All Title Author
Keywords Abstract


Adaptation and Participatory Evaluation of Shrub Forage Legumes in Highlands of Sud-Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1106165, PP. 1-9

Subject Areas: Agricultural Science

Keywords: Shrubs Forage Legumes, Farmer’s Evaluation, Yield, Highland, DRC

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract

Livestock in the highlands of DRC faces several constraints. It strongly decreased due to high rate of mortality, looting during the wars, lack of animal feeding and livestock still reared again under traditional system. However, shrub forage legumes can contribute to mitigate one part of these constraints and play an important role to improve livestock production. The objective of this study is to use for adaptation the improved shrub forage legumes previously tested by the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) Colombia in tropical Central Asia and Latin America whose ecological conditions are similar to those in DRC. Fifteen shrub forage legumes were randomly planted. With 3 replications, nine plantations were counted per specie or accession. The cutting period was for eight weeks. The best yield shrubs were in Mulungu L. diversifolia K782, L. diversifolia 22192 and in Nyangezi C. calothyrsus. The choice of the farmers in their participatory evaluation was generally in agreement with the agronomic trial outcomes.

Cite this paper

Dieudonné, K. M. M. (2020). Adaptation and Participatory Evaluation of Shrub Forage Legumes in Highlands of Sud-Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Open Access Library Journal, 7, e6165. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1106165.

References

[1]  Cox, T.P. (2011) Farming in the Battlefield: The Meanings of War, Cattle, and Soil in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Disasters, 36, 233-248. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2011.01257.x
[2]  MINAGRIDRAL (2013) Ministère de l’agriculture et du développement rural, plan national d’investissement agricole PNIA 2013-2020 Ministère Agriculture et développement rural R. D. C, 2013.
[3]  Katunga, M.M.D. (2014) Evaluation des légumineuses fourragères dans un système d’élevage Editions universitaires européennes (08-07-2014). PhD Thesis, University of Lubumbashi, D.R.C. http://www.editions-ue.com/
[4]  Tiralla, N., Panferov, O. and Knol, A. (2011) Allometric Relationship of Frequently Used Shade Tree Species in Cacao Agroforestery Systems in Sulawesi, Indonesia Tropentag. Development on Margin Books of Abstracts University of Bonn, Bonn, 242. http://www.tropentag.de
[5]  Toledo, J.M. (1987) Manual para la Evaluación Agronómica Red Internacional de Evaluación de Pastos Tropicales. CIAT, Cali, Colombia 1982, 170 p.
[6]  Stür, W.W., Horne, P.M., Gabunada Jr., F.A., Phengsavanh, P. and Kerridge, P.C. (2002) Forage Options for Smallholder Crop-Animal Systems in Southeast Asia: Working with Farmers to Find Solutions. Agricultural Systems, 71, 75-98. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-521X(01)00037-3
[7]  Andersson, M.S., Schultze-Kraft, R., Peters, M., Hincapie, B. and Lascano, C.E. (2006) Morphological, Agronomic and Fodder Quality Diversity of the Flemingia macrophylla 2006: World Collection. Crops Research, 96, 387-406. http://www.Sciencedirect.com https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2005.09.002
[8]  Egli, A. (1988) Les arbres et arbustes fourragers au Rwanda Programme d’agroforesterie de l’ISAR 1982-1986 Butare Note Technique No. 2. ISAR, Rwanda, 67 p.
[9]  Cook, B., Pengelly, B., Brown, S., Donnelly, J., Eagles, D., Franco, A., Hanson, J., Mullen, B., Partridge, I., Michael, P. and Schultze-Kraft, R. (2005) CIAT, 2005: Tropical Fodders Index Fodders. http://www.tropicalfodders.info
[10]  Andersson, M.S., Lascano, C.E., Schultze-Kraft, R. and Peters, M. (2006) Fodder Quality and Tanin Concentration and Composition of a Collection of the Tropical Shrub Legume Flemingia macrophylla. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 86, 1023-1031. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2433
[11]  Pypers, P., Sanginga, J.M., Kasereka, B., Walangululu, M. and Van Lauwe, B. (2010) Increasing Productivity through Integrated Soil Fertility Management in Cassava-Legumes Intercropping System in the Highlands of Sud-Kivu, DR, Congo. Field Crops Research, 120, 76-85. http://www.elseivier.com/locate/fcr https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2010.09.004

Full-Text


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679

微信:OALib Journal