All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99

ViewsDownloads

Status of Rohingya in Refugee Camps of Bangladesh: A Review Study

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1106575, PP. 1-24

Subject Areas: Sociology

Keywords: Rohingya Refugees, Humanitarian Responses, Forestry and Wild Life, Education, Health, Gender, Human Trafficking, Shelter, Disaster Risk Management

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract

More than 500,000 Rohingya refugees are living in the refugee camps of Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh, where the living conditions are ominous. Most of the families are deprived of enough food and sustained livelihood. This review study was conducted to understand the present status of Rohingyas with Bangladesh Government’s stand and that of international community as well. This study also focused on the humanitarian responses, forestry and wild life, disaster risk management, shelter facilities, WASH activities, health facilities, adolescent sexual reproductive health, gender-based violence, and human trafficking to understand the current situation of Rohingya refugees in camps. This study will help national and international stakeholders to take necessary steps to manage Rohingya refugees in camps of Cox Bazar, Bangladesh.

Cite this paper

Karin, S. , Chowdhury, M. A. , Hasnat, M. A. and Tarin, N. J. (2020). Status of Rohingya in Refugee Camps of Bangladesh: A Review Study. Open Access Library Journal, 7, e6575. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1106575.

References

[1]  Ekeh, C. and Smith, M. (2007) Minorities in Burma. Minor. Rights Gr. Int. Brief., 5.
[2]  Holland, M.S.F., Fronti, S. and March, H. (2002) 10 Years for the Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh: Past, Present and Future. Médecins Sans Frontières, 1-45.
[3]  Shuvo, S.H. (2018) Rohingya Crisis in 2017-2018: Geo-Politics and the International Reaction. International Journal of Natural and Social Sciences, 5, 2017-2018.
[4]  Petersen, H. and Ahmed, K. (2018) Start of Rainy Season Exposes Risks for Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh. The Guardian.
[5]  UNHCR (2018) Operational Update: Bangladesh (27 December 2017-7 January 2018).
[6]  Zaman, K.T., Hasan, W.U., Bazlul, L., Motahar, T. and Ahmed, N. (2019) Exploring Challenges and Solution Approaches Regarding Wellbeing of Female Rohingya Community in Bangladesh. Proceedings/TENCON, Vol. 2019, 361-366. https://doi.org/10.1109/TENCON.2019.8929413
[7]  Osborne, S. (2017) Burmese Government May Be Trying to “Expel” All Rohingya Muslims, UN Special Rapporteur Warns. The Independent.
[8]  Quackenbush, C. (2017) Amnesty Accuses Myanmar of Apartheid against Rohingya, TiIME.
[9]  Devi, H.O. (2019) The Vulnerability of the Rohingya Refugees, Café Dissensus.
[10]  Knight, K. (2013) How Bangladesh Aid Restrictions Impact Rohingyas. The New Humanitarian.
[11]  WFP (2012) World Food Program, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Joint Assessment Mission: Myanmar Refugees in Cox’s Bazar District, Bangladesh.
[12]  Riley, A., Varner, A., Ventevogel, P., Hasan, M.M.T. and Welton-Mitchell, C. (2017) Daily Stressors, Trauma Exposure, and Mental Health among Stateless Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh. Transcultural Psychiatry, 54, 304-331. https://doi.org/10.1177/1363461517705571
[13]  Kiragu, T.M.E. and Rosi, A.L. (2011) States of Denial: A Review of UNHCR’s Response to the Protracted Situation of Stateless Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh.
[14]  Karin, S., Chowdhury, M.A. and Shamim, I. (2020) Status of Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh: A Comparative Study with Emphasis on Aspects of Women and Girls in Camps of Kutupalong, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. OALib, 7, 1-4. https://doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1105831
[15]  Mahmud, Z.H. (2019) Occurrence of Escherichia coli and Faecal Coliforms in Drinking Water at Source and Household Point-of-Use in Rohingya Camps, Bangladesh. Gut Pathogens, 11, 52. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13099-019-0333-6
[16]  Akhter, S.A. and Kusakabe, K. (2014) Gender-Based Violence among Documented Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh. Indian Journal of Gender Studies, 21, 225-246. https://doi.org/10.1177/0971521514525088
[17]  Pocock, N.S., Mahmood, S.S., Zimmerman, C. and Orcutt, M. (2017) Imminent Health Crises among the Rohingya People of Myanmar. BMJ Clinical Research, 359, j5210. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.j5210
[18]  UNICEF (2017) Malnutrition Rates among Rohingya Refugee Children in Bangladesh Appear to Be at Least Double Earlier Estimates.
[19]  WHO (2017) Diphtheria Outbreak Response Update, Geneva.
[20]  UNICEF (2018) Bangladesh: Humanitarian Situation Report No. 23 (Rohingya Influx), 18 February 2018 Bangladesh. ReliefWeb.
[21]  UNHCR (2017) Supplementary Appeal-Myanmar Refugee Emergency Response in Bangladesh.
[22]  Surge, H. (2018) Bangladesh: Local Aid Groups Getting Left behind. Humansurge, Blog.
[23]  Ahmed, K. (2019) Local Aid Groups Want More of a Say in the Rohingya Refugee Response. The New Humanitarian, 1-9.
[24]  Islam, M.Z. (2019) NGO Aid Rises on Rohingya Crisis. The Daily Star.
[25]  UNICEF (2018) Bangladesh: Humanitarian Situation Report No. 45 (Rohingya Influx), 27 November to 10 December 2018—Bangladesh. ReliefWeb.
[26]  MOHFW (2020) Forcibly Displaced Myanmar National to Bangladesh.
[27]  The Daily Star (2019) NGOs Working in Rohingya Camps to Face Action If Violate Terms: FM.
[28]  Shuvo, S.S. (2019) NGO Activities in Rohingya Camps. The Daily Observer.
[29]  Guhathakurta, M. (2017) Understanding Violence, Strategising Protection: Perspectives from Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh. Asian Journal of Social Science, 45, 639-665. https://doi.org/10.1163/15685314-04506003
[30]  Rubayet, R. (2017) Myanmar: Who Are the Rohingyas? https://www.academia.edu/34837307/Myanmar_Who_are_the_Rohingya
[31]  Imran, N.A. and Mian, H.F. (2014) The Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh: A Vulnerable Group in Law and Policy. Journal of Studies in Social Sciences, 8, 226-253.
[32]  HRW (2019) Bangladesh: Clampdown on Rohingya Refugees. Human Rights Watch. https://www.hrw.org/news/2019/09/07/bangladesh-clampdown-rohingya-refugees
[33]  CGD (2019) Designing a Medium-Term Response to the Rohingya Refugee Crisis: Ideas for Bangladesh, the International Community, and the Private Sector. Center for Global Development, Washington DC. https://reliefweb.int/report/bangladesh/designing-medium-term-response-rohingya-refugee-crisis-ideas-bangladesh
[34]  Bdnews24.com (2019) Govt Curbs 3G, 4G Mobile Services at Rohingya Camps, Surrounding Areas.
[35]  Beech, H. (2019) A Million Refugees May Soon Lose Their Line to the Outside World. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/05/world/asia/rohingya-phone-ban.html
[36]  ICG (2019) A Sustainable Policy for Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh. Brussels.
[37]  Zaman, M. (2018) Rohingyas Need Protection, Not Relocation to Bashan Char. The Daily Star.
[38]  UNB (2019) Rohingyas Threat to National, Regional Security: PM. The Daily Star. https://www.thedailystar.net/country/pm-sheikh-hasina-says-rohingyas-threat-national-regional-security-1825600
[39]  IANS (2020) “Not a Single Rohingya Will Be Allowed to Enter”: After Malaysia, Bangladesh Bars Entry of Rohingyas. https://swarajyamag.com/insta/not-a-single-rohingya-will-be-allowed-to-enter-after-malaysia-bangladesh-bars-entry-of-rohingyas
[40]  Khan, S. (2016) Burma’s Aung San Suu Kyi Accused of “Legitimizing Genocide of Rohingya Muslims”. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/rohingya-muslims-burma-myanmar-aung-san-suu-kyi-legitimising-genocide-a7439151.html
[41]  Al-Jazeera (2017) Bangladesh FM: Violence against Rohingya Is Genocide.
[42]  Albert, E. and Maizland, L. (2020) The Rohingya Crisis. https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/rohingya-crisis
[43]  Quackenbush, C. (2017) Rakhine State Is a Crime Scene. Amnesty International Accuses Myanmar of Apartheid. https://time.com/5031278/myanmar-rohingya-amnesty-international-apartheid
[44]  Gallo, W. (2018) Activists: US Stance on Rohingya Not Strong Enough. https://www.voanews.com/east-asia-pacific/activists-us-stance-rohingya-not-strong-enough
[45]  FR (2017) “They Tried to Kill Us All” Atrocity Crimes against Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine State, Myanmar.
[46]  Brunnstrom, L.W.D. (2019) U.S. Imposes Sanctions on Myanmar Military Leaders over Rohingya Abuses. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-myanmar/u-s-imposes-sanctions-on-myanmar-military-commander-over-rohingya-abuses-idUSKCN1UB2QM
[47]  ICJ (2019) Application Instituting Proceedings and Request for Provisional Measures.
[48]  ICJ (2020) Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (The Gambia v. Myanmar).
[49]  ICC (2019) ICC Judges Authorise Opening of an Investigation into the Situation in Bangladesh/Myanmar.
[50]  Ahmad, M.S. and Rahman, N. (2019) Emergency Response Training and Provision of Emergency Response Kits to Rohingya Community Leaders: An Approach to Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Community Resilience. Emergency Medicine Journal, 36, 255-256. https://doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2018-207843
[51]  HPN (2018) Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh: The Humanitarian Response. The Humanitarian Practice Network at Overseas Development Institute, London.
[52]  Lewa, C. (2009) North Arakan: An Open Prison for the Rohingya in Burma. Forced Migration Review, No. 32, 11.
[53]  Rahman, M.D. (2019) Rohingya Refugee and Humanitarian Crisis: Synergies within Bangladesh Government and Humanitarian Community (Case Study: WASH for Rohingya Refugees). TVVR-19/5007.
[54]  Khan, M. (2018) The Fight for Rohingya Rights, Star Weekend. The Daily Star.
[55]  Wake, C. and Bryant, J. (2018) Capacity and Complementarity in the Rohingya Response in Bangladesh. ODI, London. http://www.odi.org/publications/11251-capacity-and
[56]  Chandan, M.S.K. (2018) The Business of Survival. The Daily Star, 02-Sep-2018.
[57]  Hoddinott, J., Dorosh, P., Filipski, M., Rosenbach, G. and Tiburcio, E. (2020) Food Transfers, Electronic Food Vouchers and Child Nutritional Status among Rohingya Children Living in Bangladesh. PLoS ONE, 15, e0230457. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0230457
[58]  Singh, N.S., Aryasinghe, S., Smith, J., Khosla, R., Say, L. and Blanchet, K. (2018) A Long Way to Go: A Systematic Review to Assess the Utilisation of Sexual and Reproductive Health Services during Humanitarian Crises. BMJ Global Health, 3, e000682. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2017-000682
[59]  Hossain, M.M., Sultana, A., Mazumder, H. and Murshid, M.E. (2018) Sexually Transmitted Infections among Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh. The Lancet HIV, 5, e342. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2352-3018(18)30140-1
[60]  Goodman, A. and Mahmood, I. (2019) The Rohingya Refugee Crisis of Bangladesh: Gender Based Violence and the Humanitarian Response. Open Journal of Political Science, 9, 490-501. https://doi.org/10.4236/ojps.2019.93027
[61]  Harrison, S., Ssimbwa, A., Elshazly, M., Mahmuda, M. and Rebolledo, O.A. (2019) How to Conduct a Mental Health and Psychosocial Support Situational Analysis in a Refugee-Based Emergency Context: A Case Study Example from Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Intervention, 17, 122. https://doi.org/10.4103/INTV.INTV_42_19
[62]  Borja Jr., A., Khondaker, R., Durant, J. and Ochoa, B. (2019) Child-Centred, Cross-Sectoral Mental Health and Psychosocial Support Interventions in the Rohingya Response: A Field Report by Save the Children. Intervention, 17, 231. https://doi.org/10.4103/INTV.INTV_17_19
[63]  Tay, A.K. (2019) The Culture, Mental Health and Psychosocial Wellbeing of Rohingya Refugees: A Systematic Review. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 28, 489-494. https://doi.org/10.1017/S2045796019000192
[64]  Hussain, A. (2018) Rohingya Influx, a Threat to Forest Resources. Dhaka Tribune.
[65]  Yasmin, L. and Akther, S. (2020) The Locals and the Rohingyas: Trapped with an Uncertain Future. Asian Journal of Comparative Politics, 5, 104-120. https://doi.org/10.1177/2057891119865021
[66]  Mukul, S.A., et al. (2019) Rohingya Refugees and the Environment. Science, 364, 138. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaw9474
[67]  UNDP (2018) Environmental Impacts of Rohingya Influx: A Multifaceted Problem Requires Multifaceted Responses. United Nations Development Programme. https://www.bd.undp.org/content/bangladesh/en/home/presscenter/pressreleases/2018/09/18/Environmental_impacts_of_Rohingya_influx.html
[68]  Tani, M. and Rahman, M.A. (2018) Deforestation in the Teknaf Peninsula of Bangladesh. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-5475-4
[69]  Pau, P.K. (2019) Indo-Burma Frontier and the Making of the Chin Hills: Empire and Resistance. Routledge, London. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429324703
[70]  Rashid, K.J., Hoque, M.A., Esha, T.A., Rahman, M.A. and Paul, A. (2020) Spatiotemporal Changes of Vegetation and Land Surface Temperature in the Refugee Camps and Its Surrounding Areas of Bangladesh after the Rohingya Influx from Myanmar. Environment, Development and Sustainability. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-020-00733-x
[71]  UNHCR (2019) Rohingya Emergency.
[72]  GOB (2019) Environmental and Social Management Framework. Emergency Multi-Sector Rohingya Crisis Response Project (EMRCRP), Dhaka.
[73]  Kolovos, P. (2018) One Year on, Rohingya Refugees Live in Dire Camps, Facing an Uncertain Future and Legal Limbo. https://www.msf.org/one-year-rohingya-refugees-live-dire-camps-facing-uncertain-future-and-legal-limbo
[74]  Yasmin, L. and Sayeda, A. (2019) Piloting a Shared Source Water Treatment Intervention among Elementary Schools in Bangladesh. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 101, 984-993. https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0984
[75]  Star, T.D. (2018) Elephant Attack at Kutupalong Rohingya Camp UNHCR, IUCN Join Hands to Safeguard Refugees. Dhaka, Bangladesh, 04 Mar. 2018.
[76]  Rahman, M. (2019) Rohingya Refugee Crisis and Human vs. Elephant (Elephas maximus) Conflicts in Cox’s Bazar District of Bangladesh. Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity, 3, 10-21.
[77]  IUCN (2018) Survey Report on Elephant Movement, Human-Elephant Conflict Situation, and Possible Intervention Sites in and around Kutupalong Camp, Cox’s Bazar. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Dhaka.
[78]  IOM (2018) IOM, FAO Re-Plant Bangladesh Forest to Repair Environmental Damage Caused by Refugee Influx. International Organization for Migration. https://www.iom.int/news/iom-fao-re-plant-bangladesh-forest-repair-environmental
[79]  Karim, N. (2018) One Year of Rohingya Exodus from an Elephant Jungle to the World’s Largest Camp. The Daily Star, September 2, 2018.
[80]  Tallis, H., Huang, C., Herbohn, J.L., Holl, K., Mukul, S.A. and Morshed, K. (2019) Steps toward Forest Landscape Restoration in the Context of the Rohingya Influx: Creating Opportunities to Advance Environmental, Humanitarian, and Development Progress in Bangladesh. CGD Policy Pap. 148.
[81]  Alam, A., Sammonds, P. and Ahmed, B. (2020) Cyclone Risk Assessment of the Cox’s Bazar District and Rohingya Refugee Camps in Southeast Bangladesh. Science of the Total Environment, 704, Article ID: 135360. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135360
[82]  Crew, J. (2018) Fears for Rohingya as Refugee Camps Battered by Cyclones and Monsoons.
[83]  JRP (2018) JRP for Rohingya Humanitarian Crisis. Dhaka.
[84]  BBC (2018) Rohingya Refugees Unprepared as Monsoon Rains, Flooding and Landslides Continue.
[85]  IOM (2018) Over 1,000 New Shelters Built for Rohingya Refugees Threatened by Landslides.
[86]  Beaubien, J. (2018) Forced to Flee Myanmar, Rohingya Refugees Face Monsoon Landslides in Bangladesh.
[87]  Cousins, S. (2018) People Will Die as Monsoon Approaches Rohingya Refugee Camps in Bangladesh. BMJ, 361, k2040. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.k2040
[88]  Ahmed, N., Firoze, A. and Rahman, R.M. (2020) Machine Learning for Predicting Landslide Risk of Rohingya Refugee Camp Infrastructure. Journal of Information and Telecommunication, 4, 175-198. https://doi.org/10.1080/24751839.2019.1704114
[89]  Green, C. (2018) Six Ways the UN Is Taking Action to Protect Rohingya Refugees This Monsoon Season.
[90]  Rashid, S.R. (2020) Finding a Durable Solution to Bangladesh’s Rohingya Refugee Problem: Policies, Prospects and Politics. Asian Journal of Comparative Politics, 5, 174-189. https://doi.org/10.1177/2057891119883700
[91]  ISCG (2018) JRP for Rohingya Humanitarian Crisis: March-December 2018. Inter Sector Coordination Group. https://reliefweb.int/report/bangladesh/jrp-rohingya-humanitarian-crisis-march-december-2018-0
[92]  Amin, M. (2018) Nobody’s Children, Owners of Nothing’: Analysing the Indian State’s Policy Response to the Rohingya Refugee Crisis. The Hindu Center for Politics and Public Policy, Chennai.
[93]  Khan, M.A. (2017) Addressing the Challenges of Rohingya Refugees: Repatriation Issues. Review of Social Sciences, 3, 1-49.
[94]  Mehta, K. and Kuschminder, P. (2018) Preventing a Monsoon Health Crisis in Bangladesh.
[95]  WHO (2018) Rohingya Crisis in Cox’s Bazar District, Bangladesh. Health Sector Bulletin No. 6. http://www.searo.who.int/bangladesh/healthsectorcxbbanbulletinn6.pdf
[96]  ReliefWeb (2019) Humanitarian Action for Children 2019—Bangladesh. Report from UN Children’s Fund, 30 January 2019. https://reliefweb.int/report/bangladesh/humanitarian-action-children-2019-bangladesh
[97]  ReliefWeb (2019) Two Years On: Rohingya Deserve Justice, a Place at the Table. https://reliefweb.int/report/bangladesh/two-years-rohingya-deserve-justice-place-table
[98]  REACH (2018) Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Baseline Assessment.
[99]  Nyukuri, A.N. (2020) Coordination of the Nutrition Sector Response for Forcibly Displaced Myanmar Nationals in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Field Exchange, 62, 24.
[100]  Abir, A.H. (2019) The Nutritional Status on Rohingya Children (06 to 59 Months) with NAW Round-1.
[101]  Kurkowska, M., Montangero, A. and Cippà, A. (2019) Dignifying Sanitation Services for the Rohingya Refugees in Cox’s Bazar Camps. Rural 21, 53, 32-34.
[102]  UNHCR (2019) Refugee Education 2030: A Strategy for Refugee Inclusion.
[103]  Hammond, V. and Milko, C. (2019) UN, NGOs Accused of Bungling Effort to Educate Rohingya Children. Aljazeera.
[104]  UNICEF (2020) Expanding Education for Rohingya Refugee Children in Bangladesh.
[105]  Guglielmi, S., Muz, J., Mitu, K., Uddin, M.A., Jones, N., Baird, S. and Presler-Marshall, E. (2019) The Lives They Lead: Exploring the Capabilities of Bangladeshi and Rohingya Adolescents in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Policy Brief, Gender and Adolescence: Global Evidence, London.
[106]  Guglielmi, S., Jones, N., Muz, J., Baird, S., Mitu, K. and Uddin, M.A. (2020) “I Don’t Have Any Aspiration Because I Couldn’t Study”: Exploring the Educational Barriers Facing Adolescents in Cox’s Bazar.
[107]  Bakali, N. and Wasty, S. (2020) Identity, Social Mobility, and Trauma: Post-Conflict Educational Realities for Survivors of the Rohingya Genocide. Religions, 11, 241. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11050241
[108]  UNICEF (2019) Beyond Survival: Rohingya Refugee Children in Bangladesh Want to Learn. UNICEF Advocacy Alert. Reliefweb.
[109]  Guzek, J.W.K. and Siddiqui, R. (2017) Health Survey in Kutupalong and Balukhali Refugee Settlements. Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh Survey Report.
[110]  IAWG (2018) Women and Girls Critically Underserved in the Rohingya Humanitarian Response.
[111]  Parmar, P.K., Jin, R.O., Walsh, M. and Scott, J. (2019) Mortality in Rohingya Refugee Camps in Bangladesh: Historical, Social, and Political Context. Sexual and Reproductive Health Matters, 27, 39-49. https://doi.org/10.1080/26410397.2019.1610275
[112]  Silove, D., Ventevogel, P. and Rees, S. (2017) The Contemporary Refugee Crisis: An Overview of Mental Health Challenges. World Psychiatry, 16, 130-139. https://doi.org/10.1002/wps.20438
[113]  Morina, N., Akhtar, A., Barth, J. and Schnyder, U. (2018) Psychiatric Disorders in Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons after Forced Displacement: A Systematic Review. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 9, 433. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00433
[114]  Kirmayer, L.J., Narasiah, L., Munoz, M., Rashid, M., Ryder, A.G., Guzder, J., Hassan, G., Rousseau, C. and Pottie, K. (2011) Common Mental Health Problems in Immigrants and Refugees: General Approach in Primary Care. Cmaj, 183, E959-E967. https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.090292
[115]  Khan, N.Z., Shilpi, A.B., Sultana, R., Sarker, S., Razia, S., Roy, B., Arif, A., Ahmed, M.U., Saha, S.C. and McConachie, H. (2019) Displaced Rohingya Children at High Risk for Mental Health Problems: Findings from Refugee Camps within Bangladesh. Child: Care, Health and Development, 45, 28-35. https://doi.org/10.1111/cch.12623
[116]  UNHCR (2018) Strategic Plan for Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) for UNHCR’s Rohingya Refugee Response 2018. Unpublished Report, UNHCR Cox’s Bazar.
[117]  Uddin, A. and Sumi, H. (2019) The Story of a Rohingya Refugee: Becoming a Community Psychosocial Volunteer. Intervention, 17, 296. https://doi.org/10.4103/INTV.INTV_46_19
[118]  Mahmuda, M., Miah, M.A.A., Elshazly, M., Khan, S., Tay, A.K. and Ventevogel, P. (2019) Contextual Adaptation and Piloting of Group Integrative Adapt Therapy (IAT-G) amongst Rohingya Refugees Living in Bangladesh. Intervention, 17, 149. https://doi.org/10.4103/INTV.INTV_48_19
[119]  Tarannum, S., Elshazly, M., Harlass, S. and Ventevogel, P. (2019) Integrating Mental Health into Primary Health Care in Rohingya Refugee Settings in Bangladesh: Experiences of UNHCR. Intervention, 17, 130. https://doi.org/10.4103/INTV.INTV_34_19
[120]  WHO (2005) Strengthening Health Security by Implementing the International Health Regulations. Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network (GOARN), World Health Organization, 2018. http://www.who.int/ihr/alert_and_response/outbreak-network/en
[121]  Alam, N., Kenny, B., Maguire, J.E., McEwen, S., Sheel, M. and Tolosa, M.X. (2019) Field Epidemiology in Action: An Australian Perspective of Epidemic Response to the Rohingya Health Emergencies in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Global Biosecurity, 1, 119. https://doi.org/10.31646/gbio.14
[122]  Karo, B., Haskew, C., Khan, A.S., Polonsky, J.A., Mazhar, M.K.A. and Buddha, N. (2018) World Health Organization Early Warning, Alert and Response System in the Rohingya Crisis, Bangladesh, 2017-2018. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 24, 2074-2076. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2411.181237
[123]  Tolosa MX, S.L., Shirin, T., Yesurajan, F., Housen, T. and Stewart, A. (2018) Establishing Basic Public Health Laboratory Capacity in the Context of a Large-Scale Acute Refugee Crisis-Challenges and Lessons Learned. 9th Southeast Asia and Western Pacific Bi-Regional TEPHINET Scientific Conference, Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 5-9 November 2018, 11.
[124]  WHO (2015) The Global Strategy for Women’s, WHO, 2015. The Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health (2016-2030). World Health Organization.
[125]  Doedens, W.B.K. (2001) Challenges to Reproductive Health in Emergencies Health in Emergencies. Department of Emergency and Humanitarian Action.
[126]  Ahmed, R., Farnaz, N., Aktar, B., Hassan, R., Shafique, S.B., Ray, P., Awal, A., Rahman, A., Urbaniak, V., Kobeissi, L.H. and Rosie, J. (2019) Situation Analysis for Delivering Integrated Comprehensive Sexual and Reproductive Health Services in Humanitarian Crisis Condition for Rohingya Refugees in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh: Protocol for a Mixed-Method Study. BMJ Open, 9, e028340. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028340
[127]  HSCT (2018) Rohingya Crisis in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh Health Sector Bulletin#4.
[128]  Doedens, W. and Burns, K. (2001) Challenges to Reproductive Health in Emergencies. WHO Heal. Emergencies Newsl.
[129]  Shair, D., Akhter, K. and Shama, A. (2019) The Role of Psychosocial Support in Coping with Incidents of Gender-Based Violence among Rohingya Refugees. Intervention, 17, 238. https://doi.org/10.4103/INTV.INTV_16_19
[130]  ReliefWeb (2017) Bangladesh: Humanitarian Situation Report No. 16 (Rohingya Influx), 24 December 2017.
[131]  BBC (2018) The Rohingya Children Trafficked for Sex.
[132]  AlJazeera (2019) Rohingya Girls Rescued from Traffickers in Bangladesh.
[133]  Hossain, M.M., Sultana, A. and Das, A. (2018) Gender-Based Violence among Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh: A Public Health Challenge. Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, 3, 260. https://doi.org/10.20529/IJME.2018.045
[134]  OCHA (2019) Humanitarian Response: Gender Based Violence.
[135]  UNFPA (2018) Sexual and Reproductive HEALTH Needs Immense among Rohingya Refugees.
[136]  Severi, L. (2019) In Conversation with: HOPE Foundation for Women and Children of Bangladesh. United Nations Foundation.
[137]  IOM (2017) Situation Report: Rohingya Refugee, Crisis Cox’s Bazar 2017.
[138]  Chandan, M.S.K. (2018) Evicted from Rakhine, Trafficked in Cox’s Bazar. The Daily Star.
[139]  DNA (2019) More than 200 Rohingya Muslims Try to Enter Malaysia, 41 Arrested by Authorities. https://www.dnaindia.com/world/report-more-than-200-rohingya-muslims-try-to-enter-malaysia-41-arrested-by-authorities-2737619
[140]  Banerji, A. (2019) Indian Police Rescue Suspected Rohingya Victims of Trafficking, Thomson Reuters. https://in.reuters.com/article/india-rohingya-trafficking/indian-police-rescue-suspected-rohingya-victims-oftrafficking-idINKCN1SD0B5
[141]  Yadav, U.R. (2019) Seven Rohingya Arrested at KIA with Fake Passports.
[142]  Kamruzzaman, M. (2019) Lack of Future Prompts Rohingya to Flee Bangladesh. The Peninsula.
[143]  Routray, B.P. (2019) Onwards Malaysia: Rohingya Focused Human Trafficking Networks.

Full-Text


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679

微信:OALib Journal