Objectives: The objective of this work was to
analyze the etiologies of maternal deaths occurring in a tertiary hospital. Methodology:
This is a descriptive cross-sectional study with retrospective data collection
of maternal deaths that occurred in the reference provincial hospital Jason
Sendwe from 2013 to 2015. All cases of maternal deaths in line with the
definition of World Health Organization have been included. Data were analyzed
by the software Epi info and Excel 2010 126.96.36.199. Results: Seventy seven (77)
maternal deaths were identified during the study period. 74.03% of deaths
occurred direct obstetric causes. Bleeding with 61.04% was the leading cause of
maternal death followed by eclampsia (31.58%). Indirect causes were dominated
by heart disease (30.0%). Note that
75.32% of deaths had occurred within 24 hours of
admission. Conclusion: haemorrhage, eclampsia and infections are the main
causes of maternal deaths in our study. The reduction of maternal deaths happens through access to
emergency medication, transfusion and anesthetic and surgical teams in hospitals
but also through the involvement of religious leaders, traditional and any
community to better understand the population obstacles to reducing maternal
Cite this paper
Odette, K. M. , Moise, K. K. , Blood, B. N. D. , Mukendi, C. P. , Réne, J. M. M. , Kennedy, N. M. , Benjamin, K. K. , Francois, K. K. , Michel, K. N. and Prosper, K. M. (2017). Etiologies of Maternal Mortality in the Hospital Provincial Janson Sendwe in Lubumbashi (DR. Congo). Open Access Library Journal, 4, e3502. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1103502.
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