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Characterization of the allergen Sol gem 2 from the fire ant venom, Solenopsis geminata

DOI: 10.1590/S1678-91992012000300010

Keywords: allergy, ant venom, hymenoptera, immunoreactivity.

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Abstract:

sol i 2 is a potent allergen in solenopsis invicta venom, and most humans exhibit reactivity to it. the sol gem 2 allergen found in the venom of the thai tropical fire ant solenopsis geminata was analysed in the present study. the protein was present in higher amounts than other proteins, as determined by sds-page, and presumably has allergenic properties similar to those of sol i 2. sol gem 2 molecular weight is 28 and 15 kda, respectively, under non-reducing and reducing conditions, indicating that its native form is a dimer. lc-ms/ms analysis confirmed its similarity to sol i 2. the mono/dimeric form of sol gem 2 was determined to be relevant by proteomic approach and immunoblotting. an anti-sol gem 2 antibody was produced in mice, with a titer greater than 1:800 according to the western blotting analysis. the sol gem 2-neutralising activity of this antibody was determined in crickets. the paralytic dose 50 (pd50) of crude s. geminata venom was elevated from 0.18 mg/g of body weight to more than 0.90 mg/g of body weight after preincubation with antibody at a ratio of 1:1. these results suggest that sol gem 2 plays an important role in mediating the effects of the piperidine derivatives in the venom.

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