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Jul 30, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Enucleation Followed by Open Packing of Iodoform Gauze in Mandibular Unicystic Ameloblastoma: A Case Report

Vijay Kumar, Raman Kant Sinha

Unicystic ameloblastoma is a clinical subtype of ameloblastoma. According to Ackermann there are three types of unicystic ameloblastoma microscopically. Luminal unicystic ameloblastoma belongs to the Ackermann type-1 unicystic ameloblastoma. They frequently affect young people and may behave aggressively. A general agreement has been made for aggressive type of unicystic ameloblastomas are managed aggressively to eradicate the lesions completely by radic...



Jul 30, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Negatively Charged Oxygen Ions as a Plasma Diagnostic Tool: Application to Comets

Sreekala Gopinathan, Sijo Sebastian, Noble Abraham, Savithri Devi, Venugopal Chandu, Renuka Gangadharan
We study the stability of the ion-acoustic (IA) wave in a collisional plasma composed of hydrogen, positively and negatively charged oxygen ions, electrons and neutral atoms. This composition approximates very well the plasma environment around a comet. A solution of the dispersion relation yields a frequency for the IA wave at around the hydrogen plasma frequency. The growth/ damping rate is sensitively dependent on the ring parameters u⊥s (the ring speed) an...


Jul 29, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Simulation and Comparative Analysis of SS-LMS & RLS Algorithms for Electronic Dispersion Compensation

Gurpreet Kaur, Gurmeet Kaur

In this paper electronic feed forward equalization is performed to mitigate the link chromatic dispersion. The equalizer coefficients are computed by a decision-directed process based on the sign-sign least mean square and the recursive least square algorithm. Therefore, this paper evaluates the performance of these algorithms in chromatic dispersion compensation at bit rate of 10 Gb/s. This paper compares these two adaptation algorithms for receiver based on analogue elec...



Jul 29, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Test Site/In-Situ Data for Earth Observation in Case of Limited Field Data Access

Rustam B. Rustamov, Sabina N. Hasanova

Remote sensing (RS) is the method making possible of observing, recording and collecting of objects or features on the Earth from distant places. There is no direct contact with the investigated objects. It is reflecting radiation scattering from the Earth surface content information in the form of wavelengths in different range of spectrum. Main source of the information comes from satellites forming as space image. A further step of the analyses of spa...



Jul 28, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Activity Limitation in the Elderly People and Inequalities in Brazil

André Luiz Barbosa de Lima, Kenio Costa de Lima
Functional status decline in elderly individuals can compromise home life and lead to social isolation. Therefore, we aimed to determine the influence of income inequality on the limitation of activities among elderly people in Brazil. The present study included 18,484 individuals aged 60 years old or more from data of the Health Supplement of the National Household Sample Survey (PNAD), conducted in 2008. Random effects ordinal regression was proposed for multilevel analysis of the Global Activ...


Jul 28, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Comparative Study between Metformin and Laparoscopic Ovarian Drilling for Ovulation Induction, Achievement of Pregnancy and Live Birth in Asian Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: A Prospective Trial

Samsad Jahan, Samira Humaira Habib, Md. Sakandar Hyet Khan, Akter Jahan, Reefat Nayer, Farzana Sharmin

Objective: To compare the efficacy of metformin and laparoscopic ovarian drilling to be used in anovulatory patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) for ovulation induction and pregnancy achievement. Materials and Methods: Setting and Design: A prospective clinical trial conducted in the outpatient department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics of BIRDEM hospital from August 2008 to August 2013. Patient(s): Three hundred and eight newly diagnosed patie...



Jul 28, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Validation of Optimum Algorithm Parameters Required to Estimate Vocal Tract Shape for Children Using LPC Analysis

Nilashree S. Wankhede, Milind S. Shah

Severe or profound deafness in hearing impaired children, can curb their ability to speak due to the lack of auditory feedback. There has been a considerable attempt in developing commercial speech training aids for such children which give feedback of acoustic and articulatory parameters. Speech training aids based on visual feedback of vocal tract shape (VTS) are reported to be useful for the improvement in speech production. Since realistic VTS estima...



Jul 25, 2014Open    AccessArticle

A HILIC Mechanism Discussion for the Retention of HP-β-CD

Jianqiang Wei, Hui Wang, Song Wu
A hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) method coupled with a refractive index (RI) detector was developed for the determination of hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD). This HILIC method used simple acetonitrile/water (80/20, v/v) as the mobile phase to provide sufficient retention for HP-β-CD. The method was found to be specific without interference from the other constituents in pharmaceutics. The method was also validated for linearity and accuracy of t...


Jul 25, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Surface Modification and Dielectric Response Investigation of Cellulose Acetate Membrane Treated by ArF Excimer Laser

Ali Pourakbar Saffar, Babak Jaleh, Parviz Parvin, Pikul Wanichapichart, Mahdi Farshchi-Tabrizi

Lasers are used to modify the surface morphology, crystallinity, chemical composition, reactivity and resistivity of polymer surfaces. In this work, several cellulose acetate membranes were exposed by ArF excimer laser, 193 nm, at 2 - 20 UV pulses, with 100 - 350 mJ/pulse energy, at 1 Hz pulse repetition rate. Characterization techniques viz. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Contact angle measurement, Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), At...



Jul 25, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Topology Preserving Discretization Schemes for Digital Image Segmentation and Digital Models of the Plane

Alexander V. Evako

In this paper, discretization schemes are defined and studied that allow us to build digital models of 2-dimensional continuous objects with the same topological properties as their continuous counterparts. In particular, it is shown that the digital model of the plane is necessarily the digital 2-surface defined and studied in the context of digital topology. It is shown that in proposed discretization schemes, any required resolution can be used in any...



Jul 25, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Analysis of Outdoor Human Thermal Comfort within Three Major Cities in Egypt

Mahmoud Bady

In this study, two thermal comfort indices are employed to investigate outdoor human thermal comfort within three major cities of different climates in Egypt. The indices are: the Discomfort Index (DI), and the Robaa Index (RI). The three considered cities are: Alexandria which is located in the north of Egypt, Cairo which is located in the middle and Aswan city which is located in the south of Egypt. The estimations of the two indices are based on the mean wind data of th...



Jul 24, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Reduction of Low Grade Egyptian Manganese Ore via Hydrogen at 800℃ - 950℃

Hala H. Abd El-Gawad, M. M. Ahmed, N. A. El-Hussiny, M. E. H. Shalabi
Low grade manganese ore fine was briquetted with different amounts of molasses under different pressure was studied in this investigation. In this study, the characterizations of raw materials were studied by different methods of analyses such as X-ray and chemical analyses. The results of briquetting show that as the pressing pressure load increased both the drop damage resistance and crushing strength increased and the optimum amount of molasses added was 2% and the pressing pressure was 216.7...


Jul 24, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Bioactive Compounds and Properties of Seaweeds—A Review

Archana Pal, Mohit Chandra Kamthania, Ajay Kumar

In last three decades the discovery of metabolite and biological activities from macroalgae has been increased significantly. Many sophisticated modern research tools are available for making of chemical compound but there are still many natural bioactive compounds in the womb of nature which is a mystery, scientist are still working to find out more biologically active compounds. Bioactive substances from seaweeds currently receive the more attention fr...



Jul 24, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Characteristics of Diamond-Like Carbon Thin Film Semiconductor for Photovoltaic Application

K. M. A. Hussain, T. Faruqe, J. L. Sullivan

Diamond-Like Carbon (DLC) thin film semiconductors were produced by Radio Frequency Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapour Deposition (RF-PECVD) method and characterized by nanoindentation to investigate its mechanical properties for protective coating applications. The XRD analysis showed that the films were hydrogenated amorphous carbon (a-C:H) nature. The thickness of the films was measured by Ellipsometry and Profilometry. The thickness variation with depos...



Jul 23, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Characteristics and Operation Conditions of a Closed-Field Unbalanced Dual Magnetrons Plasma Sputtering System

Bahaa T. Chiad, Mohammad K. Khalaf, Firas J. Kadhim, Oday A. Hammadi

In this work, a home-made closed-field unbalanced magnetron system for plasma sputtering purposes was constructed and operated. The effect of magnetron was introduced by comparing the obtained Paschen’s curve in existence of magnetron with and without magnetron. Characterization of Paschen’s curve as well as discharge current with gas pressure at different distances between the discharge electrodes was introduced. Optimum conditions to operate such home-...



Jul 22, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Treatment Outcomes and Associated Risk Factors of Severely Malnourished under Five Children Admitted to Therapeutic Feeding Centers of Mekelle City, Northern Ethiopia

Melaku Gebremichael, Afework Mulugeta Bezabih, Mache Tsadik

Background: Despite presence of clinical management protocols for treating severe acute malnutrition, its case fatality rate remains high in health facilities from developing countries. Objectives: To assess treatment outcomes and associated risk factors for death of children aged 6 - 59 months with complicated severe acute malnutrition. Methods: A cohort of 469 children aged 6 - 59 months with complicated severe acute malnutrition admitted to nutritiona...



Jul 22, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Bell’s Palsy “Laqwa”: Survey Based Study

Safila Naveed, Hafiza Nimal Tasleem

Bell’s palsy is an acute disorder of the facial nerve in which full or partial loss of the movement on one side of face occurs. The Bell’s palsy gets better without treatment in most, but not all, people. Swelling or inflammation of this nerve can also cause Bell’s palsy. Physical therapies exercise, massage, laser, electrotherapy and thermotherapy used to hasten recovery. Many people who have a Bell’s palsy at first think that they have a stroke. Bell’s...



Jul 22, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Feeding and Growth Inhibition Activities of Tragia involucrata Linn (Euphorbiaceae) on Achaea janata (Linn.) (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera) and Pericallia ricini (Fab.) (Lepidoptera: Arctidae)

Alagarmalai Jeyasankar, Venkatachalam Chennaiyan, Tamilarasu Chinnamani, Gnanasekaran Ramar

To evaluate the growth and feeding inhibitory activities leaves extract of Tragia involucrata tested against third instar larvae of Achaea janata and Pericallia ricini. Feeding inhibition, larvicidal and growth inhibitory activities were tested with different solvent extracts of hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate. Chloroform extracts showed promising feeding deterrent and larvicidal acti...



Jul 22, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Bone Healing by the Use of Intramedullary Pinning in Dogs

Bouknine Asma, Boudra Abdellatif, Hamdi Mohame, Hamri Mokhtar, Rezki Hamza

Femur is the most commonly fractured bone in dogs. This work is interested in the technical aspects of ostheosythesis with intramedullary pinning, and a quality of functional and bone healing results. Our experimentation involved the use of four healthy male dogs, by causing a transverse osteotomy in the mid shapt of in the left femur, with clinical and radiological follow established. Our results show that the intramedullary pinning is the most secure m...



Jul 21, 2014Open    AccessArticle

The Effect of Climate Change and Variability on the Livelihoods of Local Communities: In the Case of Central Rift Valley Region of Ethiopia

Mikias Biazen

A study was conducted with the objectives of investigating the effect of climate change and variability on the livelihood of the local community in Arsi Negele District, Central Refit Valley Region of Ethiopia using group discussions, structured questionnaire and personal observations. The trends of climate change and variability in the study area showed gradual change. Erratic rainfall, frequent rain delay, heavy and un-seasonal rainfall, drought, and seasonal variations ...



Jul 21, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Optimal Asset Allocation Strategy for Defined-Contribution Pension Plans with Different Power Utility Functions

Qingping Ma

The relationship between the optimal asset allocation and the functional form of power utility is investigated for defined-contribution (DC) pension plans. The horizon dependence of optimal pension portfolios is determined by the argument of the power utility function. The optimal composition of pension portfolios is horizon independent when terminal utility is a power function of wealth-to-wage ratio, and deterministically horizon dependent when terminal utility is a func...



Jul 21, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Gestational Hypervolemic Hypertension Is Clinically Different from “Classical” Preeclampsia

Eszter Hantosi, Zsolt Ifi, Sára Jeges, József Bódis, Péter Tamás

Objective: Homogenous pathogenesis of preeclampsia has been challenged. We examined the clinical characteristics of preeclamptic patients with discordant fetal growth which is one of the controversial issues in preeclampsia. Methods: Clinical index values including central hemodynamics of third-trimester preeclamptic patients with distinct fetal birth weights (group A: birth weight ≥ 50th percentile; n = 23 and group B: birth weight < 50th percentile; n ...



Jul 18, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Cup marks: Rock art of Megalithic Stone Circles of Junapani

Riza Abbas
In India, cup marks/cupules are the earliest known form of rock art reported from various Prehistoric rock art sites. However, their occurrences have been also noticed on the megalithic tombs at various sites. Occurrence of these cup marks on the megalithic structures in Nagpur was brought to lime light as early as in 1879 by Rivet Carnac. Since then...


Jul 17, 2014Open    AccessArticle

GIS based Inverse Distance Weighting Spatial Interpolation Technique for Fluoride Occurrence in Ground Water

M. Arif, J. Hussain, I. Hussain, S. Kumar, G. Bhati
This study was conducted to evaluate fluoride contamination in ground water of the central part of Nagaur district where ground water is the main source of drinking as well as irrigation. Samples from hand pumps and tube wells of forty four stations were analyzed during the summer session with the help of standard methods of APHA. The analytical results show that eleven ground water samples are unfit for drinking purpose. A map has been prepared using an inverse distance weighting method which s...


Jul 16, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Calculation of Statistics Relating to Periodic Variation

J. J. Howarth
It is often necessary for astronomers to interpret observational data in terms of periodic variation, or an additive combination of periodic variations. This paper shows how statistics relating to periodic variation—the frequency, amplitude and phase - may be inferred from raw observational data and, just as importantly, it provides estimates for the accuracy of such statistics in terms of the observational error. Formulae are given to enable the extraction of these statistics, together with err...


Jul 15, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Lung Cancer with Rare Occurrence of Distal Appendicular Skeletal Metastases

Kishor Taori, Ajinky Patil, Lalit Garg, Ramesh Parate, Priya Tembhare, Rohini Rathod, Jawhar Rathod, Amit Disawal, Anand Hatgaonkar

Distal appendicular skeletal involvement is a rare finding. Skeletal metastases by far is ranked 3rd in place after liver & brain. Among the skeleton, axial skeleton has a predilection. We report a 65-year-old male with lung cancer with distal ulnar metastases. Patient has swelling of left wrist from last 6 months. Physical examination revealed ill-defined, painful, swelling of left wrist joint. Radiograph revealed permeative destruction of distal ul...



Jul 14, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Digestion of Mitochondrial DNA of Some Sudanese camel breeds using three different Restriction Enzymes

M. Sulieman, Yossra A. Malik, S. Sid Ahmed, A. A. Makkawi, Nahid Gornas

The purpose of this study was to estimate relationship between and within some Sudanese camel breeds (Kababeish, Shanabla and Nyalawei) by digestion of mitochondrial DNA using three different restriction enzymes. DNA was extracted from 45 blood samples of Sudanese camels (15 form each breed). Polymerase chain reaction was done using specific primers in order to amplify the D-Loop region. The PCR products were digested using 3 different restriction enzyme...



Jul 11, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Decreasing Glycosylated Hemoglobin with Nutrition, Exercise and Bi-Monthly Telephone Calls in Patients withType 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Shondell V. Hickson, Kathleen Farrell, Patty Orr, Doris Davenport

Background: Decreasing glycosylated hemoglobin (HbgA1c) is a primary diabetes treatment goal. Despite the simplicity of the HbgA1c goal, failure to achieve this goal is a major healthcare concern. Healthcare providers fail to adequately educate patients on how to implement behavioral modifications needed for successful goal achievement. Narrowed focused patient encounters, reliance on patient self-education, denial, and delayed follow-up appointments lim...



Jul 10, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Synthesis of Tri- and Tetracycle Compounds via Reaction of 1,3-Decalinediones and 4-Hydroxycoumarines with 2-Acetyl-2-Cyclohexenes and Biological Testing

Anatoliyi N. Pyrko, Gennadiyi S. Lyubin, Stanislove L. Bondarev

2-Acetyl-5, 5-dimethyl-2-cyclohexen-l-one reacts with decalin-1,3-dions (9a, b) and 4-hydroxy- coumarins (13a, b) following the pattern of a Michael addition with the formation of tricyclic compounds (10a, b and 14a, b). In the case of unsubstituted 2-acetyl-2-cyclohexen-l-one reaction with 4-hydroxycoumarine follows pattern of a DieIs-Alder heterodiene condensation to form tetracycle (15). Dehydration of both types of adduct gives tetracyclic compounds ...



Jul 09, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Every Posterior Fossa Mass Is Not a Tumor— Rare Case Report of Isolated Intracranial Infantile Myofibromatosis

Kishor Taori, Mansi Jain, Lalit Garg, Ajinky Patil, Jawhar Rathod, Rohit Khisti, Amit Disawal, Ramesh Parate, Shyam Chhadi

Infantile myofibromatosis is the most common fibrous disorder of infancy and early childhood. It can present in three formssolitary lesion, multicentric with visceral involvement and multicentric without visceral involvement. Intracranial involvement is rare and when it occurs, it is generally extension of extracranial lesion into the intracranial compartment. H...



Jul 08, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Clinical Analysis of Central Pontine Myelinolysis after Liver Transplantation

Zhixin Wang, Ruiyao Zhang, Kai Qu, Yanyan Zhou, Wei Chen, Xinsen Xu, Fandi Meng, Jichao Wei, Minghui Tai, Jingyao Zhang, Lingqiang Zhang, Yuelang Zhang, Chang Liu

Objective: To discuss the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) by analyzing 4 cases of our center and 26 cases reported by others in our country. Methods: We analyzed the clinical feature, diagnosis and treatment of 4 CPM cases and then compared them with 26 CPM cases reported between 2000 and 2010. Results: The average age of our 4 cases (3 men and 1 woman) was 47.5 years old. All cases were diagnosed by MRI scan. The ...



Jul 07, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Isolated Cardiac Hydatidosis with Rare Involvement of Inter-Ventricular Septum

Kishor Taori, Ajinky Patil, Lalit Garg, Mansi Jain, Jawhar Rathod, Priya Tembhare, Amit Disawal, Ramesh Parate, Shyam Chhadi

Isolated Cardiac hydatidosis is a rare occurrence [1]. Involvement of left ventricle is more common followed by right ventricle, interventricular septum, left atrium, right atrium and interatrial septum. Here, we present a case report of 26-year-old male patient who was suspected to have left ventricle cystic lesion on 2D-Echocardiography whi...



Jul 04, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Ultrasound Guided Saline Hydrostatic Reduction: A Non-Surgical Procedure for the Management of Intussusception in Children

Suvarna Latha, P. M. Venkata Sai, R. K. Bagadi

Introduction: Intussusception is the most common cause of intestinal obstruction in infant & toddler age group. Intussusception is the telescoping of one segment of bowel into the contiguous distal segment. Peak age incidence is between 2 months to 3 years of life. Objective of the study: To prove the efficacy of Ultrasound guided saline hydrostatic reduction, a non surgical, non radiation method in the management of intussusception in children. Mate...



Jul 02, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Comparison of Probability Distributions for Estimation of Peak Flood Discharge

N. Vivekanandan
Estimation of peak flood discharge (PFD) for a given return period is of utmost importance for planning and design of hydraulic structures in the project site. The peak value of a flood discharge having a pre-defined average return period is determined by frequency analysis, known as flood frequency analysis (FFA). The paper compares the eight probability distributions used for estimation of PFD for Malakkara and Neeleswaram. Maximum likelihood method is used for determination of parameters of t...


Jul 01, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Assessment of Infants and Children with Symptoms Suggesting Otitis Media

Mona Ramadan Nasr, Mohamed Esayd, Mona Abdelaal

Symptoms suggesting occurrence of otitis media (OM) in infants and young children are not always right. Objective: Assessment of those infants and children with symptoms suggesting otitis media. Patients & Methods: 113 infants and children were complaining of ear symptoms suggesting otitis media as well as 63 infants and children of same age and sex were not complaining of any of these symptoms suggesting otitis media, were fully investigated prospec...



Jun 30, 2014Open    AccessArticle

About the Proximity of the Languages on the Example of German Languages (Part 2)

Tonko Tonkov

Proximity of languages is defined as an application of a special function distance between sets of points. It is discussed the languages of the German group in the text “Universal Declaration of the human Rights”, translated from the English original, only as an example.



Jun 30, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Work Factors and Commitment of Public Health Care Providers, in Oromiya Region, Ethiopia/2010: The Case of Equity and Extrinsic Factors

Girma Tenkolu Bune, Solomon Hailemariam Tesfaye, Henok Tadesse Ayele, Tadesse Alemu Zerfu
Statistical report of the Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health for the years 2006/7 shows that the number of health professionals in the country is insignificant compared to the demand of the population. The objective of this study is assessing the factors which reduce the commitment of the professional health workers and force them to flee away to other places. For that, a cross-sectional design with multi-stage stratified sampling technique on a total of 660 health workers was employed. Follow...


Jun 30, 2014Open    AccessArticle

A Case Report of Hepatic Lipidosis (HL) in Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis) Fed by High Caloric Broiler Diet in Iran

M. Hedayati, M. Cheraghchi Bashi, S. M. Peighambari
Hepatic lipidosis (HL) is common in birds fed all seed, high caloric or high-fat diets, especially psittacine birds. The most common cause of avian HL is obesity related to over feeding. This case report describes the clinical and pathological features of 10 Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis) fed by commercial broiler diet and were presented for depression and anorexia, with severe hepatopathy associated hepatic lipidosis (HL). The patients died 4 days after presentation, and severe hepat...


Jun 30, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Adsorption of Acid Red 66 Dye from Aqueous Solution by Green Microalgae Acutodesmus obliquus Strain PSV2 Isolated from an Industrial Polluted Site

Prakash Sarwa, Ramya Vijayakumar, Sanjay Kumar Verma

In the present study, Acutodesmus obliquus strain PSV2 was isolated from a textile and dyeing industrial site and investigated as a cost effective and potential adsorbent for Acid red 66 dye. Batch kinetic experiments were carried out as a function of pH (1.0 - 6.0), contact time (0 - 180 min) and initial dye concentration (10 - 50 mg/L) to determine the decolorization efficiency of microalgae. The maximum adsorption of dye was observed at pH 2.0 ...



Jun 30, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Utilization of a New by-Product Material for Soft Subgrade Soil Stabilization

Ahmed Ebrahim Abu El-Maaty Behiry
Silt soil cannot satisfy the requirements of highway construction because of its low strength. A new stabilizer from waste aluminum industry is developed (aluminum chops (AC) and wires (AW)) to evaluate the effect of reinforcing the subgrade with low-cost by-product materials on its mechanical and durability characteristics. Laboratory tests, including modified proctor compaction, compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, and CBR are developed to evaluate the mechanical properties. The d...


Jun 30, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Fossil Fuels Running out: Third Generation Micro Algal Biofuels Showing Light of Hope

Divya Srivastav, Ajay Pratap Singh, Ajay Kumar

Fossil fuels have become the most important part of our lives and they play a very important role in our daily life. Because of increasing population and very high demands of fossil fuels, there will be shortage of these energy resources and there is a fear of depletion of these natural resources. The life is very much dependent of petrol, diesel and other fossil fuels which are being used in our daily activities and the shortage of fossil fuels is makin...



Jun 30, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Towards Identification of Nominal Multiword Expressions in Bengali Language

Tanmoy Chakraborty

Noun-Noun compounds, as a subset of Compound Nouns as well as Nominal Compounds, play an important role in NLP applications like Machine Translation, Information Retrieval because of the token frequency, type frequency and their occurrence in the world’s languages. Recognition of MWEs requires deep or shallow syntactic preprocessing tools and large corpora. The problem is quite difficult in Bengali due to the lack of such tools and large corpora. This pa...



Jun 27, 2014Open    AccessArticle

The Workings of Simurgh Metaphor in Distributed Leadership

Alireza Hejazi

This article offers an organizational metaphor based on an Iranian epic Manteq-o-Teyr or The Logic of Flight. The metaphor is shaped by the story of a wise hoopoe bird whose dream was to reach a mountain called Qaf and find the great king of birds called Simurgh or Thirty Birds. The new enlightenment resonated with the Conference of the Birds, captures the idea of why and how leader and followers should connect their consciousness to each other to achiev...



Jun 27, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Risk Factors of Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: A Matched Case-Control Study

Meseret A. Deressa, Meaza Demissie
Objective: This study determined risk factors associated with MDR-TB among MDR TB/HIV co-  infected cases and TB/HIV co-infected controls attending ART clinics in Addis Ababa. Methods: A health facility based 1:3 matched case-control study was conducted from January to February 2013. Study subjects were selected using multistage probability sampling. Cases were matched to controls using age, sex and HIV sero-positive status. Bivariate and multivariate conditional logistic regression models ...


Jun 27, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Assessment of Violence and Associated Factors among Rural High School Female Students, in Hadiya Zone, Southern Nation and Nationalities Peoples’ Region, Ethiopia, 2013

Taye Letta, Amsalu Feleke, Lemma Derseh

The objective of this study is to assess violence and associated factors among rural high school female students in Hadiya zone, Ethiopia. A school based cross-sectional quantitative study was employed. Multistage sampling technique was used to select study subjects. Self administered questionnaires were used to collect the data and study was conducted on 801 rural high school female students in Hadiya Zone from March 25 to April 25/2013. The overall per...



Jun 27, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Geometric Morphometry and Archaeobotany: Characterisation of Grape Seeds (Vitis vinifera L.) by Analysis of Form

Claudio Milanesi, Lorenzo Costantini, Marco Firmati, Francesca Antonucci, Claudia Faleri, Ariano Buracchi, Mauro Cresti
The external profile of seeds is a good phenotypic descriptor, indicative of the origin and diffusion of grape vines (Vitis vinifera L.) over the centuries. Archaeological seeds conserved in an anaerobic environment after discovery were compared with modern seeds, belonging to eleven autochthonous cultivars, sampled in Tuscan vineyards. To study seed profiles we used geometric morphometric analysis (elliptical Fourier analysis) combined with multivariate statistical methods. When the valu...


Jun 27, 2014Open    AccessArticle

RocFall Analysis: The Distance and Size of Rock Fall from Brighton to Eastbourne

Reem Saghir

A study was performed along 30 km distance of the coast of South England to estimate the size of falling blocks and their extent using RocFall and other computer programmes. In addition to computer analysis, observational analysis was used to identify many factors affecting the size and the end point of falling rocks. The analysis was based along the coastal Chalk cliffs from Brighton to Eastbourne. It involved measurements of dip and dip direction, clas...



Jun 27, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Application of Fixed Point Theorem and Error Bounds

S. A. M. Mohsenialhosseini

This paper is introduced as a survey of the results on some generalization of Banach’s fixed point, their approximations to the fixed point and error bounds, and also contains some new fixed point theorems and applications.



Jun 27, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Female Condoms as a Preventive Measure against HIV/AIDS Infection among University Students in Gaborone, Botswana

Galeage Kaelo, Brothers Wilright Malema
This paper seeks to investigate the predictors of female condom use amongst female university students in Gaborone, Botswana. The study used primary data through the administration of a questionnaire amongst randomly selected respondents to determine the factors behind the use of female condoms. Since the dependent variable had three outcomes, multinomial logistic regression was used. It was found out that only known HIV status was inversely related to the use of the female condom. The other var...


Jun 27, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Pre-Weaning Morbidity and Mortality of Crossbred Calves in Bahir Dar Zuria and Gozamen Districts of Amhara Region, Northwest Ethiopia

Yeshwas Ferede, Hailu Mazengia, Tewodros Bimrew, Addisu Bitew, Mohammed Nega, Adebabay Kebede

A cross-sectional study was conducted from September 2009 to August 2010 with the objective of determining calf morbidity and mortality rates, to investigate the potential risk factors for mortality and morbidity and to determine the type and prevalence of major diseases of crossbred calves in Bahir Dar Zuria and Gozamen districts of Amhara Region. A total of 148 respondents engaged in small holder crossbred dairying were interviewed using a structured q...



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