OALib Journal
 OALib Journal is an all-in-one open access journal (ISSN Print: 2333-9721, ISSN Online: 2333-9705). It accepts a manuscript for the peer review process, typesetting, and publication, allocated to one of the 322 subject areas. The article processing charge for publishing in OALib journal is Only $99. Submit now
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Sep 17, 2014Open    AccessArticle

A Comparative Study of the Advance of the Newtonian Component of Mercury’s Perihelion by Numerical Analysis and Perturbation Theory

Rajat Roy
A new numerical evaluation of the Newtonian component of Mercury’s perihelion advance over more than two centuries starting from about the year 2000 is made. Results are given for about the last 30 years of this interval. Comparison with perturbation theory calculation results indicates necessity of revision of previously held estimates of this quantity.


Sep 17, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Hydrodynamical Phenomena at Preparation of Earthquake

Igor Petrovich Dobrovolsky
Variations in level of fluid in wells caused by Earth tides and earthquakes are governed by two leading processes: deformation of medium and filtration. These processes are described by identical systems of equations and are united by the term “hydrodynamical phenomena”. The exact solution is obtained for the problem of level variations in wells due to Earth tides. The similar problem is solved for short-term precursors of a tectonic earthquake. Results are consistent with data of field observat...


Sep 17, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Influence of Spatial Comfort and Environmental Workplace Ergonomics on Job Satisfaction of Librarians in the Federal and State University Libraries in Southern Nigeria

Chinyere N. Ikonne, Haliso Yacob
This study examined the influence of spatial comfort and environmental workplace ergonomics on the job satisfaction of librarians in the Federal and State University libraries in Southern Nigeria. The study adopted the survey research design. The total enumeration technique was used to survey the 500 librarians from the 37 federal and state universities libraries in Southern Nigeria. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the data collected. The findings revealed that there was a positive re...


Sep 16, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Almost Sure Limit Inferior for Increments of Stable Subordinators

Kokkada Vidyalaxmi, Korakote Nagaraj Ravi Prakash, Gooty Divanji
Letbe a sequence of completely asymmetric stable process or stable subordinators defined on a common probability space. In this paper, for proper selection of norming constants, we study almost sure limit inferior for increments of stable subordinators of geometr...


Sep 16, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Entanglement Arrow of Time in the Multiverse

Salvador Robles-Pérez
In this paper, the model of a multiverse made up of entangled pairs of universes is presented. The arrow of time obtained from the principles of thermodynamics and the arrow of time given by the thermodynamics of entanglement for single universes are analyzed. The latter requires that the single universes expand once they have crossed the quantum barrier at the Euclidean regime. The possible relationship with respect to the growth of local structures in a single universe is also discussed.


Sep 16, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Effect of Machining Parameters on Tool Wear and Nodal Temperature in Hard Turning of AISI D3 Steel

Varaprasad Bhemuni, Srinivasa Rao Chelamalasetti, Siva Prasad Kondapalli
Present day metal cutting industry has to meet the challenges of productivity and the quality of the machined parts during the turning processes economically. In the present work, an attempt has been made to develop a model and predict the tool wear and nodal temperature of hard turned AISI D3 hardened steel using Response Surface Methodology (RSM). The combined effects of cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut are investigated using contour plots. RSM based Central Composite Design (CCD) is ...


Sep 15, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Microwave Reactors: A Brief Review on Its Fundamental Aspects and Applications

Kalyan Kumar Rana, Suparna Rana
Improved laboratory protocols for convenient and rapid transformations are highly desired in modern synthetic chemistry. Microwave irradiated reactions have received considerable attention in recent years and it is a subject of intense discussion in the scientific community. Microwave heating is more efficient in terms of the energy used, produces higher temperature homogeneity and is considerably more rapid than conventional heating methods. This technique as an alternative to conventional ener...


Sep 15, 2014Open    AccessArticle

A Comparative Physiochemical Properties of Esomeprazole Brands

Safila Naveed, Fatima Qamar

Esomeprazole is the S-isomer of Omeprazole and it is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). Esomeprazole is used in acid-related disorders and it is available as several brands in the market which makes it difficult for doctors to select the effective, safe and economic one for patients. Therefore we have decided to establish pharmaceutical equivalence among the different brands of esomeprazole available in Karachi, Pakistan. In our present study different brands of esom

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Sep 15, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Role of Trace Elements Alzheimer’s Disease

Sanjeev Kumar, Reena Mittal, Shweta Chaudhary, Deep Chand Jain

Atomic absorption analysis involves measuring the absorption of light by vaporized ground state atoms and relating the absorption to concentration. The incident beam of light is attenuated by atomic vapour absorption according to Beer’s Law. The estimation of trace elements shows a colorful presentation of different metals. It has been seen and found that the levels of zinc, calcium, magnesium, aluminum are lower in Alzheimer’s disease samples in compari

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Sep 12, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Wetland an Economical Solution for Wastewater Rehabilitation

Mamdouh F. Abdel-Sabour
Wetland system relies on renewable energy sources such as solar and kinetic energy and wetland plants and micro-organisms, which are the active agents in the treatment process. Wetlands can remove inorganic nutrients, heavy metals, dissolved organic carbon, particulate organic matter, and suspended solids from the water column and sediments, as well as play a key role in supporting food webs and influencing global climate change through their role in methanogenesis. Using constructed wetla...


Sep 12, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Optimization of the Extraction Technology of Chlorogenic Acid in Honeysuckle Response Surface Method

Tingting Cui, Chao Wang, Changsong Shan, Peng Wu
The ultrasound-assisted extraction of chlorogenic acid from honeysuckle was modeled using response surface methodology. A three-level-three-factor Box–Behnken design was employed to optimize three extraction variables, including extraction temperature (X1), ethanol concentration (X2), and soak time (X3), for the achievement of high extraction yield of the chlorogenic acid. The optimized conditions are extract temperature of 80℃, ethanol concentration of 70.37%, s...


Sep 12, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Spigelian Hernia—Diagnostic Dilemma: Case Report with Review

Sunder Goyal, Sanjeev Singla
Spigelian hernia (SH) is an uncommon surgical entity in children and rare in adults. Due to various reasons, spigelian hernia can develop through defects in transversus abdominis aponeurosis. Usually spigelian hernia develops below the arcuate line of Douglus and rarely occurs at higher level. It poses a diagnostic dilemma for surgeon as there are no specific symptoms and signs. It comprises about 0.12% of all abdominal wall hernias. The spigelian hernia has been repaired by both conventional an...


Sep 11, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Utilizing Educational Materials as a Mean for Improving Psychosexual Health of Breast Cancer Women

Sana Abasher
The psychological factors for Breast Cancer BrCa are very important, as they assist in improving the adaptation of the new situations they have to deal with. This study is to provide psycho-educational materials as intervention tools in enhancing coping with the psychosexual problems faced by Sudanese BrCa women. Study sample of 89 BrCa women were randomly selected to either educational group (n = 30), intervention group (n = 29), or control group (n = 30). To be eligible for the study, women we...


Sep 11, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Manufacturing Technique and Properties of Condensed Copper-Carbon Composite Materials for Sliding Electrical Contacts

Nikolay Grechanyuk, Rimma Minakova, Viktor Bukhanovsky, Nikolay Rudnitsky
The production technology, structure, electrical conductivity, coefficient of friction, hardness, strength, and plasticity over a temperature range of 290 - 870 K of laminated copper-carbonic composites for sliding electrical contacts of current-collecting devices obtained by electron-beam evaporation and vapor condensation are studied.


Sep 11, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Globalization and the Political Economy of the Brazilian Federal University

Joao dos Reis Silva Júnior, Eric K. Spears, Alan Victor Pimenta
The purpose of this research is to explain how Brazilian higher education becomes a commodity of global capitalism through a focus on institutional culture change, which transforms academic independence toward a model of corporate-sponsored applied research. Brazilian federal universities are invested in S.T.E.M. education and are instruments in the country’s twenty-first century hegemonic aspirations. This national development strategy has ramifications for the humanities, fine arts, and social...


Sep 10, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Opportunities, Constraints and Future Implication of Biotechnology in Animlal Feed Improvement

Bimrew Asmare
The major cause of poor livestock productivity in tropical regions of the world is inadequate nutrition. The shortage of feed in most developing countries and the increasing cost of feed constituents entail that there is a call for to improvement feed utilization strategies in developing countries. Animal feeds and feeding practices can be enhanced by biotechnology to develop better animal nutrition packages in smallholder and commercial production systems as well as to reduce environmental wast...


Sep 10, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Investigating Factors That Support Re-Engagement of 14 - 16 Year Olds in Education

Oroma Wogboroma
This review of literature applied a comprehensive approach to corroborate and/or contradict the findings of previous research that has been disseminated to education practitioners. Disengagement from school amongst 14 - 16 year olds has become a recurrent phenomenon, thus identifying and implementing timely interventions to address it should be a key aim for schools. This paper therefore examines previous literature on the subject matter. It investigates factors that could help to break down the...


Sep 10, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Fire Resistant K-Based Metakaolin Geopolymer for Passive Fire Protection of Concrete Tunnel Linings

Konstantinos Sakkas, Stergiani Kapelari, Dimitrios Panias, Pavlos Nomikos, Alexandros Sofianos
A fire resistant metakaolin geopolymer is developed and its performance under thermal loading is examined in this paper. The geopolymer was prepared by mixing metakaolin, doped with solid SiO2, with a highly alkaline potassium hydroxide aqueous phase in order to create a paste that was subsequently cured at 70℃ for a certain period of time. The addition of solid SiO2 was important in order the geopolymer developed to be fire resistant for temperatures up to 1350℃. The mecha...


Sep 10, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Simple UV Spectrophotometric Assay of Metronidazole

Safila Naveed, Fatima Qamar
Metronidazole is a derivative of benzimidazole. It is being used widely for the treatment of amoebiasis. An efficient, simple and least time consuming spectrophotometric method for the assay of metronidazole has been developed. Comparison of assay of three different brands of metroni-da- zole has also been available in public medical stores of Karachi, Pakistan. The assay is based on the ultraviolet UV absorbance maxima at about 340 nm wavelength of metronidazole using water as solvent. A sample...


Sep 10, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Thermal Analysis of Combustion Engine in Accordance to Temperature at the Outside Surfaces of the Engine

Zbigniew J. Sroka
The internal combustion engine needs to be assessed in terms of thermal loads that come from different sources. Thermal analysis is important in both the design and the evaluation of the conditions of the engine. Interesting good results are obtained by association studies using non-invasive methods such as Infrared and mathematical modelling based on the boundary conditions identified in the experiment. The paper presents a methodology for measuring the surface temperature fields outside of the...


Sep 09, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Urinary Anomalies in Fetus with Neural Tube Defects

Suelen F. Costa, Helce R. Julio-Junior, Fabio Bernardo, Francisco J. B. Sampaio, Luciano A. Favorito
Background: The objective of this study is to analyze the incidence of congenital urogenital malformations in human fetuses with neural tube defects (NTDs). Methods: We studied 320 human fetuses (214 males and 106 female) ranged in age from 12 to 35 weeks post-conception (WPC). The fetuses were carefully dissected with the aid of a stereoscopic lens with 16/25× magnification. The abdomen and pelvis were opened to identify and expose the urogenital organs. We studied the incidence of renal, urete...


Sep 05, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Effect of Training and Motivation on Job Performance of Library Personnel of University of Lagos, Lagos State, Nigeria

Ezinwanyi Madukoma, Victoria Ozioma Akpa, Ugochi N. Okafor
The study investigated the effect of training and motivation on job performance of library personnel of University of Lagos, Lagos State, Nigeria. Observation show that library users frequently complain that library staff do not attend to their queries properly. This phenomenon could be attributed to lack of training and motivation to the library personnel. Survey method was used in the study. The population comprised 135 library personnel in the University of Lagos. Total enumeration was employ...


Sep 05, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Duodenogastric Reflux after Esophagectomy and Gastric Interposition

Naoki Hashimoto
Stomach is considered the “gold standard” as an esophageal substitute after esophagectomy. Reflux disease is considered an unavoidable consequence of esophageal resection followed gastric interposition. Reflux esophagitis shows a progression from inflammation to erosions and to the development of columnar lined metaplasia. With the use of a gastric interposition, the most popular option to reconstruct the esophagus resected for malignant or benign conditions creates an in vivo model of re...


Sep 04, 2014Open    AccessArticle

The Paradoxes of EMT Theory in Carcinoma Metastasis

Mingyang Li
The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process where epithelial cells with polarity and tight junction change into mesenchymal cells without polarity and intercellular adhesion to obtain an ability of invasion and metastasis. Interest in the EMT theory has grown exponentially in the last several years and it has become one of the hottest subjects in cancer research. However, there is no convincing evidence of EMT in human tumor and numerous paradoxes do exist about EMT theory from m...


Sep 04, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Development of Technical Reintroduction and Population Monitoring of Radiated Tortoises Astrochelys radiata in Southern Madagascar: Ampotaka

Soary Tahafe Randrianjafizanaka
Ecological followed previous reintroductions of 262 juvenile Astrochelys radiata in the sacred forest Sirempo have revealed that individuals released directly without acclimatization left the site at 98%. The local habitat fulfilled all the conditions necessary for the development and survival of the species, and this site was recognized as distribution range of the species, but with a population whose abundance to decline over the last ten years. The research project “Development of Tech...


Sep 03, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Water Absorption Study Recycled Aggregates for Use Pavement Material

Vahid Ayan, Joshua R. Omer, Seyed Masoud Nasr Azadani, Mukesh C. Limbachiya, Alireza Khavandi
Water absorption properties of recycled materials play an important role in pavement performance. The performance of aggregates changes after absorbing water, then it affects highways layers such as base, subbase, capping. This is why these materials must comply requirements of codes and standards. With regard to the increasing trend of application of recycled aggregates in highways layers, this issue needs more investigation. This research is only a part of our large research programme on three...


Sep 02, 2014Open    AccessArticle

A Method for Numerical Solution of Two Point Boundary Value Problems with Mixed Boundary Conditions

Pramod Kumar Pandey
In this article, we concerned with the development of a method for solving two point boundary value problems of ordinary differential equations. To develop method ,we consider derivative of solution of a problem as a intermediate problem (IP).The analytical solution of the problem and IP were locally approximated by a nonlinear function with xed step lenght.Some numerical experiments have been carried out to show the performance and effectiveness of the propose...


Sep 01, 2014Open    AccessArticle

A Finite Difference Method for Numerical Solution of Goursat Problem of Partial Differential Equation

Pramod Kumar Pandey

In this article, we report the finite difference method for numerically solving the Goursat Problem, using uniform Cartesian grids on the square region. We have considered both linear and nonlinear Goursat problems of partial differential equations for the numerical solution, to ensure the accuracy of the developed method .The results obtained for these numerical examplesvalidate the eciency, expected order and accuracy of the method.

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Aug 29, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Effects of a Cognitive-Behavioral Oriented Awareness Program on Depression Levels of Obese Individuals

Gülay Oguz, Müge Yilmaz, Saime Cagli, F. Mükerrem Güven, M. Zihni Sungur

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the cognitive-behavioral oriented awareness program on depression levels of obese individuals. Both the experimental and control group included 20 individuals. A pre and post-test research model was used in this study. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was the scale applied to both of the study groups. Mann-Whitney U test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test were used to find out if meaningful differences em

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Aug 29, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Bacteriological Quality of Alternative Water Sources in Bambui and Bambili Residential Areas, North-West Region, Cameroon

Nchang Chrysanthus

Bambui and Bambili residents collect water from different sources to fulfill their daily needs. Varieties of microbes exist in water including bacteria, algae, fungi, protozoa and viruses, where they form a complex ecosystem whose dynamics are usually difficult to comprehend. Those varieties of microbes play an important role for contamination of water and results in various outbreaks of diseases and death. The aim of this study is to evaluate the bacter

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Aug 28, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Affective Disorders and Antidepressant Drugs

Marc Fakhoury
Affective disorders are a group of psychiatric diseases that can affect an individual at any given age. Also called mood disorders, they can be distinguished into two different types: major depressive disorder, also called major depression, and bipolar disorder, which is known as manic depression. People affected by major depression most often have a low mood, and are consistently in a state of unhappiness. Although it was shown that genetics play a role in the predisposition of depression, this...


Aug 28, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Role of Vaidyas and Ayurveda and Its Impact on Human Health

Shaifali Goyal, Rajni Negi, Prabhakar Semwal, Rahul Vikram Singh

Nowadays medicine is an essential part of daily life and it was also used in traditional life style. There are a huge number of pharmaceutical products available in the market at the present time. Among them 80% of all such pharmaceutical products derived from plant source. In the developing country viz. India, Africa, Sri Lanka, Nepal, etc. 70% of the world population are directly and indirectly depending on herbal drugs and products. Although advanced

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Aug 28, 2014Open    AccessArticle

PAM (Pregnancy Associated Malaria), Related Problems and Its Effective Treatments

Somia Gul, Tahira Khan, Shagufta Naz, Tayyaba Khan

Malaria is one of the leading causes of death and disease worldwide, especially in the developing world. Malaria which is transmitted by anopheles mosquitoes is a preventable and treatable infectious disease. It kills more than one million people each year, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa and other endemic areas. We have conducted a survey in different maternity homes to check the rate of occurrence of malaria during pregnancy and its complications in pregn

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Aug 27, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Biodegradation of Petroleum Compound Using Pseudomonas aeruginosa

K. V. Darsa, A. Joseph Thatheyus

The present study was conducted to determine the biodegradation of petrol by Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from petrol contaminated soil. The isolated strain was able to grow in minimal broth along with 2.5%, 5%, 7.5% and 10% concentrations of petrol which indicated the capability of the organism in degrading petrol and utilizing it as a source for growth. The isolated strain’s efficiency was determined by analyzing the parameters pH, optical de

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Aug 27, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Fundamentals, Representative Applications and Future Perspectives of Green Chemistry: A Short Review

Kalyan Kumar Rana, Suparna Rana

Green chemistry is an eco-friendly and rapid emerging field of chemistry which offers a green alternative to conventional chemistry practices. It focuses on the reduction, recycling and removal of the use of toxic and hazardous chemicals through innovative alternative routes making desired products with minimum environment impact. Its growing importance is in exploitation of maximum possible resources in such a way that, there is minimum production of un

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Aug 27, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Forearm Bone Mineral Density of Normal Indian Population

Ravichandran Rajan, Kannan Subramanian

Background and Objectives: Bone density measurements by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) recognized now as a safe and accurate technique[1] is being done frequently. But the T- score and Z-score values are interpreted using the reference value of Asian population provided by the manufacturer and not of Indian population. This may lead to improper diagnosis of Osteoporosis in Indian population. In this

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Aug 27, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Inhibitors and Their Intra-Relationships Influencing the Adoption of Stabilised Earth Construction to Alleviate the Urban Housing Crisis in Zimbabwe

Mohammad Sharif Zami

Stabilised earth is an alternative building material which is comparatively cheaper than conventional building material in Zimbabwe. However, there are inhibitors which make it unpopular amongst the Zimbabwean construction professionals and general population, though it has a high potential to alleviate the urban housing crisis. This paper aims to identify and highlight these inhibitors and refines them through a series of in-depth interviews. First, a c

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Aug 26, 2014Open    AccessArticle

The Difference of Mental Skills in Superior Basketball Players and Gymnasts with Different Levels of Experience

Mohammad Maleki, Sardar Mohammadi, Ali Nazarian

This study aimed to compare mental skills between superior basketball players and gymnasts. Subjects included 161 basketball players (91 experienced: aged 22.47 ± 2.27, and 70 inexperienced, aged 23.13 ± 2.2) and 114 gymnasts (66 experienced; aged 22.77 ± 2.03 and 48 inexperienced, aged 22.79 ± 2.25). The questionnaire used for this study was OMSAT-3 that assessed mental skills in three main categories of foundation mental skills,

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Aug 26, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Parametric Dependence of Coordination Number Obtained Using Derjaguin, Landau, Verwey and Overbeek DLVO Pair Interaction Potential for Ordered Macroions Suspended into Water

Rakesh Kumar Pandey

Coordination numbers have been calculated for the ordered structures prevailing in aqueous sus- pension of macroions for its different governing parameters viz. sizes, charges, impurity ion concentrations and temperatures by integration of region r2g(r) in the limit 0 - rmin around the main peak in g(r)-r curve in order to examine the effects of controlling parameters on th

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Aug 26, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Stronger Self-Focusing of Hermite-Cosh-Gaussian (HChG) Laser Beam in Plasma

Niti Kant, Vikas Nanda

The relativistic self-focusing of HChG beam in the plasma has been investigated theoretically using WKB and paraxial ray approximation for mode indices 0, 1 and 2 for different values of pulse amplitude, normalized plasma density and decentred parameter. The plot between beam width parameter f and the normalized length ξ for different value of normalized density has been reported and indicates the enhancement of the self-focusing phenomena of the laser b

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Aug 26, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Effect of Simultaneous Emotions and Driving Tasks on Driver’s Change Blindness

Yanqun Yang, Xinyi Zheng, Said Easa, Qian Zhang, Aixiu Hu, Yu Liang

Change blindness is an important phenomenon where a driver may skip some information in the driving scene due to its rapidly changing and dynamic character. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of simultaneous emotions and driving tasks on change blindness. Twenty college students with driving licenses were taken as the study subjects. The experimental program involved two types of emotions combined with four driving tasks. Showing 10 minut

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Aug 25, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Polytropic Bulk Viscous Cosmological Model with Variable G and Λ

R. K. Tiwari, Mukesh Sharma, Sonia Sharma

We consider a Bianchi type-I Polytropic bulk viscous fluid cosmological model with variable G and Λ. To get a deterministic model, it is assumed thatand ,

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Aug 25, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Genetic Parameter Estimates for Growth and Reproductive Trait of Sheep for Genetic Improvement and Designing Breeding Program in Ethiopia: A Review

Shigdaf Mekuriaw, Aynalem Haile

Small ruminants in general and sheep in particular are important investments in the highlands of Ethiopia. Genetic and environmental improvements offer an opportunity to increase production from existing animal resources. Development of effective genetic evaluation and improvement programs requires knowledge of the genetic parameters (genetic variance of each trait and covariance among traits) for economically important production traits. Direct heritabi

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Aug 25, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Bi-Factorial Interactive Effects of Osmotic Potential and Lead on the Content of Na, K and Pb2+ Ions in Three Cultivars of Triticumaestivum L.

K. A. Farghali, Afnan S. A. Quronfulah
This investigation was carried out on three cultivars of Triticumaestivum L. namely: Sakha93, Giza168 and Jizan baladi. The Plants were grown in hydroponic solution and treated by ion-deficient cultures under different osmotic water potential levels and Pb concentrations. The results indicated that, the Na content was low in roots of Sakha93 and Giza168 shoot, while the high Na content was observed in Giza168 root and Jizan baladi shoot. The K content was higher in Giza168 plants than in the ...


Aug 22, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Teaching of English in Indian Schools through Grammar Translation Method―Low Performance―A Field Study

Preeti Grover

Teaching and learning of English language as a second language has become a major concern in the present time for all persons who use English in their daily routine and also for the learner’s emotional, intellectual, cognitive and social development. Teaching English as a foreign language refers to teaching English to those students whose first language is not English. So far as teaching of English language in our Indian schools (Govt. Schools) is concer

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Aug 21, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Understanding the Nature of the Presumption of Resulting Trusts

Xueping Chen
The nature of the presumption of a resulting trust has generated a controversy, which has created two schools of thoughts. Both schools of thoughts claim that resulting trusts give effect to the presumed intention, positive or negative. But in this paper, I take on a quite different view of point that whether a lack of intent to benefit or a positive intent to create a trust is not related with the presumption of the resulting trusts, which, I believe, will make it interesting to general readers...


Aug 20, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Study of the Effect of Gamma Irradiation on the Mechanical Properties of Polyvinyl Alcohol Based Gelatin Blend Film

Kamol Dey, Sumon Ganguli, Sushanta Ghoshal, Mubarak A. Khan, Ruhul A. Khan

Blend film of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) based gelatin was prepared by mixing aqueous solutions of both samples. The mixed aqueous solutions of both samples in different ratios (P1, P2, P3, P4 and P5) were then cast onto silicon paper covered glass plate to form film. These films were then irradiated under gamma radiation (60Co) with different intensities (total dose) like 50, 100, 150, 250 and 500 krad to investigate the irradiation effect on the mechanical proper

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Aug 19, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Effect of Acid, Base and Time on Different Brands of Glimepiride

Safila Naveed, Hina Qamar, Wardha Jawaid, Urooj Bokhari

The objective of this study is to develop the degradation studies of different brands of glimepiride available in market. Forced degradation is a powerful tool used routinely in pharmaceutical development in order to develop stability-indicating methods that lead to quality stability data and to understand the degradation pathways of the drug substances and drugs. Glimepiride is a medium- to long-acting sulfonylurea antidiabetic drug as it is the most prescribed oral antih

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Aug 18, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Breast Cancer Survival in Mongolian Women

D. Angarmurun, B. Batzorig, L. Undram, D. Gantuya, O. Chimedsuren, D. Avirmed

Cancer is becoming an important cause of mortality in developing country year by year. During last 10 years 5% of all cancer cases in Mongolian women were accounted for breast cancer. The aim of our study was to determine survival in women with breast cancer in Mongolia. The data of morbidity and mortality on breast cancer were collected retrospectively and were used to analyze stages of the cancer and survival from the time of di

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Aug 15, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Alcohol and Breast Cancer Incidence and Outcome: A Minireview of Literature

Rizwan Qamar, Mashhood A. Syed, Jonatahn Yin Amtul R. Carmichael

There is strong epidemiological evidence, based on 15 prospective studies, 10 meta-analyses, and 5 systematic reviews involving more than 2.2 million patients, that alcohol consumption is a contributing factor for the development of breast cancer. The evidence regarding the effect of alcohol consumption on breast cancer outcome needs to be gathered in order to draw firm conclusions regarding alcohol consumption after breast cancer diagnosis. In this article, we aim to revi

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