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Modeling light interception and distribution in mixed canopy of common cocklebur (Xanthium stramarium) in competition with corn

DOI: 10.1590/S0100-83582010000300001

Keywords: modeling, competition, common cocklebur, corn, light.

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Abstract:

the aim of this study was to model light interception and distribution in the mixed canopy of common cocklebur (xanthium stramarium) with corn. an experiment was conducted in factorial arrangement on the basis of randomized complete blocks design with three replications in gonabad in 2006-2007 and 2007-2008 seasons. the factors used in this experiment include corn density of 7.5, 8.5 and 9.5 plants per meter of row and density of common cocklebur of zero, 2, 4, 6 and 8 plants per meter of row. intercom model was used through replacing parabolic function with triangular function of leaf area density. vertical distribution of the species' leaf area showed that corn has concentrated the most leaf area in layer of 80 to 100 cm while common cocklebur has concentrated in 35-50 cm of canopy height. model sensitivity analysis showed that leaf area index, species' height, height where maximum leaf area is seen (hm), and extinction coefficient have influence on light interception rate of any species. in both species, the distribution density of leaf area at the canopy length fit a triangular function, and the height in which maximum leaf area was observed was changed by change in density. there was a correlation between percentage of the radiation absorbed by the weed and percentage of corn seed yield loss (r2 = 0.89). ideal type of corn was determined until the stage of tasseling in competition with weed. this determination indicates that the corn needs more height and leaf area, as well as less extinction coefficient to successfully fight against the weed.

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