OALib Journal
  OALib Journal is an all-in-one open access journal (ISSN Print: 2333-9705, ISSN Online: 2333-9721). It accepts a manuscript for the peer review process, typesetting, and publication, allocated to one of the 322 subject areas. The article processing charge for publishing in OALib journal is Only $99. Submit now
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Jul 03, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Plant Pathogenic Alternaria Species in Libya

Abdalla M. El-Alwany
This study was carried out to identify unknown Alternaria species or less known as plant pathogenic anamorphic fungi from Benghazi District. Plant materials with fungal signs and symptoms were collected and examined to identify causal agents. Five species—A. brassicae (on Eruca sativa), A. longipes (on Nicotiana glauca), A. tenuissima (on Ficus carica), A. triticicola (on Hordeum vulgare L.) and Alternaria state of Pleospor...


Jul 02, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Monitoring and Evaluation of Physical Facilities of the Bulacan State University: Basis for the Development of Facility Management Policy Guide

Romulo B. Panotes
The objective of this study is to analyze the extent of monitoring and evaluation of the physical facilities of Bulacan State University as basis for the development of a facility management policy guide. The respondents of the study were members of the administrative and academic council and all of the support staff in the university. Findings revealed that the administrators assessed that the physical facilities, Buildings, Classrooms, Library, Laboratory, Assembly and Athletic Facilities, Med...


Jul 01, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Infant and Young Child Feeding Practice Status and Associated Factors among Mothers of under 24-Month-Old Children in Shashemene Woreda, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Fanos Yonas, Mekuria Asnakew, Mekitie Wondafrash, Misra Abdulahi
Background: Infant and young child feeding is a cornerstone of care for childhood development. In Ethiopia, very large proportions of women do not practice optimal breastfeeding and complementary feeding for their children. Composite variables of infant and young child feeding index based on key indicators identified by WHO are not studied in Ethiopia; also there are no studies which document infant and young child feeding practices patterns and associated factors with inappropriate feeding prac...


Jun 30, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Art of Collaborative Autoethnography: Exploring the Evolution of a Self-Organizing, Non-Traditional Doctoral Cohort

Ashley Gleiman, Davin Knolton, Kevin Mokhtarian
Using collaborative autoethnography methods, this article presents the exploration of three non- traditional doctoral student’s journey as they evolved into a self-organized cohort. Individual processes involving self-authorship, self-observation, personal reflections and analysis, combined with group dialogues and conversations about the experience lead to a formed sense of community amongst the researchers. Composite themes develop through a collaborative analysis of individual personal narrat...


Jun 30, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Greenness, Plant Height and Yellow Berry of the Wheat Grain in Response to Paclobutrazol

Agustín Zárate Márquez, Juan Francisco Ponce Medina, Leopoldo Partida Ruvalcaba, Felipe Ayala Tafoya, Moisés Gilberto Yánez Juárez, Teresa de Jesús Velázquez Alcaraz, Raymundo Medina López
To know the response of the wheat in the greenness, plant height and grain with yellow berry, paclobutrazol (PBZ) was applied to the foliage of the cultivars “Cachanilla F-2000”, “Yécora F-70” and “Yécora Red”. Doses were 0 (control), 50, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300 and 350 mg of PBZ L1 of water, which were applied only once with a hand pump. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with four replications; experimental units of four rows of 20 m long, which were...


Jun 30, 2015Open    AccessArticle

A Postcolonial Reading of the Triumphant Entry

Adegbite Deborah Doyinsola, Adegbite Olusola Deborah
This paper explores the Matthean version of the Triumphant Entry from a Nigerian postcolonial perspective. The methodology used is the exegesis of the passage using a Reader Response criticism to understand the contextual and typological contemporary meanings of the passage. The result showed that the colonial harbinger of the gospel message introduced a colonized gospel that robbed the people of the liberation they ought to experience through the gospel.


Jun 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Persistent Epidural Fluid at the Cervical Spine Level, Lessons from Radiology

Madhumani N. Rupasingh, Naveen Vanga, Aseem R. Hemmad, Sonya A. Johnson
Following an accidental dural puncture during the placement of epidural anesthesia, leakage of cerebrospinal fluid occurs. This leads to tugging on intracranial pain-sensitive structures and causes a headache that is postural in nature. According to radiology literature, the presence of retro spinal fluid collections has been associated with the diagnosis of spontaneous intracranial hypotension. The characteristic C1-C2 radiographic sign, called the C1-C2 false localizing sign, can be found on m...


Jun 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome in Children with Mucopolysaccharidoses II (Hunter Syndrome)

A. A. Baranov, L. S. Namazova-Baranova, N. D. Vashakmadze, A. K. Gevorkyan, L. M. Kuzenkova, T. V. Podkletnova, O. V. Kozhevnicova, B. B. Altunin
In order to assess the prevalence and dynamics of changes of basic parameters of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) at mucopolysaccharidoses II (MSP II) cardiorespiratory monitoring was performed for 17 children. Slight OSAS (apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) was 1.5 - 5) was diagnosed in 4 patients (23.5%), moderate OSAS (AHI was 5 - 10)—in 4 patients (23.5%), severe OSAS (AHI was higher than 10)—in 2 patients (11.8%). AHI median at Hunter syndrome was 5.3 ± 6.9/ hour. In the group of infants (...


Jun 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Effect of Feeding Regimes on Measurements of Carcass Dimensional and Proximate Composition of Blackhead Ogaden Sheep

Fasil Negussie, Mengistu Urge, Yosef Mekasha, Getachew Animut
A study was conducted with the objective to assess the effects of feeding regimes on carcass measurements and proximate composition of finishing Blackhead Ogaden (BHO) sheep. Twenty-four lambs with mean initial body weight of 17.3 ± 0.52 kg were blocked into 6 groups of four lambs based on weight. Lambs in each block were randomly assigned to one of the four dietary treatments. During the growth phase, natural grass hay was offered ad libitum and a mixture of Acacia albida and C...


Jun 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Treatment-Seeking Alcohol and Cocaine Dependent Individuals with High BMIs and below Average Fitness Levels

Jennifer G. Plebani
Participation in sports and exercise has been shown to help prevent the development of substance use and abuse among adolescents. The protective mechanisms may involve mood, self-efficacy or simply the incompatibility between peak athletic performance and acute intoxication. In addition, prior research has found that aerobic exercise is useful for reducing tension and stress during recovery from substance use disorders (Read & Brown, 2003). However, fitness and exercise levels among substance-de...


Jun 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Influence of Head Librarians’ Leadership Styles on Job Satisfaction of Librarians’ in Tertiary Institution Libraries in Imo State, Nigeria

Uchenna Nwaigwe
A general opinion that is supported by research is that leadership style in any organization exerts a major influence on the structure, strategy and well being of the organization. In the library environment therefore, the influence of leadership style on the job satisfaction of librarians is very crucial to the success of the library. Common observations from informal interactions with librarians who work in the libraries show that leadership styles in tertiary institution libraries in Imo stat...


Jun 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Watershed Management in Highlands of Ethiopia: A Review

Tesfa Worku, Sangharsh Kumar Tripathi
Watershed is not only a hydrological unit for hydrologist but also a socio-political-ecological entity for rural community. Ethiopian highlands hailing as the cradle of humanity and home to about  80% of the population helped shelter from foreign conquest and making a strong base of rural community. The area is threatened with erosion and loss of agricultural productivity. The soil and water conservation program initiated in 1970 achieved only limited success due to its failure in addressin...


Jun 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Job Stress and Pyschological Well-Being among Library Employees: A Survey of Library Staff in Selected University Libraries in South-West Nigeria

Chinyere N. Ikonne
The study investigated job stress and the psychological well-being of library employees. It closely looked into role predictors of job stress namely, role ambiguity and role conflict as well as physical work environment issues; to determine their relationships on the psychological well-being of library staff in selected University libraries in South-West Nigeria. Survey research design was used for the study. The population consisted of 125 library staff. Sampling was total enumeration so as to ...


Jun 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Physicochemical and Bacteriological Analysis of Well Water in Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna State

I. A. Allamin, M. B. Borkoma, R. Joshua, I. B. Machina
The study was carried out to determine the physicochemical and bacteriological quality of well water from Kaduna metropolis. The physiochemical quality of the water was analyzed using FAO (1997) method and the result obtained showed that the water sample was acidic, some neutral but they all fell within the range as recommended by WHO, and NAFDAC, the water sample fell within the recommended range for Nitrite, turbidity, conductivity and chloride. The bacteriological quality of the water was als...


Jun 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Prevalence of Urinary Tract Infection among Children Attending Babban Mutum Science Primary School Shekal, Bauchi State, Nigeria

I. A. Allamin, I. B. Machina, M. Ibn Abbas, K. I. Angale
The study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Urinary Tract Infection among children attending Babban Mutum Science Primary School Shekal, Bauchi State, Nigeria. The study was carried out between May to July 2014. Among apparently healthy pupils, a questionnaire was administered to determine the risk factors from different age groups, sex, and bed wetting history. One hundred (100) clean-catch urine samples were obtained from the pupils using standard procedures. Microbial culture on Cy...


Jun 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Predicting Potential Habitat Distribution of Sorrel (Rumex vesicarius L.) in India from Presence-Only Data Using Maximum Entropy Model

Medagam Thirupathi Reddy, Hameedunnisa Begum, Neelam Sunil, Pandravada Someswara Rao, Natarajan Sivaraj, Shashi Kumar
Sorrel (Rumex vesicarius L.) is an underutilized, underexploited, traditional, valuable medicinal and vegetable herb. It is wildly distributed as an environmental weed and is sparsely cultivated in market and truck gardens as a minor leafy vegetable crop in south India. Concerning nutritional and health security of developing country like India, increasing production either by introducing its cultivation in non-traditional areas or by enhancing its productivity can be an important issue i...


Jun 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Some Fundamentals of Romance Linguistics with Regard to Sardinian

Jordi Crespo Saumell
When it comes to consider the vast space that Latin and the Romance languages occupy, geogra- phical, temporal, and social dimensions pop up at least as unavoidable. In coming to grips with the evolution of the vulgar Latin into their extant reflexes, there is also unanimous agreement in regarding vowel quantity, syllable boundaries, and syllable weight as the three main concepts accounting for the progressive stages and the final aspect of the neo-Latin languages today. In reassuming such a the...


Jun 25, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Special Matrices in Constructing Mutually Unbiased Maximally Entangled Bases in C2C4

Jun Zhang, Qiang Yang, Hua Nan, Yuanhong Tao
Some special matrices can really help us to construct more than two mutually unbiased maximally entangled bases in C2C4. Through detailed analysis of the necessary and sufficient conditions of two maximally entangled bases to be mutually unbiased, we find these special matrices. Taking one such kind of matrix, we present the steps of constructing five mutually unbia...


Jun 25, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Microbial Recovery of Gold from Mahd El-Dahab Mine Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Nora Shenouda Gad, Mahmoud H. Shalaby
This paper considers the use of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a biosorbent for the recovery of gold from Mahd El-Dahhab gold mine in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Gold is a noble metal which was seldom used in electroplating, hydrogenation catalyst, etc. Heterogeneous composition of samples and low concentration offer renewed interest in the selective extraction of gold using various extractants. In the present work, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is used to study the preconcentratio...


Jun 25, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Termination of Organogenesis as Intrinsic Constraint on Animal Development and Evolution: A Theory

Zi-Jian Cai
In this article, it is pointed out with integrative analysis that organogenesis manifests limitation in time and possession of termination, while infinite cell proliferation called as cancer and tumor is lethal. Besides, it is reversely demonstrated from a few notable constant outgrowing skin derivatives that termination is required for organogenesis inside the animal. Accordingly, it is suggested that the requirement for organogenetic termination would be the new intrinsic constraint for animal...


Jun 25, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Prevalence of Obstructive Sleep Apnoea in Patients with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Gabriela C. Tabaj, Daniela Visentini, Patricia Malamud, Cecilia González Ginestet, Glenda Ernst, Gabriela Rando, Mariana Salomon, Georgina Gramblicka
Background: Over the last years, increasing attention has been focused on the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Objective: To determine the prevalence of OSA in a group of patients diagnosed with IPF. Materials and Methods: Analytic retrospective study. Data were collected from the medical records of all patients diagnosed with IPF who had polysomnography requested as part of the study protocol in patients with interstitial lung diseases (ILD). R...


Jun 24, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Recognition of the Position of Resistance Literature in Kaiser Aminpoor Poems

Maryam Nazarchoob Masjedi, Fatemeh Ghasemi, Akram Ghalesari, Ashrafossadat Sadati Kordkhaili
In Persian mystical literature which is based on Quran teachings, real mysticism is actually enlivening, reviving and epic idealism. In searching among epic poems and Persian mystical literature, we encounter with numerous intellectual and conceptual commonalities which demonstrate the similar attitudes and interests, existent among Iranian epic poets and Gnostic-heresy speakers, while seeking facts and recognizing the heavenly life of a perfect man. This shows the fact that Iranian nation is to...


Jun 24, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Evaluation of Different Germplasms/Cultivars of Tomato against Early Blight (Alternaria solani) in Field Conditions and by Artificial Inoculation Method: A Review Article

Virendra Kumar, Faiza Naeem, Ajay Kumar
An experiment was conducted for evaluation of tomato germplasm in field conditions and by artificial inoculation method in polyhouse conditions against early blight for two successive years at tomato farm of Swar region of Rampur district during cropping season from February to March. The total 141 tomato germplasms/cultivars were screened, including wild accessions, exotic collection, indigenous cultivars and advanced lines. Among the 141 germplasms, 5 wild accessions viz. EC-520057, EC-520058,...


Jun 24, 2015Open    AccessArticle

On the Imaginary Geometry

Abdullah Kurudirek, Huseyin Akca
In this paper, we have aimed at showing the available set of points of Lobachevsky axiom by the help of Euclidean plane (As it is known, an Euclidean plane, which is a flat surface with no thickness, extends forever to all directions.), especially on behalf of broadening the horizons in geo- metry education of high school students.


Jun 24, 2015Open    AccessArticle

On Explanation of Polygons in Galilean Geometry to High School Students

Abdullah Kurudirek, Huseyin Akca

In this paper, we have tried to indicate the own properties of polygons in Galilean geometry using the Affine concepts as well. The relationships between an angle and a side as well as the relationships between altitudes and medians concepts, and comparison of some special polygons have been examined carefully. In addition, the area concept has been mentioned. Finally, the paper was completed with a new idea, Theorem 6.



Jun 23, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Participatory Evaluation of Different Multipurpose Grass Species for Graded Soil Bund Stabilization in Gimbo District, South West Ethiopia

Getahun Yakob, Abiy Gebremicheal, Andualem Aklilu, Ermias Melaku
Soil erosion is one of the biggest threats to agricultural productivity in South West Ethiopia. Steep slopes, high rainfall and fragile ecosystem characterize these production systems. To reverse this trend, integration of physical and biological soil and water conservation measures is very important. This study was conducted to evaluate different multi-purpose grass species as soil bund stabilizers. Graded soil bunds were constructed on selected eight farmers’ farmland and five grass stabilizer...


Jun 23, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Comparative Studies between Physicochemical Properties of White Waxy Wheat Flour and Glutinous Rice Flour

Yanran Qi, Tingting Cui, Yuexin Jing, Changsong Shan, Zitong Zhao, Peng Wu, Xiansheng Zhang
Physicochemical properties of white waxy wheat flour and glutinous rice flour were studied comparatively in this work. The swelling power, rapid viscosity analyzer (RVA), water-retaining capacity, paste transparency, freezing and thawing stability, digestibility and paste retrogradation characteristics of white waxy wheat flour and glutinous rice flour were measured. The results showed that there were great differences of physicochemical properties between white waxy wheat flour and glutinous ri...


Jun 23, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Numerical Solutions of Initial Value Ordinary Differential Equations Using Finite Difference Method

Negesse Yizengaw
Initial value ordinary differential equations arise in formulation of problems in various fields such as physics and Engineering. The present paper shows the method how to solve the initial value ordinary differential equation on some interval by using finite difference method in a very accurate manner with the formulation of error estimation.


Jun 19, 2015Open    AccessArticle

On Argument at Play Alive

Kuang-Ming Wu
Three themes are in this essay, “on”, “argument at play”, and “alive”, developed reversely. Alive playing with argument, and “on” as story-thinking can round them up. Section one says we alive cannot think of alive, though crucial. Section two tells of playing with argument that shows “alive”. Section three tells of how story-thinking shows argument at play, to show “alive”. Section four harvests further in interculture. Conclusion tells of joy alive as invincible as imperative. Ap...


Jun 19, 2015Open    AccessArticle

A New Offer of Approach of Motivation Factors Measurement

Nargiz E. Samadova, Rustam B. Rustamov
The fact is that it is always attempted to develop suitable motivation factors satisfying company management needs in this very sensitive as well as vital aspects of development. Each of existing approaches at some point has been applied and tested as to its effects on people’s lives, jobs, and personal goals in life as well as in the work place. Honestly, it is very difficult to find out motivation factors, which can be used in wide areas of management process. There is no flexible manner of fa...


Jun 19, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Loss of Lag Response Curvilinearity of Gait Poincare Plot Indices in Neurodegenerative Disorders

Chandrakar Kamath
It is reported in the literature that the temporal structure of gait variability in healthy subjects exhibits deterministic processes where not only each stride is correlated with the neighbouring strides (i.e. short-range correlations), but at least on a statistical basis, with tens and hundreds of preceding and following strides (i.e. long-range correlations). Thus, an analysis hinging on a conventional gait Poincare plot with lag one which implicitly assumes that the current str...


Jun 18, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Determinant Factors of Women’s Participation in Functional Adult Literacy Programme in Bahir Dar Zuria Woreda, North West Ethiopia

Kassahun Tiruaynet
Functional Adult Literacy Programme has a central role to play in boosting the social, economical and political development of the country in general and the beneficiaries in particular. It is apparent that the government of Ethiopia makes tremendous efforts to reduce the rate of illiteracy and enhance new skills to improve standard of living for adult learners through Functional Adult Literacy programme in the country. Nevertheless, studies and reports show that literacy rate and participation ...


Jun 18, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Demographic and Clinical Factor of IUGR Baby in West Java General Hospital

Pipih Afiyatin, Firman Fuad Wirakusumah, Hadi Susiarno, Sofie Rifayani Krisnadi, Jusuf Sulaeman Effendi, Supriyadi Gandamihardja
Objective: To investigate the characteristic of the term intrauterine growth restriction (term IUGR) and analyze the correlation of demographic and clinical factor’s to term intrauterine growth restriction in West Java general hospitals. Method: This study was done retrospectively using cohort method taken on July 2014. The data were taken from Indonesian Maternal and Perinatal Registration. The data were collected since April 1st 2014 to September 30th 2014. Term patients ...


Jun 18, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Simulations Relating to the Determination of Protein Secondary Structure Fractions from Circular Dichroism Spectra

David A. Haner, Patrick W. Mobley
Test problem simulations are presented of the matrix equation, D = BF, equivalent to least squares data fitting, where the matrices are rectangular with D and F being experimental data. The chosen application is finding fractions of secondary structures of proteins from circular dichroism (CD) spectra employing singular value decomposition, SVD, to obtain the matrix B and its pseudo-   reciprocal. In practice the first step of the analysis is to select the reduced noise representation ...


Jun 17, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Role of Breast Care Nurses on Breast Reconstruction

Sonay Baltaci Goktas
Breast cancer is known as the most common malignant tumours among women and constitutes about 30% of cancers in women. Paying attention to symptoms coming out of breasts is important to early diagnosis and treatment and the prevention of breast cancer related deaths. Body image disorder arising from breast cancer treatment leads to physical and psychological problems in patients and causes significant disturbances in the life quality of patients after mastectomy. Removing of breasts, which is hi...


Jun 17, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Is Global Simultaneousness Compatible with Special Relativity?

Hans H. Diel
Special relativity theory abandoned the notion of absolute space and time. For many physicists, it also abandoned the notion of global time, i.e., a unique time coordinate that could be assigned to the overall universe. On the other hand, with theories and discussions on the dynamical development of the overall universe, the notion of a global state, which is associated with global time, seems to be very useful, if not unavoidable. This paper discusses to what extent the notions of global...


Jun 16, 2015Open    AccessArticle

An Empirical Analysis of English Learning Process and Impact Factors of Open Distance Education

Hongxia Cen
With the whole process of English learning as a research perspective, the relationship among adult English learners’ social situation, motivation, learning strategies and learning effects based on self-determined motivation theory and language learning strategy theory is explored in the study. The findings are obtained through empirical analysis, and the teaching feedback, through which some suggestions are put forward, including constructing autonomy-supportive social situation in order to impr...


Jun 16, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Tool Proposal for Software Process Assessment Using ISO/IEC 15504

Marcelo Pérez Ramos, Margarita Mondragón Arellano, César Velázquez Amador
In these days, there exist some maturity & capability models, standard methodologies and guidelines to help organizations to improve their processes and the way they work. In software area, there are Software Process Assessment Models like ISO/IEC 15504. This model provides guidance for assessing the organization’s capacity about software development and his maturity on implemented processes. Software Process Assessment models don’t provide systematic metrics for assessing the Software Proce...


Jun 15, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Unlawfulness in Western European Tort Law

Martín García-Ripoll
In the wake of the German Civil Code (BGB), the codes of different countries of Western Europe include an apparently distorting requisite for an action in tort, which is the unlawfulness. This paper aims to clarify its original meaning and the possibilities of accepting it in jurisdictions where its law does not require expressly that element, including those of Common Law. Before moving directly into the problem, a clarification seems necessary for Common Law scholars, for this paper is focused...


Jun 15, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Development of an Electric Tri-Wheel Scooter

Ronaldo B. Asuncion, Warlito M. Galita
The major objective of the study was to design and develop an electric tri-wheel scooter that would be used as a multi-purpose transportation medium in the Bulacan State University Main Campus. The project is developed to lessen the stress for people from all walks of life and circumstances. The project developed is made up of locally available materials. The project can be used indoors and outdoors, since it is designed to lessen the stress of some people who walk a great length. It is especial...


Jun 12, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Concept Analysis: Engagement in Personal HIV Management

Matt L. Pimentel
A concept analysis is an endeavor in social sciences to ensure proper usage of the term among researchers, theorists, and practitioners. The concept of engagement has recently been touted as the term describing HIV-infected individuals who are compliant with their highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) medications. Accordingly, engagement has also come to mean that the full compliance with not just HAART, but also compliance with lab tests, medical visits, and counseling services. Post-rel...


Jun 11, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Identified Factors Behind Low Consumption of Animal Foods among the Children of 6 - 23 Months Old in Alive and Thrive Intervention Areas in Bangladesh

Umme Salma Mukta, Barnali Chakraborty, Umme Sayka, Md. Raisul Haque, Md. Moslem Uddin Mia
Background: In Bangladesh, more than two-thirds of total food consumption is rice as main staple, especially for the poor, in addition to some vegetables, pulses and small quantities of fish, meat, egg, etc. if and when available. The similar dietary pattern and practices were found for under two years old children in the intervention areas of Alive and Thrive (A & T) project where consumption of animal foods by children was minimal even after being counseled on its rightly mentioned. Premis...


Jun 10, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Plastic Surgery Update on the Biology of Fat Cells and Adipose-Derived Stem Cells for Fat Grafting

Gordon H. Sasaki
The cell biology of adipocytes has led to a number of promising concepts in the last century, especially in the areas of obesity and associated diseases, lipid homeostasis and endocrine functions. Recent advances in adipogenesis had provided insights into understanding of the complex cues for influencing the cytoarchitecture, epigenomic remodeling, signaling pathways and transcription regulators on gene actions for both white and brown adipogenic progression from mesenchymal stem cells to mature...


Jun 09, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Features of the Ionosphere around the Time of the 5th August, 2014 M5.5 Orkney Earthquake

Enoch Oluwaseun Elemo, Daniel Okoh
In this paper, presentation of specific features of TEC behaviour as a possible precursor of Orkney earthquake of August 5th, 2014 (M5.5) was made. To achieve this, TEC data from Suth station and GIM TEC maps were used. The period understudied (prior to and after the earthquake) experienced quiet geomagnetic situation which made the analysis much easier. A characteristic anomaly was noticed from 4 days before the earthquake and it was found out that the day-time TEC increases significantly and c...


Jun 08, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Virological Profile of Patients Infected with HIV Starting Antiretroviral Treatment in Kinshasa

Erick Ntambwe Kamangu, Ben Ilunga Bulanda, Berry Ikolango Bongenia, Huguette Tshweka Botomwito, Georges Lelo Mvumbi, Patrick De Mol, Dolores Vaira, Marie-Pierre Hayette, Richard Lunganza Kalala
Background: Viral Load (VL), CD4 T cells count and clinical signs are significant parameters for the decision of starting ARV Treatment (ART). The aim of this study is to determine the Viral Load profile of eligible patients on treatment in the centers according to the algorithm used in Kinshasa and the DRC. Methodology: Our sample consisted of 153 HIV-positive patients naive of ART. All patients aged over 18 years were included in the study without gender discrimination. The determination of th...


Jun 05, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Ionospheric Anomalies around the Time of the Powerful Nabro’s Eruption Triggered by June 12, 2011 Earthquakes

Enoch Oluwaseun Elemo
Ionospheric variability resulting from earthquake events is a known phenomenon as revealed by various seismo-ionospheric coupling studies. Variations resulting from seismo-ionospheric couplings are known to be much weaker, and noted to occur only locally in an area that is specified by the magnitude of the earthquake. Whereas disturbances generated by other sources like geomagnetic storms, exhibit a more global behaviour. For this study, GPS-TEC data of 31 days (15 days before and 15 days after ...


Jun 04, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Adherence to American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) Guidelines and Predictors of Readmission in Cirrhotic Patients: A Single Center Experience

Maen M. Masadeh, Ali Zaied, Feroze Hussain, Heidi Spratt, Roger Soloway
Introduction: Liver cirrhosis (LC) is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in the United States. American Association for the Study of Liver Disease (AASLD) has developed guidelines for the management of patients with LC. Methods: We conducted a one-year retrospective chart review study of patients admitted with LC related complication. Our primary outcome was adherence to AASLD guidelines for the management of variceal bleeding (VB), fluid overload and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) screeni...


Jun 03, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Gene Mutations Associated with Temporomandibular Joint Disorders: A Systematic Review

Dhruvee Sangani, Akiko Suzuki, Helena VonVille, James E. Hixson, Junichi Iwata
Background: The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a bilateral synovial joint between the mandible and the temporal bone of the skull. TMJ disorders (TMDs) are a set of complicated and poorly understood clinical conditions, in which TMDs are associated with a number of symptoms including pain and limited jaw movement. The increasing scientific evidence suggests that genetic factors play a significant role in the pathology of TMDs. However, the underlying mechanism of TMDs remains largely unknown. ...


Jun 02, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Comparative Study of Glyphosate and AMPA Determination in Environmental Samples by Two Green Methods

Bruno Molero da Silva, Fernanda Benetti, Maria Olímpia Oliveira Rezende
Glyphosate, N-phosphonomethyl-glycine (GLY), is a systemic post-emergence herbicide that controls weeds with great efficiency whose low cost is reflected in its wide application. In the environment, the presence of aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA), its main degradation product, is indicative of the application of GLY to the land. The aim of this study was to develop two analytical methods for the determination of GLY by HPLC-UV and GLY and AMPA by GC-MS, in water, soil and sediment samples. The...


Jun 01, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Ionospheric Anomalies Observed by GPS-TEC Prior to the 3rd of July 2013 Uganda’s Earthquake

Enoch Elemo
Recently ionospheric variability remains one of the most intensive studies in the area of ionospheric physics. Despite the massive improved knowledge of its dynamics, the ability to use this data to provide early, as well as valid warning of upcoming earthquakes (seismo-ionospheric coupling) is still controversial. However, anomalous behaviours of TEC in the ionosphere before the occurrence of earthquakes have received several attentions by scientists. In this paper, GPS-TEC variations of 31 day...


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