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Conservation status of Sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) in Nagaland State, North-East India
Janmejay Sethy,N.P.S. Chauhan
Asian Journal of Conservation Biology , 2012,
Abstract: We carried out survey in a total 16 villages locating in and around the different protected areas in Nagaland. Out of 265 respondent 69 (28.2%) respondents confirmed the presence of sun bear by direct sighting and indirect evidences in 2 PAs of Nagaland. Overall status of sun bear was found to be low and rare in and around Pas. In the Nagaland states, human population is constantly on the increase and as a result, there are increasing biotic pressure on protected areas and reserve forests. The potential tropical rainforest habitats of sun bear should be well protected and management action for improvement these habitats should be taken up on priority. Livestock grazing should be restricted in forest areas. Presence of sun bears has been confirmed in the Itanki and Fakim National Parks of Nagaland, but it showed patchy distribution. Both direct and indirect evidences (scats, claw marks and foot prints) of sun bears were observed by inhabitants of these areas. Sun bears were reported to be sighted and indirect evidences were seen by inhabitants of villages.Public education and awareness programmes towards conservation and natural history of sun bear must be initiated by the forest department. Study on ecology and management of sun bear is also very necessary for formulation of action plan for mitigation of human-sun bear conflict and long term conservation of the species.
Human-Wild Pig Conflict in Selected States in India and Mitigation Strategies
CHAUHAN, N.P.S.,BARWAL, Kuldeep S.,KUMAR, Devender
Acta Silvatica & Lignaria Hungarica , 2009,
Abstract: We investigated the human–wild pig conflict in 5 different states in India. In these states,the wild pig populations are fragmented and relatively isolated all over. Agricultural crop depredation andattacks on humans being by wild pigs is a major problem. During 1990-2008, a total 309 human killingand injury cases were caused by wild pigs in these states. There was marked monthly variation inhuman casualties. Highest number of casualties occurred in November (n = 61). Wild pigs causedmaximum human casualties in forests (73.8%) than crop fields (21.7%) and villages (4.5%). Highestnumber of 92 human casualties occurred in the age group of 41-50 years. Highest number of 97 humancasualties occurred between 0801-1200 h (n = 97). Damage to agricultural crops by wild pigs was ofvarying extent (5-36%). As a result, people have developed antagonistic attitude towards the wild pigswhich adversely affect the conservation efforts. Recommendations have been made for reducing thehuman–wild pig conflict in these states.
Characterization and evaluation of north Indian clusterbean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub) germplasm collection
Deepak Arora, N.P.S. Dhillon and A.S.Sidhu
Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding , 2011,
Abstract: Thirty genotypes of clusterbean were evaluated for horticultural traits to study the extent of variation in different agromorphological characters. Coefficient of variation was high for number of branches per plant, pod yield per plant, single poded clusters per plant, plant height and number of pods per plant. Considerable morphological variability among north Indian clusterbean landraces was identified which could be used as basis for genetic improvement programme. PCB-23, BR-112 and RGC-936 on account of better performance have been recommended for use in clusterbean improvement programme. Various economic characters needed to develop clusterbean ideotype have been discussed.
Growth and Characterization of Urea Adduct with m-Nitrobenzoic Acid,m-Nitroaniline, and p-Xylene Mixtures  [PDF]
P. Jagdish, N.P. Rajesh, S. Natarajan
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.95033
Abstract: The urea adduct with the guests of m-nitrobenzoic acid, m-nitroaniline and p-xylene mixtures by adductive crystallization was successfully grown by slow evaporation method. The single crystals obtained were non-hygroscopic and good in size. The crystal structure of the grown crystal has been determined, and it belongs to the monoclinic system with centrosymmertic space group P21/c. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic studies were performed for the identification of guest components in the compound. The optical absorption spectrum has been recorded in the range 200-1100 nm. The mechanical behavior of the specimen was studied.
Energy Efficiency in Data Centers: How to Reduce Power Consumption in Data Centers by Optimum UPS Loading
N.P. Zinjad,S. S. More
International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology , 2012,
Abstract: Computation and data center has a huge value tomodern enterprise. This has resulted in the installation ofmillions of data centers in business around the globe.Historically, the cost to power and cool these facilities was smallrelative to the investment in servers, storage units and otherequipments. Today, however, the annual power and cooling costsof typical data centers are almost equal to the cost of hardware.In the past decade, India has witnessed an exponential increasein the demand for digital storage, from 1 petabyte in 2001 tomore than 34 petabytes by 2007. They also continue to grow at acompounded rate of 25-30%. Datacenter growth is basicallydriven by increasing requirements from the sectors such asfinancial institutions, telecom operators, manufacturing andservices. While large financial institutions and telecomcompanies are likely to build captive Datacenters for hostingtheir growing data storage needs. Datacenter service providersare expected to invest significantly to multiply their capacities, soas to fulfill the demand arising from small and midsize users.Datacenter is highly energy intensive. With the increasing energycost, the increase in operational cost is inevitable. Therefore itbecomes necessary to reduce the energy consumption to offset theincreasing operational cost and to maintain competitiveness.Existing Datacenters need to adopt the best practices in design,operation and maintenance to achieve operational excellence.The increasing IT business process outsource from foreigncountries has resulted in phenomenal growth of Datacenters inIndia. The total datacenter capacity in India is growing at a rapidpace and is expected to exceed 5.1 million square feet by 2012.The primary scope of this paper is to provide a framework inwhich data centers, large and small, could analyze and reducetheir power consumption. This paper provides a quantitativeapproach to understanding energy efficiency within a server andwithin a data center. A panorama for power minimization andenergy efficiency beginning with the basics of dual in linememory modules (DIMM) selection, configuring processors withreduced power states, options for constantly spinning disks,power management features in operating systems and otherinternal equipments.
Energy Efficiency in Data Centers: How to Reduce Power Consumption in Data Centers by Optimum UPS Loading
N.P. Zinjad,S. S. More
International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology , 2012,
Abstract: Computation and data center has a huge value to modern enterprise. This has resulted in the installation of millions of data centers in business around the globe. Historically, the cost to power and cool these facilities was small relative to the investment in servers, storage units and other equipments. Today, however, the annual power and cooling costs of typical data centers are almost equal to the cost of hardware. In the past decade, India has witnessed an exponential increase in the demand for digital storage, from 1 petabyte in 2001 to more than 34 petabytes by 2007. They also continue to grow at a compounded rate of 25-30%. Datacenter growth is basically driven by increasing requirements from the sectors such as financial institutions, telecom operators, manufacturing and services. While large financial institutions and telecom companies are likely to build captive Datacenters for hosting their growing data storage needs. Datacenter service providers are expected to invest significantly to multiply their capacities, so as to fulfill the demand arising from small and midsize users. Datacenter is highly energy intensive. With the increasing energy cost, the increase in operational cost is inevitable. Therefore it becomes necessary to reduce the energy consumption to offset the increasing operational cost and to maintain competitiveness. Existing Datacenters need to adopt the best practices in design, operation and maintenance to achieve operational excellence. The increasing IT business process outsource from foreign countries has resulted in phenomenal growth of Datacenters in India. The total datacenter capacity in India is growing at a rapid pace and is expected to exceed 5.1 million square feet by 2012. The primary scope of this paper is to provide a framework in which data centers, large and small, could analyze and reduce their power consumption. This paper provides a quantitative approach to understanding energy efficiency within a server and within a data center. A panorama for power minimization and energy efficiency beginning with the basics of dual in line memory modules (DIMM) selection, configuring processors with reduced power states, options for constantly spinning disks, power management features in operating systems and other internal equipments.
Lisinopril usage in cardiologic practice: data of evidence based medicine
N.P. Kutishenko,S.J. Martsevich
Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology , 2007,
Abstract: Data of multicenter clinical trials on assessment of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, lisinopril efficacy in therapy of patients with arterial hypertension, heart failure, myocardial infarction complicated with left ventricle dysfunction and diabetes (GISSI-3, ATLAS, ALLHAT, EUCLID) are presented in the review. The results of these trials establish more active usage of lisinopril in clinical practice.
The STICH trial — the importance of drugs in patients with coronary artery disease was higher than expected
S.Yu. Martsevich,N.P. Kutishenko
Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology , 2011,
Abstract: Key findings of STICH (Surgical Treatment for Ischemic Heart Failure) trial are presented. This study goal was to evaluate the role of the surgical intervention for coronary artery bypass grafting in improvement of life prognosis in patients with ischemic heart disease complicated severe heart failure.
CAMELLIA trial: comparison in therapies based on carvedilol and metoprolol in hypertensive patients with overweight and obesity
S.Y. Martsevich,N.P. Kutishenko
Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology , 2008,
Abstract: Therapy of arterial hypertension in patients with overweight and obesity has peculiarities. Reasons for comparable study of efficacy and safety of therapies based on β-blockers (carvedilol and metoprolol) in this type of patients are presented. Study aims and design, efficacy and safety criteria are described.
Achievement of lipid target plasma levels in patients of high cardiovascular risk: is medicine choice important?
S.Y. Martsevich,N.P. Kutishenko
Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology , 2008,
Abstract: The main indications to statins and principles of statin usage on the basis of International Guidelines are discussed. Problem of statin choice and problem of equivalence of generic drugs to original drugs are studied.
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