All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99

PREPRINT - OALib PrePrints is not a peer-reviewed venue.

Two Special Points in Space—The Existence of Non-Dissipative Ordered Structures

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.preprints.1200278, PP. 1-7

Subject Areas: Thermochemistry

Keywords: Thermal electron, spontaneous process, evolution, bifurcation, dissipative structure, self-organizing

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


This paper found two special points in the space of the charge distribution resulting from thermal electron emission and summed up the characteristics of the two points. Some special characteristics exist between the two points, including constant direction of potential gradient, spontaneous process of remarkable deviation from equilibrium, inconsistence of the directions of forces and fluxes etc. This paper also analyzed the entropy production rates caused by the flow going with the potential gradient and the flow against the potential gradient, and found that the production rates caused by the two respective flows are non-zero and will not reach an extremum over time. It showed that the charge distribution is a kind of ordered structure which emerges spontaneously and exists without consuming energy. Analysis also showed that electron emission is a process that causes the system's entropy to decrease. This process is relatively independent; and breaking the oneness of relaxation mode can lead to the system's evolutionary bifurcation.

Cite this paper

Jiang, T. (2020). Two Special Points in Space—The Existence of Non-Dissipative Ordered Structures. Open Access Library PrePrints, 4, e278. doi:


[1]  Shao-Fang Peng, Zhao Zhang. Progress and Application of Linear and Nonlinear Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics. BeiJing:Chemical Industry Press, 2006:53-65.
[2]  Richardson O W. Electron theory of matter. Philips Mag,1912,23:599-609.
[3]  Rong-Bai Ouyang. Overview about the Fluctuation Dissipation Theorem. Progress in Physics, 1986,6(03):276-299.
[4]  Zhi-Cheng Wang. Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics (3rd edition).BeiJing:Higher Education Press, 2003:194-197.
[5]  Jian-Tang Jiang. Zero cost of negative entropy--creating order from disorder.Journal of Henan Polytechnic University(Natural Science), 2010,29(02):274-282.
[6]  Hawking, S. W. (1974). "Black hole explosions?". Nature 248 (5443): 30.


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us


微信:OALib Journal