OALib Journal
  OALib Journal is an all-in-one open access journal (ISSN Print: 2333-9705, ISSN Online: 2333-9721). It accepts a manuscript for the peer review process, typesetting, and publication, allocated to one of the 322 subject areas. The article processing charge for publishing in OALib journal is Only $99. Submit now
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May 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Liver Abscess Secondary to Asymptomatic Sigmoid Diverticulitis: Case Report and Literature Review

Padmavathi Mali, Sudheer R. Muduganti
Pyogenic liver abscess commonly occurs as a complication of biliary tract and gastrointestinal infections, with diverticulitis and perforated bowel becoming leading causes in recent years. We report the first case of liver abscess as a complication of asymptomatic diverticulitis with no bacteremia, as well as colovesical fistula. And, with this case presentation, we stress the importance of considering diverticulitis in asymptomatic patients with liver abscess, as well as the importance of early...


May 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Characteristics of the Businesses and Entrepreneurs and Their Relationships with the Competitiveness of the SMEs in México

María Luisa Saavedra García, María Elena Camarena Adame
The aim of this work was to determine the correlation between the characteristics of enterprises and entrepreneurs and competitiveness in SMEs (Small and Medium Enterprises) in México City. For this purpose the data collected in the first phase of this research were taken, which were collected through field work using direct structured questionnaire to a sample of 400 companies and correlation statistical tests were performed using the method Chi square. The main findings indicate that the level...


May 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Foreign Aid and Its Impact on Democracy in Post-1991 Ethiopia

Habtie Adane
Ethiopia is an aid-dependent Horn of African country that is known to have received various forms of assistance, especially the humanitarian one. With the Cold War getting over, the country started receiving democracy assistance being pledged to realize democratic ideals. This article is concerned with foreign aid and its impact on democracy in Ethiopia in the post-1991 period. Its overall objective is thus to explore issues pertaining to the impact of foreign aid on Ethiopia’s democratization d...


May 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Socialism Today, Utopian and Scientific

Bruno Jossa
This paper argues that centralised planning has markedly utopian overtones since it envisions a system in which the day-to-day behaviour of workers is not governed by the profit motive. A system of producer cooperatives, on the contrary, is devoid of such utopian strain since the members of its constituent firms would engage in production with the aim of maximising the satisfaction associated with their work and can therefore be an alternative to the capitalism. Paraphrasing Engels, therefore, i...


May 25, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Developing and Validating Survey of Attitudes toward Web-Based Autonomous College English Learning

Huaikui Li
Attitude is one of the important affective factors mediating the SL/FL learning. Scholars, however, are divided as to what categories there are in it. This paper aims to develop and validate a survey of attitudes toward web-based autonomous college English learning (WBACEL). At the stage of pretesting, two teaching methodological experts were invited to have a first evaluation on the wording and format of the survey, and 20 items were suggested to delete. Then it is a small-scale pretesting; thr...


May 25, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Management of KG Schools: The Case of Dilla University Community School

Dejene Deme Megersa
The purpose of this paper was to explore the management of kindergarten school of Dilla University with reference to the learning environment and the kind of pedagogy employed. To examine the issue under consideration, the study was guided by qualitative case study. Semi-structured interview was the dominant data collection tool. On the basis of their contributions to the study six participants were selected purposefully. The central research questions were, “To what extent the learning environm...


May 22, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Agriculture, Climate Change and Food Security

Nehemia Kiprutto, Laban K. Rotich, Geoffrey K. Riungu
Agriculture is one of the main economic activities in the world, with its significance magnified especially among the world’s poor. This paper seeks to explore how climate change would impact on the agricultural sector and consequently food security. Agricultural activities in most developing countries entirely depend on rainfall patterns, on the contrary, climate change has emerging as an environmental challenge with adverse impacts expected on food security. This is mainly through incidences o...


May 22, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Potential Food Safety Concerns in Fried Potato Products in Kenya

George O. Abong, Jackson N. Kabira
Fried potato products, mainly French fries and potato crisps, are consumed across all age groups and socio-economic status. These products are sources of energy and provide between-the-meal snacks for many consumers all over the world, Kenya included. There exist different food preparation set-ups that process these products under different conditions while using a variety of additives. A number of safety issues have, however, risen in the past that can be linked to glycoalkaloids in raw potatoe...


May 21, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Dark Energy Stars and the Cosmic Microwave Background

George F. Chapline
Cosmological models with a large cosmological constant are unstable due to quantum critical fluctuations at the de Sitter horizon. Due to this instability the space-time in these models will quickly evolve into a Friedmann-like expanding universe containing dark energy stars and radiation. In this paper it is pointed out that this provides a simple explanation for both the observed radiation entropy per gram of dark matter and the level of temperature fluctuations in the cosmic microwave backgro...


May 20, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Synthesis and Characterization of Chromium Doped Zinc Sulfide Nanoparticles

Milind Bodke, Hari Khawal, Umesh Gawai, Babasaheb Dole
Nanoparticles of pure and Zn1-xCrxS with concentrations (x = 0.00, 0.02, 0.08 and 0.10) were prepared successfully by co-precipitation technique. Crystallographic study was intervened by X-ray diffraction spectroscopy. There were no extra peaks observed in the XRD pattern. From XRD peaks it is confirmed that the samples prepared were highly pure and cubic in structure. The particle size calculated from XRD data was around 3 nm. It confirms that the qua...


May 20, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Microbiological Assessment of Fast Foods Sold in Lokoja Metropolis, Nigeria

Patience Temitope Fowoyo, Ridwan Baba Ali
Four food samples namely fried chicken, fried rice, meat pie and cake from four different fast food restaurants in Lokoja were purchased and assessed microbiologically. Ten bacterial species were identified as Streptococcus sp., Bacillus sp., Staphylococcus sp., Flavobacterium sp., Proteus sp., Escherichia coli, Klebsiella sp., Salmonella sp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Four fungal species namely Penicillium sp., Rhizo...


May 19, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Biology Research Progress on Trichomonas vaginalis in China

Haiguang Cai, Qi Liao, Dingli Xu, Tuergong Jiang, Xianqun Rao, Yanting Zhang, Ding Chen, Rui Chen, Yiyuan Zhang, Huihui Xie, Jianfa Liu
Trichomonas vaginalis is one of the most common human sexually transmitted disease pathogen that colonizes the urogenital mucosa. Based on the research status of Trichomonas vaginalis infection in China, the training methods, pathogenic mechanisms and treatment on this parasite has been reviewed in this paper.


May 19, 2015Open    AccessArticle

On a Logical Model of Combinatorial Problems

Anatoly D. Plotnikov
The paper proposes a logical model of combinatorial problems; it also gives an example of a problem of the class NP that cannot be solved in polynomial time on the dimension of the problem.


May 18, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Recent Research Progress on Study of Paragonimus westermani in China

Dingli Xu, Jing Li, Qi Liao, Tuergong Jiang, Jiang Cai, Yuelong Lv, Jiakuan Lv, Baile Shen, Zexian Xu, Yanting Zhang, Jianfa Liu
Recently, along with the development of biochemical and molecular immunological techniques, the diagnosis methods have been improved in which preparing natural parasite antigens, and genetically engineered recombinant antigens have been applied by using agglutination test, complement fixation methods to detect the human’s serum antibodies for parasite identification of paragonimus infections. To improve the detection rate, some scholars have used phage peptide library technology to further impro...


May 15, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Utilization of Bamboo Shoots (Bambusa vulgaris) in Chips Production

Dolly P. Maroma
The study aimed to develop bamboo shoots as a healthy snack alternative. Healthy snacks can be an important part of nutritious diet. A healthy snack can offer health benefits. Modern research finds that the bamboo shoot has a number of medicinal benefits, from cancer prevention and weight loss to improving appetite and digestion. Bamboo shoots are not only delicious but also rich in nutrients, and rank among the five most popular healthcare foods in the world. The main raw material used in this ...


May 15, 2015Open    AccessArticle

A Novel Approach to Unravel Gait Dynamics Using Symbolic Analysis

Chandrakar Kamath
Hypothesizing that a mere binary partition in symbolic analysis may not be sufficient to capture the dynamics in gait signals, we attempted to find how far the symbolic analysis with six partitions helps to characterize the nonlinear properties of gait signals and thereby discriminate between healthy control and neurodegenerative disordered gait signals. Differences found in the symbolic entropies of the healthy control and neurodegenerative disorder groups facilitated classification between the...


May 14, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Particle Physics Can Be Investigated from a Thermodynamic Point of View

Qiankai Yao
Based on the idea of that particle decay represents nothing but a kind of thermodynamic process due to its spontaneity, we here explore a new kind of heat engine: particle Carnot engine (PCE), which satisfies Carnot’s theorem. The result shows that any single particle carries its quantized intrinsic entropy, and the total entropy never decreases for any decay process. Particle thermodynamic laws analogous to the usual ones are proposed, among which the momentum conservation principle is speciall...


May 14, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Stability and Regularization Method for Inverse Initial Value Problem of Biparabolic Equation

Hongwu Zhang, Xiaoju Zhang
We consider an inverse initial value problem of the biparabolic equation; this problem is ill-posed and the regularization methods are needed to stabilize the numerical computations. This paper firstly establishes a conditional stability of Holder type, then uses a modified regularization method to overcome its ill-posedness and gives the convergence estimate under an a-priori assumption for the exact solution. Finally, a numerical example is presented to show that this method works well.


May 13, 2015Open    AccessArticle

A Neonate with Eventration of Diaphragm

Rahul Sinha, Shamsher Dalal, Kirandeep Sodhi
A term male neonate weighing 2720 gm was born to Gravida 2 lady by normal vaginal route. The immediate post natal period was uneventful. At 12 hrs of life, the baby developed poor feeding and fast breathing and was shifted to NICU. The initial evaluation revealed decrease in air entry on left infraaxillary and infrascapular region. The lab investigation showed features of sepsis. The CXR showed raised hemidiaphragm with intact continuity on left side. The neonate was started on CPAP, antibiotics...


May 13, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Nuclear Lattices, Mass and Stability

Henry Gu Cao, Zhiliang Cao, Wenan Qiang
A nucleus has a lattice configuration, a mass, and a half-life. There are many nuclear theories: BCS formalism focuses on Neutron-proton (np) pairing; AB initio calculation uses NCFC model; SEMF uses water drop model. However, the accepted theories give neither précised lattices of lower mass nuclei, nor an accurate calculation of nuclear mass. This paper uses the results of the latest Unified Field Theory (UFT) to derive a lattice configuration for each isotope. We found that a simplified BCS f...


May 12, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Learning and Thinking Styles Based on Whole Brain Theory in Relation to Emotional Intelligence

Ahmad Mohamed Awad AlGhraibeh
Based on Whole Brain Theory, this study explores the relationship between learning and thinking styles and emotional intelligence to determine correlations between the variables and to discover whether they differ according to gender and age groups. Two tests are used: learning and thinking styles based on Whole Brain Theory, and sensory-motor integration. Validity and reliability are tested; correlation coefficient is calculated using Pearson test. Total reliability for learning and thinking st...


May 11, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Durability of Hot Asphalt Mixtures Containing Reclaimed Asphalt Pavements

Saad El Hmrawey, Ahmed Ebrahim Abu El Maaty, Abdulla Ibrahim Elmohr
The durability potential of bituminous mixtures may be defined as the resistance of the mixture to the continuous and combined damaging effects of water. High durability potential usually implies that the mechanical behavior of the mixture will endure for a long service life. Now, flexible pavement, made of hot-mix asphalt (HMA) with the addition of the reclaimed asphalt pavement granules in the central asphalt mixing plant, is increasingly used. The amount of the added reclaimed asphalt pavemen...


May 08, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Sustainability by Converting Waste Polyurethane Foam into Superior Polyurethane Urea Coatings

Ajay Vasudeo Rane, Mukesh Kathalewar, Vandana Jamdar, V. K .Abitha, Anagha Sabnis
Recycling is a crucial area of research in Green Polymer Chemistry and developments in recycling are driven by environmental concerns, interests in sustainability and desire to decrease dependence on petroleum based materials. Sustainability refers to the development that meets the needs of present without comprising the ability of future generations. Polyurethane foams (PU) are widely used due to their light weight and superior heat insulation as well as good mechanical properties. However, lar...


May 08, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Quality of PMTCT Services in Gebretsadiq Shawo Memorial Hospital, Kafa Zone, South West Ethiopia: A Descriptive Study

Negalign Berhanu Bayou, Yohannes Ejigu Tsehay
Background: Worldwide, an estimated 2.3 million children under the age of 15 are HIV positive. The main source of HIV infection in children is vertical transmission of HIV from mother-to-child during pregnancy, labor and delivery, or breastfeeding. Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV has been expanded in accelerated fashion throughout Ethiopia with all public hospitals and health centers providing the services. However, published studies on the services’ provision in the country ar...


May 08, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Contemporary Trends in Novel Ophthalmic Drug Delivery System: An Overview

Safila Naveed, Sidra Farooq, Syeda Sarah Abbas, Syed Hameez Jawed, Fatima Qamar, Mirza Yasir Hussain, Iqra Ali
One of the most challenging tasks faced by the pharmaceutical researchers is the ophthalmic drug delivery. Their aim is to obtain and maintain a therapeutic level at the site of action for prolonged period of time. Therefore, to sustain drug levels at the target site for a sufficient time, novel drug delivery techniques should be developed. Ophthalmic drug delivery has proved significant advancement for future point of view. This article evaluates a variety of novel systems for ophthalmic drug d...


May 07, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Commercial Bank Lending and Economic Growth—The Nigerian Experience (1970-2013)

Joseph Olusegun Ajibola
This paper examines the effects of commercial bank lending on economic growth in Nigeria for the period 1970-2013, using the rise in non-oil GDP as a measure of economic growth. The theoretical underpinning of the role of commercial bank lending in economic growth is based on the combination of the quantity theory of money and aggregate production function. To determine the relationship between the two variables, therefore, a preliminary co-integration analysis (unit root test) was carried out o...


May 06, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Framing the #Occupy Nigeria Protests in Newspapers and Social Media

Nwachukwu Egbunike
Nigeria witnessed #Occupy Nigeria Protests in January 2012, following government’s removal of subsidy on premium motor spirits. This study looked at the frames employed by the old and new media respectively in the #Occupy Nigeria Protest. The three collective action frame building tasks proposition of the framing theory: motivation, diagnosis and prognosis were employed in the content analysis of the samples. The three national newspapers were Nigerian Tribune, the Guardian and the Punch while t...


May 06, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Health Seeking Behaviours of Patients Attending Primary Eye Care Centre in Nigeria

Emmanuel Olu Megbelayin, Yewande Olubunmi Babalola
Purpose: To determine health seeking behaviour in relation to non-orthodox eye medication use among patients attending a primary eye health center in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study of consecutive respondents. Participants’ socio-demographic profile, types and pattern of harmful traditional eye medications (HTEMs) use were obtained using a pre-tested questionnaire. Data analysis was by SPSS version 20.0. Results: Of the 303 patients enrolled in the study, 153 (50.5...


May 05, 2015Open    AccessArticle

A Study of Socio-Economic Status (SES) Associated with Epidemiology of Tuberculosis in General Population of District Buner, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Pakistan

Jehangir Khan, Fatima Aslam, Bakht Tarin Khan, Syyed Ishtiaq Anjum, Faiz Ur Rehman, Waqas Ahmad Shams, Zaheer Ahmad
Objectives: Tuberculosis (TB) is endemic in Pakistan ranking fifth amongst the twenty two endemic countries. Historically, TB has been associated with poverty and low socioeconomic status (SES). This study focuses on the association of SES with prevalence of TB in general population of district Buner, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Government and Private health care centers during 2010-2013 in district Buner, KPK. TB rates were calcu...


May 05, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Copepods (Crustacean: Copepod) and Fish (Osteichthyes) That Inhabit in the Fluvial Ecosystems from Sancti Spíritus Province, Cuba

Rigoberto Fimia Duarte, Rolando Esteban Mondelo, Natividad Hernandez Contreras, Zulema Menendez Diaz, Lisvette Cruz Camacho, Raissa Alvarez Valdes
Biological control, as alternative of confrontation of vector organisms, is becoming more necessary every day due to the development of resistance to insecticides. The objective of this investigation consisted in identifying the species of copepods and fishes that inhabit in the fluvial ecosystems of Sancti Spíritus province, with emphasis in the species with best bio regulators qualities about larval populations of culicids. The investigation comprised the period 2000-2011. In the case of copep...


May 04, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus Infection and Associated Factors among HIV Positive Adults Attending ART Clinic at Hawassa Referral Hospital, SNNPR, Ethiopia

Fanuel Belayneh
Background: Hepatitis B and HIV infections are serious global public health problems. Among the estimated 40 million persons infected with HIV worldwide, an estimated 2 - 4 million (5% - 15%) have chronic hepatitis B virus. This co-infection is common due to shared transmission routes of the agents. In Ethiopia, even though, HBV infection is more common in HIV infected individuals, only little is known about the distribution as well as factors associated with the infection. Objective: To assess ...


Apr 30, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Mother-Daughter Conflict among 18 - 21 Years Old Adolescents: Structure, Causes and Management

Bennie Berkeley, Michelle Thomas-Mason
This research examines mother-daughter conflict in freshmen/first-year female students (18 - 21 years) enrolled at the Faculty of Social Sciences (FSS), University of the West Indies (UWI), St. Augustine, Trinidad. The concentration on mothers in full or part-time paid employment is reinforced by Pickhardt [1] who argued that mothers are more comfortable than fathers in family conflict. The purpose of the study was to describe the structur...


Apr 30, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Traditional Knowledge and Practices Related to Genus Citrus, Garcinia, Mangifera and Nephelium in Malaysia

Dominic Gerten, Idris Salma, Md Sah Muhammad Shafie, Umar Shariah, Pearlycia Brooke, William Wai Wah Wong, Md Harun Norhayati
Asia holds massive fruit diversity. Many nutritional and functional properties studies have been done on the fruit species. However, not many studies were done on other aspects of knowledge that can be gained related to these species. The aim of this study was to identify the various uses of the tropical fruit plant species from the genus of Citrus, Garcinia, Mangifera and Nephelium, based on the traditional knowledge and practices of the local communities. The study was conducted through direct...


Apr 30, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Gaskets with Expandable Graphite Treated with Nitric, Sulphuric, Phosphoric Acids and Ferric Chloride

Heinrich Horacek
The task was to find out the most appropriate expandable graphite intercalation compound GIC for intumescent seals. The application in fire seals required GICs, which exerted high expansion at low burning rates. Therefore graphite was treated with nitric, sulphuric, phosphoric acids and ferric chloride. Phosphoric acid with its flame retardant properties was the favourite, but graphite treated with it, did not exfoliate, therefore expandable graphite was post treated with phosphoric acid. Elemen...


Apr 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Screening and PVT Analysis on Explored-Not-Productive Southern Iranian Oilfields

Mostafa Lashkarbolooki, Mehdi Bayt, Ali Zeinolabedini Hezave, Shahab Ayatollahi, Hosein Vahdani
One of the main concerns of each petroleum engineer is the selection of the best EOR method to maximize the oil production from the reservoir. In this regard, one of the explored-not-productive southern Iranian oil fields was considered as the objective of this study to find which enhanced oil recovery (EOR) method is the proper method to apply on this reservoir. Therefore, a procedure capable of combining the data extracted from different sources ranging from worldwide field experiences to the ...


Apr 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Micronization of Cetirizine Using Rapid Expansion of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

Ali Zeinolabedini Hezave, Mostafa Lashkarbolooki, Feridun Esmaeilzadeh
During the past decades, producing micro- and nano-particles of drugs is gaining attention since it is possible to modify the solubility of insoluble drugs in the gastronical fluids significantly. Respect to this fact, in the current investigation, rapid expansion of supercritical carbon dioxide (RESS) for fabricating the micro-particles of cetirizine is investigated. In this way, different operational conditions including extraction pressure (160 - 220 bar), extraction temperature (308 - 328 K)...


Apr 28, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Effect of Anomalous Magnetic Fields on Malignant Diseases

Trifunovic Nikola, Cizmic Vladislav
Introduction: Natural earth’s magnetic field (EMF) is promoter of mother cell division into two daughter cells. Cancer is a cell that divides unlimited and destroys the body. Aim: Measurements presented in this paper show that malignant diseases are formed in anomalous magnetic fields (AMF) in patient’s beds. Removal of patients from AMF explains the etiological uncertainties in the medical literature. Methods: Measuring of AMF in patients’ beds was performed by proton magnetometer. Measuring po...


Apr 28, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Optimization of Force and Power Imposed on Continuous Tandem Cold Rolling Rollers Using a Multiple-Function Genetic Algorithm

Mehdi Safari, Mohammadreza Moghoomi
The amount of energy consumed in the production lines such as cold rolled process is one of the fundamental problems in the energy infrastructure of manufacturing sectors. Accordingly, much attention should be directed towards optimizing the power consumption of production lines using reasonable methods. Furthermore, the powers exerted on such equipment must be modified to find an optimized energy consumption level. This study tries to examine the optimization of forces and powers imposed on the...


Apr 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Health and Working Conditions of Women Nursing Students

Ana Paula de Lima, Ana Paula Maklouf, Thiago Lupernide Souza Dias, Wendel Mombaque dos Santos, Catarina Rodrigues da Silva
Objective: To identify health conditions of students in the undergraduate program in nursing working. Method: This is a descriptive study, conducted with the academic course of Bachelor of Nursing, with inclusion criteria work in the formal and informal market. Ethical aspects have been respected. Results: 57.70% reported increase in body weight after beginning of the studies; 80.42% did not practice physical activity; 55.67% did not consider their healthy eating; 37.11% lacked class/stage due t...


Apr 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Iterative Method Based on the Truncated Technique for Backward Heat Conduction Problem with Variable Coefficient

Hongwu Zhang, Xiaoju Zhang
We consider a backward heat conduction problem (BHCP) with variable coefficient. This problem is severely ill-posed in the sense of Hadamard and the regularization techniques are required to stabilize numerical computations. We use an iterative method based on the truncated technique to treat it. Under an a-priori and an a-posteriori stopping rule for the iterative step number, the convergence estimates are established. Some numerical results show that this method is stable and fea...


Apr 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Influence of Six-Year Medical Education on Learning Styles in Medical Students at Baskent University

Leyla Aydin, A. Sebnem Ilhan, Erhan Kiziltan, Nuray Yazihan, A. Canan Yazici, Nimet Unay Gundogan
This study is designed to evaluate the difference between the first year and the sixth year of medical faculty in Baskent University (n = 115) by using the Turkish version of the VARK questionnaire. In this survey, VARK questionnaire, which determines a person’s sensory modality by describing visual, aural, read/write, and kinesthetic preference, is used. In this study, unimodal model is the most commonly preferred learning model in the first-grade students (75.4%), and aural type is dominant st...


Apr 24, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Modeling the Specific Seismic Risk Considering the Weight of Determining Variables

Liber Galbán Rodriguez, Elio Quiala Ortiz
The seismic risk determination for any country is a vital tool in the process of physical planning, construction and reduction of disasters caused by earthquakes. In recent years, there have been several studies on the subject, however, different methodologies could be improved from the design of a set of basic criteria, which using the advantages of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), could help to establish greater clarity in the seismic risk determining. To meet this goal, in this study, th...


Apr 24, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Blood Stain with Hammer Imprint Shown in Crime Scene

Samir Kumar Bandyopadhyay, Nabanita Basu
Like most other areas of Forensic Science, bloodstain pattern evidence interpretation is characterized by the overlap from various other fields of science such as physics, computer science, medical science etc. For example, fluid mechanics particularly explains the forces that lead to the formation of a particular bloodstain pattern. Forensic Medical practitioners particularly work towards drawing the correlation between the bloodstain patterns formed and the wound formed on the body or head of ...


Apr 24, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Transmission and Scanning Electron Microscopy of Contacts between Bacterial and Yeast Cells in Biofilms on Different Surfaces

Karlen Hovnanyan, Seda Marutyan, Astghik Pepoyan, Liparit Navasardyan, Armen Trchounian
The mechanism formation of colonies and biofilms of bacteria and yeasts are studied always of great interest. The aim of the presented work was transmission and scanning electron microscopic analysis contacts between cells of bacteria and yeast in biomofilms on natural structures and inorganic surface, as a result of formation of close contacts between a cellular wall, a fringe, cross-pieces, symplasts and cells of Escherichia coli, Shigella flexnerii Salmonella of typhi, Salmon...


Apr 23, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Adult ALCAPA Syndrome-Anomalous Origin of Left Coronary Artery from Pulmonary Artery: A Rare Coronary Artery Anomaly Diagnosed by 256-Slice Computed Tomography

Kishor Taori, Suresh Dhakate, Anand Hatgaonkar, Jawahar Rathod, Amit Disawal, Chandrakant Kamble, Darshan Patwa, Akshat Kasat, Jasdeep Kaur
We are presenting a rare case of anomalous origin of left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) in an adult patient. The patient underwent coronary CT angiography for exertional dyspnoea, suspected as coronary artery disease; however there were no atherosclerotic plaques. There was anomalous origin of left coronary artery from pulmonary artery. Conventional catheter angiography confirmed the origin of left coronary artery from pulmonary artery, which was retrogradely filling through...


Apr 23, 2015Open    AccessArticle

β-Oxo Anilides in Heterocyclic Synthesis: Novel Synthesis of Substituted Pyridazinones, Pyridine, Pyrimidines and Pyrazolotriazines

Abdel Haleem Mostafa Hussein, Mohamed Sayed Abdel Aal El-Gaby, Ahmed Abdel Hameed Abd El-Maged, Ahmed Mohmed El-Sharief, Yousry Ahmed Ammar
Diazotization and coupling of acetoacetanilide derivative 1 with aromatic amines afforded the arylhydrazones 2a,b. Arylhydrazones 2a,b were treated with (DMF-DMA) to yield the pyridazine derivatives 3a,b in good yield. Pyridazinone was treated with hydrazine hydrate to yield 4a,b. Reaction of 2a with hydroxylamine hydrochloride afforded the oxime derivative 5. Similarly, the reaction of acetoacetanilide 1 with hydroxylamine hydrochloride gave 3-hydroxyimino-N-p-tolyl- butyramide 8 not the pyrazo...


Apr 23, 2015Open    AccessArticle

A Novel Information Security Scheme for E-Learning Infrastructure Success Based on TRI Model

Yassine Khlifi, Adel Bessadok
The fast growth of the Internet proposes and offers several new applications and advanced services that has greatly and quickly innovated the educational environment. The platform of e- learning represents an attractive educational field where the acceptance or utilization progresses and more and more people are taking courses or training using this technology. Mainly, e-learning platform exploits Internet infrastructure which became location for illegal events and actions, especially exposed to...


Apr 22, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Electronic Waste (E-Waste) Management at Selected Colleges of the Bulacan State University: Perspectives for Program Development

Gerald L. Meneses, Warlito M. Galita
This action research explored the various issues of electronic waste (e-waste) at the Bulacan State University (BSU) with the end view of promoting awareness, education, and proper e-waste disposal. This research outlined the complex issues that surround e-waste, its negative effects of its improper disposal and policy recommendations to implement an effective e-waste management system in the University. The study covered the 114 rooms in four (4) selected colleges in the BSU Main Campus. The ma...


Apr 22, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Study of the Reactions of Microorganisms in Response to the Magnetite Nanoparticles

Andrey Belousov, Yulia Voyda
The influence of basic physical factors caused by magnetite nanoparticles (constant magnetic field and sorption) on microorganisms by examining the reactions of the intensity of free radical lipid peroxidation (FRLP) and bacteriostatic action was studied. It was well established that the magnetite nanoparticles caused unequal reaction in intensity of FRLP on different groups of microorganisms. It was determined that the most significant factor that influenced on the ultimate indicator of the int...


Apr 22, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Urea Deep Placement in Rice as an Option for Increasing Nitrogen Use Efficiency

Amina Khatun, Hasina Sultana, M. A. U. Zaman, Shila Pramanik, M. A. Rahman
Prilled urea applicator is a nitrogen saving technology. Aiming to find out the efficiency of BRRI prilled urea applicator, a field experiment was conducted during boro season of 2013-2014 at the Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI) experimental farm, Gazipur and at farmer’s field of Dhirasshram village under Gazipur Sadar Upazilla, Gazipur, Bangladesh. Four treatments viz. 1) hand broadcasting of prilled urea as per BRRI recommendation (T1), 2) prilled urea application by...


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