OALib Journal
  OALib Journal is an all-in-one open access journal (ISSN Print: 2333-9705, ISSN Online: 2333-9721). It accepts a manuscript for the peer review process, typesetting, and publication, allocated to one of the 322 subject areas. The article processing charge for publishing in OALib journal is Only $99. Submit now
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Sep 04, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Some Aspects of Groundwater Quality in Najran Town, Kigdom of Saudi Arabia

Abdelatif Mokhtar Ahmed, Abdullah Al Alwadie, Ahmed Mohamed Ibrahin
This paper aims to determine the groundwater quality at Najran town and nearby villages, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Physical and chemical analyses have been carried out for seven groundwater samples collected from Najran area. This study indicates that the groundwater quality in the study area is fit for human purposes except at few localities which contain high amounts of total dissolved solids (TDS) and electrical conductivity (EC) above the permissible limits of the World Health Organization st...


Sep 02, 2015Open    AccessArticle

An Improved “Interference Collapse Rule” of Quantum Mechanics

Hans H. Diel
The double-slit (gedanken-) experiment is the most famous experiment in quantum theory (QT). The explanation of the strange behavior of the electron in this experiment is used as a key example in QT in general. The description of the experiment includes a rationalization of when in quantum mechanics interference occurs and (most importantly) when it “collapses”. The aforementioned rule, here called the “interference collapse rule”, is contained in almost all textbooks of QT with only slight vari...


Sep 01, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Bacteria Isolated from the Oropharynxs of Apparently Healthy Chickens in Jos, Nigeria

Yakubu G. Dashe, Moshood A. Raji, Paul A. Abdu, Blessing S. Oladele, Lola Oluwadare
There are concerns that apparently healthy chickens may transmit potentially pathogenic pathogens that could threaten not only poultry industry, but also public health. This investigative study was carried out in Jos, Nigeria to determine the prevalent bacterial agents in the oropharynxs of apparently healthy chickens. Four hundred (400) oropharyngeal swabs were collected from 400 apparently healthy chickens for bacteriological analysis. Swab from each sample was cultured on 7% defibrinated shee...


Aug 31, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Role of School Principal as Instructional Leader: The Case of Shambu Primary School

Mulugeta Wende Geleta
The purpose of this study is to explore the practices of primary school principal’s role as instructional leader—the case of Shambu Primary School. To investigate the issue under consideration, the study was guided by qualitative case study. The guiding questions for the study were: what are the practices of principal’s role as instructional leader at Shambu Primary School? How does principal fulfill his/her instructional leadership role? And which activities do principals as instructional leade...


Aug 31, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Prevalence of Nsaids (Non Steroidal Inflammatory Drugs) as a Chemopreventive Agent in Different Types of Cancer: Retrospective Detail Studies

Maria Ayub, Amna Islam
NSAIDs are the most widely used drugs globaly and are very famous for their analgesic, anti-in- flammatory and antipyretic actions. The use of NSAIDs in a variety of cancerous conditions is also approved now because of its versatile pharmacologic actions. In this research based study the use of NSAIDs as a chemointerceptive agent in a variety of cancers has been discussed. We aimed to know about the chemopreventive effects of NSAIDs that are a very diverse group of drugs having a lot of pharmaco...


Aug 28, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Climbing the Ladder of Success in the Imperial China: Chang Chien’s Examination Life

Shun-Chih Sun
Chang Chien (1853-1926) was a native of Nant’ung, Kiangsu. In spite of the Various works on Chang Chien, which testify to the significance of his role in modern China, Chang Chien’s examination life is still not well-researched. The purposes of this paper are firstly, to analyze Chang Chien’s examination life systematically and clearly in the hope that it may become a useful reference for researchers on modern China, and secondly, to stimulate scholars for further research. This paper depends mo...


Aug 28, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Role of Fungal Enzymes in the Biochemistry of Egyptian Ras Cheese during Ripening Period

Husain A. El-Fadaly, Sherif M. El-Kadi, Mohamed N. Hamad, Abdelhady A. Habib
Six fungal genera including thirteen species isolated from Ras cheese samples were tested for assimilation of lactose, skim and fat milk hydrolysis. All fungal strains gave negative results in lactose assimilation except A. nidulans which produced acid without gas after 24 hr and produced a soluble red pigment after 10 days of incubation. All tested fungal strains showed positive results for protein hydrolysis on modified Czapek agar (MCA) medium by skim milk addition. The presence of cas...


Aug 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Significance of Procalcitonin and C-Reactive Protein in Diagnostic Tests for Respiratory Adenovirus Infections in Children

Wolfgang Kunze, Thorsten Klemm, Jan-Peter Streidl
Background: This study aims to answer the question if procalcitonin tests allow distinguishing bacterial from AdV infections in cases in which acute phase values are significantly elevated. Methods: 40 patients of infant and toddler age were divided into two patient groups (n = 23) and (n = 17) for comparison based on PCT 0.5 μg/L. AdV was determined by polymerase-chain-reaction. Results: The PCT value in Group 1 is 0.21 ± 0.12 μg/L, median 0.2, and 1.56 ± 1.07 μg/L, median 1.3 (p = 0.000...


Aug 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Deep Traps and Parasitic Effects in Al0.25Ga0.75N/GaN/SiC Heterostructures with Different Schottky Contact Surfaces

Salah Saadaoui, Olfa Fathallah, Mohamed Mongi Ben Salem, Christophe Gaquière, Hassen Maaref
Hysteresis phenomenon in the capacitance-voltage characteristics under reverse-biased Schottky gate has been investigated for Al0.25Ga0.75N/GaN/SiC structures having three different gate surfaces. This parasitic effect was correlated with the presence of deep levels in our samples. Indeed, we have noticed the presence of two traps named H1 and A1; their respective activation energies, which are determined using capacitance deep level transient spectroscopy (DLTS) are respec...


Aug 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Representation vs. Participation of Female Students in Class: A Comparative Feminist Investigation

Gudetu W. Bortola
Even though Education is most important to pursue the objective of women’s empowerment, gender imbalance that prevails at various levels of schooling has been a hampering factor. Besides enrollment, gender disparity manifests in areas of class participation and achievement in higher education institutions. In Ethiopia, even if through several interventions, the enrollment of female students at various levels of schooling has dramatically been increased, questions like in class participation and ...


Aug 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Applying Florence Nightingale’s Model of Nursing and the Environment on Multiple Drug Resistant Tuberculosis Infected Patients in the Kenyan Setting

Simon Macharia Kamau, Rose Jelagat Rotich, Brigid Chemutai Cheruiyot, Lily Chepketer Ng’eno
Nurses in many resource limited settings have mostly used the medical model which failed to answer many of their concerns in managing tuberculosis infected patients. Florence Nightingale’s Model of Nursing and the Environment states that nurses manipulate and mediate the environment to put the patient in the best condition for nature to act upon. Nursing theory and models have been recognized as key components to evidence based practice today. Every nurs...


Aug 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Guillain Barre and Anesthesia— Intraoperative Disaster?

Omonele O. Nwokolo, Semhar J. Ghebremichael, Sara Guzman-Reyes
This is the case of a 76 y/o AA man with a past medical history of Hypertension and Guillain Barre Syndrome (GBS), who presented for a median sternotomy and excision of a thymic mass after workup for multiple episodes of syncope revealed the thymic mass. Intraoperatively, the patient had 2 episodes of cardiac arrest with asystole. He was adequately resuscitated and extubated. He was later determined by Neurology to have severe autonomic dysfunction and not a candidate for any elective surgery.


Aug 25, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Effect of Spirituality on Quality of Life of Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease and Its Correlation with the Mental Health Status and Cognitive Perception for Their Illness. Study Protocol

Evangelos Fradelos, Foteini Tzavella, Eumorfia Koukia, Sofia Zyga
Background: Patients who suffer from chronic renal disease face problems in many aspects of their life, problems that are physical, social as well as mental, such as stress, anxiety, depression. Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) exhibit a number of spiritual needs, which relate to and influence the psychological adaptation to the illness. Aim: The aim of the present study is to investigate spirituality and spiritual needs of patients with CKD and the possible relation between spirituali...


Aug 25, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Whether the CPT Symmetry Can Be Almighty Even in a Photon

Koji Nagata, Tadao Nakamura
As a trial, though thinking of general concepts, of our scientific challenge, we consider whether the Charge-Parity-Time (CPT) symmetry can be almighty even in a photon. This is the main aim of this paper. In what follows, we discuss our argumentations dividing the conjecture into two parts. Rotational invariance of physical laws is an accepted principle in Newton’s theory. We show that it leads to an additional constraint on local realistic theories with mixture of ten-particle Greenberger- Hor...


Aug 25, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Antioxidant, Total Lycopene, Ascorbic Acid and Microbial Load Estimation in Powdered Tomato Varieties Sold in Dutsin-Ma Market

Godwin Ojochogu Adejo, Francis Akumabi Agbali, Orinya Sandra Otokpa
Tomato varieties sold in Dutsin-Ma market namely, UTC, Rukuta and Dan-Aka were subjected to drying in a laboratory oven, solar drier and under direct sunlight then, powdered. The antioxidant and total lycopene contents were examined and found to be unaffected by the three drying procedures, with values ranging between 68.46% ± 0.90% to 80.77% ± 1.11% and 123.63 to 161.98 mg/kg, respectively. The ascorbic acid was also tested and values were significantly lower in all the samples subjected to sun...


Aug 24, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Can Von Neumann’s Theory Meet Quantum Computation?

Koji Nagata, Tadao Nakamura
Recently, it is shown that there is a crucial contradiction within von Neumann’s theory [K. Nagata and T. Nakamura, Int. J. Theor. Phys. 49, 162 (2010)]. We derive a proposition concerning a quantum expected value under the assumption of the existence of the directions in a spin-1/2 system. The quantum predictions within the formalism of von Neumann’s projective measurement cannot coexist with the proposition concerning the existence of the directions. Therefore, we have to give up either the ex...


Aug 24, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Can Hidden Variables Theories Meet Quantum Computation?

Koji Nagata, Tadao Nakamura
We study the relation between hidden variables theories and quantum computation. We discuss an inconsistency between a hidden variables theory and controllability of quantum computation. To derive the inconsistency, we use the maximum value of the square of an expected value. We propose a solution of the problem by using new hidden variables theory. Also we discuss an inconsistency between hidden variables theories and the double-slit experiment as the most basic experiment in quantum mechanics....


Aug 24, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Do the Two Operations Addition and Multiplication Commute with Each Other?

Koji Nagata, Tadao Nakamura
We study about the metamathematics of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory with the axiom of choice. We use the validity of Addition and Multiplication. We provide an example that the two operations Addition and Multiplication do not commute with each other. All analyses are performed in a finite set of natural numbers.


Aug 21, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Patients with Chronic Venous Insufficiency: Treatment Modalites of Venous Impairment and Its Complications during Two Years Period in Primary Care Center

Zeynep Gÿkalp Çevik
Background: Venous disease is a common health problem in developed countries. The aim of this study was to research the medical treatment strategy, complication due to venous impairment including leg ulcer, deep and/or superficial phlebothrombosis related to chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) two years follow-up. Patients and Methods: This prospective study has been planned in our Family and Children Health Center. 196 patients who have CVI have been included for the study. The mean age of these...


Aug 21, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Food Insecurity: Prevalence and Associated Factors among Adult Individuals Receiving Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) in ART Clinics of Hosanna Town, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Mekuria Asnakew
Background: Food insecurity and poor nutritional status may hasten progression to Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)-related illnesses, undermine adherence and response to antiretroviral therapy, and exacerbate socioeconomic impacts of the virus. There is a risk that declining food security will lead some people to discontinue treatment, due to a lack of adequate food. Little is known about prevalence and predictors of food insecurity among adults people on antiretroviral therapy (ART) i...


Aug 21, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Comparison of Two Parasitological Tests and Post Mortem Examination to Detect Prevalence of Bovine Fasciolosis at Ambo Town Municipal Abattoir, West Shewa Zone, Ethiopia

Diriba Taddese Legesse, Feyera Gemeda
A cross sectional study was conducted from March 5, 2013 to June 28, 2013 in Ambo town municipal abattoir to assess prevalence of bovine fasciolosis and compare tests used for bovine fasciolosis. Direct smear, sedimentation and post mortem examination were the tests used for comparison. Post mortem examination was considered as gold standard test. Data were collected by using primary data at the abattoir; Kappa (K) and percentage were utilized to assess agreement of tests and prevalence, respect...


Aug 21, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Enhanced Nematicidal Effect of Cowdung Soil Amendment by Neem (Azadirachta indica)

Ibrahim Buba Galadima, Hassan Mohammed Auwal, Ismail Abubakar, Jacob Madu, Paul Joseph
Field experiment was conducted during the rainy season (summer) of 2014 to determine the effect of mixture cow dung of neem on population of root knot nematode infesting okra. A parcel of land highly endemic to population of root knot nematode was chosen for the experiment. Treatments include sole neem at 11.5 g, sole cowdung at 100 g and mixture of cowdung and neem at 111.5 g were applied to individual crop stand in plots of size 2.0 M by 2.0 M. Furadan, a chemical nematicide was applied as a s...


Aug 21, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Applications of Clustering Algorithms in Academic Performance Evaluation

Jyotirmay Patel, Ramjeet Singh Yadav
In this paper, we explore the applicability of K-means and Fuzzy C-Means clustering algorithms to student allocation problem that allocates new students to homogenous groups of specified maximum capacity, and analyze effects of such allocations on the academic performance of students. The paper also presents a Fuzzy set and Regression analysis based Dynamic Fuzzy Expert System model which is capable of dealing with imprecision and missing data that is commonly inherited in the student academic p...


Aug 21, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Reintegration through Anchors Rupture of the Distal Biceps Tendon: Report of a Case and Literature Review

Amine Belmoubarik, Reda Ghabri, Nabil Omari, Younes Allali, Merouane Abouchane, Mohamed Amine Mahraoui, Ahmed Reda Haddoun, Mohamed Nechad
The authors report a case of a young man of 38 years who presented a rupture of the distal biceps tendon, which occurred following the wearing of a heavy load. This is an observation describing a rare nosology, operated by anterior transversal approach to the elbow with tendon rehabilitation through anchors at the radial tuberosity. The radioclinical evolution was satisfactory.


Aug 20, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Antibacterial Activity of Pterocarpus osun L. on Multi-Drug Resistant (MDR) Escherichia coli from Wound Infections in Abeokuta, South-West Nigeria

Bode Ireti Shobayo, David Ajiboye Ojo, David Adejare Agboola
Pterocarpus osun plant has been used overtime in the indigenous system of medicine. In this study, methanol, ethanol and aqueous extracts of leaves of P. osun were examined against five Escherichia coli strains obtained from wounds. Antibacterial effect of the plant leaves, in the concentration of 100 mg/ml, was determined using disc diffusion method. Phytochemical screening of extracts of the leaves revealed the presence of phenols, flavonoids, tannins, terpenoids alkaloids, and glycosides. Lea...


Aug 20, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Benign Breast Tumors among Senegalese Women: Diversity and Genetic Evolution of D-Loop

Daniel Doupa, Marc Noël Badji, Fatimata Mbaye, Sidy Ka, Ahmadou Dem, Mamadou Kane, Mbacké Sembène
Subsaharan Africa, as in Senegal, breast cancer is the second after that of cervical in women. However, although most of the studies on breast pathology for cancer, the overwhelming majority of breast lesions, palpable or not are benign and some of them can become cancerous. So this research is done to understand the impact of diversity and genetic evolution of the D-loop in benign breast lesions in senegalese women. The variability of the D-loop was investigated by PCR-sequencing, in twenty eig...


Aug 19, 2015Open    AccessArticle

A Review on Ruminant Fasciolosis

Mihret Tsega, Samuel Dereso, Addis Getu
This work was conducted to touch the epidemiology and economic impact of ruminants’ Fasciolosis. Ethiopia possesses the largest livestock population in Africa. Ruminants play a significant role in maintaining household stability. However, the productivity per animal and the contribution of this sub-sector to the national economy is relatively low due to multiple factors. The review reveals that Fasciolosis is an important limiting factor for ruminant production and causes for several economic lo...


Aug 18, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Comparison of Clinical and Biochemical Outcomes in Off-Pump and Conventional Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery

Z. Temizturk, D. Azboy, K. Karapinar, I. Ince, M. Bozguney, S. Sahinalp, O. Ersoy, A. Bulut, E. Yucel
Objective: There is no common concencus the clinical results of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery patients who underwent off-pump or conventional techniques. Our aim of this study was to compare the changes of myocardial functions, patients’ clinical results, biochemical marker release during surgery and postoperatively in On- and Off-Pump CABG surgery. Method: A consecutive series of 50 coronary artery disease (CAD) patients who underwent elective CABG surgery included for this stu...


Aug 18, 2015Open    AccessArticle

State of Art Methodologies for Reducing the Carbon Foot-Print in Road Construction Industry: In India

Sameer Nema
Nowadays, carbon dioxide and different greenhouse emissions are one of the major causes to affect the climate change in the world. The Carbon foot print is commonly used to calculate the amount of different types of greenhouse gasses (GHG) emitted and carbon dioxide in the air. In road construction industry, the Carbon foot print is a very vulnerable issue, which is affecting economy and climatic condition of any nation. Therefore, the need to reduce the carbon foot print from our atmosphere thr...


Aug 17, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infection and Its Side Effect in School Aged Children in Our Local Region

Zeynep Gÿkalp Çevik
Background: The presence of intestinal protozoal infections and parasites is a common and important health problem in our developed country. Our aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites and protozoa in primary school children, and relationships between the prevalence and family socio-economic status. Patients and Methods: The study population was randomly selected from two schools (rural and urbans), from April 2013 to September 2014. A total of 132 learners (85 ...


Aug 14, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm Can Be Used for Quantum Key Distribution

Koji Nagata, Tadao Nakamura
We review the new type of Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm proposed in [K. Nagata and T. Nakamura, Int. J. Theor. Phys. 49, 162 (2010)]. We suggest that the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm can be used for quantum key distribution. Alice sends input N 1 partite uncorrelated state to a black box. Bob measures output state. Now, Alice and Bob have promised to use a function f which is one of two kinds: either the value of f is constant or balanced. To Eve, it is secret. Alice’s and Bob’s goal...


Aug 14, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Multidimensionality and Complexity of Role Stress: An Empirical Study of the Public and Private Sector Managers in Kolkata

Sudeshna Basu Mukherjee
During the past decade, the public and private sector organizations have undergone rapid and striking changes due to emergence of globalization, liberalization and increased competition has given rise to high level of role stress among employees in the both sectors. Role stress is a pattern of reactions that occur when workers are presented with work demands unmatched to their knowledge and skills that challenge their ability to cope. Stress occurs in many different circumstances, but is particu...


Aug 13, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Blended Librarian and the Disruptive Technological Innovation in the Digital World

Georgina Araceli Torres Vargas, Egbert J. Sánchez Vanderkast, Ariel Alejandro Rodríguez García, Jenny Teresita Guerra González
In the librarianship literature, blended librarians are integral professionals with the theoretical knowledge of Library and Information Science and simultaneous competences allowing them to deal with printed and digital information; they also have the knowledge on the use and management of information and communication technologies (ICTs). Considering the aforementioned, this paper debates: 1) the ideas of innovation and technological innovation models; 2) the disruptive technological innovatio...


Aug 13, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Obstetrical Acute Kidney Injury: 25 Years’ Experience from Nephrology Care Unit in Pakistan

Rubina Naqvi, Ejaz Ahmed, Rashid Sheikh, Adib Rizvi
Objective: We aim to report observations from patients who developed acute kidney injury after complicated obstetrics and referred to our institution. Patients and Methods: Observational cohort of patients identified as having acute kidney injury (AKI) in obstetrical situation, at a tertiary center in Pakistan, from January 1990-December 2014. AKI was defined according to RIFLE criteria and patients fall from Risk to Loss category on arrival. On ultrasonography, all women had normal size non obs...


Aug 12, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Violation of Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle

Koji Nagata, Tadao Nakamura
Recently, violation of Heisenberg’s uncertainty relation in spin measurements is discussed [J. Erhart et al., Nature Physics 8, 185 (2012)] and [G. Sulyok et al., Phys. Rev. A 88, 022110 (2013)]. We derive the optimal limitation of Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle in a specific two-level system (e.g., electron spin, photon polarizations, and so on). Some physical situation is that we would measure σx and ...


Aug 12, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Protrusive Fracture Dislocation of the Hip with Preservation of Function

Amine Belmoubarik, Nabil Omari, Reda Ghabri, Younes El Allali, Ahmed Reda Haddoun, Mustapha Fadili, Mohamed Nechad
The authors report a rare case of a young man of 20 who presented following an accident of the public highway a protrusive neglected fracture dislocation of the hip without impaired function. This is an observation describing frequent lesion entity in our context in the absence of major functional impact and the old character of the lesion. The abstention was the therapeutic adopted choice. We will discuss the mechanisms, our therapeutic attitude and evolution of this clinical entity through the...


Aug 11, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Correlation of Infectious and Inherent Agents with Acute Myocardial Infarction in Patients of Teaching Hospitals in Qazvin in 2013

Narges Dehghan Nejad, Leila Mostafaei, Farzaneh Jahanbakhshi, Fatemeh Rashvand, Mahmoud Heidari Alipour, Mohammad Reza Saroukhani
Background: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is one of the most common reasons of hospitalization in western countries. The rate of early mortality (the first 30 days) caused by AMI is about 30%. Many studies have introduced the infection with Helicobacter pylori and mycoplasma pneumonia as causes of AMI. However, some other studies on the effect of mycoplasma pneumonia, Helicobacter pylori, and blood group on the incidence of heart attack showed contradictions that might be due t...


Aug 10, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Effects of Atlantic Ocean Encroachment on Limited Arable Land in Escravos Metropolis, Delta State, Nigeria

J. I. Kperegbeyi, E. Ogboi
The primary objective of the research was to assess the impact of Atlantic Ocean on limited arable land on the inhabitants of Escravos metropolis in Warri South-West Local Government Area (LGA), Delta State. The primary data used for the investigation were obtained using structured questionnaire given to 140 respondents. Anthropological methods of data collected (participants, observation) were also employed. Simple statistical tools (percentage) were used to analyze the acquired data. The resul...


Aug 07, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Varietal Characterisation and Taxonomic Evaluation of Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas) Using Macro- and Micromorphological Evidence

Celestine U. Aguoru, Patience Uhia, Joseph O. Olasan
Taxonomic audit was carried out on three varieties of sweet potato (Ipomoea batata) in north central part of Nigeria. Ten (10) tubers of the representative samples of three varieties of sweet potato (Purple, Yellow and White varieties) were collected from different locations within the north central part of Nigeria and planted in the research farm of the University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria. At full maturity, they were characterized using gross macro- and micromorphological feature...


Aug 06, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Other

Kuang-Ming Wu
This essay considers “the other” in Section 2—Levinas with Confucius and Section 3—The Other, to conclude with a wrap-up. Section 2 is Confucius critically dialoguing with Levinas. Section 3 develops “the other.” The wrap-up stresses how important such intercultural dialogue is. Section 2 has five themes: “face” as the other; “ethics” as human cosmology; the “other” as respect-dialogues; reasoning as logic-playing; and failure as success persistent. Section 3 has five more t...


Aug 05, 2015Open    AccessArticle

A Review on the Acoustical Properties of Natural and Synthetic Noise Absorbents

Mohammad Reza Ghotbi Ravandi, Hossein Mardi, Ali Akbar Alinaghi Langari, Mostafa Mohammadian, Narges Khanjani
Background and aims: Nowadays, artificial insulators such as fiberglass and rock wool are used as sound absorbers in developing countries. The present study is performed to introduce new sound absorbing materials used in developed countries and discuss their acoustical characteristics. It also aims to look at the efficiency of sound absorber natural materials (green materials) as an alternative to commercial materials with a synthetic base used in different places. Methods: In order to identify ...


Aug 04, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Deconstructing Four Sociological Perspectives on Education: A Reinterpretation of Pupil Achievement

Bennie Berkeley
Economic and social development has been one of the major concerns for modernization and progress. Human development includes three factors: life expectancy, GDP and knowledge (education). Education is an important condition for human development. In the 1960s, human capital theorists reported that small developing nations in the Caribbean spent as much as 60 percent of GDP on education in an attempt to produce a highly trained and skilled labor force. The main objective of this paper is to deco...


Aug 03, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Rate of Change in Kermanshahi Kurdish Diphthongs in Word and Sentence Context

Nina HosseiniKivanani, Homa Asadi, Mandana Nourbakhsh
In order to get a better understanding of diphthongs, as Deterding (2000) and Salbrina (2006) stated, the formant movement can be studied using the rate of change (ROC). Current research has considered the ROC of diphthongs in Kermanshahi Kurdish dialect. In this research, 840 tokens have been considered from speech samples of 20 male/female speakers in word/sentence context. The ROC of the first formant frequency (F1) and the second formant frequency (F2) is studied using Praat version 5.2.34. ...


Jul 31, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Unified Theoretical Form of Massive Electrodynamics

Qiankai Yao
Based on the mechanism of vacuum polarization, we here establish a set of new electromagnetic field equations (EFEs) in 5-dimensional Minkowski coordinate system, which can be used to consider some physical implications, such as the dispersion, the polarized states and the Hubble redshift of massive photon. It shows that, the effective mass of photon is related to the Hubble constant H, and finally determined by its unit spin h. Importantly, these obtained equations, working...


Jul 31, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Methodological Approach in Perception Management

Mehmet Tugrul Cabioglu, Sevgin Ozlem Iseri
Perception is the interpretation of the sensory stimuli received from the environment. Visual, auditory, and tactile senses are collected and interpreted in the “General Interpretation Area” (Wernicke’s area). This area alone plays a much more active role than all other regions of the cortex in the comprehension of the brain called intelligence. We comprehend the events as a whole with the combination of the visual, auditory, and tactile perceptions in the Wernicke’s area; the events remain long...


Jul 31, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Distribution of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and Trace Metals in Ejamah-Ebubu Oil Spill Site

Onyinyechi N. Akomah, Gideon O. Abu
The distribution of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) at different georeferenced sampling points: Nwata A, Nwata B, Nwata 3’, Ochani and Eyeyaro in one of the most contaminated mangrove swamp in Nigeria, Ejamah-Ebubu oil spill site was studied. The physico-chemical analysis of the sediment samples and trace metals were also conducted. PAHs were analyzed using gas-chroma- tography flame ionization detection while metals with atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS). The result showed that the tot...


Jul 30, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Exploring Gender Stereotypes through Managerial Process: Implication for Women Advancement, in Case of WolaitaSodo University

Mulatu Dea, Ayalew Shibeshi
Despite the fact that there have been a number of research works on gender issues in Ethiopia, little has been done on exploring gender stereotypes through managerial process in higher echelons of leadership position of public universities and its implication for women advancement. Thus, the main objective of this study is to critically explore gender stereotypes though managerial process at WolaitaSodo University and its implications for women advancement. Since the study carried out at the sin...


Jul 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Shona Writers’ Vision of the Liberation Struggle: A Name-Centred Approach

Godwin Makaudze, Enna Sukutai Gudhlanga
The liberation struggle is such an historic event in Zimbabwean history to an extent that even today, constant reference is made to it in a bid to remind and challenge the whole nation to safeguard its cause. Efforts have also been made to enlighten the new generation on the rationale, experiences and gains of this struggle, with intent to make them appreciate the sacrifices made by the gallant fighters who made such possible. As such, many history books, novels, poems and drama texts have been ...


Jul 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Sacred Grove—A Nature’s Gift—as a Remedy for Human Ailments, a Biodiversity Reservoir for Restoring Indigenous Traits for Endangered Listed Plants—A Review

Aparna Asokan, Snehita Chouhan, Vinod Singh
This review article is an attempt on hypothetical analysis of biodiversity which includes by exploring and implementing the so called protected area by the small communities “Sacred Groves” made declared by a group of people of those community over a century, some were half way made and few, were more than a decayed old. Sacred groves are considered rich in biodiversity, and also the resourceful source of flora and fauna of rare species. Traditional knowledge based sacred groves conservation has...


Jul 28, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Morphological Characterization and Agronomic Evaluation of Yellow Vein Mosaic Virus Resistant Single Cross Hybrids for Yield and Quality Traits in Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench)

Shashi Kumar, Medagam Thirupathi Reddy
Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) is a traditional pod vegetable widely grown in low, medium and high-input systems for domestic and export markets. The economic and ecological sustainability of okra in these systems is under question because of the low-yielding potential, sub-optimal pod quality and susceptibility to biotic and biotic stresses especially the yellow vein mosaic virus (YVMV) of the traditionally cultivated open-pollinated varieties (OPVs) and landraces. Development a...


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