OALib Journal
  OALib Journal is an all-in-one open access journal (ISSN Print: 2333-9705, ISSN Online: 2333-9721). It accepts a manuscript for the peer review process, typesetting, and publication, allocated to one of the 322 subject areas. The article processing charge for publishing in OALib journal is Only $99. Submit now
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May 26, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Recent Palynology in Caxiuana, Pará, Brazil

Ortrud Monika Barth, Léa Maria Medeiros Carreira
A survey on palynological studies realized in the National Forest of Caxiuana, state of Pará, Brazil, is given. These studies comprise two main issues. Firstly, the morphology of actual pollen grains and spores was described and illustrated. Secondly, pollen grain and spore deposition in a savannah-like area and in “terra-preta-de-índio” (Indian black soil) of the National Forest of Caxiuana were analyzed. Joining this knowledge,
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May 26, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Assessment of the Socia-Economic Benefits of Two Indigenous Fruit Tree: Apple (Gornoaltaiskoje) and Sea Buckthorn (Altaja) to the People of Biger Rural City in Western Region of Mongolia

Gunjargal Balt, Xiaoqian Chen, Suvdantsetseg Balt
The purpose of this research is to assess the socio-economic importance of two indigenous fruit trees of Apple and Sea buckthorn in Biger rural city of Gobi-Altai province, Mongolia. Specifically, the study assesses the contributions of indigenous fruits to household’s cash income and to supply the local fruits demand. This study used a qualitative and quantitative analyzing approach which conducted field survey using semi-structu
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May 26, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Statistical Analysis and Evaluation of Heavy Metal Ions in Soil Environment

Min Tang, Jianping Hou
The paper comprehensively analyzes and evaluates the urban grid soil and rural soil quality and pollution characteristics through methods of single factor index and Nemero comprehensive pollution index on the physical and chemical nature of soil, the element pollutants, organic pollutants and other pollutants. The contents of soil pollutants in rural and urban areas showed that the overall soil quality is good and advice on how to
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May 24, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Correlation between C-Peptide Level and Chronic Microvascular Complications in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Sudanese Patients

Khalid Mohamed Adam, Shiraz Tajelsir, Deya Aldeen Aowad
Background: C-peptide is a by-product of insulin biosynthesis released in the circulation in amount equimolar with that of insulin; therefore C-peptide has been used as an index of insulin secretion and its potential role as a predictor of pancreatic and colorectal cancer and kidney disease have been questioned. The relation between C-peptide and diabetic complications attracted the attention of many investigators but not well est
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May 24, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Ruin Probabilities in Risk Based on a Generalized FGM Dependence Structure

Liyi Wen
In this paper, we consider a discrete time insurance risk model, in which insurance and financial risks jointly follow a bivariate generalized FGM distribution. Assuming that every convex combination of the marginal distributions of insurance and financial risks belongs to strongly regular variation class, we derive some asymptotic equivalence formulas for these probabilities with both finite and infinite time horizons, all in the
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May 23, 2016Open    AccessArticle

A Solution to the World Economic and Financial Crisis

Jiancheng Liu
This paper introduces the matter growth equation, discusses the patterns of economic growth and the growth of labor productivity, analyses the causes of the stagnation and economic crisis and the relationship between the value of currency and the quality of products, and then puts forward the currencies reform and the income distribution schemes, and provides a solution for the world economic and financial crisis.
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May 23, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Improving Rutting Resistance of Flexible Pavement Using Geosynthetics

Ahmed Ebrahim Abu El-Maaty
Unbound base layers deform under load and contribute to the accumulation of ruts. Therefore, this study was concerned with studying the effect of reinforcement on the behavior of unbound granular material that used in flexible pavement layers as a base course. Two main geothynthetic types were used in this study. These types were woven geotextile and geogrid. Two geogrid opening sizes were used (GR105 and GR420). The experimental
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May 23, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Structure of Aldoses Condensation Products with SH-Containing Hydrazides

Andrei Yu Ershov, Igor V. Lagoda, Stanislav I. Yakimovich, Lyudmila Yu Kuleshova, Marina Yu Vasileva, Irina S. Korovina, Valery V. Shamanin
The structure of the condensation products of thiobenzohydrazide, 2-sulfanylacetohydrazide, 3-sulfanylpropiohydrazide, and 2-sulfanylbenzohydrazide with a series of aldoses (L-arabinose, D-ribose, L-rhamnose, D-galactose, D-glucose, and D-mannose) was studied by 1H- and 13C-NMR spectro
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May 18, 2016Open    AccessArticle

China’s Income Distribution System Reform and Income Growth Strategy

Jiancheng Liu
The reform of the income distribution system is an important part of the economic system reform, is an important reflection of economic development and social progress, and is an important guarantee for building a harmonious socialist society. The income distribution gap of our country is mainly reflected in the large income gap between urban and rural areas, the large regional income gap, the large income gap between different in
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May 18, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Correlation between Inflammatory Markers and Lipid Parameters in a Tunisian Coronary Artery Disease Group

Rihab Sendesni, Dhaker Lahidheb, Manel Ayoub, Nedra Grira, Dhekra Lafi, Nejla Stambouli, Mabrouka El Oudi, Ezzedine Ghazouani, Habib Haouala, Zied Aouni, Chakib Mazigh
Aims: To evaluate the relationship between inflammatory biomarkers and lipid parameters in a Tunisian coronary artery disease group. Material and Methods: In the study, we have included 122 subjects with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) confirmed by coronary angiography, selected among patients admitted to the cardiology department and 162 subjects free of any cardiovascular disease, recruited from medical and paramedical volunteers.
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May 17, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Elementary Errors in Contemporary Theoretical Physics

Eliahu Comay
The paper discusses two cases showing crucial effects of error correction. It proves that contrary to the common belief, the electronic state of atoms having more than one electron has a multiconfiguration structure and that the central field approximation provides an inadequate description of the wave function. Fundamental isospin properties prove that baryonic quarks (like those of the
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May 17, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Growth and Potential of Goat Weed (Ageratum conyzoides L.) as Host Plant for Propagation of Mycorrhiza Fungi

Halim, La Karimuna, Fransiscus S. Rembon, Resman, Titin Supriatun
This research was conducted in the net house Sindang Kasih of village, District of West Ranomeeto, Regency of South Konawe, Province of Southeast Sulawesi and Laboratory of the Faculty of Forestry and Environmental Sciences Halu Oleo University Kendari, Indonesia. This study aims to assess the growth and potential of Ageratum conyzoides as host plant propagation
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May 17, 2016Open    AccessArticle

A Complete Set of 22 Elementary Particles for an Expanded Standard Model

Daniel E. Friedmann
Our best understanding of how the known elementary particles and three of the forces (electromagnetic, weak and strong) are related to each other is encapsulated in the Standard Model of particle physics. However, the Standard Model is incomplete as it fails to explain a number of phenomena. The Standard Model relies on a set of elementary particles which are also known to be incomplete. This paper presents a complete set of eleme
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May 17, 2016Open    AccessArticle

DNA to DNA Transcription Might Exist in Eukaryotic Cells

Gao-De Li
Till now, in biological sciences, the term, transcription, mainly refers to DNA to RNA transcription. But our recently published experimental findings obtained from Plasmodium falciparum strongly suggest the existence of DNA to DNA transcription in the genome of eukaryotic cells, which could shed some light on the functions of certain noncoding DNA in the human
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May 13, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Holism and Reductionism: How to Get the Balance Right

Alfred Abächerli
This is an extensive study of the conditions that allow or impede reductionism. After an overview of the different anti-reductionist conditions in approaches like holism, downward causation, emergence, supervenience, and several forms of uncertainty and sensitive dependence, a more detailed analysis of downward causation and holism is presented. For the latter, strong and numerous arguments could be identified why the whole is mor
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May 12, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Community-Based Advanced Practice Nursing (APN): The Road to Vision 2020

Nerminathan Veerasingam, Mustafa Al-Musawi, Presena Selvarajah
Malaysia is a heterogenous, multi-ethnic society with a population of 30 million, of which 74% reside in urban areas. Since gaining independence, the main priority of health policy makers is to provide and enhance the delivery of health care for the disadvantaged communities, namely the rural populations: women, children and the disabled. The Ministry of Health is the main healthcare provider in Malaysia. There has been much devel
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May 10, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Brucellar Epididymoorchitis: A Report of a Rarely Seen Case at Advanced Age

Fulya Bayindir Bilman, Mevliye Yetik, Baris Cicek
Although brucellosis is the most common zoonosis all over the world, epididymoorchitis caused by Brucella species is a rarely seen infection. In this report, we present an adult case of epididymoorchitis caused by brucellosis. Patient complained about swollen and painful testicle. Patient had unilateral epididymoorchitis. Brucellosis was diagnosed serologically with lam agglutination test and Coombs Brucella test positivity (1/1280 titer). Patient was treated with rifampicin and doxycycli...


May 10, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Calculation on Variable Sag in Chain Drives

Changfa Rong
This paper presents a computer-aided analysis to calculate sag in chain drives exactly, which is commonly used in mechanical power transmission. With sprocket rotating, sag in chain drives is different. Sag is a function of meshing position of chain and sprocket. Because sag in chain drives is a variable, the maximum and minimum sag can be obtained by numerical calculation. Corresponding tensions in slack chain are obtained. A computer programme to calculate sag and tensions in slack chain is pr...


May 06, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Immunological, Virological, Parasitic and Biological Profile of Malaria/HIV Co-Infection in 18 Years Old and Above Patients in Lubumbashi (DR Congo)

Christian Kakisingi, Olivier Mukuku, Michel Manika, Augustin Mutombo, Eric Kasamba, Beya Tshikuluila, Paul Mawaw, Claude Mwamba, Oscar Luboya
Introduction: Malaria infection and HIV infection are major public health issues in several parts of the world. Together they have caused more than a million deaths per year. Africa, and Sub-Saharan in particular are the most affected. Our study objective is to determine the prevalence of Malaria/HIV co-infection and describe its immunological, virological, parasitic and biological characteristics. Methodology: This is a descriptive, transversal and multi centric study done on 18 years old and a...


May 04, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Structure of Aldoses Condensation Products with 2-Hydroxy- and 2-Aminobenzohydrazides

Igor V. Lagoda, Andrei Yu Ershov, Stanislav I. Yakimovich, Marina Yu Vasileva, Valery A. Polukeev, Ludmila Yu Kuleshova, Irina S. Korovina, Valery V. Shamanin
The structure of the condensation products of 2-hydroxybenzohydrazide, 2-aminobenzohydrazide, and N-methyl-N-(2-aminobenzo) hydrazide with a series of aldoses (L-arabinose, D-ribose, L- rhamnose, D-galactose, D-glucose, and D-mannose) was studied by 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy. The condensation products of aldoses with 2-hydroxybenzohydrazide and 2-aminobenzohydra- zide in DMSOd6 solutions exist as equilibrium mixtures of linear acylhydrazone and cyclic p...


Apr 29, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Evaluation of Lyme Disease in a Health Worker, and Review of the Literature

Fulya Bayindir Bilman, Mevliye Yetik
Lyme disease (LD) is a multisystemic zoonotic infection disease that occurs in the consequence of contamination of Borrelia type of spirochetes that ticks carry after they have bitten. Typical clinic findings are on the skin and in joints. In this paper, the study on heavy joint pain having suddenly been added to the profile and on limitation of movement, and the process of getting the diagnosis of LD were probed in the patient with lesions on her skin that occurred three months ago. The ...


Apr 29, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Acupuncture in Pediatric Diseases

Demet Tas, Mehmet Tugrul Cabioglu
Acupuncture, which is the most commonly used method among traditional and complementary medicine methods, has recently begun to be used also in pediatric cases. In the present review, acupuncture procedures performed by acupuncture needle in pediatric cases were evaluated. Studies have revealed that there are fields in which acupuncture is beneficial and not recommended for pediatric diseases. The use of acupuncture is recommended for the treatment of nocturnal enuresis, pain, nausea-vomiting an...


Apr 29, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Difficulties in College Algebra of Freshmen Students at the University of Eastern Philippines: Basis for Modular Construction

Olga D. G. Unay, Ida E. Esquierdo, May Jane B. Calpa, Danilo C. Basista, Emilia Vanessa Selena B. Pinca, Fel B. Muncada Jr.
A strong grasp in mathematics is a key factor in ensuring success in mathematics education. This study tried to identify the difficulties in College Algebra of freshmen students in the University of Eastern Philippines during the school year 2013-2014 as basis for modular construction. The performance level was determined by giving a teacher made test to find out the skill areas students were deficient. The causes of their deficiencies were traced as basis for constructing modules. In this study...


Apr 29, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Taking Digital Media to School: A Sociosemiotic Perspective on Educational Portals

Maria Agustina Sabich
In this article we propose to analyse some of the discursive strategies implemented in Educ.ar, the national educational portal of Argentina. The methodology used contemplates Eliseo Veron’s theory of social discourses, which focuses on the social processes of meaning making, as well as the second trichotomy propounded by Charles Sanders Peirce and some of the conceptual contributions from the fields of Educational Technology and Communication-Education. Our general hypothesis is based on...


Apr 29, 2016Open    AccessArticle

The Water Masses and Circulation at the Amery Ice Shelf

Hongxia Chen, Lina Lin, Yuansheng Li, Mike Craven
AM06 is a site upstream about 130 km of the calving front, where it was believed in a region with weak accreted marine ice near the 500 m ice shelf draft line west of Gillock Island. This borehole was melted through the shelf in January 2010, to access the ocean cavity. Based on Microcats and ADCP data during 2010 and 2011, the motion of AIS is discussed, water masses and circulation at the Amery Ice Shelf are studied for the first time. Salinity and temperature data in the cavity at AM06 show a...


Apr 29, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Estimation of Tsunami Hazard Vulnerability Factors by Integrating Remote Sensing, GIS and AHP Based Assessment

Mohammad Reza Poursaber, Yasuo Ariki
Geographic Information Systems (GIS), image processing in remote sensing and analytical hierarchy process (AHP) were used to estimate and classify vulnerability and inundation areas under the Tohoku tsunami event 2011 in the Ishinomaki, Miyagi prefecture, Japan. Acceptable data were obtained from Geoeye-1 satellite image, GSI DEM and field survey. Five factors of elevation, slope, shoreline distance, river distance and vegetation were used to classify the vulnerability and be weighted via AHP. B...


Apr 29, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Gravitation

Angel Fierros Palacios
In this paper, it is proved that the small deformation strain tensor can be used instead the fundamental metric tensor of the General Theory of Relativity, in order to formulate a Dynamic Theory of Gravitation. Also, a solution of the velocity of the gravitational interactions is given in terms of the escape velocity due to the apparent size of the heavenly bodies. This last paragraph is the motivation and the importance of the study here p...


Apr 28, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Religion and Secularity: The New Testament Perspective

Ven. Dr. Sola Igbari
For many years in the history of humans, there had been conflicting views of the relationship between religion and secularity. Some adherents decry the fact that religion should have any relation with the secular because religion is entirely metaphysical while secularity relates to mundane things. In modern scholarship, this issue has continued to engage the attention of scholars, practioners of religion, individuals and the general public. Religion has both negative and positive dimensions. It ...


Apr 28, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Design of Jigessa Small Scale Irrigation in Dara Woreda, Southern Ethiopia

Hailemariam Doko, Ermias Birhane, Mihret Ulsido
The artificial application of water to land to aid crop production has enabled man to increase his ability to produce food and cash crops. All-the-year round crop production is now possible instead of the previous restriction to rain fed agriculture. However, conserving water and delivery it to the fields in an efficient manner has continued to be a challenge. The design of small-scale irrigation project will provide supplementary irrigation for many farmers. This paper presents design of small ...


Apr 28, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Data Security of Mobile Cloud Computing on Cloud Server

Mohammad Waseem, Abdullah Lakhan, Irfan Ali Jamali
Mobile Cloud computing is a technology of delivering services, such as software, hardware (virtual as well) and bandwidth over the Internet. Mobile devices are enabled in order to explore, especially Smart phones. The mobile cloud computing technology is growing rapidly among the customers and many companies such as Apple, Google, Facebook and Amazon with rich users. Users can access their data at any time, at any place, even with any device including mobile devices by using the cloud storage se...


Apr 28, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Specifics of Platelet Hemostasis in Children with Chronic Diseases of Lungs

Olga B. Gordeeva, Victoria V. Botvinieva, Olga I. Simonova, Leyla S. Namazova-Baranova, Yulia V. Gorinova, Nato D. Vashakmadze, Anna K. Gevorkyan
Study of platelet aggregation function can help early diagnostics of microvasculature’s disorders. Purpose of the study is evaluation of changes of platenet aggregation activity in children with chronic inflammation. Materials and methods: 85 children examined, of whom 45 children with cystic fibrosis (mixed form) aged 8 months to 17 years. The platelet aggregation in children’s whole blood was studied using aggregometer “Multiplate” (VerumDiagnostica, Germany). The following agents were used as...


Apr 27, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Neural Stem Cells Transplantation Promotes Brain Repair after Chronic Experimental Allergic Encephalomyelitis in Rat

Xiaoqing Gao, Zhiqiang Mei, Yuanhui Du, Li Deng, Jie Du
The recent studies have showed neural stem cells (NSCs) transplantation promoted repair and functional recovery of chronic experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) animal model for MS based on the concept of cell replacement. In the present study, NSCs were transplantated into each lateral ventricle of rats at 10 days and sacrificed at 60 days after EAE immunization. We found that NSCs transplantation significantly reduced the clinical signs, suppressed brain inflammation and improved densi...


Apr 27, 2016Open    AccessArticle

A Study on the Evaluation of Port Competitiveness in Busan Port and Shanghai Port

A-Rom Kim, Jing Lu
This study seeks the strategy alternatives for continuous port competitiveness of Busan port improvement in rapidly changing of environment in Northeast Asia shipping. This study aims: 1) to compare port competitiveness of Busan and Shanghai port using entropy weigh TOPSIS; 2) to seek ways to improve port competitiveness of Busan port. After searching the related criteria on port competitiveness factors for analysis, the main criteria are divided into two categories: port throughput (port throug...


Apr 27, 2016Open    AccessArticle

A Study on the Effects of FTA and Economic Integration on Throughput of Korea and China

A-Rom Kim, Jing Lu
Trade relation of Korea and China has been growing explosively since the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1992. Now, China is important to the role of market in Korea. Therefore, it is very important to develop economy and trade relations. So in this study, we analyzed the impacts of FTA and economic integration on trade value using HS 85’s panel data of 45 countries trading with Korea from 1992 until 2013 by gravity model. It can be inferred how many impacts of Korea and China’s FTA on ...


Apr 26, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Diversity and Regeneration Status of Woody Species: The Case of Keja Araba and Tula Forests, South West Ethiopia

Getahun Yakob, Anteneh Fekadu

Deforestation and habitat fragmentation are the major environmental concerns in southwest Ethiopia. Understanding woody species diversity and socio-economic factors causing destruction of natural forests is crucial in the management of the remnant forest ecosystems. However, the forest in south west Ethiopia is poorly studied. This paper examines the diversity, regeneration status, socio-economic importance of the forests in Kaja Araba and Tula forests, southwest

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Apr 25, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Implementing a Service of Independent Living Using a Participatory Approach

Ivan Traina
This paper presents a case study about the implementation of a service of independent living using a participatory approach. The service promoted living experiences in apartments with innovative activities, characterized by means for the development of personal autonomy addressed to persons with disabilities and older persons. The paper shows the methodology applied, the experimentation process and the lessons learnt from the experience. Realized in the framework of the doctoral thesis titled “...


Apr 22, 2016Open    AccessArticle

On Analysis of Parameter Estimation Model for the Treatment of Pathogen-Induced HIV Infectivity

Bassey E. Bassey, Lebedev K. Andreyevich
Multiplicity of new cases of HIV/AIDS and its allied infectious diseases daunted by lack of proper parametric estimation necessitated this present work. Formulated using ordinary differential equation was a five-dimensional (5D) differential mathematical model with which compatibility of optimal control strategy for dual (viral load and parasitoid-pathogen) infectivity in the blood plasma was investigated. Discretization method indicated the incompatibility of the model due to large error deriva...


Apr 22, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Long-Term Dynamics of Ozone in Surface Atmosphere at Remote Mountain, Rural and Urban Sites of South-East Siberia, Russia

Olga Khuriganova, Vladimir Obolkin, Hajime Akimoto, Tsuyoshi Ohizumi, Tamara Khodzher, Vladimir Potemkin, Liudmila Golobokova
Long-term monitoring of near-ground ozone concentration was performed in the remote mountain area as well as at rural and urban sites of South-East Siberia. Ozone concentrations at all three sites had similar seasonal dynamics with its maximum in spring and minimum in autumn. Such seasonal trends were characteristic of many areas of the Northern Hemisphere. Diurnal fluctuations of ozone concentrations were caused by photochemical generation of ozone at daytime and its partial depletion at night....


Apr 22, 2016Open    AccessArticle

New Therapeutic Approach to Primary Stabbing Headache

Gaelle K. Ngonga, Daniela Carli, Paola Zavarise, Stefano Vollaro, Giorgio Dalla Volta
Primary stabbing headache has been known for several decades. However, the pathophysiology of this disease is not still understood. It is clinically characterized by single episodes or short-lasting series of stabbing pain recurring from once to many times per day in an irregular pattern. The diagnosis is clinical and any other possible cause should be excluded. The therapeutic approach indicates Indomethacin as the first choice of treatment, although case reports describe a therapeutic response...


Apr 21, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Analytical Procedures and Method Validation for Determination of Chlorimuron Ethyl in Sediments

Ramom Rachide Nunes, Bruno Henrique Froes Santos, Maria Olimpia de Oliveira Rezende
The present work describes the validation of an analytical method for chromatographic determination of chlorimuron ethyl herbicide (compound of sulphonylurea group) in sediments, in according with Brazilian legislation, following the guidance and normative documents of INMETRO (DOQ-CGCRE-008) and ANVISA (Resolution RE no. 899-2003). The results show that the chromatographic method demonstrated to be selective, accurate, precision and linear over the concentration range of 5.0 - 1000.0 μg·L...


Apr 21, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Impact of Corporate Agriculture on Sustainable Rural Development in Nigeria

Eneji Mathias Agri, Odey Francis Acha, Gukat Olivia Bonmwa Tontu
This study sets out to investigate whether corporate agriculture has any significant impact on Nigeria’s economy. The dimensions of impact assessed are mainly capital investment, private sector’s participation, employment and rural resource/infrastructural development. We used descriptive statistics and simple percentages for evaluation. Secondary data from the Nigerian Stock Exchange were collected, sorted, classified and used for the analysis, with extensive literature review. The study finds ...


Apr 20, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Going against the Grain of Ethnic Voting: The Scramble for Votes in the 2013 Presidential Election in Western Kenya

Adams Oloo
Political mobilization and voting patterns in Kenya have revolved around ethnicity since the return to multi-party politics in 1992. Since then the contest in successive years has been largely confined to the five big tribes who together constitute around 70% of the population. These are the Kikuyu, Luhya, Kalenjin, Luo and Kamba in that order. But while the Kikuyu, Kalenjin, Luo and Kamba have in one election or another rallied overwhelmingly behind their kin, the Luhya have been averse to this...


Apr 20, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Protecting Child Labor in Bangladesh under Domestic Laws

Mahbub Bin Shahjahan, Mst. Jesmin Ara, Md. Ayaz
This study intends to raise awareness about the issues related to child labor in the formal and informal industry in Bangladesh. Child labor is now a global concern and as such involved devotion of people in various sectors. It tries to present the socio-economic scenario of child labor in Bangladesh which has in recent times attracted concerted attention not only in Bangladesh but also all over the world. Child labor problem is a socio-economic reality in the country which can’t be ignored. Her...


Apr 20, 2016Open    AccessArticle

The Place of Africa in the International Community: Prospects and Obstacles

Adams Oloo
This paper traces the evolution of Africa’s engagement from the pre-Cold war era to date demonstrating the ways through which Africa has attempted to gain a foothold in the international arena. The key question that we seek to answer is whether Africa has the political clout to change the dynamics of engagement in international institutions and whether that clout is enough in terms of influence and policy outcomes. For Africa to become an important actor in international politics, it must strate...


Apr 19, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Rethinking Theories of First Language Acquisition and Seeking Implications for Second Language Education: Impoverished Input vs. Degenerate UG

Mohammad Amin Mozaheb, Amin Naeimi
Mainly inspired by Chomsky, Forder and Pinker, nativists put an end to the scientific predominance of empiricists by underpinning the existence of an innate predisposition as the source of linguistic competence. Nativists persuasively emphasized the limitations of the primary linguistic data available to the child as impoverished. Prone to challenge, yet, they were as social interactionists whom revealed important issues missed in nativists’ arguments as how, and whether, Language Acquisition De...


Apr 18, 2016Open    AccessArticle

“Natural Site-Directed Mutagenesis” Might Exist in Eukaryotic Cells

Gao-De Li
Site-directed mutagenesis refers to a man-made molecular biology method that is used to make genetic alterations in the DNA sequence of a gene of interest. But based on our recently published experimental findings, we propose that “natural site-directed mutagenesis” might exist in eukaryotic cells, which is triggered by harmful agents and co-directed by special transcription hotspots and mutation-contained intranuclear primers.


Apr 18, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Symmetric Hybrid Linear Multistep Method for General Third Order Differential Equations

Friday Oghenerukevwe Obarhua, Sunday Jacob Kayode
A symmetric hybrid linear multistep method for direct solution of general third order ordinary differential equations is considered in this paper. The method is developed by interpolation and collocation approach using a combination of power series and exponential function as basis function. The consistency, stability, order and error constant of the method were determined. The results showed that the method is consistent, zero stable and of order five with low error constant. The accuracy compa...


Apr 18, 2016Open    AccessArticle

The Processability Improvement of Duplex Stainless Steel

Shangtan Liu, Jann van Benthem
This paper focuses on the duplex stainless steel processability and presents many practical technological approaches which are applied in many steel companies on how to improve the processability. First, take into consideration an appropriate hot working temperature; second, make sure cooling rate higher than 15℃/s; and third, conduct annealing treatment before delivery.


Apr 18, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Dun Huang “Fu Xing Jue Zang Fu Yong Yao Fa Yao” and “Shang Han Za Bing Lun”: A Comparative Study of Prescriptions’ Dosage

Bolin Yang, Xiping Liu
It is a conclusion by comparing Dun Huang “Fu Xing Jue Zang Fu Yong Yao Fa Yao” and “Shang Han Za Bing Lun”: The main difference of similar prescriptions is dosage, but, dosage relates to length, capacity and weight. Therefore it is important to research length, capacity and weight for revealing the regular pattern of Dun Huang ancient prescriptions. It lays the foundation of discussing of the dosage strategies of the Chinese prescriptions during of Han dynasty and Tang dynasty and the applicati...


Apr 15, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Codon 8 (-AA) and Codons 22/23/24 (-AAGTTGG) Compound Heterozygous Deletion Mutation in the β-Globin Gene: The First Report in Turkey

Cemal Polat, Osman Evliyaoglu, Nuriye Mete, Esra Turk, Ahmet Yildirim
Background: Presentation of the first case of beta-thalassemia compound heterozygous with known mutations. Case Report: The patient was 3 years old girl. First symptoms were cough, fatigue, paleness. Hepatosplenomegaly were determined. Hematology parameters were: RBC 1.79 M/uL, Hb4.6 g/dL, Hct 12.3%, MCV 68.7fL, MCH 25.7pg, RDW 31.5%. The level of hemoglobin variants was: HbF 80.5%, HbA 18.2%, HbA2 1.3%, and by molecular analysis codon 8 (-AA) and codons 22/23/24(-AAGTTGG) compound heterozygous ...


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