OALib Journal
  OALib Journal is an all-in-one open access journal (ISSN Print: 2333-9721, ISSN Online: 2333-9705). It accepts a manuscript for the peer review process, typesetting, and publication, allocated to one of the 322 subject areas. The article processing charge for publishing in OALib journal is Only $99. Submit now
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Mar 05, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Medical Science Turns Deadly Substances into Life Saving Ones: Snake Venom as a Treatment Option

Somia Gul, Nameera Ahmad, Urooba Iqbal, Bushra Rubab
Background: The word “venom” has always been taken as the synonym for poison or a vile liquid with catastrophic effects. Out of several different venomous creatures, snakes have perked special interest of scientists and researchers in this matter across the world. Many scientists and researchers around the world are trying to explore and put forward the positive aspects of snake venom and in the past years they have come to the conclusion that snake venom has some potential effects against serio...


Mar 05, 2015Open    AccessArticle

A Survey on Demodex Infections for Undergraduate Students in Some Universities in Ningbo City of Zhejiang Province of China

Tonghe Pan, Xianqun Rao, Qi Liao, Zhongjie Lin, Xinyi Zhang, Shengqian Zhu, Xinqian Gu, Xiaobo Cai, Guofeng Chan, Shuangyan Li, Jianfa Liu
Objective: The purpose of this survey is to investigate the university students’ face infections with Demodex, and explore the possible factors of Demodex infections. Methods: On this survey, the following pressure method is adopted. The operator has used sterilized thumb against the client part of the facial skin, observing mites under microscopy. Results: The results of the survey for the total Demodex infection rate were 32.50%. Demodex folliculorum infection rate was 39.49%, Demode...


Mar 05, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Gender Interlinked with Migration Issues in South Asian Literature and Film

Natasha Israt Kabir
This paper argues the urgent need to address the issue of Gender, and Migration. We have got the same perspectives in South Asian Literature and Movies that we need to come out from the stereotype idea. Migration does have the diversified phases but the question is, do the literature and movies speak a lot to showcase or portray those issues beyond dark sides? Especially in terms of gender the focus is very much biased and stereotyped with some exceptions, so this paper seeks to show the differe...


Mar 04, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Detection of River Pollution Using Water Quality Index: A Case Study of Tropical Rivers in Penang Island, Malaysia

Mohd-Rosli Nurul-Ruhayu, Yii Jau An, Yahya Khairun
A study on the Water Quality Index (WQI) has been conducted among 11 rivers in Penang Island, Malaysia from October 2012 to January 2013. The water quality status of rivers was classified based on the Interim National Water Quality Standard (INWQS) for Malaysia. The six water quality parameters used to determine the water quality index are dissolved oxygen (DO), biological oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total suspended solid (TSS), ammonia and pH value. Based on the WQI asses...


Mar 04, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Evaluation of Synergistic Effect of Neem and Poultry Manure on Root Knot Nematode (Meloidogyne spp.) Infecting Rice

Hassan Mohammed Auwal, Ibrahim Buba Galadima, Jacob Madu, Paul Joseph

Field experiment was conducted in 2014 to test the efficacy of different organic amendments on the control of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne spp.). The different materials are sole neem, sole poultry manure, and a combination of neem and poultry manure. Neem was applied at the rate of 160 g per plot, poultry manure was applied at the rate of 1120 g per plot, combination of neem and poultry manure was applied at 1280 g per plot and Furadan was applied at 1

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Mar 03, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Simple Model to Estimate Longitude and Area of Universe

Ricardo Osés Rodríguez, Rigoberto Fimia Duarte, Lisvette Cruz Camacho
Mathematics is an interesting subject for some people, but for others are borings. The objective of this small paper is to stimulate Senior High school students’ scientific knowledge, when using the mathematical formula of circumference to determine longitude of universe and area in the Big Bang, as well as to introduce Cristosoles [1] numbers and antilogarithms. The paper shows a clear way to use simple mathematical formulas to determine the measure of the universe, besides relating the Cristos...


Mar 02, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Chang Chien’s Thought on Economic Development

Sun Shun-Chih

Chang Chien (1853-1926) was a native of Nantung, Kiangsu. In spite of various works on Chang Chien, which testify to the significance of his role in modern China, Chang Chien’s thought on economic development is still not well researched. The purposes of this paper are firstly to analyze Chang Chien’s thought on economic development systematically and clearly in the hope that it may become a useful reference for researchers in modern China, and secondly to stimul

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Feb 28, 2015Open    AccessArticle

A Study on Cementation Process of Lead from Brine Leaching Solution by Aluminum Powder

P. Abdollahi, H. Yoozbashizadeh, D. Moradkhani, D. Behnian
Hydrometallurgical recycling of lead from zinc plant residue which occurs at leaching plant has been investigated. After determination of optimum parameters in the brine leaching stage, the pregnant solution was proposed on cementation process by Aluminum powder and parameters (time, temperature, initial pH of solution, initial lead content of solution, Al:Pb fraction, stirring velocity) were investigated and optimized.


Feb 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Late Onset Neonatal Herpes Encephalitis: A Case-Based CNS Complication and Neurological Outcome

Surya N. Gupta, Vikash S. Gupta, Nirali Borad
Individual neurological complication caused by Herpes simplex viruses in neonates is well-known. We report neonatal Herpes encephalitis that caused multiple neurological complications in the same patient during acute phase of illness. Our patient differs from previously reported cases in the following ways: 1) Late onset neonatal presentation; 2) Development of multiple neurologic complications during acyclovir therapy; 3) Cesarean-section did not prevent perinatal transmission of Herpes simplex...


Feb 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Accurate Age of the Earth Calculation by a New Fundamental Parameter

Mohammad Salehi Alashti
The most typical old question that scientist struggle with is the exact age of the earth. Accepted earth’s age is about 4.54 billion years (plus or minus about 1%) which derives from several lines of evidence with many involved assumptions. Furthermore this age could not be computed directly and solely from the earth and its determinant properties without contemplate suppositions. Also no scientific method can prove earth’s actual age and the exact accretion time of earth as yet. In this paper e...


Feb 25, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Nitrogen Use Efficiency of Low Land Rice as Affected by Organic and Chemical Sources

Amina Khatun, Hasina Sultana, Md. Sultan Uddin Bhuiya, Md. Abu Saleque
Given the increasing dairy and poultry industries, cowdung (CD) and poultry manure (PM) might become alternative sources of nitrogen (N) for rice production in South Asia. A field experiment was conducted during dry season (November-April) in Gazipur, Bangladesh. The experiment aimed to evaluate N use efficiency (NUE) in rice under varying sources of N application. Six treatments—1) N-control; 2) optimum dose of nitrogen (164 kg N ha﹣1) from urea; 3) 50% N from urea and 50% N from CD;...


Feb 16, 2015Open    AccessArticle

A Political Theory Approach to Understanding Conflict in Selected African States

Solomon Owuoche
Conflict remains a constant, but not a permanent factor, in many African states today. For many decades we have witnessed perpetual conflicts in African states, a characteristic that has led to African states being referred to as dark, anarchical, insecure and violent, particularly as compared to other states and regions of the world. Many studies and researchers have developed frameworks on the likely factors that explain conflict in Africa although there seems to be lack of agreement as to the...


Feb 15, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Factors Influencing Job Satisfaction of Librarians in Federal and State University Libraries in Southern Nigeria

Chinyere N. Ikonne, Uloma D. Onuoha
This study investigated the job satisfaction factors influencing the job satisfaction of librarians in Federal and State University libraries in Southern Nigeria. Job satisfaction is an important concept that can affect labor market behavior as it has a great influence on job-related behaviors such as productivity, work effort, absenteeism, turnover rates, and employee relations. The study adopted the survey research design. The population was made up of 500 librarians in thirty seven federal an...


Feb 15, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Socioeconomic Factors and the Elderly Mortality Profile in a Poor Brazilian State: An Ecological Study Comparing Two Distinct Age Groups

Tamires Carneiro de Oliveira, Wilton Rodrigues Medeiros, Yan Nogueira Leite de Freitas, Kenio Costa de Lima
The rate of the aging process of the Brazilian population and the accentuated social inequality and fragile institutions determine differentials in the mortality of the population, with many challenges for the health system. The aim of the present study was to analyze the mortality profile of individuals aged 60 to 69 years (young-old) and those aged 80 years or more (oldest-old) in a poor Brazilian state, as well as to investigate the associated socioeconomic factors. The Specific Mortality Rat...


Feb 15, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Assessing the Extension Staff Farm Visits Frequency Effect on Greenhouse Technology Performance in Small Scale Farms in Gusii Highlands, Kenya

Philip Alinyo Omoro, Anakalo Shitandi, Nemwel N. Aming’a, Evans Basweti
Purpose: The study aimed at assessing the extension staff farm visits frequency effect on greenhouse technology performance in small scale farms in Gusii Highlands, Kenya. Research Methodology: The study employed a survey research design. The target population for the study was 1000 farmers practising greenhouse technology in Gusii Highlands (Kisii and Nyamira Counties). Purposive and multi-stage sampling techniques were used to sample 276 respondents from the target population. Pr...


Feb 13, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Oncoplasty’s Contribution in Breast Cancers: About 48 Cases

Amine Rafik, Mounia Douiri, Naima Bahechar, Abdessamad Chlihi
Introduction: Oncoplasty has developed for 20 years in order to avoid potentially major deformations of conservative treatment. We report the results of our oncoplastic breast operations. Patients and Methods: We conducted a descriptive and retrospective study of 48 patients treated by oncoplastic technique in the national center of burn and plastic surgery in the U.H. IBN-ROCHD of Casablanca between 2011 and 2014. Patient and tumor characteristics, as well as information on the procedures and c...


Feb 13, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Relationship between Birth Time and Hair Whorl Location

Yen Lee, Ya-Yuan Mao, Sin-Yi Huang, Yan-Wun Lin, Cai-Yun Dai, Jhao-Ru Lai, Zong-Ciang Wun, Ya-Ting Cai, Sheng-Chiuan Huang
Hair whorls may be located on the midline of the scalp or off-center, either on the left, or on the right. Some people may have more than one hair whorl on their heads. Do the locations of the hair whorls have any relationship with the time of birth? This study shows negative results which impact the validity of common Chinese folklore and superstition surrounding hair whorl characteristics.


Feb 13, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Electrohydrodynamics Instability of Three Periodic Streaming Fluids through Porous Media

Sameh A. Alkharashi
In this work, the effect of transverse horizontal electric field on the stability of three layers of immiscible liquids is illustrated. The fluids are subjected to a uniform horizontal electric field. Analytical and numerical simulations of this system of linear evolution equations are performed. The solutions of the linearized equations of motion and the boundary conditions lead to deriving two simultaneous Mathieu equations of damping terms having complex coefficients. The effects of the strea...


Feb 13, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Elite Rivalry: Government and Philanthropy in Israel

Uzi Sasson
Philanthropies and governments are two separate entities that distribute resources. Each sector uses a different set of criteria in deciding what to promote. Philanthropy is usually aimed toward doing good deeds, such as fighting poverty, helping the underprivileged, and other local or global problems. The government is a system that prioritizes the allocation of public resources. However, when it comes to private endeavors, governments would force private people to make donations or decide in w...


Feb 12, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Prevalence of Malaria Infection among People Living with HIV in Kinshasa

Erick Ntambwe Kamangu, Hypolite Mavoko Muhindo, Carole Weba Wapa-Kamangu, Hip-polyte Nani-Tuma Situakibanza
Background: Infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and malaria are two infectious diseases which are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa and each a major public health problem. Data on malaria infection among people living with HIV (PLHIV) are poorly defined in Kinshasa as there are very few studies available on the subject. Objective: To determine the rate of co-infection HIV/malaria in Kinshasa to improve the care of PLHIV, this study was in...


Feb 12, 2015Open    AccessArticle

On the Concept of Circle and Angle in Galilean Plane

Abdullah Kurudirek, Hüseyin Akca
In this paper, we try to show what some basic definitions like angle and circle which are taught in Euclidean plane at secondary and high schools, mean in Galilean plane. Furthermore we try and target to introduce the results of angle and circle concepts, comparing different situations of the same definitions in Galilean and Euclidean planes.


Feb 11, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Epidemiology of Adenovirus Associated Lower Respiratory Tract Infection in Hospitalized Children in Hangzhou City, China

Qi Zheng, Meiping Lu, Wei Li
This study was performed to investigate the epidemiology of adenovirus related acute lower respiratory tract infection in children through a large sample collection. Totally 76,518 patients admitted to Children’s Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University School of Medicine were investigated from July 2006 to June 2012. Nasopharyngeal aspirates were collected and examined by immunofluorescence assay to confirm viral etiology. There were 479 patients positive for adenovirus (6.3‰) and pneumonia a...


Feb 10, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Pepper and Onion Yield Estimate Parameters as Affected by Seed Treatment Options: In the Selected Districts of Central Rift Valley; Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia

M. Teshome-Abdissa, O. Feyissa-Begna, B. Abnet-Dereje
Pepper and onion yield estimate parameters were conducted during off-season of 2011 using irrigation both at on-station and at on-farm of Adami Tulu Agricultural Research Center and its surrounding districts of Adami Tulu, Dugda and Bora district of central rift valley by participating important influential actors (farmers, NGOs, DAs, district agricultural officers, etc.) from the inception to evaluate different seed treatment options that can favor onion and pepper yield estimate parameters. Bo...


Feb 09, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Magnetic, Electrical and Magnetotransport Properties of Mg(Fe0.8Ga0.2)2O4 δ Obtained by Pyrohtdrolitic Method

A. V. Trukhanov, S. V. Trukhanov, O. P. Smirnov, A. A. Kulikov, H. Szymczak
The magnetic, electrical and magnetotransport properties of spinel-type Mg(Fe0.8Ga0.2)2O4 δ ceramic ferrites have been investigated. The results of the investigations temperature and field dependences of magnetization and resistivity are presented and analyzed. The data of neutron scattering were found to be in good agreement with the Neel model of ferrimagnetism. This compound is magnetomonophase ferrimagnetic in the wide range of temperatures,...


Feb 06, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Relation between the Pressure Gradient of General Relativity and Its Newtonian Counterpart with Respect to Certain Stellar Models

Rajat Roy
The non-uniqueness of the relation between the pressure gradients of general relativity and its Newtonian counterpart is demonstrated. This may lead to a non-unique relation between the two force laws.


Feb 06, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Sexual Practices and Perceptions of Risk among Undergraduate Students Attending a Tertiary Institution in Jamaica: A Pilot Study

Andrea Pusey-Murray, Cynthia Onyefulu
This paper describes the sexual practices and perceptions of risk among undergraduate students attending a tertiary institution in Jamaica. The study was guided by six research questions. To answer these research questions, a descriptive survey design was used for the study. A total of 63 undergraduate students were selected using the stratified random method. Data for the study were collected through the use of a questionnaire and focus group discussion. The data were coded and entered into SPS...


Feb 05, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Protective Effect of Ischemic Preconditioning on Hepatic Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Rats

Naoki Hashimoto
Aim: Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) protects tissue against ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of IPC on protection of hepatocytes after prolonged I/R injury. Methods: Twenty-four Wistar rats were randomly divided into ischemic preconditioning group (IP), ischemia/reperfusion group (IR) and sham operation group (SO). A model of partial liver ischemia/reperfusion was used, in which rats were subjected to liver ischemia for 90 min prior to reperf...


Feb 04, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Translating Dish Names: Food Cultural Representation in Hong Lou Meng

Aimin Peng
Dish name translation in literary texts is worth studying; it’s different from restaurant menu translation. This article differentiates the two translations by Yang & Yang and Hawkes through studying on the translation of dish names in Hong Lou Meng and puts forward three principles and three suggestions from the linguistic level and cultural level, respectively.


Feb 04, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Bilateral Scleral Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lens Fixation: First Case Made in Togo

Nidain Maneh, Mèba Banla, Komlavi Yayehd, Komi Vonor, Kassoula Batomaguela Nonon Saa, Jean Rateau, Komi Patrice Balo
We present the case of a 65-year-old woman with an aphakia after a cataract surgery at the right eye and a pseudophakia (anterior chamber lens) at the left eye. The two eyes received an intra-ocular lens with sclera fixing of posterior chamber combined with an anterior vitrectomy. An elevated intraocular pressure of 25 mmHg and severe ocular pains were observed immediately after the surgery on the right eye. The far visual acuity (FVA) increased from counting fingers at 5 m (before the surgery) ...


Feb 03, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Farming System and Food Security in Western Sudan: Are the Things Improving?

Samar M. Abdalla, Eltighani Elamin
This paper seeks to describe the farming system and food security as well as the activities against food insecurity in western Sudan. The secondary data on farming system and food security were collected from ministry of agriculture, ministry of health, WFP and FAO, as well as other relevant sources. Descriptive statistics analysis was used to analyze the data. The finding shows that the cultivated areas under cash crops are increased over the time compared with food crops. This is mainly result...


Feb 02, 2015Open    AccessArticle

In Vitro Anthelmintic Activity of Mucuna pruriens (DC) and Canarium schweinfurthii (Engl) on Ascaris suum

B. J. Okoli, R. G. Ayo, J. D. Habila, S. L. Japhet, G. I. Ndukwe
The in vitro anthelmintic evaluation of the crude extracts and solvent partitions on Pheretima posthuma and Ascarissuum (eggs and L2 stage) respectively showed significant results at the same concentration (10, 20, 40 and 80 mg/ml). This study provides a clear evidence for usage of Mucuna pruriens and Canarium schweinfurthii as an anthelmintic. The most potent ovicidal partition of C. schweinfurthii (Engl) leaves and bark and leaves ...


Jan 30, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Microstructure, Mechanical Properties, Toughness, Wear Characteristics and Fracture Phenomena of Austenitised and Austempered Low-Alloyed Ductile Iron

Nabil Fatahalla, Osama Hussein
Conventional ductile iron (DI) and austempered ductile iron (ADI) alloys were successfully produced. The alloying elements—Ni, Mo, Cr and Mn were added to get as-cast low-alloyed ductile iron (LADI) followed by austempering heat treatment. Hardness was measured for all investigated alloys. A hardness conversion table was deduced for irons investigated. Highest values of calculated quality index (QI) were for ADI alloys implying higher material performance. Impact energy values were attributed to...


Jan 30, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Effect of Credit Usage on Touristic Consumption and Application in Turkey

Kudret Gul, Melike Gul
Turkish tourism was developed as more dependent on external demand until the 2000s. With the effect of increase in demand of domestic tourism, Turkish tourism has gained more stable and more balanced structure in the early 21st century. Economic stability in recent years, personal income growth, developments in the banking and finance sector play an important role in this increase in demand for domestic tourism. In parallel to these developments in Turkey, increasing use of consumer credit has i...


Jan 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Malnutrition and Associated Factors among Adult Individuals Receiving Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy in Health Facilities of Hosanna Town, Southern Ethiopia

Mekuria Asnakew, Chernet Hailu, Habtamu Jarso
Background: In resource limited settings, many human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected individuals lack access to sufficient quantities of nutritious foods, which poses additional challenges to the success of anti-retroviral therapy. Morbidity and mortality related to human immune deficiency virus infection in the developing world remain unacceptably high, despite major advances in human immune deficiency virus therapy and increased international funding for care. Objective: To determine mag...


Jan 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Nitriles in Heterocyclic Synthesis: Synthesis of Pyrido[3’,2’:4,5]Thieno[2,3-d] Pyrimidines Derivative

Abdel Haleem Mostafa Hussein, Essam Abdel Raheem Eshak, Fathi Aly Abu-Shanab
6-Amino-3,5-dicyano-4-methylpyridine-2(1H)-thione 1 reacted with a-haloketones to give the S- alkylated derivatives 2a-m. Compound 2a-m undergoes cyclization into thieno[2,3-d] pyridine derivatives 3a-m upon treatment with ethanolic sodium ethoxide. Saponification of 3a gave the amino acid 4 which afforded 5 when refluxed in Ac2O. Treatment of 5 with NH4OAc/AcOH gave 6a. Compound 6a also was obtained when 3c was refluxed in Ac2O. Reaction of 3a with...


Jan 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Application of Combined Vessel Resection with Reconstruction in Complex Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Space-Occupying Lesions

Zhixin Wang, Yanyan Zhou, Wei Chen, Kai Qu, Runchen Miao, Xinsen Xu, Ruitao Wang, Chang Liu
Aim: To explore the value and prospects of the combined vessel resection with reconstruction techniques in space-occupying lesion surgical treatment. Method: We collected and analyzed clinical data of patients received combined with vessel resection and reconstruction techniques surgery in department of hepatobiliary surgery in our hospital from May 2007 to November 2012, and concluded experience in application of vessel resection and artificial vessel reconstruction. Result: A total of 12 cases...


Jan 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Role of Focus Group Discussion (FGD) in e-Business Research

Norshakirah Ab Aziz

e-Business is a vast area of study. Normally Information System researchers preferred to use a combination of quantitative and qualitative study or known as Mixed Method approach. This is because qualitative study is able to explain the quantitative finding in more details. Malaysian e-Supply Chain (e-SC) was chosen as domain for this study and the ultimate goal of research is to identify measurement parameters for trusted trading partner. This study focused on t

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Jan 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Trigger Point Infiltrations into the Temporal Muscles of Patients with Fibromyalgia and Headaches: A Randomized, Double-Blinded and Controlled Study

Svetlana Sabatke, Rosana Herminia Scola, Eduardo Paiva, Pedro André Kowacs
Aims: To compare the therapeutic effect of blocking trigger points in temporal muscles by using saline and an anesthetic agent among patients with masticatory myofascial pain syndrome, fibromyalgia and headaches and with non-infiltrated controls. Methods: One hundred women, aged 23 to 70 years old, were initially triaged. The seventy patients who experienced at least one trigger point in the temporal muscles were randomly divided into three groups, as follows: saline infiltration, anesthetic inf...


Jan 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Utilizing Sago to Reduce Poverty

Elsina Titaley
Poverty reduction based on the theory of its effects has been carried out but the results seemed futile. In general, the rural poverty is due to limited natural resources, dysfunctional cultural values, and structural policy which cannot support the poverty reduction. Most of the people in Lumoli (92.67%), one of the villages in Maluku, are categorized poor and very poor. There is abundant sago and worthy cultural value but the research shows that the people are not capable enough to util...


Jan 28, 2015Open    AccessArticle

My Teaching and Learning Philosophy

Laila Cassum
The teaching learning journey is a dynamic, continuous and challenging process. It is beyond the boundaries to what we learn in schools in our initial years of life. We learn from our environment, positive and negative past experiences, and from the people with whom we interact. It is the teacher who brings an enormous impact on shaping the personality of the learners. Every classroom presents a unique community of learners that vary not only in abilities, but also in learning styles. It is the ...


Jan 28, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Identification and Ceramic Application of Some Tunisian Clays

Salah Mahmoudi, Ezzeddine Srasra, Fouad Zargouni
Mineralogy, chemistry, and plasticity of the raw clay materials, outcropping in different Tunisian domains were studied. These clays constitute the only mineral resource of the ceramic industries in Tunisia, and are exploitable at eight quarries. Powder X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that illite and kaolinite are the major mineral phases. However, other clay minerals, such as illite/ smectite mixed-layer, and chlorite are also present. The associated minerals detected in powdered materials ...


Jan 28, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Research of Tax Inspection Based on Generalized Regression Neural Network

Shihong Chen, Xiaoqing Liu
This paper tries to use the generalized regression neural network (in short: GRNN) to assist tax inspection case selection. First, this paper briefly introduces the theory of generalized regression neural network and applies it in the tax inspection. Second, it analyzes the financial statements and tax returns of 93 commercial enterprises, and then establishes the GRNN model and gets the analyzing result. Finally, the result is compared with the known taxation case. Then we get the conclusion th...


Jan 28, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Comprehention of Coils Overlappings Effects —Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Mohammadreza Shiravi Khoozani, Homayoun Meshgin Kelk, Abolfazl Shiravi Khoozani
A typical medical Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) contains a Local transmit/receive coil. Magnetic coil design is very important in study of the human brain and for neurological therapeutics technique. Precise spatial localization of stimulation sites is the key of efficient functional magnetic stimulations. Others have examined this issue at radio frequencies. This paper develops circular coils, figure-of-8 coils and coil array elements in order to realize a transcranial magnetic stimulator, a...


Jan 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Astrophysical Radiative Neutron Capture on 10B Taking into Account Resonance at 475 keV

S. B. Dubovichenko, A. V. Dzhazairov-Kakhramanov
The possibility of the description of the available experimental data for cross sections of the neutron capture reaction on 10B at thermal and astrophysical energies, taking into account the resonance at 475 keV, was considered within the framework of the modified potential cluster model with forbidden states and accounting for the resonance behavior of the scattering phase shifts.


Jan 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Potential Impact of Climate Change on Dynamics of Coffee Berry Borer (Hypothenemus hampi Ferrari) in Ethiopia

Eshetu Agegnehu, Ashok Thakur, Tewodros Mulualem
The aim of this paper is to review the potential effect of climate change on dynamics of coffee berry borer and to generate information for researches concerned on it. Coffee (Coffea arabica L.), which is originated in Ethiopia, is the backbone of the country’s economy. It accounts for 70% of the foreign exchange earning, 10% of the government revenue and employs 25% of the domestic labor force. There are four coffee production systems in Ethiopia such as modern plantation, gardens, semi-...


Jan 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Isolation of Antibiotic Vibrionaceae Bacteria from a Community Marine Silvo-Fishery Farm along Mtwapa Creek, Kenya

Moses Ngeiywa, Mutai Edwin, David Liti, Raymond Mutai
Bacterial strains inhibitory towards pathogenic bacteria were isolated from a marine fish pond culture facility in Mtwapa Creek, Kenya. 12 of these antibacterial isolates were assigned to the Vibrionaceae family. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the antibacterial activity of five Vibrionaceae strains with pronounced antibacterial activity. These were identified as Vibrio coralliilyticus (two strains), V. neptunius (two strains), and Photobacterium halotolerans...


Jan 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Cross Correlation Analysis of Mozambique’s 7.0 M Earthquake Using the Empirical Mode Decomposition

Enoch Oluwaseun Elemo
Precise determinations of ionospheric anomaly variations associated with earthquakes require the elimination of other sources of ionospheric variabilities like ionospheric storms, geomagnetic perturbations or geophysical noise. However, revealing the seismo-ionospheric anomalies when the ionosphere is known to be a complex and nonlinear system is of utmost importance. To overcome this constraint, Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT), which is a far better technique for both nonlinear and non-stationary...


Jan 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Spatial Relativity and Its Physical Consequences

Qiankai Yao
Through reevaluating the physical significance of Hubble law, we propose the concept of spatial relativity and make two postulates: 1) Distance is equivalent to motion; 2) Hubble radius  is constant. Such an approach can help us to develop the theory of relativity into a unified form, and further construct a simple and consistent cosmological model. It shows that, our universe can be treated as a...


Jan 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Meat Analogue Derived from Common Legumes

Dolly P. Maroma
This research study aimed to explore the possibility of utilization of other common legumes i.e. white kidney beans and lima beans that can mimic the texture and taste of natural meat counterpart and to establish recommendations for other legumes as a considerable raw material substitute in production of texturized vegetable protein (TVP) that can simulate natural meat in terms of organoleptic properties that comprise equivalent ingredient functions as soybean based meat analogues. The me...


Jan 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Medicinal Plants in the Ethno Veterinary Practices of Bensa Woreda, Southern Ethiopia

Yibrah Tekle

Ethno botanical study on traditional medicinal plants were conducted between November, 2013 and September, 2014 in Bensa Woreda, Southern Ethiopia and documented different types of traditional medicinal plants used by the indigenous peoples. The study was focused on identifying medicinal plants, plant habit, disease treated, plant parts used, way of knowledge acquired, methods of preparation, route of administration, importance/indication, and ingredients added.

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