Overcoming poverty is the top priority of the 13th Five-Year Plan and the key to achieving the first century-long goal of a well-off society in an all-round way. With the continuous advancement of poverty alleviation work in China, the poverty alleviation work has encountered various difficulties, such as “the scattered distribution of poor households, multiple causes of poverty, and inadequate poverty relief”, and the effectiveness of poverty alleviation has been weakened. Against this background, General Secretary Xi Jinping made important instructions on “targeted poverty alleviation” and successively introduced related policies on targeted poverty alleviation in the following years, opening a new chapter for China’s poverty alleviation. Based on the social background of the “China Highlights, World Model” poverty alleviation effect in Guangdong Province, this paper selects the “S Village in Qingyuan City” to carry out field research, elaborates the existing poverty alleviation projects in S Village, and uses Smith policy to perform theoretical analysis, and analyzes the reasons for its effectiveness. Through analysis, it is found that the reason for the outstanding effect of poverty alleviation in S Village is that the poverty alleviation subjects such as the village poverty alleviation task force made full use of poverty reduction policies support, faced the poor households who were desperate to get rid of poverty, accurately analyzed their causes of poverty, and adopted corresponding poverty alleviation measures to stimulate. The endogenous drive for poverty alleviation of poor households was achieved, and the goal of joint efforts for poverty alleviation was achieved. Finally, this article builds an effective and targeted poverty alleviation system based on the effectiveness of poverty alleviation in S Village. Targeting both sides of poverty alleviation is the foundation, achieving the precise supply and demand of poor households is the key, implementing the responsibility of both sides is fundamental, and using appropriate means of poverty alleviation is the guarantee.
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