the aim of this study is to evaluate the brazilian experience in overcoming the difficulties of technology-based companies in incubators in order to propose improvement actions using incubators in brazil as reference. the adopted methodology prioritizes a qualitative focus. research is characterized as descriptive-exploratory and is conducted in the form of a multicase study. results allowed the identification of difficulties of companies residing in incubators and relevance in overcoming these difficulties based on four types of restrictions: financing, management, production and commercialization, and the subsequent proposal of elements that allow improvement actions. the study contributes to the management practice by proposing a set of improvement actions that can be adopted by companies and incubators to enhance performance.