purpose: the management of penile cancer has evolved as less invasive techniques are applied in the treatment of the primary tumor and inguinal lymph nodes. materials and methods: herein we review the literature focusing on advances in the preservation of the phallus as well as less morbid procedures to evaluate and treat the groins. results: promising imaging modalities for staging are discussed. new techniques are described and tables provided for penile preservation. we also review the contemporary morbidity of modified surgical forms for evaluation of the inguinal nodes. conclusions: advances in surgical technique have made phallic preservation possible in a greater number of primary penile cancers. the groins can be evaluated for metastasis with greater accuracy through new radiologic means as well as with less morbid modified surgical techniques.