

Abdel Haleem Mostafa Hussein, Essam Abdel Raheem Eshak, Fathi Aly Abu-Shanab
6-Amino-3,5-dicyano-4-methylpyridine-2(1H)-thione 1 reacted with a-haloketones to give the S- alkylated derivatives 2a-m. Compound 2a-m undergoes cyclization into thieno[2,3-d] pyridine derivatives 3a-m upon treatment with ethanolic sodium ethoxide. Saponification of 3a gave the amino acid 4 which afforded 5 when refluxed in Ac2O. Treatment of 5 with NH4OAc/AcOH gave 6a. Compound 6a also was obtained when 3c was refluxed in Ac2O. Reaction of 3a with...

Jan 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Application of Combined Vessel Resection with Reconstruction in Complex Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Space-Occupying Lesions

Zhixin Wang, Yanyan Zhou, Wei Chen, Kai Qu, Runchen Miao, Xinsen Xu, Ruitao Wang, Chang Liu
Aim: To explore the value and prospects of the combined vessel resection with reconstruction techniques in space-occupying lesion surgical treatment. Method: We collected and analyzed clinical data of patients received combined with vessel resection and reconstruction techniques surgery in department of hepatobiliary surgery in our hospital from May 2007 to November 2012, and concluded experience in application of vessel resection and artificial vessel reconstruction. Result: A total of 12 cases...

Jan 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Role of Focus Group Discussion (FGD) in e-Business Research

Norshakirah Ab Aziz

e-Business is a vast area of study. Normally Information System researchers preferred to use a combination of quantitative and qualitative study or known as Mixed Method approach. This is because qualitative study is able to explain the quantitative finding in more details. Malaysian e-Supply Chain (e-SC) was chosen as domain for this study and the ultimate goal of research is to identify measurement parameters for trusted trading partner. This study focused on t


Jan 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Trigger Point Infiltrations into the Temporal Muscles of Patients with Fibromyalgia and Headaches: A Randomized, Double-Blinded and Controlled Study

Svetlana Sabatke, Rosana Herminia Scola, Eduardo Paiva, Pedro André Kowacs
Aims: To compare the therapeutic effect of blocking trigger points in temporal muscles by using saline and an anesthetic agent among patients with masticatory myofascial pain syndrome, fibromyalgia and headaches and with non-infiltrated controls. Methods: One hundred women, aged 23 to 70 years old, were initially triaged. The seventy patients who experienced at least one trigger point in the temporal muscles were randomly divided into three groups, as follows: saline infiltration, anesthetic inf...

Jan 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Utilizing Sago to Reduce Poverty

Elsina Titaley
Poverty reduction based on the theory of its effects has been carried out but the results seemed futile. In general, the rural poverty is due to limited natural resources, dysfunctional cultural values, and structural policy which cannot support the poverty reduction. Most of the people in Lumoli (92.67%), one of the villages in Maluku, are categorized poor and very poor. There is abundant sago and worthy cultural value but the research shows that the people are not capable enough to util...

Jan 28, 2015Open    AccessArticle

My Teaching and Learning Philosophy

Laila Cassum
The teaching learning journey is a dynamic, continuous and challenging process. It is beyond the boundaries to what we learn in schools in our initial years of life. We learn from our environment, positive and negative past experiences, and from the people with whom we interact. It is the teacher who brings an enormous impact on shaping the personality of the learners. Every classroom presents a unique community of learners that vary not only in abilities, but also in learning styles. It is the ...

Jan 28, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Identification and Ceramic Application of Some Tunisian Clays

Salah Mahmoudi, Ezzeddine Srasra, Fouad Zargouni
Mineralogy, chemistry, and plasticity of the raw clay materials, outcropping in different Tunisian domains were studied. These clays constitute the only mineral resource of the ceramic industries in Tunisia, and are exploitable at eight quarries. Powder X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that illite and kaolinite are the major mineral phases. However, other clay minerals, such as illite/ smectite mixed-layer, and chlorite are also present. The associated minerals detected in powdered materials ...

Jan 28, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Research of Tax Inspection Based on Generalized Regression Neural Network

Shihong Chen, Xiaoqing Liu
This paper tries to use the generalized regression neural network (in short: GRNN) to assist tax inspection case selection. First, this paper briefly introduces the theory of generalized regression neural network and applies it in the tax inspection. Second, it analyzes the financial statements and tax returns of 93 commercial enterprises, and then establishes the GRNN model and gets the analyzing result. Finally, the result is compared with the known taxation case. Then we get the conclusion th...

Jan 28, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Comprehention of Coils Overlappings Effects —Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Mohammadreza Shiravi Khoozani, Homayoun Meshgin Kelk, Abolfazl Shiravi Khoozani
A typical medical Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) contains a Local transmit/receive coil. Magnetic coil design is very important in study of the human brain and for neurological therapeutics technique. Precise spatial localization of stimulation sites is the key of efficient functional magnetic stimulations. Others have examined this issue at radio frequencies. This paper develops circular coils, figure-of-8 coils and coil array elements in order to realize a transcranial magnetic stimulator, a...

Jan 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Astrophysical Radiative Neutron Capture on 10B Taking into Account Resonance at 475 keV

S. B. Dubovichenko, A. V. Dzhazairov-Kakhramanov
The possibility of the description of the available experimental data for cross sections of the neutron capture reaction on 10B at thermal and astrophysical energies, taking into account the resonance at 475 keV, was considered within the framework of the modified potential cluster model with forbidden states and accounting for the resonance behavior of the scattering phase shifts.

Jan 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Potential Impact of Climate Change on Dynamics of Coffee Berry Borer (Hypothenemus hampi Ferrari) in Ethiopia

Eshetu Agegnehu, Ashok Thakur, Tewodros Mulualem
The aim of this paper is to review the potential effect of climate change on dynamics of coffee berry borer and to generate information for researches concerned on it. Coffee (Coffea arabica L.), which is originated in Ethiopia, is the backbone of the country’s economy. It accounts for 70% of the foreign exchange earning, 10% of the government revenue and employs 25% of the domestic labor force. There are four coffee production systems in Ethiopia such as modern plantation, gardens, semi-...

Jan 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Isolation of Antibiotic Vibrionaceae Bacteria from a Community Marine Silvo-Fishery Farm along Mtwapa Creek, Kenya

Moses Ngeiywa, Mutai Edwin, David Liti, Raymond Mutai
Bacterial strains inhibitory towards pathogenic bacteria were isolated from a marine fish pond culture facility in Mtwapa Creek, Kenya. 12 of these antibacterial isolates were assigned to the Vibrionaceae family. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the antibacterial activity of five Vibrionaceae strains with pronounced antibacterial activity. These were identified as Vibrio coralliilyticus (two strains), V. neptunius (two strains), and Photobacterium halotolerans...

Jan 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Cross Correlation Analysis of Mozambique’s 7.0 M Earthquake Using the Empirical Mode Decomposition

Enoch Oluwaseun Elemo
Precise determinations of ionospheric anomaly variations associated with earthquakes require the elimination of other sources of ionospheric variabilities like ionospheric storms, geomagnetic perturbations or geophysical noise. However, revealing the seismo-ionospheric anomalies when the ionosphere is known to be a complex and nonlinear system is of utmost importance. To overcome this constraint, Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT), which is a far better technique for both nonlinear and non-stationary...

Jan 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Spatial Relativity and Its Physical Consequences

Qiankai Yao
Through reevaluating the physical significance of Hubble law, we propose the concept of spatial relativity and make two postulates: 1) Distance is equivalent to motion; 2) Hubble radius  is constant. Such an approach can help us to develop the theory of relativity into a unified form, and further construct a simple and consistent cosmological model. It shows that, our universe can be treated as a...

Jan 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Meat Analogue Derived from Common Legumes

Dolly P. Maroma
This research study aimed to explore the possibility of utilization of other common legumes i.e. white kidney beans and lima beans that can mimic the texture and taste of natural meat counterpart and to establish recommendations for other legumes as a considerable raw material substitute in production of texturized vegetable protein (TVP) that can simulate natural meat in terms of organoleptic properties that comprise equivalent ingredient functions as soybean based meat analogues. The me...

Jan 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Medicinal Plants in the Ethno Veterinary Practices of Bensa Woreda, Southern Ethiopia

Yibrah Tekle

Ethno botanical study on traditional medicinal plants were conducted between November, 2013 and September, 2014 in Bensa Woreda, Southern Ethiopia and documented different types of traditional medicinal plants used by the indigenous peoples. The study was focused on identifying medicinal plants, plant habit, disease treated, plant parts used, way of knowledge acquired, methods of preparation, route of administration, importance/indication, and ingredients added.


Jan 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Benzoylacetone as a Building Block in Heterocyclic Synthesis: Synthesis of Polyfunctionally Substituted Pyridinethione and Its Derivatives

Abdel Haleem Mostafa Hussein, Fathi Ali Abu-Shanab, Sayed Abdel Hamed Sayed Mousa
The Hantzsch amide derivatives 1 are prepared by reaction of a mixture of two moles of benzoylacetone, aqueous ammonia and aromatic aldehydes. Also, the reaction of benzoylacetone with a mixture of urea or thiourea and aromatic aldehydes afforded pyrimidine derivatives 2a-h. Pyridinethione derivative 3 was reacted with α–haloketones and α–halonitriles 4a-e to afford the S-alky- lated derivatives 5a-e which cyclized into 6b-e and 7. Reactions of compound 7 with glacial acetic acid/a...

Jan 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Assay for GMO on: Recent Progresses and Future Perspectives

Rong Li, Cong Wang, Lilian Ji, Xiangxiang Zhao, Man Liu, Dabing Zhang, Jianxin Shi
As more and more genetically modified (GM) crops are approved for commercialization and planting, safety issues of GM crops have become hot topics worldwide. For both regulatory and academic purposes, development of rapid, economic and effective on-site detection methods for GM components is indispensible. Up to now, the most effective and sensitive techniques used for GMO detection are based on polymerase chain reaction (PCR). PCR method needs expensive, heavy instruments and gel electrophoresi...

Jan 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Evaluation of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) Varieties for Bulb Yield and Growth at Dabat, Northwestern Ethiopia

Asrat Ayalew, Daniel Tadesse, Zenebe G. Medhin, Solomon Fantaw
A field experiment was conducted for two consecutive years (2013 and 2014) during the dry periods under irrigation at Dabat District, Northwestern Ethiopia to select the best adaptable and high yielder varieties. Five garlic varieties (BishoftuNech, Kuriftu, Tseday 92, MM-98 and the local) were planted on randomized complete block design with three replications. Data on days to emer- gence, days to maturity, pseudo stem height, number of leaves per plant, bulb diameter, number of cloves per bulb...

Jan 23, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Gray Level Image Edge Detection Using a Hybrid Model of Cellular Learning Automata and Stochastic Cellular Automata

Nasim Vatani, Rasul Enayatifar
The mathematical model that aims at determining points in an image at which the image brightness suddenly changes is called edge detection. This study aims to propose a new hybrid method for edge detection. This method is based on cellular learning automata (CLA) and stochastic cellular automata (SCA). In the first part of the proposed method, statistic features of the input image are hired to have primary edge detection. In the next step CLA and SCA are employed to amplify pixels situated on ed...

Jan 23, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Study of Process Affected by Electrolyte Concentration through Microarc Oxidation on the TC4 Alloy Surface

Fengbiao Wang, Yongqing Wang, Bo Hou, Jiakun Wu, Yapeng Li
This paper aims to achieve the prepared functional coatings containing a specific ratio of calcium and phosphorus, and guide the rational allocation of chemical reagents. On the medicinal titanium alloy surface the calcium biocoating and phosphorus biocoating were fabricated by micro arc oxidation (MAO) process. The coating morphology and elemental composition were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS). Wear resistant test on the coating surface ...

Jan 23, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Employing 532 nm Wavelength in a Laser Ultrasound Interferometer Based on Photorefractive Polymer Composites

Saeid Zamiri, Bernhard Reitinger, Mario-Alejandro Rodríguez-Rivera, Gabriel Ramos-Ortíz, Peter Burgholzer, Siegfried Bauer, José-Luis Maldonado
Laser ultrasonic (LUS) receivers based on photorefractive (PR) materials are contactless and adap- tive interferometers, which are used widely for materials characterization. Here, we present a simple LUS interferometer at 532 nm operating wavelength based on organic PR polymer composites (PVK/ECZ/C60) doped with the nonlinear chromophore 4-[4-(diethylamino)-2-hydroxyben- zylideneamino] benzonitrile (Dc). A picoseconds laser at 1064 nm wavelength is used to generate ultrasound pulses ...

Jan 23, 2015Open    AccessArticle

An Auxiliary Educational Tool for Propagating Single and Compound Nerve Action Potential

Erhan Kiziltan, Nimet Unay Gundogan, Ayse Sebnem Ilhan, Leyla Aydin, Nuray Yazihan, Ferit Pehlivan
Objective: The use of simulation in medical education has become an important and successfully implemented auxiliary method, recently. In this study, we aimed to present a compact screen- based computer simulation for second year medical students so that they may experience various aspects of peripheral nerve electrophysiology by themselves. Methods: The model used in the calculations combines both the passive and active membrane properties which were described in passive cable theory and in the...

Jan 22, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Analysis of EEG Dynamics in Epileptic Patients and Healthy Subjects Using Hilbert Transform Scatter Plots

Chandrakar Kamath
In this study, we investigated the electroencephalogram (EEG) dynamics in normal and epileptic subjects using three newly defined quantifiers adapted from nonlinear dynamics and Hilbert transform scatter plots (HTSPs): dispersion entropy (DispEntropy), dispersion complexity (Disp Comp), and forbidden count (FC), hypothesizing that analysis of electroencephalogram (EEG) signals using nonlinear and deterministic chaos theory may provide clinicians with information for medical diagnosis and assessm...

Jan 22, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Access to Essential Medicines in Primary Health Care Units of South Wollo Zone, Ethiopia

Mohammed Hussien, Fikru Tafese
Background: Lack of access to essential medicines is one of the most important public health problems in Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to verify availability, affordability and prices of essential medicines in primary health care units and private medicine outlets of South Wollo Zone. Methods: A facility-based cross-sectional study was undertaken in 10 primary health care units and 10 private medicine outlets. Data were collected through patient exit interview, record review, observa...

Jan 22, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Evaluation of Irrigation Water Price Addition on Productivity of Agriculture Section in Iran (Case: Kashan Region)

Mohsen Tarafdar
The shortage of irrigation water is one of the most important problems which Iran is facing. Irrigation water pricing is one of the economic approaches to manage irrigation water consumption and using it efficiently. This study purpose is to evaluate the effect of irrigation water price induction on productivity of agriculture section in Iran (case: Kashan). This study is an application development in terms of objective and a post-event in terms of the study design, and is descriptive in terms o...

Jan 21, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Community Contribution towards Conservation of Tropical Fruit Trees in Malaysia

I. Salma, U. Shariah, B. Pearlycia, W. W. Wong, A. Shukor, H. Norhayati, N. A. Noor Camellia
Community participation in the conservation of tropical fruit trees is one approach taken by the Tropical Fruit Trees Project funded by UNEP/GEF carried out at six sites in Malaysia. Three conservation approaches were implemented at the sites that are diversity block, heritage block and common block. A total of 1550 fruit trees mainly from the genera Mangifera, Garcinia and Nephelium were planted. At Kampung Kakeng, Serian, Sarawak a 5 ha diversity block was established. 110...

Jan 21, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Efficacy Report of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis of 90 Cases Based on Adjusting the Curvature of the Spine with Hyperextension Traction

Yizong Wei, Donghua Pan, Xiuguang Wang, Chunde Wei, Teng Gao, Shengqiang Zhang, Tingzhang Lin
Objective: To observe the clinical effect of the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis disease by adjusting the curvature of the spine based on orthopedic spinal therapy. Method: Curvature adjustments by four-direction, spinal orthopedic manipulation and functional exercise were applied to different patterns of lumbar spinal stenosis. Results: The overall response rate was 98.9%, including a clinical recovery rate of 83.3%, response rate of 13.3%, marked effectiveness rate of  2.2% and failur...

Jan 21, 2015Open    AccessArticle

New Philosophy of Plural World, New Ethics of Empathy

Alexander Tetior
The philosophy of binary plurality of the World with its branching evolution and converging devolution is the most general concept of Universe, doctrine about life. It is knowledge of binary plurality of subjects and of phenomena joining in different parities dual multitude of opposite qualities existing with branching and convergences World. The philosophy of binary plurality of the World with its branching evolution and with converging devolution may promote explanation of an opportunity of mo...

Jan 20, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Attitudes among Students towards Gender Beliefs and Moral Values at Higher Learning Institutions in Malaysia

A. M. Sultana, Kanthasamy A. L. Nallusamy, Samsudin Suhaili, Norazlan Hadi Yaacob
The study attempts to measure the student’s gender role attitudes towards equality on ability, beliefs and moral values aspects in a total of 300 students from two higher learning institutions in Malaysia. Self-administered semi-structured questionnaires were handed to each respondent and the information was collected directly by the researchers. The survey questions included student’s gender attitudes towards equality on the aspects of belief, ability and moral values. Results revealed that on ...

Jan 19, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Web-Based Meaningful Reporting of Patient Harm: Proposal of a Prototype for Creating High Reliability Hospitals

Ranjit Singh, Raj Sharman, Gayatri Umesh, K. V. Sankarasubramaniam, Srikanth Parmeswaran, Arun Nararayan
Background: Healthcare settings require a system that detects errors and near misses and learns from them to prevent their reoccurrence. Development of such a system requires engagement of all stakeholders. Retrospective reporting, analyzing and preventing future errors is currently the most prevalent approach to reducing harm to patients. It is important to point out that a recent report regarding reporting by the US Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Inspector General to Con...

Jan 16, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Teaching with GeoGebra versus Traditional Method

Adrian Kllogjeri, Pellumb Kllogjeri
Our paper “Geogebra: A Global Platform for Teaching and Learning Math Together and using the Synergy of Mathematicians” [1] (published in the International Journal of Teaching and Case Studies (IJTCS), Vol. 2, 2010) presented the main advantages of using GeoGebra in the teaching and learning mathematics: easy teaching and easy learning, quick and correct grasping of the concept, and provision of an interactive learning environment. And above all, GeoGebra is an open source for teaching and learn...

Jan 15, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Magnitude and Factors Associated with Khat Chewing among Undergraduate Students of Adama University, Oromia National Regional State, January 2012

Getu Teshome
Background: In some countries the use of Khat is widespread. The use or misuse of Khat is increasingly prevalent in Ethiopia. College and university students consume Khat to get mental alertness and to work hard in their academic endeavours. Most of the studies concerning Khat chewing were done on community-based studies and high school-based as well as psychiatric effects of Khat: less was done among university students. Objective: The study was aimed to asses...

Jan 15, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Relevance of Microstructure on Optical Properties of Thermally Evaporated Indium Oxide Thin Films

Parveen Jain, Sukhvir Singh, Avanish Kumar Srivastava, Sandeep Kumar Pundir, Azher Majid Siddiqui
Nanocrystalline indium oxide thin films of thickness about 100 nm have been deposited using thermal vacuum evaporation technique at room temperature on glass and quartz substrates and subsequently annealed at different temperatures (150℃, 200℃, 250℃, 300℃, 350℃, 500℃ and 700℃) for 2 hr and 4 hr in the oxygen atmosphere. Structural and optical properties of these films have been investigated by using XRD, SEM, HRTEM, AFM, UV-Visible, and photoluminescence spectroscopy. Response of gas towards the...

Jan 14, 2015Open    AccessArticle

On the Estimation of Parameters and Best Model Fits of Log Linear Model for Contingency Table

Cecilia N. Okoli, Sidney I. Onyeagu, George A. Osuji
In this paper, we proposed the generalized method and algorithms developed for estimation of parameters and best model fits of log linear model for n-dimensional contingency table. For purpose of this work, the method was used to provide parameter estimates of log-linear model for three-dimensional contingency table. In estimating parameter estimates and best model fit, computer programs in R were developed for the implementation of the algorithms. The iterative proportional fitting proce...

Jan 14, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Epidemiology of Canine Parvovirus Enteritis among Hospitalized Dogs in Effurun/Warri Metropolitan Region of Delta State, Nigeria

Felix K. Shima, Thaddaeus T. Apaa, Janet I. T. Mosugu
Canine parvovirus enteritis has remained a problem in dog population worldwide. In Nigeria, dog owners and researchers have grossly neglected the disease even though it has been a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality of dogs. This retrospective study provides current information on the status of canine parvovirus enteritis by collating and analyzing data from clinical records of hospitalized dogs from 2000 to 2013 in Effurun/Warri metropolitan region. In the study, the endemicity of this di...

Jan 13, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Role of Death Domains Superfamily in Multiple Sclerosis Pathogenesis

Kabir M. Hamid, Abbas Mirshafiey

Multiple sclerosis (MS) and its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), are inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system (CNS), mediated by several immune cells. Oligodendrocytes are responsible for the formation and maintenance of myelin around multiple axons. In MS oligodendrocytes are the targets of inflammatory and immune attacks. Thus, the destruction of a single oligodendrocyte, possibly by apoptosis, results in the loss of


Jan 13, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Earth’s Magnetic Field and Cosmic Radiation in CNS Function: Anomalous Magnetic Fields, Cause of Mental Diseases

Trifunovic Nikola, Vladislav Cizmic, Racic Alek
Biosphere is characterized by the existence of Earth’s magnetic field (EMF) and cosmic radiation (CR). By measuring the EMF in beds of mentally ill people (MI), anomalous magnetic fields (AMF) were measured. That’s why we approached the study of central nervous system (CNS). Aims: To explain physiology of the CNS, how to use cosmic radiation (CR) in occurring brain micro power; To prove that neurons have magnetic characteristics; To explain brain amplifier and capacitor; To explain brain waves, ...

Jan 12, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Flexural and Compressive Strength of Concrete Tiles with Different Levels of Partial Substitution of Pulverized Solid Waste Materials for Gravel

Benjamin D. Varela, Jean Lee S. Quito, Noe C. Piaza
A factorial experiment in completely randomized design with three (3) replications was employed in this study. Gravel was partially substituted with two (2) kinds of pulverized solid waste materials at three (3) levels of substitutions: 15% (LS2) and 30% (LS3) and 45% (LS4). This study had a total of twelve (12) experimental treatment combinations to include a control treatment (LS1 with 0 partial substitution) for purposes of comparison. The results of this study generally showed that the parti...

Jan 09, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Territorial Functioning: A Crime Prevention Mechanism in Reducing Victimization and Fear of Crime in Malaysia

Syarmila Hany Haron
Many researchers have done a number of studies by introducing Territorial Functioning as a crime prevention tool in reducing victimization and fear of crime in a high crime housing area. There are three elements in territorial functioning namely territorial behaviour, territorial markers and territorial attitudes. Most studies that had examined territorial marking emphasized the results in adaptable social interaction primarily by preventing unnecessary social encounters. It is also stated that ...

Jan 09, 2015Open    AccessArticle

How Does the Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients’ Compliance to Managing Diabetics in Bangladesh

Umme Salma Mukta, Umme Sayka, Pradip Sen Gupta
Introduction: According to an estimate of the World Health Organization, about 171 million people worldwide suffer from diabetes. But the incidence is increasing so rapidly that it is speculated that by 2030 this number will be almost doubled. Diabetes mellitus occurs all the way through the world, but it is becoming more common (especially type 2) in the developing countries. Due to rapid urbanization and changes of lifestyles, it is in the state of epidemiological shift. This study aimed to as...

Jan 08, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Pioneer and Complementary Research: The True Research Taxonomy

Bennie Berkeley
This position paper proposes that the terms pioneer and complementary are better suited to the classification of research on grounds that they provide the best answer to the epistemological question: what is the purpose of research? Alternatively it purports that quantitative and qualitative are better used to describe types of data. It is the position of this paper that research lies along a continuum polarized by quantitative (positivistic) at one end and qualitative (constructivist) at the ot...

Jan 08, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Psychosocial Research of the Members in a Large Von Hippel-Lindau Family in China

Jingyao Zhang, Hulin Chang, Qifei Wu, Runzhi Yan, Minghui Tai, Xinsen Xu, Chang Liu
Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is a rare, autosomal inherited tumor disorder caused by mutations or deletions of the VHL gene. Most of the previous research focused on the clinical features and molecular mechanisms of the disease, few concerned about the psychosocial impact on the patients and their family. We encountered a VHL family in the clinical work and attempted to assess the possible psychological effects of the disease on the members of the family. Three questionnaires including Self-R...

Jan 07, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Effect of Implant Diameter and Length on Stress Distribution for Titanium and Zirconia Implants by Using Finite Element Analysis (FEA)

Ruhi Yesildal, Filiz Karabudak, Funda Bayindir, Hamid Zamanlou, Melike Pinar Yildirim, Nurdan Polat Sagsoz, Sadri Sen
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze stress distribution patterns in implant restorations created in different length and diameter made of titanium and zirconia by using three dimensional finite element analysis (FEM) with straight and 15° angled abutment. Materials and Methods: For titanium models; Ti-6Al-4V for implant fixture, connection element and abutments (straight and 15° angled abutment), yttrium tetragonal zirconium polycrystal (Y-TZP) for zirconium framework, Felds phatic...

Jan 07, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Cotton Flea Beetle, Podagrica puncticollis Weise (Coleoptera: Halticidae) in Metema District, Northern Ethiopia: Yield Loss Assessment and Management

Eshetu Agegnehu Abebe
Flea beetles are the most destructive insect pests of cotton in Northwestern part of Ethiopia. Damage is the most severe when seedlings are attacked and may necessitate extensive resowing. A field experiment was carried out in Metema districtfrom June to December in 2007 cropping season to estimate yield losses due to cotton flea beetle and to determine the efficacy of seed dressing and foliar insecticides against Podagrica puncticollis. The treatments were arranged by using RCBD with thr...

Jan 06, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Patterns of Late Presentation of Septic Abortions at Makurdi, North-Central, Nigeria

Augustine Ochigbo Ojabo, Adebiyi Gboyega Adesiyun, Samuel Kuma Hembah Hilekan, N. Ameh, Hajaratu Umar, Amina Mohammed Durosinlorun, Michael Tyogoo Maanongun
Background: Unsafe abortion is frequent in our community and invariably; the majority of these cases become septic and present late at the hospital. We decided to study, among other things, the factors responsible for late presentations among these patients with the attendant frequency of complications and the outcome of management of these complications. Method: This was a prospective study that was conducted from January 2010 to June 2014 in the Gynae Unit of the Benue State University Teachin...

Jan 05, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Aggression and Perception of Pain among Young Candidates to Professional Soccer Players

Katia Rubio, Ivan Rabelo, Gabriela Goncalves
Aggression is a constant feature in an athlete’s life. This is because training and too many competitions require a proactive attitude to these demands, hence the importance to distinguish aggression and violence. The same demands that generate aggressiveness also cause pain and injury due to excessive training and competitions. The influences and guidance experienced in the early formation of an athlete’s career are related to other aspects of personality like aggression, perception of pain and...

Jan 02, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Coexistence of Chronic Complications among Diabetic Patients at Nigist Eleni Mohammed Memorial Hospital, Hossana, South Ethiopia

Dawit Jember Tesfaye, Fasil Tessema, Mohammed Taha
Background: Chronic complications reduce quality of life, increases diabetes related mortality and overburden the public health services. This study aims to assess the prevalence of chronic complications and its associated factors among diabetic patients at Nigist Eleni Mohammed Memorial Hospital, Hossana, South Ethiopia. Method and Materials: We conducted a hospital based cross-sectional study. A simple random sampling technique was used to select 266 participants from the follow up clinic of t...

Dec 31, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Cases of Brought in Dead Patients in the Accident and Emergency Unit of a Referral Hospital in the Western Region of Ghana

Verner N. Orish, Joseph Y. Ansong, Isaac B. Anagi, Onyekachi S. Onyeabor, Chuku Okorie, Adekunle O. Sanyaolu, Nnaemeka C. Iriemenam
The objective of this study was to evaluate cases of brought in dead (BID) patients in the accident and emergency unit of Effia-Nkwanta Regional Hospital through a retrospective study of a period of 3 years. A retrospective descriptive study of BID cases from the death register and patients’ records of the accident and emergency unit of the hospital was carried out from January 2011 to December 2013. 31% (180/574) of BID cases were recorded over the study period with the age range from below 1 y...