although the nineteenth century saw numerous attempts to deter the slave trade, it was also the period when brazil imported the greatest number of slaves in its history. the conditions under which slaves were transported, worked, and lived were largely responsible for their state of health. yet this topic barely makes an appearance in the field of history, and many disputed points remain to be settled. my research cross-references sources and topics in order to gather data on the hygienic lives of nineteenth-century slaves. by analyzing archival documents from hospitals, notary public offices, and church bodies, iconographic sources, and the medical literature, i have retrieved information that can be used towards writing a history of the healthcare system available to slaves.