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Antifungal activity of the extracts and saponins from Sapindus saponaria L.

DOI: 10.1590/S0001-37652007000400002

Keywords: sapindaceae, sapindus saponaria, saponins, antifungal activity, candida.

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Abstract:

extracts from the dried pericarp of sapindus saponaria l. (sapindaceae) fruits were investigated for their antifungal activity against clinical isolates of yeasts candida albicans and c. non-albicans from vaginal secretions of women with vulvovaginal candidiasis. four clinical isolates of c. albicans, a single clinical isolated of each of the species c. parapsilosis, c. glabrata, c. tropicalis, and the strain of c. albicans atcc 90028 were used. the hydroalcoholic extract was bioactivity-directed against a clinical isolate of c. parapsilosis, and showed strong activity. the n-buoh extract and one fraction showed strong activity against all isolates tested. further column-chromatography on silica gel separation of this fraction afforded two pure triterpene acetylated saponins: 3-o-(4-acetyl-b-d-xylopyranosyl)-(1?3)-a-lrhamnopyranosyl-(1?2)-a-l-arabinopyranosyl-hederagenin (1) and 3-o-(3,4-di-acetyl-b-d-xylopyranosyl)-(1?3)-a-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1?2)-a-l-arabynopyranosyl-hederagenin (2). the structures of the compounds were based on spectral data (1h and 13c nmr, hsqc, hmbc and ms), and on with literature. the saponins isolated showed strong activity against c. parapsilosis.

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