OALib Journal
 OALib Journal is an all-in-one open access journal (ISSN Print: 2333-9721, ISSN Online: 2333-9705). It accepts a manuscript for the peer review process, typesetting, and publication, allocated to one of the 322 subject areas. The article processing charge for publishing in OALib journal is Only $99. Submit now
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Nov 21, 2014Open    AccessArticle

A Cross Sectional Study: Availability of Improved Sanitation Facilities and Associated Factors among Rural Communities in Lemo Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Tadele Yohannes, Abdulalik Workicho, Henok Asefa
Background: Faecal-oral diseases represent the largest health burden associated with a lack of improved sanitation. Diarrhea is the most burdensome of these and accounting for over millions of deaths each year. Access to improved household sanitary facilities have great health benefits ranging from reductions in diarrhea, helmenth infections and trachoma through reduced risk of accidents and enhanced psychosocial well-being. Objective: This study was aimed at assessing the availability of improv...


Nov 21, 2014Open    AccessArticle

The Influence of the Carbon Surface on the Rate of Copper Recovery from Slag of the Direct-to-Blister Process

Piotr Madej, Marian Kucharski
The study was devoted to the investigation of the influence of the carbon reducer’s surface on the rate of the copper removal (in the form of a copper-reach alloy, Cu-Pb-Fe) from the slag produced in the flash direct-to-blister process at the Glogów smelter in Poland. The slag used in this work was taken from the direct-to-blister Outokumpu flash furnace at the smelter in Glogów. Graphite penetrators of different surfaces were used as the slag reducer, and the experiments were carried out at 157...


Nov 20, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Pre-Service Science Teachers’ Training: The Case of Colleges of Education in Nigeria

Jacob Kola Aina
Colleges of Education are teacher training institutions established to train teachers for primary and junior secondary schools in Nigeria. Research shows that science teachers trained in these colleges are not performing well in classrooms after their graduation. This is due to problems associated with Colleges of Education such as lack of science equipment, bad leadership, lack of committed lecturers and bad admission policy. These problems make teachers trained in these colleges to be incompet...


Nov 19, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Toxic Effect of Imidacloprid on Protein Content in Estuarine Clam, Katelysia opima (Gmelin)

Madhura D. Mukadam, Arvind S. Kulkarni
The indiscriminate use of insecticide has caused serious pollution problems of aquatic ecosystems. Imidacloprid is mainly used to control sucking insects such as rice hoppers, aphids, thrips and some species of beetles. Further it is known to cause apathy, myatonia, tremor and myospasms in humans. Toxic effects of imidacloprid were estimated by selecting Katelysia opima as an animal model. Effect of imidacloprid on total protein content of gill, mantle, hepatopancreas, foot, male gonad an...


Nov 19, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Characteristics of HIV Co-Infected Patients among Tuberculosis Patients Accessing Care at a DOTS Clinic in South-Eastern Nigeria

Emmanuel Chukwunonye Azuike, Ebele Dabeluchukwu Azuike, Ebele Dabeluchukwu Azuike, Moses Chukwuemeka Ohamaeme, Darlington Chukwudimma Obi, Ifeoma Chisom Iloghalu, Ifeanyi Ndubisi Udedibia, Charles Chukwudalu Ebulue, Uzoamaka Ugochinyere Epundu, Nkiru Ifeoma Chikezie, Clifford Chidiebere Aniagboso, Chijioke Amara Ezenyeaku

Background: One third of the world’s population constituting 2 billion people are infected with Tuberculosis (TB), which is the second most common cause of mortality amongst communicable diseases. Nigeria ranks fourth among 22 high TB burden countries. One of the major challenges to the control of TB is the presence and interaction of TB with HIV. In many parts of Africa, infection with HIV has further increased TB morbidity and mortality. To effectively control

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Nov 18, 2014Open    AccessArticle

The Relationship of Personality, Spirituality and Posttraumatic Growth to Subjective Wellbeing

Michael Galea
A growing number of studies are indicating that a number of people report psychological growth after experiencing trauma. This may be so because suffering stimulates the need and search for meaning [1]. In this cross-sectional and correlational study, we sought the relationship of subjective wellbeing to posttraumatic growth in view of past trauma exper...


Nov 17, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Change Process, Supports and Barriers in Residential Treatment Program: A Qualitative Approach

Katerina Flora
Various studies have employed quantitative and qualitative methods in order to explore the process of behavioral change emerging during a drug addiction treatment, i.e. the factors both encouraging and discouraging such change. Treatment has been conceived as a process of maturation (“maturing out” theory) or as a sudden behavioral change (“rock bottom experience”). This article focuses on the qualitative approach of the therapeutic procedures of a residential treatment program. The parti...


Nov 17, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Seductive Behavior: Can It Be Harmful?

Thiago de Almeida
The love experience involves a certain degree of reciprocity and balance between the partners. However, many patients complain of difficulty in maintaining their interest in different partners and therefore extending the relationship beyond the seduction phase. This dynamic resembles Donjuanism, however, it differs precisely because sexual acting is not essential for the characterization of the compulsive seduction but the conquering effort itself. Considering the scarcity of studies and given t...


Nov 14, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Pregnancy with Elephantiasis Neurofibromatosa—A Rare Presentation

Monika Gupta, Vipan Gupta, Kamini Sapre, Sushmita Sharma, Prithpal S. Matreja
Neurofibromatosis (NF1) is an autosomal dominant disorder primarily affecting the development and growth of nerve cell tissues. We report a rare case of pregnancy with giant plexiform neurofibroma involving the genital tract with adverse perinatal outcome. A 26-year-old female presented at term in labour with NF1 and a huge plexiform neurofibroma arising from sacral region, gluteal region, pelvis and involving left labium majus. She delivered by cesarean section and the baby had congenital NF1. ...


Nov 14, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Analysis on the Propagation of the Fiber-Optic Signals in the Perturbed Nonlinear Schrodinger Equation

Qianqian Xing, Jiuli Yin, Lixin Tian
Chaos appears in the whole process of fiber-optic signal propagation with one external perturbation due to the absence of damping. Via adding a proper controller, chaos cannot be suppressed when the controller’s strength is weak. With the increase of the controller strength, the fiber-optic signal can stay in a stable state. However, unstable phenomenon occurs in the propagation of the fiber-optic signal when the strength exceeds a certain degree. Moreover, we discuss the parameters’ sensitivity...


Nov 13, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Effect of Austempering Time on Microstructure and Wear Resistance of Ductile Iron Castings

Mustafa A. Rijab, Ali I. Al-Mosawi
An experimental investigation was carried out to study the structure of ductile iron castings which were selected to perform the investigation: 1.4% Ni - 0.3 Mo and 2.4% Ni - 0.3 Mo. After austenitizing at 880℃ for 1.3 hr, the two alloys were austempered at 250℃ and 350℃ for time intervals of 60, 120, 240 minutes. Microstructure observation and measurement of UTS, and adhesive wear resistances were reported as functions of austempering time. The results also showed that the obtained structure pr...


Nov 13, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Usefulness of Liver and Spleen Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) for the Evaluation of Cirrhotic Patients

Luciana Barbosa, Catarina Oliveira, Alexandra Fernandes, Margarida Marques, Joao Pereira, Carlos Sofia, Filipe Caseiro-Alves, Maria José Noruegas
Objective: To evaluate the correlation between ARFI and Child-Pugh classification. Secondary Aims: 1) To compare ARFI values (hepatic, splenic and spleno-hepatic index) from cirrhotic to normal population; 2) To correlate biochemical parameters of liver function and ARFI. Materials and Methods: 58 cirrhotic patients (referenced to US for surveillance or to clarify any hepatic decompensation) were included in this prospective study, as well as 38 healthy subjects who underwent ultrasonography for...


Nov 12, 2014Open    AccessArticle

A Continuous Dynamical Systems Approach to Gauss-Newton Minimization

Roy Danchick
In this paper we show how the iterative Gauss-Newton method for minimizing a function can be reformulated as a solution to a continuous, autonomous dynamical system. We investigate the properties of the solutions to a one-parameter ODE initial value problem that involves the gradient and Hessian of the function. The equation incorporates an eigenvalue shift conditioner, which is a non-negative continuous function of the state. It enforces positive definiteness on a modified Hessian. Assuming the...


Nov 12, 2014Open    AccessArticle

International Development’s Hidden Agenda: Towards a Latent Modernization of “Traditional” Societies

Juan David Gómez-Quintero, Chaime Marcuello-Servós, Maria Luisa Sierra Huedo
This paper examines the existence of a hidden agenda in international development i.e. a group of latent ideas to promote social change in “traditional” societies. The arguments to support and analyse this proposal come from empirical work during several years and places, with special emphasis in Colombian ethnic minorities who receive aid from European agencies. This main idea focuses in three areas that are the part of the development projects: gender equality, environmental awareness a...


Nov 11, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Evaluation of Volatile Compounds of “Tiger Nut Beverage” (Orxata de Xufla) Headspace by Optimized Solid-Phase Micro-Extraction

Bruna Klein, Joan-Josep Gallardo-Chacón, Idoia Codina-Torrella, Antonio-José Trujillo, Bibiana Juan
The aroma profile of “tiger nut beverage” (orxata de xufla) was investigated by headspace solid- phase micro-extraction (HS-SPME) combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC- MS). Polidimethilsiloxane/divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/ PDMS), polyacrylate (PA) and divinylbenzene/carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS) fibers were tested and compared for sensitivity beyond conditions that might affect the SPME procedure, such as temperature, concentrati...


Nov 10, 2014Open    AccessArticle

The Role of Magnetite Nanoparticles (ICNB) in Discovery New Factor Which Influence on Permeability of Erythrocytes and Eryptosis

Andrey Belousov
This paper presents original research studying the effects of biocompatible nanoparticles standardized (ICNB) on the permeability of erythrocytes and eryptosis. The presented evidence demonstrates that changing orientation and mobility protons of the hydrogen atoms in the pericellular fluid significantly modify the permeability and physiological activity of erythrocytes. The leading role of the state of cell membrane and transport activity enzymes (ATPase) in ensuring its permeability and functi...


Nov 07, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Knee Surgery and Vascular Lesion: Cases Series and Literature Review

Stefano Rigotti, Luca Garriboli, Gianluca Piovan, Daniele Screpis, Antonio Jannello, Claudio Zorzi
Iatrogenic vascular injuries to the knee in orthopedic surgery are a major concern for surgeons and a major problem for patients. They are fortunately rare, but it is equally difficult to process. The first decisions taken as soon as you confirm the diagnosis are the most important for the patient’s recovery. We did a review of the cases in our center where they are present simultaneously in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Vascular Surgery.


Nov 06, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Determination of Vitamins A, C and D Status Using Serum Markers and a 24-Hour Dietary Recall among Maasai Women of Reproductive Age

Haikael Martin, Pammla Petrucka, Joram Buza
We previously reported that the prevalence of oral thrush among Maasai women of reproductive age in Ngorongoro Conservation Area was abnormally high (32%) in the absence of immune-compromising diseases such as HIV. This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that Maasai women of reproductive age are prone to oral thrush because they are deficient in micronutrients such as Vitamins A, C, D, and B12, as well as iron and folate which are known to have immune modulating functions. Method: The s...


Nov 05, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Prospects of Introduction of Fiber Lasers for Laser Heat Treatment of Ferrous Metals

Vladislav Somonov
The article reflects the results of the study of the process of hardening of steels radiation fiber laser and the increase of productivity of process of laser hardening due to implementation of fiberoptic lasers instead of CO2 and the increase of the coefficient of absorption of laser radiation and the exclusion of the necessity to use absorbing coating. The research studied the structure of the hardened layer, compared with the structure of the obtained on CO2 laser, and p...


Nov 04, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Relation between Human Chorionic Gonadotropin and Thyroid Hormones in Preeclampsia

María I. Camejo, Ysabel C. Casart
Aim: Alterations in thyroid function with a simultaneous increase of hCG in some pregnancy diseases have been reported. However, the relationship between thyroid hormones and hCG during preeclampsia is not yet evaluated. In this study we determined serum levels of hCG, TSH, free T3 (fT3) and free T4 (fT4) in normal pregnant woman and in patients with preeclampsia and evaluated the correlation between these hormones. Methods: Blood samples were taken from 20 healthy pregnant women as control and ...


Nov 03, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Nexus between Bank Credit and Economic Growth in Nigeria: Evidence from VEC Model

Garba Salisu Balago
The study examines the relationship between bank credit and economic growth in Nigeria by considering the total bank credit extended to the production sector (which comprises manufacturing, agriculture, fishery and forestry, mining and quarrying, real estate and construction), general commerce sector (comprising: bills discounted, domestic trade, exports and imports) and services sector (comprising: public utilities, transport and communication, credit to financial institutions). Time series dat...


Oct 31, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Magnetohydrodynamic Flow of Viscous Fluid over a Non-Linearly Stretching Sheet

Yohannes Yirga, Daniel Tesfay
In this paper, the Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Flow of Viscous Fluid over a Nonlinear Stretching Sheet is investigated numerically. The partial differential equations governing the flow are reduced to a non linear ordinary differential equations by using similarity transformations. The resulting transformed equations are numerically solved by an explicit finite difference scheme known as the Keller Box Method. The velocity profiles are determined and the effects of the magnetic parameter and non l...


Oct 31, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Approximate Analysis of an M/M/1 Markovian Queue Using Unit Step Function

Dhanesh Garg
This study analyzes a single server queueing model with a time-dependent arrival rate and service rate is constant. In this model, the incoming arrivals are Poisson stream; service time is exponentially distributed and the first-come first-served queueing discipline. We obtain an explicit expression for the state probability distribution with time-dependent arrival rate using unit step function.


Oct 31, 2014Open    AccessArticle

An Incentive Scheme to Increase Female Access to and Completion of Basic Education in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Noel A. Ihebuzor
Policy reforms in education have considerable potential to correct social inequities and assist in the building of more inclusive societies either through improved efficiencies and/or equity in education service provision. Primary education is a public service whose consumption has huge positive externalities—social and economic benefits. In many developing countries, girls are usually excluded from the consumption of this service for a variety of reasons—some of which are social, cultural or ec...


Oct 31, 2014Open    AccessArticle

The Calcifying Epithelial Odontogenic Tumor (Pindborg Tumor): A Case Report

Mehmet Cemal Akay, Ayhan Tetik, Mert Zeytinoglu
Calcifying Epithelial Odontogenic Tumor (CEOT) is a rare benign odontogenic tumor that was first described by Pindborg in 1955. It accounts for less than 1% of all odontogenic neoplasms. This lesion is a locally aggressive benign odontogenic neoplasm arising from epithelial tissue. The radiographic appearance is characterized by uni- or multilocular radiolucent areas with radiopaque masses of varying sizes; there is a frequent association with an unerupted tooth. Most CEOT are intraosseous lesio...


Oct 31, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Pregnancy Outcomes Following Emergency Cervical Cerclage

Augustine Ojabo, A. G. Adesiyun, S. K. Hembah-Hilekaan, A. Mohammed-Durosinlorun, Hajaratu Sulayman-Umar
Background: The pregnancy outcome following cervical cerclage for women with cervical incompetence is generally favourable. However, the outcome for emergency cerclage is less favourable. Methodology: A retrospective analysis of the case notes of pregnant women who underwent emergency cervical cerclage from January 2007 until December 2010 at Garkuwa Hospital and Sheehan Hospital was performed. Results: There were a total of 56 cases of cervical cerclage comprising 46 elective and 10 emergency c...


Oct 31, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Complex Number Theory without Imaginary Number (i)

Deepak Bhalchandra Gode

In this paper new method is introduced for complex numbers; this method does not include imaginary number “i” but produces the same results that occur in Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication & Division of complex numbers, also proof of Eluer Formula e and De Moivre theorem without using imaginary number “i”. Furthermore placing the light on the square root of a negative number, the square root of a negative number is equal t

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Oct 30, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Role of Organic Matter in the Adsorption/Desorption of Cr, Cu and Pb in Competitive Systems in Two Different Soils

Leandro Antunes Mendes, Luis Felipe Perez Bucater, Maria Diva Landgraf, Maria Olímpia Oliveira Rezende
The various methods of remediation of contaminated soils include isolation, immobilization, toxicity reduction, physical separation and extraction. In this context, a noteworthy technique is vermicomposting, which uses worms to break down recent organic matter, turning it into a chemically more stable form able to retain metal ions, rendering them unavailable to the environment. To understand the transport of these elements in the soil, it is necessary to study their dynamics in the environment....


Oct 30, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Origin of Quantum Space-Time and Primordial Black Hole

Rakesh Kumar Pandey
In the present theoretical work, an attempt has been made to derive an expression for the quantum volume of discrete space and its growth rate using first rank tensorial Einstein-Gauss gravitation law, Einstein’s mass energy equivalence and Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle. It is found that the universe may have come into quantum existence with volume thrice the Planck’s volume within the framework of physical laws when it already had an age ~10﹣43 s provided the Planck’s time is at...


Oct 30, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Stroke Assessment Scales: The Dilemma Validity or Reliability

Marco Aurelio Gralha de Caneda
The author discusses the conceptual bases related to general and clinimetric properties of stroke scales, relating them to its application in research and clinical practice. This paper briefly presents the definitions of reliability and validity and its usage in clinical studies, and didactically demonstrates statistical approaches for obtaining agreement and correlation coefficients. Finally, it proposed to criticize the most common bias in the literature on the use of these concepts and forwar...


Oct 30, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Flowering and Seed Development in Onion—A Review

Khalid Mahmud Khokhar
Proper vernalization temperature of mother onion bulbs stimulates early flowering and produces a heavier yield of seed. Moreover, onion cultivars seem to differ in their optimal temperature requirements depending on the locality to which they are adapted. Most studies on the effects of storage temperature on inflorescence initiation in onion have shown that the optimum temperature for flowering is in a range between 5℃ to 13℃ for 90 to 120 days and bolting resistant varieties require a longer co...


Oct 30, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Early Ophthalmological Manifestations of Crouzon Syndrome: About a Case

Nidain Maneh, Meba Banla, Nadiedjoa Kokou Douti, Komi Yayehd, Sophie Arsene, Ko-kou Vonor, Kassoula Batomaguela Nonon Saa, Koffi Didier Ayena, Komi Patrice Balo
We report the case of a major neonatal form of Crouzon syndrome of ophthalmic finding in a new- born of 21 days of age with no background of consanguinity. The clinical manifestations were marked by signs of Crouzon syndrome associated with dyspnea. The skull radiograph showed a decline of maxillary and closing sutures. The brain scan was marked by a bilateral fronto-parietal hypotrophy with agnenesis of the left temporal. She had received a lateral tarsorrhaphy in prevention to keratopathy of e...


Oct 30, 2014Open    AccessArticle

The Territorial-Environmental Perception in Fishing Zones (Amazon Region, Brazil)

Christian Nunes da Silva, Joao Marcio Palheta da Silva, Clay Anderson Nunes Chagas
Geography was always concerned with the study of the relationship between social groups and the environment in which they interact as natural resources for their survival. This relationship was always intertwined by power determinations in the organization of forms of appropriation of natural resources, deriving different types of territorial assets. These territorial assets demonstrate a variety of actors, involved in a certain territory and materializing different actions for the appropriation...


Oct 29, 2014Open    AccessArticle

The Relationship between EFL Teachers’ Motivation and Job Satisfaction in Mashhad Language Institutions

Najmeh Noori, Mohammad Ali Fatemi, Hossein Najjari
The scarcity of research on EFL teachers’ job satisfaction and motivation prompted this study which aimed at identifying the relationship between EFL teachers’ motivation and job satisfaction. To achieve this goal, the researcher selected 250 EFL teachers randomly with different years of experience in Mashhad language institutions. To collect the required data, the researcher employed Teacher’s Motivation Questionnaire (TMQ) to elicit sources of motivation of EFL teachers and Teachers’ Job Satis...


Oct 29, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Pediatric Anxiety Disorder after Operation for Carcinoid: A Case Report

Sevgi Buyukbese Sarsu, Burcu Belen, Ramazan Ucak
One of the most common abdominal emergency situations which requires operation is acute apendicitis. The obstruction of the lumen is the primary cause of acute appendicitis and some unusual factors such as a carcinoid tumor may be involved in the pathogenesis. This rare tumor describes a 16-year-old girl presented with an abdominal pain which had a clinical presentation that was not different compared with the usual form of appendicitis and was diagnosed via the investigation of the appendectomy...


Oct 29, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Cutaneous Horn

Siddharth P. Dubhashi, Vivek D. Kulkarni, Adil Suleman, Ishant Rege, Harsh Kumar
A cutaneous horn (corn cutaneum) is a dense, hyperkeratotic conical projection of skin arising from an unusual cohesiveness of keratinized material. Cutaneous horns most frequently occur in sites that are exposed to actinic radiation or burns. Forearm, cartilaginous portion of the ear, legs, and hands may also be affected. Cutaneous horns can occur in sun protected areas. Histologic confirmation is necessary to rule out malignant changes. No clinical features reliably distinguish between benign ...


Oct 29, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Official Language Choice in Ethiopia: Means of Inclusion or Exclusion?

Milkessa Midega
Official language choice in a multilingual polity is a challenging phenomenon. One of such polities, Ethiopia, took “historical accident” justifications for grant to select its official language which unequivocally disregards its own linguistic diversities. Amharic language has been arbitrarily designated as the sole official language of Ethiopia since the making of modern Ethiopia. This piece uses government documents and other literature to examine Ethiopia’s official language choice and its c...


Oct 29, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Molecular Signature of Influenza A

Raghavendra Krishnappa, Rajendran Paramasivam
This research work provides comprehensive meaningful valuable findings from NCBI database for researches to analyze entries of H1N1 strains aiming to design genomic region-specific markers and also for screening the region-specific subtypes. Influenza A viruses are divided into subtypes, based on the nature of their surface glycoproteins, HA and NA. There are 16 different HAs and nine NAs which are distinguishable serologically, and we have sincerely dug NCBI database. We have found 7651 entries...


Oct 29, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Analysis of Preprocessing Algorithms for Space Frequency and Mathematical Morphology on Mammograms

Ramón O. Guardado-Medina, Luis E. Mendoza-Luna, Jorge A. Ortiz-Ramirez, Humberto Bracamontes del Toro, Ruben Ruelas Lepe, Gustavo Ochoa Mata
This paper presents the performance analysis of preprocessing algorithms for enhancement features on mammograms with the objective of improving future clustering processing investigations, space frequency filtering and morphologic space filtering, which are analyzed with their different techniques in regions of interest using the DDSM database. Displaying microcalcifications, which is achieved with the Gaussian high-pass filter in the space frequency and diamond filter, in morphologic space, sup...


Oct 28, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Semi-Auto-Open Portable Electric Vulcanizer (SAO-PEV): An Innovation

E. Z. Ramis
In this 3rd study—Semi-Auto-Open Portable Electric Vulcanizer (SAO-PEV) is to minimize the delayed opening of the vulcanizing head for releasing and removing the vulcanized rubber tire and to eradicate the haphazard operation after the post vulcanization process. This machine is made of steel materials with GI pipes gauge 20 with a configuration of an elongated letter “C” with a mica heating element that were attached to the vulcanizer head and the Electronic Control Unit (ECU); thus,...


Oct 28, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Plant Diversity, Life Form and Phytochoria of Hamedan Alvand Region in Iran

Maryam Kolahi, Morteza Atri
This study was carried out for determination and discrimination vegetation by Eco-phytosociology method. Flora of this area was determined by using available references. Based on collection we encountered about 290 specimens that belong to 167 genera and 41 families. The largest families in the area are Asteraceae (47 genera), Poaceae (34 genera), Lamiaceae (30 genera), Caryophylaceae (18 genera) Papilonaceae (17 genera). The floristic composition of the area is strongly influenced by large numb...


Oct 28, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Carotid Body Tumour as an Unusual Cardiovascular Pathology: Report of Two Cases

Hakan Atalay, Atakan Atalay, Omer Faruk Dogan
A carotid body tumour (CBT) is a rare form of an extra-adrenal pheochromocytoma. They are commonly diagnosed as asymptomatic neck masses. A careful preoperative evaluation is required to find out the functional and vascular status of these tumours. Herein, we report two cases of carotid body paraganglioma, their evaluation and surgical management.


Oct 27, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Intimate Partner Violence during Pregnancy among Recently Delivered Women in Public Health Facilities of Hossana Town, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Tariku Laelago, Tefera Belachew, Meseret Tamrat
Background: Intimate partner violence is recognized as a worldwide serious public health problem. It can cause serious injury, disability or death. Risk factors for intimate partner violence during pregnancy are often similar to risk factors for intimate partner violence in general. Objectives: To assess the prevalence and associated factors of intimate partner violence during pregnancy among recently delivered women in public health facilities of Hossana Town, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia, 20...


Oct 27, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Application of Langmuir and Freundlich Models in Phosphate Sorption Studies in Soil of Contrasting Parent Materials in South-Eastern Nigeria

Florence Otobong Umoh, Victor Emmanuel Osodeke, Ini Dennis Edem, Gregory Sunday Effiong
This study was conducted to determine phosphorus sorption characteristics of five soils from contrasting parent materials in south-eastern Nigeria. The soils were collected from Ikom (basalt), Akamkpa (basement complex), Bende (shale), Amaeke (sand stone) and Umudike (coastal plain sand). The standard P requirements for the soils were calibrated from the sorption curves, and the values were very low ranging from 11.1 mg·kg﹣1 in Bende to 60.2 mg·kg﹣1 in Ikom. The P maximum s...


Oct 27, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Elastic Constants and Pressure Derivatives of Calcium Oxide

Krishna Murti Raju
The electrostatic and Born-Mayer repulsive potentials method was used to calculate the higher order elastic constants and pressure derivatives of alkaline-earth oxide CaO in a wide temperature range (100 - 1000 K). The calculations have been made starting from primary physical parameters viz. nearest-neighbour distance and hardness parameter assuming long- and short- range potentials. The different results of the calculations are compared with experimental data and discussed.


Oct 24, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Determination of Zoledronic Acid and Four Common Anions in Zoledronic Acid Injection by Gradient Ion Chromatography with a Self-Regeneration Suppressor

Meilan Chen, Mingli Ye
A simple method to determine zoledronic acid and impurities in drug by ion chromatography with conductivity detection was developed. Target analytes have been sufficiently separated from each other on an Ionpac AS19 by using potassium hydroxide as eluent with a self-regeneration suppressor. This novel proposed method enables direct analysis of zoledronic acid in injection sample and provides good resolution. This novel method also exhibits satisfactory precision (less than 1.68%) and accuracy (9...


Oct 24, 2014Open    AccessArticle

On Time Resonances (Explosions) in High-Energy Nuclear Collisions

V. S. Olkhovsky
The review of the results of time analysis at the range of high-energy nuclear collisions (with the bombarding-particle energies near 0.1 - 10 GeV/nucleon) is presented. It was shown that the formation of time resonances (explosions) in the decays of compound nuclei or final clots at the range of dense strongly overlapped energy resonances was possible. These time resonances rather well explain a lot of the experimental data.


Oct 24, 2014Open    AccessArticle

The Integral Equation, Corresponding to the Ordinary Differential Equation

Igor Petrovich Dobrovolsky
The differential operator of the ordinary differential equation (ODE) is represented as the sum of two operators: basic and supplementing operators. The order of the higher derivatives of a basic operator and ODE operator should coincide. If the basic operator has explicit system of fundamental solutions it is possible to make integral equation Volterra of II kind. For linear equations the approximate solutions of the integral equation are system of the approximate fundamental solutions of the i...


Oct 23, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Implementation of an In-House Quantitative Real-Time PCR for Determination of HIV Viral Load in Kinshasa

Erick Ntambwe Kamangu, Adawaye Chatte, Raphael Boreux, Richard Lunganza Kalala, Georges Lelo Mvumbi, Patrick Demol, Dolores Vaira, Pierre Marie Hayette
Background: Measurement of Viral Load (VL) is the most reliable mean for evaluating virological monitoring of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection. It allows determination of the amount of virus present in a given volume. Due to the constraints of costs, the VL is not often requested for patient’s follow-up in countries with limited resources. Hence the objective of this study is to implement an in-house Quantitative Real-Time PCR to assess the VL of HIV infected patients in K...


Oct 23, 2014Open    AccessArticle

FABP-2 and PPAR-γ Haplotype as Risk Factors for Dyslipidemia in a Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Population of Santa Rosa del Conlara, San Luis, Argentina

Susana Siewert, María Florencia Olmos Nicotra, Irma Ines Gonzalez, Gustavo Fernandez, Marta Susana Ojeda
Introduction: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is a complex disorder caused by the interaction between genetic predisposition and environmental factors. Genetics plays an important role on lipid homeostasis. Many genes are involved in the lipid metabolism, such as FABP-2 and PPAR-γ. Aim: To evaluate the association between specific SNPs and haplotypes of the FABP-2 and PPAR-γ genes with T2DM and lipid profile in an Argentinean population. Methods: The FABP-2 (rs1799883) and PPAR-...


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