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Efeito da palha e da mistura atrazine e metolachlor no controle de plantas daninhas na cultura do milho, em sistema de plantio direto

DOI: 10.1590/S0100-204X2001000100005

Keywords: straw mulch, crop residue, herbicide, sustainability.

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Abstract:

the objective of this work was to study the effect of corn plant residue and mixture of atrazine plus metolachlor on weed control in no-till corn system. this experiment was performed in an oxisol, and the weed desiccation was done using glyphosate, 15 days before planting. the experimental design was a randomized block, with three replications. before corn planting, five levels of corn plant residues (0, 3, 6, 9 e 12tha-1) were equally distributed in the plots. two treatments were applied in subplots after corn planting: one without herbicide and the other one using the commercial mixture of atrazine plus metolachlor (1,200+ 1,800gha-1). different weed species were evaluated, at 26 and 41 days after planting. the total grass weeds number was significantly affected by the plant residue levels, independently of herbicide treatments and of evaluation period. the herbicide did not show a significant effect in the first evaluation period. however, in the second evaluation period, the herbicide reduced about 53% the total number of weeds compared to the plots without herbicide. it was verified that in the herbicide absence the total population of weeds were significantly higher in the second evaluation period. however, in the herbicide presence there was no significant difference in the total population of weeds between the two evaluated periods.

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