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Nutritional Assessment of Children Admitted at the Children’s Ward of the Volta Regional Hospital

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103690, PP. 1-7

Subject Areas: Nutrition

Keywords: Malnutrition, Nutritional Assessment, Hospitalized Patients, Admission

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Abstract

Background: In Ghana, nutritional assessment is not mandatory and as such majority of Children with nutritional challenges are unidentified and unmanaged; this is of a major concern knowing that malnutrition continues to be a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in most developing countries with Ghana as no exception and as such requires a lot of attention as a basis for prompt dietetic referral. Objective: To assess the practice regarding the measurement and documentation of anthropometric parameters of children age between 6-59 months admitted at the Volta Regional Hospital. Methodology: This was a one year retrospective review of sampled pediatric admissions at the Volta Regional Hospital. Results: Out of 242 folders reviewed, only 34 children (14%) had their MUAC documented. Height was measured in 0.4% of admitted patients. Weight was checked for 89.7% of folders reviewed making it the parameter with the highest level of monitoring. Growth problems were undiagnosed in 87.5% of patients with growth problems and likewise 85% of patients who were underweight were undiagnosed as a result of no nutritional assessment. Conclusions: There is the need for this study to be conducted on a regional and a national level. In spite of the many advances in medicine and clinical care, appropriate nutritional assessment of hospitalized patients appears to be overlooked or not considered as a sufficient medical priority. There is an urgent need to make nutritional assessment routine for all hospitalized children.

Cite this paper

Afu, C. (2017). Nutritional Assessment of Children Admitted at the Children’s Ward of the Volta Regional Hospital. Open Access Library Journal, 4, e3690. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1103690.

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