this study was carried out to understand the perceptions and expectations of the other health care professionals about pharmacists' role in primary health care centers and hospitals in santiago de cuba (cuba). a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted, applying a self-administered questionnaire to health care professionals. the sample included 763 professionals (40.9% physicians and 59.1 % nurses) from hospitals and primary health care clinics, chosen by random stratified sampling,. the most common activity performed by pharmacists was the distribution of medications or the drug supply management (51.5%) and adverse drug reactions reporting (29.4%), activities performed daily by pharmacists. pharmaceutical care practice was considered as poor by the professionals, and only 15.6% of them have collaborated in these programs in the past. for nurses and physicians, interprofessional communication occurs sometimes (56.9%) and never (25.8%). pharmacists' integration into the health team was considered as fair (50.7%). a total of 70.1% perceived the pharmacist as a drug expert and 60.1% as a professional who provides medication counseling. the main expectations these health care professionals expressed were that pharmacists provide more education about medication (97.4%) and improve their interprofessional communication techniques in order to communicate more effectively with the other members of the health care team (96.6%).