this article explores the deep renovation in the ideological-cultural field that accompanies the return to democracy in the country, as well as the processes that bring about the formation of a new "cultural atmosphere". besides, through the conceptual and methodological news in the field, it analyses the production that aims at revisiting peronism at that time. in so doing, it attempts to tackle the continuity of the lines of the debate that started in previous decades, as well as a whole new line that at the beginning of the 80s began with the analyses of the "cultural battle" between politicians and intellectuals brought about by peronism after its first decline. the magnetism of peronism over the historiographical field in the 60s and 70s acquires a renewed vigour in the 80s, due to the political and ideological disputes and controversies in the interior of this political tradition in the period of the democratic transition. this new production is undoubtedly a fundamental chapter in the historiography of peronism, which continues in the following decades and inspires new readings. in this sense, this article attempts to join old and new ideas in the historiographical field, modulated by the changes in peronism as a political force since its electoral defeat against radicalism in 1983.