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Rice Postharvest Technology in Nigeria: An Overview of Current Status, Constraints and Potentials for Sustainable Development

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105509, PP. 1-23

Subject Areas: Agricultural Science, Food Science & Technology

Keywords: Rice, Postharvest Loss, Constraints, Potentials, Research, Nigeria

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Abstract

In 2016, the total estimated paddy production in Nigeria was 17.5 million metric tons (MMT) which is equivalent to 5.7 MMT milled rice. This is 1.3 MMT lower than the projected 7.0 MMT national consumption demands. This implies that Nigeria is progressing towards achieving self-sufficiency in rice if this data is compared with 3.5 MMT milled rice production in 2010. But about 10% - 30% or more of this increase does not reach the final consumers largely due to inefficient postharvest management practices. Huge postharvest grain loss (PHGL) and postharvest grain quality loss (PGQL) have been reported and significant efforts have been made towards reducing them and improving food security, but this is hampered by lack of simple, cost effective, adoptable and well-defined practical postharvest management practices and technologies. This situation has presented huge opportunity for investment and strategic interventions. From the point of harvest till rice reaches the consumers table, rice passes through wide range of unit operations which may have impact on the quantity and quality of the milled rice, these have made value chain actors adopt different practices to manage the process as it passes through the various unit operations. This paper examines the current rice post-harvest management technologies in Nigeria, with attention focusing on the current practices, constraints militating against the improvement of the rice postharvest system and opportunities it presents for improvement taking into account the main contribution of the research and development organizations in solving rice postharvest related challenges and lessons to be learned that will sharpen future direction for sustainable development.

Cite this paper

Danbaba, N. , Idakwo, P. Y. , Kassum, A. L. , Bristone, C. , Bakare, S. O. , Aliyu, U. , Kolo, I. N. , Abo, M. E. , Mohammed, A. , Abdulkadir, A. N. , Nkama, I. , Badau, M. H. , Kabaraini, M. A. , Shehu, H. , Abosede, A. O. and Danbaba, M. K. (2019). Rice Postharvest Technology in Nigeria: An Overview of Current Status, Constraints and Potentials for Sustainable Development. Open Access Library Journal, 6, e5509. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1105509.

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