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Interciencia  2009 

Análisis de la abundancia, dominancia y diversidad de la comunidad de peces demersales de profundidad de 90 a 540 metros en el Golfo de California, México

Keywords: borde continental, demersal, golfo de california, peces de aguas profundas.

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Abstract:

an analysis of the demersal fish community of the eastern continental slope of the gulf of california, méxico, was performed. samples were obtained with a trawl net at 90-540m of depth by three separate research surveys. temperature-salinity diagrams showed two main water masses, one represented by the gulf of california water mass, down to a depth of 540m, and a deeper one corresponding to the sub-surface pacific water mass. depth profiles for temperature and dissolved o2 were obtained, and plots constructed from them. these profiles showed that temperature and o2 concentration decreased gradually along a smooth gradient to a minimun of 7°c and 0.1ml·l-1, respectively, at 540m deep. seventy-one species belonging to 35 families were found. average maximum and minimum overall diversity (h′) values were 2.2 and 0.8 bits/ind and the specific richness (r) index value were 3.6 and 0.2. caelorinchus scaphopsis, merluccius productus, pleuronichthys verticals, sebastes spinorbis, microlephidium verecundum, lepophidium prorates. and lophiodes spilurus were the most dominant species, based on the relative importance index. the fish community structure suggests two different communities with two groups of species, one at 90-270m deep that shows strong associations with moderate to high diversity values and specific richness, with shared dominance by numerous species, and a second community made out of typical deep water species, with low diversity and dominance featured by a few species. the data suggests that environmental conditions play an important role in the distribution and the community structure of these species.

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