this article presents results of a research on teacher university education in brazil in the 1930s. the investigation was carried out gathering information sources from that period, including documents produced by the institution under study, as well as from periodicals, legislation, newspapers, and educational literature, amongst others. from the documental corpus so gathered it was observed that in 1933, in the state of s？o paulo, the first higher education school for the formation of teachers created was the instituto de educa？？o (institute of education), stemming from the educational reform of fernando de azevedo. in 1934 it was incorporated to the university of s？o paulo and, together with the school of philosophy, sciences and literature, was responsible for the higher education of teachers. at the institute of education of the university of s？o paulo was established the first generation of university teachers devoted to the education of teachers for the primary and secondary school, a project that had its roots in the intellectual debate that took place especially in the 1920s. although the institute constituted one of the answers to the demand for teacher professionalization and had been a model for other initiatives, it was closed down in 1938. political forces linked to the interventionist government of ademar de barros and to the catholic church put an end in 1938 to the first brazilian experience of higher education for teachers.