Verifying the association between body image
dissatisfaction and goals to the physical activity practice. The sample
consisted of 299 goers of fitness center, of both genders, with ages between 16
and 50 years old. Information about gender, age, educational level,
socioeconomic level and goals for the physical activity practice were collected
using a previously tests questionnaire. Regarding the goals, the participants
should identify if the motivation for the practice was related to aspects
health, aesthetic or social relationships aspects, choosing yes or no. The body
image was determined using the set of silhouettes and to verifying the body
image dissatisfaction we considered the difference between the current
silhouette and the ideal silhouette pointed out by the individuals. Numerical
variables were expressed as mean ± standard deviation and categorical variables
as absolute and relative frequency. Pearson’s chi-square test was used
to verify the associations among goals to the practice, gender, and age group.
Analysis of variance was used to verify the associations between the goals to
the practice and the body image dissatisfaction. There was a low statistically
significant correlation between body mass index and body image dissatisfaction
(rs0.29 - p < 0.001). The proportion of
women (69%) who practiced physical activity with aesthetics goals was higher
than that of men (31%). In addition, 92% of the sample showed body image
dissatisfaction. Regarding the goals
to the physical activity practice, men aimed more muscular body while the women
wished more lean body. Men and women have different perceptions regarding body
Cite this paper
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