OALib Journal
  OALib Journal is an all-in-one open access journal (ISSN Print: 2333-9705, ISSN Online: 2333-9721). It accepts a manuscript for the peer review process, typesetting, and publication, allocated to one of the 322 subject areas. The article processing charge for publishing in OALib journal is Only $99. Submit now
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Mar 31, 2015Open    AccessArticle

An Investigation of the Effects of a Period of Individual and Team Plays on the Social Development of Educable Mentally Retarded Children

Jamal Fazel Kalkhoran, Morteza Homayounnia
Children learn to collaborate with and attract children of their own age, to observe others’ rights, to live a team life and to develop many more social processes through play. The present study aimed at investigating the effects of a period of individual and team plays on the social development of educable mentally retarded children. In this quasi-experimental study, two experimental and one control group were used with the pretest-posttest design. The statistical population consisted of mental...

Mar 30, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Indigenous Knowledge and the African Way Forward: Challenges and Opportunities

Beyuo Alfred Naamwintome, David Millar
Indigenous knowledge exists and particularly in Africa and is being challenged as science and this negatively influences the harnessing of it globally. The study focused on the history of knowledge as science and the evolutionary analysis of science as a body of knowledge, within a Grounded Theory approach. The findings revealed that indigenous knowledge is a body of knowledge like the western science and has survived the custodians of this body of knowledge for generations; it dictates the prog...

Mar 30, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Developing Reading Culture for the Challenges of Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria

C. Olujide Ajidahun
The paper critically interrogates and assesses the importance of reading and its indispensable contributions to the educational development of the society. The paper also laments the fallen standard of education in Nigeria and addresses the decay and the rot that have characterised the educational system in Nigeria, which are a consequence of the dwindling reading culture among the Nigerian youths. An analysis of the recent Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination results conducted by bot...

Mar 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Faith-Based Organizations-State Relation and the Democratization Process in Kenya

Solomon Owuoche
This article examines how Faith-Based Organizations (FBOs)-state relation influences the democratization process in Kenya. Ideally, the state should be in the forefront in nurturing the democratization process. However, evidence suggests that the Kenyan state has for a long time appeared as an unwilling participant in the democratization process. Instead, the Kenyan state has refused to let go of the old system of governance associated with restricted political freedoms, ethnic discrimination, h...

Mar 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Preparation and Characterization of Copper Oxide Nanoparticles Synthesized via Chemical Precipitation Method

Ismat Zerin Luna, Lutfun Naher Hilary, A. M. Sarwaruddin Chowdhury, M. A. Gafur, Nuruzzaman Khan, Ruhul A. Khan
Copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO-NPs) were synthesized via chemical precipitation method using copper (II) chloride dihydrate and sodium hydroxide. Then nanoparticles were characterized by using X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX), and Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR) spectroscopy. The XRD patterns and EDX spectra showed that the prepared CuO-NPs were highly pure, crystalline and nano-sized. The SEM image suggested that nano particles were ...

Mar 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Prevalence of Human Intestinal Helminth Parasites among Undergraduate Students at the off Campus (North Gate Area), Federal University of Technology, Akure (Futa), Nigeria

Ebenezer Oluyemi Dada, Christiana Eleojo Aruwa
Studies have shown that soil-transmitted helminth infections are widely distributed throughout the tropics and subtropics. Poor sanitation is a major factor in the spread of intestinal helminth parasites. Hence, a study was carried out from July to September 2014, to determine the prevalence of intestinal helminth parasites among undergraduate students at North Gate, FUTA. A total of two hundred (200) stool samples were collected randomly from both males and females. Faecal samples were analyzed...

Mar 25, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Dielectric Properties of Human Normal and Malignant Liver Tissue: A Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics Approach

Francesco Farsaci, Annamaria Russo, Silvana Ficarra, Ester Tellone
In this paper we will show the possibility of studying physical properties and irreversible phenomena that occur in biological tissues by applying the dielectric Kluitenberg’s non-equilibrium thermodynamic theory. Namely, we shall use some recent extensions of this theory that allows deducing its main characteristic parameters from experimental measurements. We determine frequency spectrum for phenomenological and state coefficients of the non-equilibrium thermodynamic approach. Applying these r...

Mar 24, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Syndemic Theory and Male Same Sex Intimate Partner Violence: An Urban/Non-Urban Comparison

Matt L. Pimentel, An-Lin Cheng, Patricia J. Kelly
Background: The majority of research with gay men has been conducted in urban populations, with minimal work on partner violence in non-urban (suburban and rural) settings. Syndemic theory, the concept that negative health outcomes are increased with the addition of each new deleterious health variable, has been used to understand partner violence. The aim of the study was to determine differences in prevalence and associated factors of male same-sex intimate partner violence (MSSIPV) among gay ...

Mar 23, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Perception of Risks and Benefits of Smoking among Adolescents of Glacier International College

Bibha Dhungel, Neema Bhandari
Background: Tobacco use is one of the important preventable causes of death and a leading public health problem all over the world. Multiple factors are involved in the initiation of smoking in adolescents and young adults. Adolescents may incorrectly believe that cigarette smoking is less risky than other behaviors, such as alcohol consumption and drug use, and they do not understand the short-term effect and addictive nature of smoking. Objectives: The main objective of the study was to find o...

Mar 20, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Comparison of an In-House Quantitative Real-Time PCR and COBAS AmpliPrep/TaqMan Roche for Determination of Viral Load for HIV Type 1 Non-B

Erick Ntambwe Kamangu, Adawaye Chatte, Raphael Boreux, Fabrice Susin, Richard Lunganza Kalala, Georges Lelo Mvumbi, Patrick De Mol, Marie-Pierre Hayette, Dolores Vaira
Context: The in-house techniques or experimental methods are increasingly recommended for their low-cost reagents for the determination of the Viral Load (VL) in resource-limited settings. The objective of this study was to compare the determination of VL from HIV-1 non-B samples by an in-house technique with the COBAS AmpliPrep/TaqMan version 2.0. Method: In this cross-sectional study, 39 plasma samples from patients infected with HIV type 1 non-B from N’Djamena and Kinshasa were used to determ...

Mar 20, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Social-Ecological Evolutionary Resilience: A Proposal to Enhance “Sustainability Transformation” about Theoretical Foundation

Qiyan Wang, Masakazu Yamashita
In this conceptual paper, we try to take a step to explore theoretical foundation of sustainability transformation in dimension of resilience thinking. Firstly, this paper will reexamine the ontology of ecosystem resilience so as to avoid the conflated view between ecosystem resilience and engineering resilience; secondly, it will propose social-ecological evolutionary resilience as theoretical and conceptual foundation for sustainability transformation.

Mar 20, 2015Open    AccessArticle

An Opportunity of Failure of the Air Rotational Motion

Sergey Niikolayevich Dolya
The article shows that to suppress the rotational motion of the air, form a funnel with a diameter of 200 m and the velocity of rotational movement of its walls equal to V = 100 m/s, it is required to pour 80 tons of liquid nitrogen into the funnel.

Mar 19, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Smear Positivity and Associated Risk Factors among Pulmonary Tuberculosis Suspects at Nigist Eleni Mohammed Memorial Hospital, Hossana, South Ethiopia

Dawit Jember Tesfaye, Lopiso Dessalegn Tirore, Wassie Gebi Beshir,Techalew Shimelis
Background: Tuberculosis remains to be a major public health problem among the under developed world due to delay in detection and treatment of patients with active TB. In Ethiopia, case detection rate remains low compared with WHO target. Prolonged delay of tuberculosis case detection may lead to disease that is more advanced, high mortality, and continual transmission in the community. Therefore, we aimed to assess the prevalence of smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis and its associated fact...

Mar 19, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Chang Chien’s Thought on Education

Shun-Chih Sun
Chang Chien (1853-1926) was a native of Nant’ung, Kiangsu. In spite of the various works on Chang Chien, which testify to the significance of his role in modern China, Chang Chien’s thought on education is still not well-researched. The purposes of this paper are firstly, to analyze Chang Chien’s thought on education systematically and clearly in the hope that it may become a useful reference for researchers on modern China, and secondly, to stimulate scholars for further research. This paper de...

Mar 18, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Against Geometry: Nonstandard General Relativity

Gunter Scharf
We show that the Schwarzschild solution can be embedded in a class of nonstandard solutions of the vacuum Einstein’s equations with arbitrary rotation curves. These nonstandard solutions have to be taken as physical, if dark matter as needed in the standard theory cannot be found. As a consequence general relativity is considered as a classical field theory in Minkowski space and not as a geometric theory in the sense of Einstein. Assuming an asymptotically flat rotation curve and introducing a ...

Mar 18, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Association of TCF7L2 Gene Polymorphisms with T2DM in the Population of Juana Koslay, San Luis Province, Argentina

Susana Siewert, Federico Marquez, Gisela Mendoza, Gustavo Fernandez, Irma Gonzalez, Marta S. Ojeda
Polymorphisms in the gene coding for transcription factor 7 like 2 (TCF7L2) are recognized as the strongest common genetic risk factors for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) across multiple ethnicities. This study was conducted to evaluate an association between TCF7L2 variants and diabetes susceptibility in the population of Juana Koslay, San Luis, Argentina. We genotyped 2 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) rs7903146 and rs12255372 in controls and diabetic subjects. Association with T2DM was ...

Mar 18, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Primers for Dengue Virus Strains Based on Their Sequence Variability

Raghavendra Krishnappa, Rajendran Paramasivam
Since DENV-1, 2, 3, and 4 determine the strains for dengue virus, their gene sequence can be used as marker for diagnosis, amplifying and genotyping subtypes in molecular screening reaction which includes RT-PCR, real-time RT-PCR, nucleic acid sequence-based amplification, microsphere- based duplexed immunoassay, and DNA microarrays. There are many gene based PCR diagnostic kits available for screening and quantifying dengue virus, which one to choose? Decisions on choosing the diagnostic kit ar...

Mar 17, 2015Open    AccessArticle

An Analysis of Urban Management in Zhejiang Province—Based on the Granger Causality Test and VAR Model Analysis

Haisheng Chen
Based on granger causality test and VAR (the Vector autoregressive model, Vector autoregressive model (VAR) is usually used in related time series prediction and stochastic disturbance on the variable system) analysis, the article finds the relationship among labor transfer, residents’ consumption and economic growth. On the one hand, the labor transfer is the granger reason of residents’ consumption. On the other hand, economic growth is the granger reason of labor transfer at the 5% significan...

Mar 16, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Assessment of Reading Proficiency in Urban Education: The Case of Charter Schools in Michigan, United States

Suleiman M. Hamdan, Joseph L. Musial
The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the 7th grade reading performance among a random sample of urban public school academies (charter schools) in Wayne County, Michigan, compared with a random sample of traditional urban public schools within the same geographic area. This study was conducted using the fall 2012 Michigan Educational Assessment Program (MEAP) reading test scores, as reported by the Michigan Department of Education. A total of 11 public charter schools ...

Mar 16, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Treatment of Children with Anorectal Malformations—10-Year Review

Sejdi Statovci, Hysen Heta, Nexhmi Hyseni, Salih Grajcevci, Murat Berisha, Gani Ceku
Introduction: Anorectal malformations include a wide spectrum of congenital defects of the anus, anal canal and rectum, which are often combined with urogenital tract defects. They are often associated with congenital anomalies of other organ systems such as genitourinary, cardiovascular, digestive, skeletal, etc. Objectives: This study aimed to review the patients with anorectal malformations, diagnosis, different types of associated anomalies and their frequency, modalities of treatment, resul...

Mar 13, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Investigation of the Effects of Eucalyptus camaldulensis on Performance of Neighbouring Crop Productivity in Western Amhara, Ethiopia

Melkamu Alebachew, Tadele Amare, Minale Wendie
The study was conducted on investigating effects of Eucalyptus camaldulensis on the performance of adjacent crop productivity for the benefits over adverse effects of it versus different land uses in district Mecha of Western Amhara region, Ethiopia. This research was carried out with the aim to test the performance of neighbouring crops grown near E. camaldulensis on the effects on plant growth performance and grain yield. Eucalypts has many important uses and a reliable source of...

Mar 13, 2015Open    AccessArticle

On the Contribution of Nigerian Female Dramatists to Indigenous Theatre Development

Kyantirimam Riken Ukwen
Nigeria’s performance theatre consists of variety of creative works reflecting the cultural diversity of its people. Many of the written texts and stage performances are slices from everyday lives of the people, captured by these playwrights and shown to the audience through live theatre. The paper examines the contribution of Nigerian female dramatists in the development of theatre in Nigeria. The paper advances that this group of theatre practitioners contributed to the overall development of ...

Mar 12, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Compensatory and Learning Strategies of Cit Students: Tools in Improving Listening Abilities

Warlito M. Galita
The objective of this study is to determine the learning and compensatory strategies the College of Industrial Technology (CIT) students use to enhance their listening skills and the various strategies that these learners use to compensate their limited skills and abilities. Findings reveal that the student-respondents exhibited the (10) learning and compensatory strategies of study, concentration, memory, learning from textbooks, learning from lectures, essays and assignments, exams, organizati...

Mar 11, 2015Open    AccessArticle

On Standardizing Philanthropy

Uzi Sasson
Philanthropies and governments traditionally share power relations. While governments exercise their power to rule by regulations, philanthropies, on the other hand, perceive government involvement, through regulation, as a way to reduce their power. In order to bridge these two forces that don’t necessarily share similar interests, a third party is needed. This external agency should set guiding standards for philanthropies to follow as well as for the cooperation between the government and the...

Mar 11, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Idiosyncrasy of Israeli Philanthropy-Government Interaction

Uzi Sasson
The purpose of the study is to evaluate two different systems, in the relations between the government and philanthropy. While the one is controlling in regulation, the other is establishing a committee that will standardize philanthropy activities in Israel. I use the Israeli government actions vs. philanthropic activities as a case study to demonstrate my assumptions and conclusions. As far as the government-philanthropy relationship is concerned, Israel is a unique case. In this paper, I will...

Mar 10, 2015Open    AccessArticle

A Research on Chang Chien’s Thought on Local Self-Government

Shun-Chih Sun
Chang Chien (1853-1926) was a native of Nant’ung, Kiangsu. In spite of the various works on Chang Chien, which testify to the significance of his role in modern China, Chang Chien’s thought on local self-government is still not well-researched. The purposes of this paper are firstly, to analyze Chang Chien’s thought on local self-government systematically and clearly in the hope that it may become a useful reference for researchers on modern China, and secondly, to stimulate scholars for further...

Mar 10, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Fireman Numerical Solution of Some Existing Optimal Control Problems

J. O. Olademo, A. A. Ganiyu, M. F. Akimuyise
This study employs the Fireman Method in the solutions of optimal control problems of the form, under an admissible control , which causes  to follow admissible trajectory ...

Mar 10, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Development of a Smart Solar-Powered LED Street Lighting System for Greener Community

Warlito M. Galita
The major objective of the study was to design and develop a Smart Solar-Powered LED Street Lighting System for a Greener Community. The project is different from conventional street lighting systems not only in the sense that it uses solar energy, but more importantly, it is also a stand alone device that provides for an efficient energy management program that ensures effective maintenance and reduced energy wastage due to malfunctioning lighting controls. In addition, it is much cheaper to fa...

Mar 09, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Role of Conformational Traits on Dairy Cattle Production and Their Longevities

Addis Getu, Godadaw Misganaw
The dairy industry faces a unique challenge to constantly improve functionality of the dairy cows to meet the needs of future production and reproduction demands. The basis of improvements is selection of the best animals. The accuracy of selection can be increased by using the combined analysis of both direct information on herd life and indirect information obtained from conformation traits. Generally, conformation traits are important in dairy cattle development. These traits are used ...

Mar 09, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Importance of Professional Knowledge in Translation

Shun-Chih Sun
The purposes of this paper are firstly, to point out the importance of professional knowledge in translation; and secondly, to stimulus scholars for further research. The Professional theory of Translation is the current tendency for translators. The translators had better have professional knowledge and ability for the translation fields, such as Modern China, Laws and Politics, Finance and Economy, Mass Media, Science and Technology, Environment, and even Ballroom Dancing in each respect so as...

Mar 06, 2015Open    AccessArticle

A Review of “Leading from the Emerging Future”: Any Lesson for Nigerian Leaders?

Victor E. Dike
This article reviews Leading from the Emerging Future  [1] and explores whether or not the political leaders of Nigeria can learn any lesson from it. This book concentrates on practical approach that empowers leaders to shift their mindsets from ego-system awareness to eco-system reality to enable them to transform the extant extractive economic and political institutions that...

Mar 06, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Antibiotic Sensitivity of Strains of E. coli Isolated from Poultry Sheds Fed with Additive Saccharomyces cerevisiae and without Additive

Nora Guida, Marcela Mascolo, Mariano Laino, Carla Bustos, Pablo Franco
The treatments against avian Colibacilosis have certain limitations, since the antimicrobial resistance has increased significantly and treatment may be ineffective. Prebiotics, administered as additives to animal, produce beneficial effects through changes in the microbial population of your digestive tract and which aims to ensure the normal balance of populations beneficial bacteria and dangerous to the digestive system. Yeasts such as Saccharomyces (S.) cerevisiae occupy...

Mar 06, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Design of a 16.5 Megapixel Camera Lens for a Mobile Phone

Yuke Ma, V. N. Borovytsky
A 16.5 megapixel camera lens for a mobile phone is designed. The lens consists of 3 plastic aspheric lenses, one glass spheric lens and an infrared glass filter. CMOS OV16850 with a pixel size of 1.12 micrometers from Omni Vision is used as an image sensor. The lens has an effective focal length of 4.483 mm, a F-number of 2.50, a field-of-view (FOV) of 76.2 degree, and a total length of 5.873 mm. The maximum distortion of the lens is less than 2.0%. The minimum value of all field relative illumi...

Mar 05, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Medical Science Turns Deadly Substances into Life Saving Ones: Snake Venom as a Treatment Option

Somia Gul, Nameera Ahmad, Urooba Iqbal, Bushra Rubab
Background: The word “venom” has always been taken as the synonym for poison or a vile liquid with catastrophic effects. Out of several different venomous creatures, snakes have perked special interest of scientists and researchers in this matter across the world. Many scientists and researchers around the world are trying to explore and put forward the positive aspects of snake venom and in the past years they have come to the conclusion that snake venom has some potential effects against serio...

Mar 05, 2015Open    AccessArticle

A Survey on Demodex Infections for Undergraduate Students in Some Universities in Ningbo City of Zhejiang Province of China

Tonghe Pan, Xianqun Rao, Qi Liao, Zhongjie Lin, Xinyi Zhang, Shengqian Zhu, Xinqian Gu, Xiaobo Cai, Guofeng Chan, Shuangyan Li, Jianfa Liu
Objective: The purpose of this survey is to investigate the university students’ face infections with Demodex, and explore the possible factors of Demodex infections. Methods: On this survey, the following pressure method is adopted. The operator has used sterilized thumb against the client part of the facial skin, observing mites under microscopy. Results: The results of the survey for the total Demodex infection rate were 32.50%. Demodex folliculorum infection rate was 39.49%, Demode...

Mar 05, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Gender Interlinked with Migration Issues in South Asian Literature and Film

Natasha Israt Kabir
This paper argues the urgent need to address the issue of Gender, and Migration. We have got the same perspectives in South Asian Literature and Movies that we need to come out from the stereotype idea. Migration does have the diversified phases but the question is, do the literature and movies speak a lot to showcase or portray those issues beyond dark sides? Especially in terms of gender the focus is very much biased and stereotyped with some exceptions, so this paper seeks to show the differe...

Mar 04, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Detection of River Pollution Using Water Quality Index: A Case Study of Tropical Rivers in Penang Island, Malaysia

Mohd-Rosli Nurul-Ruhayu, Yii Jau An, Yahya Khairun
A study on the Water Quality Index (WQI) has been conducted among 11 rivers in Penang Island, Malaysia from October 2012 to January 2013. The water quality status of rivers was classified based on the Interim National Water Quality Standard (INWQS) for Malaysia. The six water quality parameters used to determine the water quality index are dissolved oxygen (DO), biological oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total suspended solid (TSS), ammonia and pH value. Based on the WQI asses...

Mar 04, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Evaluation of Synergistic Effect of Neem and Poultry Manure on Root Knot Nematode (Meloidogyne spp.) Infecting Rice

Hassan Mohammed Auwal, Ibrahim Buba Galadima, Jacob Madu, Paul Joseph

Field experiment was conducted in 2014 to test the efficacy of different organic amendments on the control of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne spp.). The different materials are sole neem, sole poultry manure, and a combination of neem and poultry manure. Neem was applied at the rate of 160 g per plot, poultry manure was applied at the rate of 1120 g per plot, combination of neem and poultry manure was applied at 1280 g per plot and Furadan was applied at 1


Mar 03, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Simple Model to Estimate Longitude and Area of Universe

Ricardo Osés Rodríguez, Rigoberto Fimia Duarte, Lisvette Cruz Camacho
Mathematics is an interesting subject for some people, but for others are borings. The objective of this small paper is to stimulate Senior High school students’ scientific knowledge, when using the mathematical formula of circumference to determine longitude of universe and area in the Big Bang, as well as to introduce Cristosoles [1] numbers and antilogarithms. The paper shows a clear way to use simple mathematical formulas to determine the measure of the universe, besides relating the Cristos...

Mar 02, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Chang Chien’s Thought on Economic Development

Sun Shun-Chih

Chang Chien (1853-1926) was a native of Nantung, Kiangsu. In spite of various works on Chang Chien, which testify to the significance of his role in modern China, Chang Chien’s thought on economic development is still not well researched. The purposes of this paper are firstly to analyze Chang Chien’s thought on economic development systematically and clearly in the hope that it may become a useful reference for researchers in modern China, and secondly to stimul


Feb 28, 2015Open    AccessArticle

A Study on Cementation Process of Lead from Brine Leaching Solution by Aluminum Powder

P. Abdollahi, H. Yoozbashizadeh, D. Moradkhani, D. Behnian
Hydrometallurgical recycling of lead from zinc plant residue which occurs at leaching plant has been investigated. After determination of optimum parameters in the brine leaching stage, the pregnant solution was proposed on cementation process by Aluminum powder and parameters (time, temperature, initial pH of solution, initial lead content of solution, Al:Pb fraction, stirring velocity) were investigated and optimized.

Feb 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Late Onset Neonatal Herpes Encephalitis: A Case-Based CNS Complication and Neurological Outcome

Surya N. Gupta, Vikash S. Gupta, Nirali Borad
Individual neurological complication caused by Herpes simplex viruses in neonates is well-known. We report neonatal Herpes encephalitis that caused multiple neurological complications in the same patient during acute phase of illness. Our patient differs from previously reported cases in the following ways: 1) Late onset neonatal presentation; 2) Development of multiple neurologic complications during acyclovir therapy; 3) Cesarean-section did not prevent perinatal transmission of Herpes simplex...

Feb 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Accurate Age of the Earth Calculation by a New Fundamental Parameter

Mohammad Salehi Alashti
The most typical old question that scientist struggle with is the exact age of the earth. Accepted earth’s age is about 4.54 billion years (plus or minus about 1%) which derives from several lines of evidence with many involved assumptions. Furthermore this age could not be computed directly and solely from the earth and its determinant properties without contemplate suppositions. Also no scientific method can prove earth’s actual age and the exact accretion time of earth as yet. In this paper e...

Feb 25, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Nitrogen Use Efficiency of Low Land Rice as Affected by Organic and Chemical Sources

Amina Khatun, Hasina Sultana, Md. Sultan Uddin Bhuiya, Md. Abu Saleque
Given the increasing dairy and poultry industries, cowdung (CD) and poultry manure (PM) might become alternative sources of nitrogen (N) for rice production in South Asia. A field experiment was conducted during dry season (November-April) in Gazipur, Bangladesh. The experiment aimed to evaluate N use efficiency (NUE) in rice under varying sources of N application. Six treatments—1) N-control; 2) optimum dose of nitrogen (164 kg N ha﹣1) from urea; 3) 50% N from urea and 50% N from CD;...

Feb 16, 2015Open    AccessArticle

A Political Theory Approach to Understanding Conflict in Selected African States

Solomon Owuoche
Conflict remains a constant, but not a permanent factor, in many African states today. For many decades we have witnessed perpetual conflicts in African states, a characteristic that has led to African states being referred to as dark, anarchical, insecure and violent, particularly as compared to other states and regions of the world. Many studies and researchers have developed frameworks on the likely factors that explain conflict in Africa although there seems to be lack of agreement as to the...

Feb 15, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Factors Influencing Job Satisfaction of Librarians in Federal and State University Libraries in Southern Nigeria

Chinyere N. Ikonne, Uloma D. Onuoha
This study investigated the job satisfaction factors influencing the job satisfaction of librarians in Federal and State University libraries in Southern Nigeria. Job satisfaction is an important concept that can affect labor market behavior as it has a great influence on job-related behaviors such as productivity, work effort, absenteeism, turnover rates, and employee relations. The study adopted the survey research design. The population was made up of 500 librarians in thirty seven federal an...

Feb 15, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Socioeconomic Factors and the Elderly Mortality Profile in a Poor Brazilian State: An Ecological Study Comparing Two Distinct Age Groups

Tamires Carneiro de Oliveira, Wilton Rodrigues Medeiros, Yan Nogueira Leite de Freitas, Kenio Costa de Lima
The rate of the aging process of the Brazilian population and the accentuated social inequality and fragile institutions determine differentials in the mortality of the population, with many challenges for the health system. The aim of the present study was to analyze the mortality profile of individuals aged 60 to 69 years (young-old) and those aged 80 years or more (oldest-old) in a poor Brazilian state, as well as to investigate the associated socioeconomic factors. The Specific Mortality Rat...

Feb 15, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Assessing the Extension Staff Farm Visits Frequency Effect on Greenhouse Technology Performance in Small Scale Farms in Gusii Highlands, Kenya

Philip Alinyo Omoro, Anakalo Shitandi, Nemwel N. Aming’a, Evans Basweti
Purpose: The study aimed at assessing the extension staff farm visits frequency effect on greenhouse technology performance in small scale farms in Gusii Highlands, Kenya. Research Methodology: The study employed a survey research design. The target population for the study was 1000 farmers practising greenhouse technology in Gusii Highlands (Kisii and Nyamira Counties). Purposive and multi-stage sampling techniques were used to sample 276 respondents from the target population. Pr...

Feb 13, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Oncoplasty’s Contribution in Breast Cancers: About 48 Cases

Amine Rafik, Mounia Douiri, Naima Bahechar, Abdessamad Chlihi
Introduction: Oncoplasty has developed for 20 years in order to avoid potentially major deformations of conservative treatment. We report the results of our oncoplastic breast operations. Patients and Methods: We conducted a descriptive and retrospective study of 48 patients treated by oncoplastic technique in the national center of burn and plastic surgery in the U.H. IBN-ROCHD of Casablanca between 2011 and 2014. Patient and tumor characteristics, as well as information on the procedures and c...

Feb 13, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Relationship between Birth Time and Hair Whorl Location

Yen Lee, Ya-Yuan Mao, Sin-Yi Huang, Yan-Wun Lin, Cai-Yun Dai, Jhao-Ru Lai, Zong-Ciang Wun, Ya-Ting Cai, Sheng-Chiuan Huang
Hair whorls may be located on the midline of the scalp or off-center, either on the left, or on the right. Some people may have more than one hair whorl on their heads. Do the locations of the hair whorls have any relationship with the time of birth? This study shows negative results which impact the validity of common Chinese folklore and superstition surrounding hair whorl characteristics.