herbaspirillum seropedicae is an endophytic diazotrophic bacterium, which associates with important agricultural plants. in the present study, we have investigated the attachment to and internal colonization of phaseolus vulgaris roots by the h. seropedicae wild-type strain smr1 and by a strain of h. seropedicae expressing a red fluorescent protein (dsred) to track the bacterium in the plant tissues. two-day-old p. vulgaris roots were incubated at 30°c for 15 min with 6 x 108 cfu/ml h. seropedicae smr1 or ram4. three days after inoculation, 4 x 104 cells of endophytic h. seropedicae smr1 were recovered per gram of fresh root, and 9 days after inoculation the number of endophytes increased to 4 x 106 cfu/g. the identity of the recovered bacteria was confirmed by amplification and sequencing of the 16srrna gene. furthermore, confocal microscopy of p. vulgaris roots inoculated with h. seropedicae ram4 showed that the bacterial cells were attached to the root surface 15 min after inoculation; fluorescent bacteria were visible in the internal tissues after 24 h and were found in the central cylinder after 72 h, showing that h. seropedicae ram4 is capable of colonizing the roots of the dicotyledon p. vulgaris. determination of dry weight of common bean inoculated with h. seropedicae smr1 suggested that this bacterium has a negative effect on the growth of p. vulgaris.