All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Monitoring of Pesticide Residues in Commonly Used Fruits in Hyderabad Region, Pakistan

DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2011.228123, PP. 46-52

Keywords: Market Survey, Fruit Samples, Pesticides Residues, GC-μECD

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


A market based survey was carried out to evaluate the level of 26 pesticides in some commonly used fruits in Hyderabad region, Pakistan. Gas chromatography coupled with micro electron capture detector was used to assess the levels of pesticide residues. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was also applied for the confirmation of results. Out of total 131 analyzed samples, 53 (40%) were found contaminated with pesticide residues while only 3 (2%) samples were exceeded the MRLs of some pesticides. Chlorpyrifos and dieldrin were detected in almost all analyzed samples. Residues of chlorpyrifos (1256 µg/kg) and endosulfan sulfate (1236 µg/kg) were found higher in orange and apple samples, respectively. The findings of this study provided important data about contamination of pesticide residue in some fruits sold in Hyderabad, Pakistan, and recommended that monitoring studies should be expanded to other fruits grown in different agro climatic regions, which may serve as basis for future policy about the standards and quality control of pesticides.


[1]  W. J. Krol, T. L. Arsenault, H. M. Pylypiw, et al., “Reduction of Pesticide Residues on Produce by Rinsing,” Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, Vol. 48, No. 10, 2000, pp. 4666-4670. doi:10.1021/jf0002894
[2]  C. K. Bempah and A. K. Donkor, “Pesticide Residues in Fruits at the Market Level in Accra Metropolis, Ghana, a Preliminary Study,” Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 175, No. 1-4, 2011, pp. 551-561. doi:10.1007/s10661-010-1550-0
[3]  K. Beena and T. S. Kathpal, “Monitoring of Pesticide Residues in Vegetarian Diet,” Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 151, No. 1-4, 2009, pp. 19-26. doi:10.1007/s10661-008-0210-0
[4]  S. Freidberg, “Cleaning up down South: Supermarkets, Ethical Trade and African Hor-ticulture,” Social and Cultural Geography, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2003, pp. 27-43. doi:10.1080/1464936032000049298
[5]  J. Pretty and R. Hine, “Pesticide Use and the Environment,” In: Pretty J. Ed., The Pesticide Detox: Towards a More Sustainable Agriculture, Earthscan, London, 2005.
[6]  A. Adeyeye and O. Osibanjo, “Residues of Organochlorine Pesticides in Fruits, Vegetables and Tubers from Nigerian Markets,” The Science of Total En-vironment, Vol. 231, No. 2-3, 1999, pp. 227-233.
[7]  Y. F. Jiang, X. T. Wang, Y. Jia, et al., “Occurrence, Distribution and Possible Sources of Organochlorine Pesticides in Agricultural Soil of Shanghai, China,” Journal of Hazardous Material, Vol. 170, No. 2-3, 2009, pp. 989- 997. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.05.082
[8]  Anonymous, “Eco-nomic Survey of Pakistan,” Finance Division, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad, 2008.
[9]  M. I. Tariq, S. Afzal, I. Hus-sain, et al., “Pesticides Exposure in Pakistan: A Review,” En-vironmental International, Vol. 33, No. 8, 2007, pp. 1107-1122. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2007.07.012
[10]  Anonymous, “Plant Protection Department,” Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock (MINFAL), Karachi, 2000.
[11]  Anonymous, “Economic Survey of Pakistan,” Finance Division, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad, 2007.
[12]  K. Beena, V. K. Madan and T. S. Kathpal, “Monitoring of Pesticide Residues in Fruits,” Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 123, No. 1-3, 2006, pp. 407-412. doi:10.1007/s10661-006-1493-7
[13]  S. Tahir, T. Anwar, I. Ahmed, et al., “Determination of Pesticide Residues in Fruits and Vegetables in Islamabad Market,” Journal of Environmental Biology, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2001, pp. 71-74.
[14]  I. Ahmad, “Pesticide Residues in Fortified Water, Soil, Food, Fruits and Vegetable Samples in Pakistan,” Journal of Experimental Zo-ology India, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2004, pp. 67-72.
[15]  T. Anwar, S. Tahir, I. Ahmad, et al., “Pesticide Residues in Vegetables Col-lected from Markets of Mardan (NWFP), Lahore and Faisalabad (Punjab), Pakistan,” Bulletin of Pure and Applied Sciences, Vol. 23A, No. 1, 2004, pp. 11-19.
[16]  S. Hussain, T. Masud and K. Ahad, “Determination of Pesticides Residues in Selected Va-rieties of Mango,” Pa- kistan Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2004, pp. 41-42.
[17]  Z. Parveen, M. I. Khuhro and N. Rafiq, “Monitoring of Pesticide Residues in Vegetables (2000-2003) in Karachi, Pakistan,” Bulletin of Contamination Toxicology, Vol. 74, No. 1, 2005, pp. 170-176. doi:10.1007/s00128-004-0564-0
[18]  Z. Parveen, M. I. Khuhro and N. Kausar, “Evaluation of Multiple Pesticide Residues in Apples and Citrus Fruits, 1999-2001, Pakistan,” Bulletin of Contamination Toxicology, Vol. 73, No. 2, 2004, pp. 312-318.
[19]  N. Hassan, T. Anwar, S. Akhtar, et al., “Pesti-cide Residues Limits in Vegetables Growing around Karachi City, Pakistan,” Journal of Experimental Zoology India, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2007, pp. 103-106.


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us


微信:OALib Journal