OALib Journal
  OALib Journal is an all-in-one open access journal (ISSN Print: 2333-9705, ISSN Online: 2333-9721). It accepts a manuscript for the peer review process, typesetting, and publication, allocated to one of the 322 subject areas. The article processing charge for publishing in OALib journal is Only $99. Submit now
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Aug 04, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Deconstructing Four Sociological Perspectives on Education: A Reinterpretation of Pupil Achievement

Bennie Berkeley
Economic and social development has been one of the major concerns for modernization and progress. Human development includes three factors: life expectancy, GDP and knowledge (education). Education is an important condition for human development. In the 1960s, human capital theorists reported that small developing nations in the Caribbean spent as much as 60 percent of GDP on education in an attempt to produce a highly trained and skilled labor force. The main objective of this paper is to deco...


Aug 03, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Rate of Change in Kermanshahi Kurdish Diphthongs in Word and Sentence Context

Nina HosseiniKivanani, Homa Asadi, Mandana Nourbakhsh
In order to get a better understanding of diphthongs, as Deterding (2000) and Salbrina (2006) stated, the formant movement can be studied using the rate of change (ROC). Current research has considered the ROC of diphthongs in Kermanshahi Kurdish dialect. In this research, 840 tokens have been considered from speech samples of 20 male/female speakers in word/sentence context. The ROC of the first formant frequency (F1) and the second formant frequency (F2) is studied using Praat version 5.2.34. ...


Jul 31, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Unified Theoretical Form of Massive Electrodynamics

Qiankai Yao
Based on the mechanism of vacuum polarization, we here establish a set of new electromagnetic field equations (EFEs) in 5-dimensional Minkowski coordinate system, which can be used to consider some physical implications, such as the dispersion, the polarized states and the Hubble redshift of massive photon. It shows that, the effective mass of photon is related to the Hubble constant H, and finally determined by its unit spin h. Importantly, these obtained equations, working...


Jul 31, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Methodological Approach in Perception Management

Mehmet Tugrul Cabioglu, Sevgin Ozlem Iseri
Perception is the interpretation of the sensory stimuli received from the environment. Visual, auditory, and tactile senses are collected and interpreted in the “General Interpretation Area” (Wernicke’s area). This area alone plays a much more active role than all other regions of the cortex in the comprehension of the brain called intelligence. We comprehend the events as a whole with the combination of the visual, auditory, and tactile perceptions in the Wernicke’s area; the events remain long...


Jul 31, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Distribution of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and Trace Metals in Ejamah-Ebubu Oil Spill Site

Onyinyechi N. Akomah, Gideon O. Abu
The distribution of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) at different georeferenced sampling points: Nwata A, Nwata B, Nwata 3’, Ochani and Eyeyaro in one of the most contaminated mangrove swamp in Nigeria, Ejamah-Ebubu oil spill site was studied. The physico-chemical analysis of the sediment samples and trace metals were also conducted. PAHs were analyzed using gas-chroma- tography flame ionization detection while metals with atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS). The result showed that the tot...


Jul 30, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Exploring Gender Stereotypes through Managerial Process: Implication for Women Advancement, in Case of WolaitaSodo University

Mulatu Dea, Ayalew Shibeshi
Despite the fact that there have been a number of research works on gender issues in Ethiopia, little has been done on exploring gender stereotypes through managerial process in higher echelons of leadership position of public universities and its implication for women advancement. Thus, the main objective of this study is to critically explore gender stereotypes though managerial process at WolaitaSodo University and its implications for women advancement. Since the study carried out at the sin...


Jul 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Shona Writers’ Vision of the Liberation Struggle: A Name-Centred Approach

Godwin Makaudze, Enna Sukutai Gudhlanga
The liberation struggle is such an historic event in Zimbabwean history to an extent that even today, constant reference is made to it in a bid to remind and challenge the whole nation to safeguard its cause. Efforts have also been made to enlighten the new generation on the rationale, experiences and gains of this struggle, with intent to make them appreciate the sacrifices made by the gallant fighters who made such possible. As such, many history books, novels, poems and drama texts have been ...


Jul 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Sacred Grove—A Nature’s Gift—as a Remedy for Human Ailments, a Biodiversity Reservoir for Restoring Indigenous Traits for Endangered Listed Plants—A Review

Aparna Asokan, Snehita Chouhan, Vinod Singh
This review article is an attempt on hypothetical analysis of biodiversity which includes by exploring and implementing the so called protected area by the small communities “Sacred Groves” made declared by a group of people of those community over a century, some were half way made and few, were more than a decayed old. Sacred groves are considered rich in biodiversity, and also the resourceful source of flora and fauna of rare species. Traditional knowledge based sacred groves conservation has...


Jul 28, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Morphological Characterization and Agronomic Evaluation of Yellow Vein Mosaic Virus Resistant Single Cross Hybrids for Yield and Quality Traits in Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench)

Shashi Kumar, Medagam Thirupathi Reddy
Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) is a traditional pod vegetable widely grown in low, medium and high-input systems for domestic and export markets. The economic and ecological sustainability of okra in these systems is under question because of the low-yielding potential, sub-optimal pod quality and susceptibility to biotic and biotic stresses especially the yellow vein mosaic virus (YVMV) of the traditionally cultivated open-pollinated varieties (OPVs) and landraces. Development a...


Jul 28, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Textbook Evaluation: The Communicative Imperativeness of Illustrative Materials for Effective Teaching Outcomes in Nigeria

Lambert A. Ihebuzor, Noel A. Ihebuzor
This paper examines the importance of effective graphics of communication in the design of books for effective teaching-learning outcomes. The paper underscores the critical importance of textbooks in the teaching-learning dyadic relationship. It reiterates the fact that textbooks are veritable sources of information and communication to the teachers and learners. It thus elucidates the need for the provision of suitable illustrative materials for textbook publishing and development. The paper t...


Jul 27, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Characteristics of the Incised Valley in the Jurassic of the West Junggar Basin and Its Prospect Direction, NW China

Kun Wang
Incised valley is an important kind of depositional system in the Chepaizi area, west Junggar Basin. In this paper, incised valley depositional system and its prospect direction in the area were obtained with the analysis of seismic reflection, depositional and logging characters. The results show that the Chepaizi uplift Jurassic developed four kinds of filling modes including vertical aggradation, side aggradation, disorder and compound mode and three kinds of distribution type including unita...


Jul 24, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Overwhelming Postsplenectomy Infection for Splenectomized HCV Patients

Naoki Hashimoto
Pegylated-interferon (IFN) plus ribavirin remains the most effective therapeutic regimen for patients with chronic hepatitis C interferon. Thrombocytopenia is a common side effect of this treatment, often leading to discontinuation of a potentially curative therapy. Splenectomy was a clinically effective treatment for hepatitis C virus-associated thrombocytopenia. Splenectomy in patients with hepatitis C cirrhosis is now safer prelude to antiviral treatment. Overwhelming post splenectomy infecti...


Jul 24, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Strangulation of Penis: Two Cases Report & Review

Snigdha Goyal, Isha Saini, Sunder Goyal
Various metallic and non-metallic objects are placed over the penis to increase sexual performance or because of sexual gratification. Hypersexuality can be cause of such bizarre behaviors. We present two cases of perversion due to hypersexual behavior. One patient used a hard plastic disposable cold drink bottle nozzle over his penis for masturbation which resulted in strangulation of the penis. In the 2nd case, a constricting ring was used to prolong the erection which resulted in n...


Jul 23, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Vein of Galen Malformations: Case Report & Review

Snigdha Goyal, Sunder Goyal, Isha Saini, Sarita Bishnoi
Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations (VGAMs) are rare congenital abnormalities that can cause severe morbidity and mortality. VGAMs present in different way from vein of Galen aneurysmal dilatations (VGADs). The VGAMS have a parenchymal arteriovenous malformation that drains through the vein of Galen whereas VGADs may present with intracranial hemorrhage. In neonates VGAMs result in high-output cardiac failure. Surgery offers little improvement, with fatal outcomes in 80% to 100% of cases.


Jul 22, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Lab Based Analysis of Speed Control of DC Motor by Using Different Semiconductor Power Converters

Abdul Khalique Junejo, Ghullam Mustafa Bhutto, Munawar Ayaz Memon, Ehsan Ali Buriro
The flexible control of DC motor has been donated in the extensive use of DC motor in the era of industry, as the increasing usage of semiconductor power converter units. The speed control of DC motor is very sophisticated and specific. The speed of DC motor has been controlled by controlling the armature voltage by using thyristors. The armature voltage is controlled by using the different types of AC to DC semiconductor converters such as half wave converter, semi converter and full wave conve...


Jul 22, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Congenital Lesions of Tip of Nose: Report of Two Cases with Review

Snigdha Goyal, Sunder Goyal, Isha Saini, Amit Jain
Tip of nose is most prominent part of the face. It has an aesthetic importance as well as influence on the psyche of children. Midline congenital lesions like dermoid cyst and haemangioma confined to the tip of nose are rare. Being midline structure of body congenital condition like dermoid cyst occurs due to the sequestration of the skin along the lines of embryonic closure. Haemangioma is another common congenital lesion of face in childhood. But haemangioma confined only to tip of nose is unc...


Jul 21, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Semantic Memory Association, Procedural Grammar Syntax and Episodic Modality Coordination as Three Interactive Neural Processes Organizing Language: A Model

Zi-Jian Cai
In the declarative/procedural model of language, it assumes the semantic words as declarative memories while the grammatical syntax as procedural rules, whereas it is herein suggested that different words associate with different cortical modalities, so that it is necessary to consider the modality coordination of words episodic in meanings in sentences. In evidence, stuttering is intact on grammar but impaired on fluency, so that the dopaminergic system, with antagonists alleviating and genes p...


Jul 21, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Primary Retrovesical Hydatid Cyst: Two Cases Report with Review

Snigdha Goyal, Isha Saini, Sunder Goyal
Hydatid cyst is common in the liver and lung but extremely rare in pelvic cavity. Pelvic hydatid cyst may present with pressure symptoms on ureter or urinary bladder and may result in bilateral hydronephrosis or retention of urine. Bilateral hydroureteronephrosis is one of the rare presentations of pelvic hydatid disease. Hereby, we report two cases of primary pelvic hydatid cyst: one was with bilateral hydronephrosis with nonfunctioning right kidney and another was asymptomatic.


Jul 21, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Familial Keloid in Indian Scenario: Case Report and Review of Literature

Snigdha Goyal, Isha Saini, Sunder Goyal
Keloid disease is a fibro proliferative skin tumor and occurs after a skin trauma in genetically vulnerable individuals. Etiology of keloid is unclear. Causative factors for keloid are increased familial aggregation, a higher prevalence in certain races, parallelism in identical twins, and alteration in gene expression. It appears that the surroundings activate the disease in genetically susceptible individuals. Several genes are considered responsible for keloid disease, but no single gene muta...


Jul 20, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Space-Time Description of Cross Sections and Durations of Neutron-Nucleus Scattering near 1 - 2 Resonances in the C- and L-Systems

V. S. Olkhovsky
The appearance of time advance (due to distortion by the non-resonant background) instead of the expected time delay in the region of a compound-nucleus resonance in the center-of-mass (C-) system is known. Here at the same conditions we study cross sections and durations of the neutron-nucleus scattering in the laboratory (L-) system. Here there are a review of papers where it is shown that such time advance is a virtual paradox and in the L-system the time-advance phenomenon does not occur and...


Jul 20, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Analysis of Students’ Academic Performance in General English in Kwara State College of Education (Tech.), Lafiagi, Nigeria

Shola Sunday Olanipekun
This paper employed a descriptive survey study of students’ academic performance in General English 1V (GSE 221) of 2012/2013 academic session in the Kwara State College of Education (Tech.) Lafiagi, Nigeria. Two hundred and eighty-six students were sampled for the study. Pro- foma was used to collect data. Frequency count and percentage, frequency bar chart, t-test and descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data collected. The results showed that students’ academic performance in Gener...


Jul 17, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Prevalence of Intestinal Helminthiases and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic of Nigist Eleni Mohammed Memorial Hospital, Hossana, Southern Ethiopia

Dawit Jember Tesfaye, Wassie Gebi Beshir, Tariku Dejene, Tsegaye Tewelde
Background: In the developing world, young women, pregnant women, and their infants and children frequently experience repeated helminthic infection, that lead to anemia, intrauterine growth retardation and low birth weight. Despite the difference in distribution of helminths infection within a country, the information on prevalence of intestinal Helminthiases and its associated risk factors among pregnant women in the area is lacking. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the prevalence of i...


Jul 17, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Role of Puppets in Kindergarten Education in Cyprus

Cagda Kivanc Caganaga, Ayten Kalmis
This qualitative research aims to investigate that if the puppets can be used as a teaching tool in kindergarten education and how it is effective for children to learn. The question that this research is trying to find out is who the pre-school language learners are. The data are gathered using two different kinds of research methods: observation and interview. It is a case study in which 20 kindergarten children are taught English with a puppet named Pepe and students are observed whether or n...


Jul 16, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Progress towards the Global Eradication of Dracunculiasis

Adekunle Sanyaolu, Chuku Okorie, Yashika Dixon, Muguette Kemajou, Krystel Ly, Elizabeth Mathew, Jerome Nchamukong, Pooyan Nikookar, Roselin Ogunjimi, Risha Patidar, Sonam Sharma, Justin Woei
Dracunculus medinensis is a parasitic infection that can be prevented but still endemic in few countries today. Most individuals are not even aware that they are infected until when the symptoms develop. Contaminated drinking water, endemicity for the disease, and previous history of infection are the major risk factors for transmission of this disease. The Guinea worm’s life-cycle begins in contaminated water and ends within the human body. A host is necessary for the survival of this pa...


Jul 16, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Hemodynamic Forces Effective in Reshaping Vascular Geometry

Erhan Kiziltan
Besides the medical education, simulations became an attractive diagnostic method in some clinical cases. Recent advances in computerized image processing bring new practices entitled as “patient specific simulation” to the agenda. One of the successful applications which examines hemodynamic forces as a result of the interaction between blood flow and vessel wall constitutes the topic of this study. In this study, the terms and laws which provided a theoretical basis for the hemodynamic forces ...


Jul 15, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Outcome of Management of 5 Cases of Abdominal Pregnancies

Augustine Ochigbo Ojabo, Samuel Kuma Hembah-Hilekaan, Onyemocho Audu, Ehiagwina Andrew Okoh, Nwoyi Otu Oka
Abdominal pregnancies are rare; however, they are still frequently missed pre-operatively. This presents diagnostic and treatment dilemma especially in resource-constrained settings where CT-scan and MRI are not readily available for accurate diagnosis. Five cases of abdominal pregnancies were managed over an eighteen-year period. In 2 cases, the condition was diagnosed preoperatively. The age range of the patients was from 32 to 36 years with a mean of 32.4 years. All 5 patients recovered fully...


Jul 15, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Newtonian Computation of Perihelion Precession of Mercury—An Update

Rajat Roy
A updated numerical evaluation of the Newtonian component of Mercury’s perihelion advance over more than two centuries starting from about the year 2000 is made using the Euler’s algorithm as well as a modified Euler algorithm. Results are given for about the last 30 years of this interval which show that the precession rate may be substantially higher than what it is believed to be.


Jul 14, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Development of High Protein and Vitamin A Flakes from Sweet Potato Roots and Leaves

Nicanor Obiero Odongo, George Ooko Abong, Michael Wandayi Okoth, Edward G. Karuri
Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is one of the most important, versatile and unexploited crops in Kenya. The crop is well adapted to smallholder farming systems, inexpensive to produce, relatively drought tolerant and gives high yields even with minimum inputs. Although widely produced in Kenya, sweet potato remains primarily a subsistence crop. Lack of organized marketing, limited consumer interest and low value addition activities are some of the factors that have contributed to low comme...


Jul 13, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Prevalence and Socio-Demographic/Economic Risk Factors of Low and High Body Mass Index of Urban versus Rural Pregnant Women at Booking for Antenatal Care in Governmental Health Centers of Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia

Chernet Hailu, Tariku Dejene, Bosena Tebeje
Background: Low Body Mass Index (BMI) continues to be a major health burden in addition to the emergence of new competing public health priority (high BMI) in developing countries. Abnormal BMI threatens both the health and survival of mothers and their infants, because it increases their susceptibility to life-threatening problems during pregnancy, and during and following childbirth. Although a number of studies done on nutrition, none was done in pregnancy in our country including Jimm...


Jul 10, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Multilayer Coulomb Structures: Mathematical Principia of Microcosm Mechanics

Joseph J. Smulsky
The problem of a rotating planar multilayer structure with Coulomb interaction is formulated in the paper. The absence of solutions of the problem is proven. Based on this problem the method of constructing planar structures with differential rotation of the layers is developed. A number of structures are received and their dynamics and stability are studied by numerical methods with assistance of the system Galactica. The planar structures are unstable. Identified ways are found to improve the ...


Jul 09, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Casualisation of Labour in Academic Libraries: Experience of Babcock University Library

Glory Onoyeyan
This paper explored casualisation of labour in academic libraries and its effect on employees. Although casualization of labour is mainly for the unskilled and for those with low educational qualification, it has become a growing concern as persons with skilled and specialized training are being subject to casualization. Academic libraries in Nigeria do not spare the scourge of casual employment. Through the analysis of literature, the paper took a look on casualization of labour in academic lib...


Jul 08, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Unidimensional Inhomogeneous Isotropic Elastic Half-Space

Igor Petrovich Dobrovolsky
The homogeneous system of the equations of the linear theory of elasticity for the isotropic environment with one-dimensional continuous heterogeneity is considered. Bidimensional transformation Fourier is applied and the problem for images is led to the ordinary differential equations. Generally, the differential equations are transformed in integro-differential and the algorithm of such transformation is resulted. Solutions of specific problems are resulted.


Jul 07, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Influence of Seeds and Roots Extracts and Exudates of Bean Plant on Growth of Some Pathogenic Fungi

Zahra Ibrahim El-Gali
Extracts and exudates of seeds and roots of plant play a role in plant health and attracted the pathogen to the host. This study was conducted the effect of extract and exudates from bean seeds and roots on fungal growth of Botrytis cinerea, Macrophomina phaseolina and Rhizoctonia solani. Chemical analysis of extract and exudates was also studied. Seed and root extracts and exudates obtained from Libyan cv. gave the most stimulating effect on the mycelia growth of all tested...


Jul 07, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Of a Fatigued Thick-Walled Cylindrical Pipe on the Brink of Yielding

Nzerem Francis Egenti
The response to stress delivered by a non-isochoric hollow cylinder is critical to its future life and integrity. The design of cylinders must emphasize durability; therefore, the knowledge of the yield stress of the constituent material is essential. The stress component of a pressurized compressible circular cylinder made of non-linearly elastic material was considered here and the yield stress was determined.


Jul 06, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Rice Yield Gap Minimization in Central Bangladesh: Using and Adapting Existing Technologies

Md. Khairul Quais, Md. Mahbubur Rahman Dewan, Amina Khatun, Hasina Sultana
Rice (Oryza sativa L.) in the dry season (Boro) followed by rice in the wet season (Aman) is the major cereal cropping system in Bangladesh. The average productivity (7 Mg·ha﹣1) of this system is far below attainable yields (14 Mg·ha﹣1) in farmers’ fields, resulting in a large yield gap mainly due to farmers’ traditional management practices. Narrowing yield gap is a vital complementary strategy in improving rice yield and consequently enhancing food security. We eva...


Jul 03, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Plant Pathogenic Alternaria Species in Libya

Abdalla M. El-Alwany
This study was carried out to identify unknown Alternaria species or less known as plant pathogenic anamorphic fungi from Benghazi District. Plant materials with fungal signs and symptoms were collected and examined to identify causal agents. Five species—A. brassicae (on Eruca sativa), A. longipes (on Nicotiana glauca), A. tenuissima (on Ficus carica), A. triticicola (on Hordeum vulgare L.) and Alternaria state of Pleospor...


Jul 02, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Monitoring and Evaluation of Physical Facilities of the Bulacan State University: Basis for the Development of Facility Management Policy Guide

Romulo B. Panotes
The objective of this study is to analyze the extent of monitoring and evaluation of the physical facilities of Bulacan State University as basis for the development of a facility management policy guide. The respondents of the study were members of the administrative and academic council and all of the support staff in the university. Findings revealed that the administrators assessed that the physical facilities, Buildings, Classrooms, Library, Laboratory, Assembly and Athletic Facilities, Med...


Jul 01, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Infant and Young Child Feeding Practice Status and Associated Factors among Mothers of under 24-Month-Old Children in Shashemene Woreda, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Fanos Yonas, Mekuria Asnakew, Mekitie Wondafrash, Misra Abdulahi
Background: Infant and young child feeding is a cornerstone of care for childhood development. In Ethiopia, very large proportions of women do not practice optimal breastfeeding and complementary feeding for their children. Composite variables of infant and young child feeding index based on key indicators identified by WHO are not studied in Ethiopia; also there are no studies which document infant and young child feeding practices patterns and associated factors with inappropriate feeding prac...


Jun 30, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Art of Collaborative Autoethnography: Exploring the Evolution of a Self-Organizing, Non-Traditional Doctoral Cohort

Ashley Gleiman, Davin Knolton, Kevin Mokhtarian
Using collaborative autoethnography methods, this article presents the exploration of three non- traditional doctoral student’s journey as they evolved into a self-organized cohort. Individual processes involving self-authorship, self-observation, personal reflections and analysis, combined with group dialogues and conversations about the experience lead to a formed sense of community amongst the researchers. Composite themes develop through a collaborative analysis of individual personal narrat...


Jun 30, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Greenness, Plant Height and Yellow Berry of the Wheat Grain in Response to Paclobutrazol

Agustín Zárate Márquez, Juan Francisco Ponce Medina, Leopoldo Partida Ruvalcaba, Felipe Ayala Tafoya, Moisés Gilberto Yánez Juárez, Teresa de Jesús Velázquez Alcaraz, Raymundo Medina López
To know the response of the wheat in the greenness, plant height and grain with yellow berry, paclobutrazol (PBZ) was applied to the foliage of the cultivars “Cachanilla F-2000”, “Yécora F-70” and “Yécora Red”. Doses were 0 (control), 50, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300 and 350 mg of PBZ L1 of water, which were applied only once with a hand pump. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with four replications; experimental units of four rows of 20 m long, which were...


Jun 30, 2015Open    AccessArticle

A Postcolonial Reading of the Triumphant Entry

Adegbite Deborah Doyinsola, Adegbite Olusola Deborah
This paper explores the Matthean version of the Triumphant Entry from a Nigerian postcolonial perspective. The methodology used is the exegesis of the passage using a Reader Response criticism to understand the contextual and typological contemporary meanings of the passage. The result showed that the colonial harbinger of the gospel message introduced a colonized gospel that robbed the people of the liberation they ought to experience through the gospel.


Jun 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Persistent Epidural Fluid at the Cervical Spine Level, Lessons from Radiology

Madhumani N. Rupasingh, Naveen Vanga, Aseem R. Hemmad, Sonya A. Johnson
Following an accidental dural puncture during the placement of epidural anesthesia, leakage of cerebrospinal fluid occurs. This leads to tugging on intracranial pain-sensitive structures and causes a headache that is postural in nature. According to radiology literature, the presence of retro spinal fluid collections has been associated with the diagnosis of spontaneous intracranial hypotension. The characteristic C1-C2 radiographic sign, called the C1-C2 false localizing sign, can be found on m...


Jun 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome in Children with Mucopolysaccharidoses II (Hunter Syndrome)

A. A. Baranov, L. S. Namazova-Baranova, N. D. Vashakmadze, A. K. Gevorkyan, L. M. Kuzenkova, T. V. Podkletnova, O. V. Kozhevnicova, B. B. Altunin
In order to assess the prevalence and dynamics of changes of basic parameters of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) at mucopolysaccharidoses II (MSP II) cardiorespiratory monitoring was performed for 17 children. Slight OSAS (apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) was 1.5 - 5) was diagnosed in 4 patients (23.5%), moderate OSAS (AHI was 5 - 10)—in 4 patients (23.5%), severe OSAS (AHI was higher than 10)—in 2 patients (11.8%). AHI median at Hunter syndrome was 5.3 ± 6.9/ hour. In the group of infants (...


Jun 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Effect of Feeding Regimes on Measurements of Carcass Dimensional and Proximate Composition of Blackhead Ogaden Sheep

Fasil Negussie, Mengistu Urge, Yosef Mekasha, Getachew Animut
A study was conducted with the objective to assess the effects of feeding regimes on carcass measurements and proximate composition of finishing Blackhead Ogaden (BHO) sheep. Twenty-four lambs with mean initial body weight of 17.3 ± 0.52 kg were blocked into 6 groups of four lambs based on weight. Lambs in each block were randomly assigned to one of the four dietary treatments. During the growth phase, natural grass hay was offered ad libitum and a mixture of Acacia albida and C...


Jun 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Treatment-Seeking Alcohol and Cocaine Dependent Individuals with High BMIs and below Average Fitness Levels

Jennifer G. Plebani
Participation in sports and exercise has been shown to help prevent the development of substance use and abuse among adolescents. The protective mechanisms may involve mood, self-efficacy or simply the incompatibility between peak athletic performance and acute intoxication. In addition, prior research has found that aerobic exercise is useful for reducing tension and stress during recovery from substance use disorders (Read & Brown, 2003). However, fitness and exercise levels among substance-de...


Jun 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

The Influence of Head Librarians’ Leadership Styles on Job Satisfaction of Librarians’ in Tertiary Institution Libraries in Imo State, Nigeria

Uchenna Nwaigwe
A general opinion that is supported by research is that leadership style in any organization exerts a major influence on the structure, strategy and well being of the organization. In the library environment therefore, the influence of leadership style on the job satisfaction of librarians is very crucial to the success of the library. Common observations from informal interactions with librarians who work in the libraries show that leadership styles in tertiary institution libraries in Imo stat...


Jun 29, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Watershed Management in Highlands of Ethiopia: A Review

Tesfa Worku, Sangharsh Kumar Tripathi
Watershed is not only a hydrological unit for hydrologist but also a socio-political-ecological entity for rural community. Ethiopian highlands hailing as the cradle of humanity and home to about  80% of the population helped shelter from foreign conquest and making a strong base of rural community. The area is threatened with erosion and loss of agricultural productivity. The soil and water conservation program initiated in 1970 achieved only limited success due to its failure in addressin...


Jun 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Job Stress and Pyschological Well-Being among Library Employees: A Survey of Library Staff in Selected University Libraries in South-West Nigeria

Chinyere N. Ikonne
The study investigated job stress and the psychological well-being of library employees. It closely looked into role predictors of job stress namely, role ambiguity and role conflict as well as physical work environment issues; to determine their relationships on the psychological well-being of library staff in selected University libraries in South-West Nigeria. Survey research design was used for the study. The population consisted of 125 library staff. Sampling was total enumeration so as to ...


Jun 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Physicochemical and Bacteriological Analysis of Well Water in Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna State

I. A. Allamin, M. B. Borkoma, R. Joshua, I. B. Machina
The study was carried out to determine the physicochemical and bacteriological quality of well water from Kaduna metropolis. The physiochemical quality of the water was analyzed using FAO (1997) method and the result obtained showed that the water sample was acidic, some neutral but they all fell within the range as recommended by WHO, and NAFDAC, the water sample fell within the recommended range for Nitrite, turbidity, conductivity and chloride. The bacteriological quality of the water was als...


Jun 26, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Prevalence of Urinary Tract Infection among Children Attending Babban Mutum Science Primary School Shekal, Bauchi State, Nigeria

I. A. Allamin, I. B. Machina, M. Ibn Abbas, K. I. Angale
The study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Urinary Tract Infection among children attending Babban Mutum Science Primary School Shekal, Bauchi State, Nigeria. The study was carried out between May to July 2014. Among apparently healthy pupils, a questionnaire was administered to determine the risk factors from different age groups, sex, and bed wetting history. One hundred (100) clean-catch urine samples were obtained from the pupils using standard procedures. Microbial culture on Cy...


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