Introduction: The objective of this study is to
determine the incidence of acute bronchiolitis of infants in an urban area of
the Democratic Republic of Congo to establish the epidemiological, clinical
and nutritional profile of affected infants. Methodology: A cross-sectional
descriptive study was conducted in Lubumbashi (DR Congo) at three hospitals
over a 2-year period from 2013 to 2014. A total of 321 acute bronchiolitis was
collected in infants Less than 24 months. Results: A hospital incidence of 3.8%
was found. Bronchiolitis occurred most from December (8.7%) until March (8.7%),
and the peak was observed in February, i.e. 24.9% of cases, which corresponds to the great rainy season. The average
age of children with was calculated 7.78 ± 6.43 months. The prevalence of underweight was 40.6% (n = 129). There was
a significant association between pathology and prematurity (p = 0.00, OR = 111
[20.2 - 614.5]) with associated pathologies (p = 0.02 OR = 8 [0.9-64.5]). Conclusion:
The incidence of bronchiolitis has declined in comparison to previous studies
in the context of our study setting, but it may be regressed if targeted public
health measures are taken.
Cite this paper
Makam, B. F. , Kanteng, G. A. W. , Wembonyama, S. O. and Luboya, O. N. (2017). Epidemiological, Nutritional and Factors Associated with Infant Bronchiolitis in Hospitals: Case of the City of Lubumbashi (DR Congo). Open Access Library Journal, 4, e3710. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1103710.
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