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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 36689 matches for " Julio Cesar; Valladares González "
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La violencia, un problema de salud Violence, a health problem
Julio Cesar Espín Falcón,Anais Marta Valladares González,Jorge Carlos Abad Araujo,Clarivel Presno Labrador
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2008,
Abstract: La violencia se ha convertido en un problema para la salud pública a nivel mundial. De ella se reconocen varios tipos: la violencia física, la psicológica y la sexual, sus causas pueden variar en dependencia del contexto sociocultural. El presente trabajo se realiza con el objetivo de identificar la violencia como un problema de salud, así como describir los tipos de violencia según las características de quienes cometen el acto violento y la naturaleza de los mismos. Violence has become a problem for public health all over the world. Different types have been recognized: physical, psychological and sexual violence. Their causes may vary depending on the sociocultural context. The present paper is aimed at identifying violence as a health problem and at describing the types of violence according to the characteristics of those who commit the violent act and to the nature of them.
La violencia, un problema de salud
Espín Falcón,Julio Cesar; Valladares González,Anais Marta; Abad Araujo,Jorge Carlos; Presno Labrador,Clarivel; Gener Arencibia,Nancy;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2008,
Abstract: violence has become a problem for public health all over the world. different types have been recognized: physical, psychological and sexual violence. their causes may vary depending on the sociocultural context. the present paper is aimed at identifying violence as a health problem and at describing the types of violence according to the characteristics of those who commit the violent act and to the nature of them.
Relación entre hábitos lectores, el uso de la biblioteca y el rendimiento académico en una muestra de estudiantes de psicología
Galicia Gaona, Julio Cesar;Villuendas González, Erwin Rogelio;
Revista de la educación superior , 2011,
Abstract: this paper aims to describe the relationship between reading habits, use of the university library and the academic performance of psychology students by means of a survey-type instrument with likert-type responses. it is an observational study with a cross-sectional stratified random sample of 321 psychology students. academic performance showed statistically significant correlations with some components of reading habits, such as attitudes toward reading (ρ =.413; p<.001) and with the frequency reported by the person about strategies used to find information in the library (ρ =.239; p<.001), among others.
Factores, grupos de riesgo y atención integral a la conducta violenta Factors, risk groups and integral care to violent behavior
Anais Marta Valladares González,Julio César Espín Falcón,Jorge Carlos Abad Araujo,Clarivel Presno Labrador
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2010,
Abstract: La violencia es la acción ejercida por una o varias personas, en la que se somete de manera intencional al maltrato, presión, sufrimiento, manipulación u otra acción que atente contra la integridad física, psicológica y moral de cualquier persona o grupo de personas. Los factores de riesgo de la conducta violenta se pueden agrupar en macrosociales, microsociales e individuales. El enfoque integral de intervención hacia la conducta violenta, debe tener en cuenta, no solo los componentes biológicos, psicológicos y sociales, sino también las peculiaridades sociales, grupales e individuales de su determinación. Violence is the action exerted by one or a certain number of persons practicing in an intentional way the ill-treatment, the pressure, suffering, manipulation or another action attempting on physical, psychological or moral integrity of any person of group of persons. The risk factors of violent behavior may be grouped into macrosocial, microsocial and individual. The integral approach of the intervention to violent behavior must to be into account not only the biological, psychological and social components but also the social, group and individual particular features of its determination.
Angina crónica estable. Consideraciones actuales
Yanier Coll Mu?oz,Claudio M. González Rodríguez,Francisco De Jesús Valladares Carvajal,Julio A. álvarez Blanco
Finlay : Revista de Enfermedades no Transmisibles , 2011,
Abstract: La angina de pecho crónica estable es un síndrome clínico caracterizado por dolor o malestar precordial secundario a isquemia miocárdica y sin características clínicas de inestabilidad. El debate actual sobre esta entidad clínica incluye tres aspectos fundamentales: diagnóstico, prevalencia e impacto socioeconómico, y tratamiento médico frente a revascularización miocárdica. En los últimos cuatro a os se han dado a conocer los resultados de varios estudios multicéntricos de gran importancia que compararon tratamiento médico con revascularización miocárdica y cirugía de revascularización frente a intervención coronaria percutánea; además, han mejorado las técnicas de revascularización y existe abundante información sobre la eficacia de nuevos fármacos antiisquémicos. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo hacer una revisión de los aspectos actuales más importantes relacionados con la angina de pecho estable y su tratamiento, publicados en la literatura especializada. CHRONIC STABLE ANGINA. CURRENT CONSIDERATIONS ABSTRACT Chronic stable angina is a clinical syndrome characterized by chest pain or pectoral discomfort secondary to myocardial ischemia. It does not present clinical features of instability. The current debate on this clinical entity includes three aspects: diagnosis; prevalence and socioeconomic impact; and medical treatment versus myocardial revascularization. In the past four years results of several major multicenter studies comparing medical treatment with revascularization and bypass surgery versus percutaneous coronary intervention have been released. In addition, revascularization techniques have been improved and information on anti-ischemic efficacy of new drugs is now abundant. This paper is aimed at reviewing the most important current issues related to stable angina and its treatment, according to specialized literature.
Estimación del riesgo cardiovascular global en pacientes con diabetes mellitus Estimate of the global cardiovascular risk in patients with diabetes mellitus
Julio Cesar Candelaria Brito,Tania Cruz González,Emilia Rosa Rieumont,Claudia Acosta Cruz
MEDISAN , 2013,
Abstract: Introducción: la enfermedad cardiovascular de origen ateroesclerótico constituye una de las principales causas de morbilidad y mortalidad en Cuba. Objetivo: estimar el riesgo cardiovascular global en pacientes con diabetes mellitus antes y después de una intervención educativa. Métodos: se efectuó un estudio cuasiexperimental en 23 diabéticos tipo 2 de San Diego de los Ba os, durante el 2012. Se estimó el riesgo cardiovascular global de los afectados, según las tablas de predicción de riesgo de la Organización Mundial de la Salud del 2008, antes y después de varias sesiones educativas. Además, se utilizaron la estadística descriptiva y el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman, con un nivel de significación de 95 %. Resultados: inicialmente, la citada variable se valoró de alta a muy alta en la gran mayoría de los pacientes, con predominio de estilos de vida no saludables, pero se modificó después de la intervención educativa. También se evidenció correlación significativa entre el riesgo cardiovascular global, la dieta y el índice de masa corporal de los afectados. Conclusiones: el programa de clases talleres realizado fue efectivo, puesto que se logró modificar favorablemente el riesgo cardiovascular global en los integrantes de la serie. Introduction: atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in Cuba. Objective: to estimate the global cardiovascular risk in patients with diabetes mellitus before and after an educational intervention. Methods: a quasi-experimental study was made in 23 diabetic patients type 2 from San Diego de los Ba os, during 2012. The global cardiovascular risk of those affected was estimated according to the risk prediction charts of the World Health Organization, 2008, before and after several educational sessions. Also, descriptive statistics and the Spearman's correlation coefficient were used with a 95% significance level. Results: initially, this variable was valued from high to very high in most of patients, with prevalence of unhealthy lifestyles, but it was modified after the educational intervention. Significant correlation was also observed between the global cardiovascular risk, diet and body mass index of patients. Conclusions: the workshop program was effective, as it was achieved favorably to modify the global cardiovascular risk in members of the series.
Nivele s de éstere s Eti l de ácid os Gra sos (FAEE) y perfi l enzimático hepático en s angre cordonal de re cién na cidos de madre s consumidora s y no co nsumidora s de alcoh ol
Joanna Baricelli,Girolamo Barrera,Julio Cesar González,María Leal
Salus Online , 2004,
Abstract: Several epid emiological studies state th at alcohol co nsumption d uringpregn a ncy is th e main cause of avoid able conge nital defects, b eing o n e ofth e thre e main ca uses of me ntal retard ation a n d th e only fully preventableo n e. I t is known that alco hol intake, eve n small amo u nts, causes a series ofsp ecific alco hol-consumptio n metabol ites to for m in th e h e p atic cell from th e esterificatio n of various fre e fat ty acids w ith eth anol which produce what iskn own as fat ty acid ethyl esters (FAEE). A ST, ALT, G GT d oses wered eter mine d as part of th e h e p atic profi le, since these are the enzymes th atusual ly b ecome altere d during alcohol co nsumption. Th us, th e main objectiveof this work was to deter min e blood FAE E from n e o n ate’s umbilical cord ofalco hol-consuming a n d non-co nsuming moth ers, in ord er to deter minewh ether such esters could be used as alcohol-co nsumptio n biomarkers forth e diagn osis of alco holic fetal syndrome. 6 6 moth ers at tending th e so uthmaternity hospital in Vale ncia were studie d, which were divid e d into twogro u ps: 4 5 alcohol-consuming a n d 21 alcohol-non-consuming wome n duringpregn a ncy. Results reveale d a high h epatic profi le and FAE E in ne onates ofalco hol-consuming moth ers, c1 8:1 being fo u n d in the total sample.Additio nal ly, 8 7% w ith c16:0 and 7 8% w ith c18:0; a stro ng relationshipb etwee n enzymatic profi le an d c18:1 (r =0.6 7 p < 0.0 000 1) was o bserve d. Inco nclusion, FAEE ca n b e consid ered as specific alcohol-consumptio nbiomarkers
Assessment of the Evolution of Cancer Treatment Therapies
Manuel Arruebo,Nuria Vilaboa,Berta Sáez-Gutierrez,Julio Lambea,Alejandro Tres,Mónica Valladares,áfrica González-Fernández
Cancers , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/cancers3033279
Abstract: Cancer therapy has been characterized throughout history by ups and downs, not only due to the ineffectiveness of treatments and side effects, but also by hope and the reality of complete remission and cure in many cases. Within the therapeutic arsenal, alongside surgery in the case of solid tumors, are the antitumor drugs and radiation that have been the treatment of choice in some instances. In recent years, immunotherapy has become an important therapeutic alternative, and is now the first choice in many cases. Nanotechnology has recently arrived on the scene, offering nanostructures as new therapeutic alternatives for controlled drug delivery, for combining imaging and treatment, applying hyperthermia, and providing directed target therapy, among others. These therapies can be applied either alone or in combination with other components (antibodies, peptides, folic acid, etc.). In addition, gene therapy is also offering promising new methods for treatment. Here, we present a review of the evolution of cancer treatments, starting with chemotherapy, surgery, radiation and immunotherapy, and moving on to the most promising cutting-edge therapies (gene therapy and nanomedicine). We offer an historical point of view that covers the arrival of these therapies to clinical practice and the market, and the promises and challenges they present.
Factores, grupos de riesgo y atención integral a la conducta violenta
Valladares González,Anais Marta; Espín Falcón,Julio César; Abad Araujo,Jorge Carlos; Presno Labrador,Clarivel; Cardona Almeida,Adriana;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2010,
Abstract: violence is the action exerted by one or a certain number of persons practicing in an intentional way the ill-treatment, the pressure, suffering, manipulation or another action attempting on physical, psychological or moral integrity of any person of group of persons. the risk factors of violent behavior may be grouped into macrosocial, microsocial and individual. the integral approach of the intervention to violent behavior must to be into account not only the biological, psychological and social components but also the social, group and individual particular features of its determination.
The family: an approach from psychological studies La familia. Una mirada desde la Psicología.
Anay Marta Valladares González
MediSur , 2010,
Abstract: -
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