Blood transfusion is a life-saving act because in some cases, it is the last resort to save an individual’s life. However, the seroprevalence of infectious markers in blood donors is a major public health problem, both in developed and developing countries, in its magnitude. The purpose of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of infectious markers in blood donors. This is a descriptive study conducted in the city of Mbujimayi at kansele Hospital among registered blood donors (family volunteers and paid) from the period 12/01/2017 to 13/01/2018. The data were collected in a cross-sectional manner. The following observations were made: in the study period, 522 blood donors were registered. After analyzing the data, the seroprevalence of HIV/AIDS in blood donors is 4.4%, 2.1% of cases have an HCV serological status and 5.9% a HBS positive serological status, and 2.1% a positive RPR HIV status, the male sex predominated with 85.4% was male.
Rakotoniaina, A.I., Randriamanantany, Z.A., Ranaivosoa, K.H.M., Andriambelo, V., Fortuné, H., Rakoto Alson, O.A. and Rasamindrakotroka, A. (2013) Seroprevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and Treponema Blood Donors among Blood Sat Transfusion Antananarivo from 1992 to 2010.
Kakisingi, C.N., Mukuku, O., Matanda, S.K., Manika, M.M., Kyabu, V.K., Kasamba, E.I., Mawaw, P.M., Mwamba, C.M. and Kapend, L. (2016) Epidemiological Profile and Seroprevalence of Blood Donors at the University Clinics in Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo. The Pan African Medical Journal, 23, 175. https://doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2016.23.175.8480
Jacques, J., Noubiap, N., Yvonne, W., Joko, A., Richie, J., Nansseu, N. and Gae, U. (2013) Sero-Epidemiology of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Hepatitis B and C Viruses, and Syphilis Infections among First-Time Blood Donors in Edéa, Cameroon. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 17, 832-837. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2012.12.007
Mavenyengwa, R.T., Mukesi, M. and Chipare, I. (2014) Prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Syphilis, Hepatitis B and C in Blood Donations in Namibia. BMC Public Health, 14, Article No. 424. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-424
Mecky, I.N.M., Pius, M.M. and Eligius, F.L. (2006) Seroprevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Hepatitis B and C Viruses and Syphilis Infections among Blood Donors at the Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. BMC Public Health, 6, Article No. 21. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-6-21
Rotermann, M., Langlois, K., Andonov, A. and Trubnikov, M. (2011) Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C Virus Infections: Results from the Canadian Health Measures Survey, 2007 to 2009 and 2009 to 2011. Health Reports, 24, 3-13.
Mulumba Mwamba, L.K. (2016) Seroprevalence and Epidemiological Profile of Blood Donors at the Lubumbashi University Clinics, Democratic Republic. Pan African Medical Journal, 23, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2016.23.175.8480
Nagalo, M.B., Sanou, M., Bisseye, C., et al. (2011) Seroprevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Hepatitis B and C Viruses and Syphilis among Blood Donors in Koudougou (Burkina Faso) in 2009. Blood Transfusion, 9, 419-424.
Pahuja, S., Sharma, M., Baitha, B. and Jain, M. (2007) Prevalence and Trends of Markers of Hepatitis C Virus, Hepatitis B Virus and Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Delhi Blood Donors: A Hospital Based Study. Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases, 215, 389-391.
Fessehaye, N., Naik, D. and Fessehaye, T. (2011) Transfusion Transmitted Infections. A Retrospective Analysis from the National Blood Transfusion Service in Eritrea. Pan African Medical Journal, 9, 40. https://doi.org/10.4314/pamj.v9i1.71219
Makroo, R.N., Chowdhry, M., Bhatia, A., et al. (2011) Prevalence of HIV among Blood Donors in a Tertiary Care Centre of North India. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 134, 950-953. https://doi.org/10.4103/0971-5916.92640
Rotermann, M., Langlois, K., Andonov, A. and Trubnikov, M. (2011) Séroprévalence des infections par le virus de l’hépatite B et par le virus de l’hépatite C: Résultats de l’Enquête canadienne sur les mesures de la santé, 2007 à 2009 et 2009 à 2011.