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The effect of prostaglandin synthase inhibitor, aspirin on the rat intestinal membrane structure and function

Keywords: aspirin, transport studies, ftir, disaccharidases, pyrene fluorescence.

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Abstract:

aspirin at a dose of 50 mg/kg body weight was found to decrease the activity of the rat intestinal brush border membrane (bbm) - associated enzymes such as the sucrase, lactase, maltase and alkaline phosphatase. aspirin treatment also led to a decrease in the microviscosity in the native as well as the benzyl alcohol treated membrane which might be due to the lipid peroxidative damage in the membrane. physical correlation of the membrane oxidative damage was evident as the fourier transformation infra red (ftir) study of the aspirin treated membrane, which include an increased proportion of gauche to trans conformer, shift in the methylene c-h asymmetric and symmetric stretching frequencies, c = o double bond stretching, nh bending, antisymmetric (n)-ch3 bending, c-n stretching and antisymmetric cnc stretching while there was no change in the ch2 wagging and twisting as well as in nh-bending amide bond i and ii. aspirin treatment also caused an alteration in the glucose and histidine transport, as evident by a decreased vmax value while the apparent km remaining unchanged in the control and aspirin-treated animals confirming that there was no change in the substrate affinity constant of the membrane transport proteins for the glucose and the basic amino acid, although the rate of transport decreased considerably. there was a decrease noted in the energy of activation of glucose and histidine transport when studied at different temperature but no change in the temperature of phase transition in the bbm with aspirin treatment, thus implying that perhaps the thermotropic phase transition in the membrane may have relatively little effect on the transport processes. the result suggests an underlying molecular mechanism indicating the implied membrane damage by aspirin, an important member of the non-steroidal antiinflammatory drug (nsaid) family which could possibly through an oxidative damage may lead to an altered molecular structure, physical state and biological func

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