the use of the word "palestine" holds a diversity of "paths" and social conflicts that acted in a way to give meaning to a social identity of individuals either as a minority in brazil or as a social group that live in any other national states, even in israel. the goal of this article is to discuss about the territorial redefinitions and citizenship the demonstrate the complexity of the palestinian auto denomination. in this order is necessary to recall the history of the recent conflicts between nations, territorial redefinitions, diplomatic "problems?" that placed palestine in our century geopolitical map in order to comprehend the use and the updates of this theme among the palestine immigrants that live in brazil. the understanding od the different itinerary that allow us to recognize a centralization of the palestine nationalism at the updates of the palestine identity still in the context of origin, before and after 1948. the redefinitions of frontiers among national states and citizenship provide a better understanding about the palestine identity and the multiplicity of itinerary of immigration that ocurr in the palestine immigrants, from the south of brazil, reports .