the current article presents conclusions of a developed research in ensp/fiocruz, as part of a master degree course, about the relation between poverty and obesity from the symbolic structure seizure around the body. the research had as a goal examining the perception about the body of a fat women group living in a carioca slum, from the use of the qualitative methodology, using the technique of the semi-structured interview. the final researches in this work showed that among the rocinha women was in force proper standards of body that tied little esthetic attributes. the examined women noticed the obesity in a different way. it was felt through clinical symptoms as for example: "leg pains", "back pains", "lack of breath", "less disposition". it was still possible to observe that the fat body was sometimes valorous among the group, tied to work and the social condition. these results lead us to believe that the obesity assume proper outlines in the different contexts and social groups. for this reason we believe to be necessary the fulfillment of new research dates about the obesity theme in brazil.