All Title Author
Keywords Abstract


Deciphering the Quality of Life among Tuberculosis Patients under RNTCP in Karnataka, India

DOI: 10.4236/jtr.2019.72005, PP. 45-55

Keywords: Quality of Life, Operational Research, WHO QOL-BREF, RNTCP

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

Background: The Tuberculosis (TB) disease has immense impact on physical, psychological, economic and social well-being of an individual. It is desired that the patient with any kind of TB disease should lead a respectable and happier life during their course of TB treatment. Currently, the quality of life (QOL) is an important indicator to assess the well-being of a person and there is paucity of such information among TB patients. Hence, we conducted to assess and compare the QOL of Revised National TB Control Programme registered Drug sensitive TB patients, Drug resistant TB patients and general population of Gadag district in Karnataka, India. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Gadag district, Karnataka from March 2017 through March 2018 among drug sensitive, drug resistant TB patients and general population. A Non-probability purposive sampling was adopted to select the samples that were matched for age, gender and ward. The select patients were administered WHO QOL-BREF questionnaire by trained personnel. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 12 analysis software. Results: The scores obtained for the four domains of QOL were (a) physical health: 69.62 + 18.29 (b) Psychological: 66.96 + 18.62 (c) Environment: 60.99 + 15.05 and (d) Social relationships: 53.5 + 19.93. Conclusions: The drug resistant TB patients have poor QOL when compared to drug sensitive and general population.

References

[1]  India Tuberculosis Report 2018, Annual Status Report.
https://tbcindia.gov.in/showfile.php?lid=3314
[2]  Aggarwal, A.N. (2010) Health Related Quality of Life: A Neglected Aspect of Pulmonary Tuberculosis. Lung India, 27, 1-3.
https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-2113.59259
[3]  Dhuria, M., Sharma, N. and Ingle, G.K. (2008) Impact of Tuberculosis on the Quality of Life. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 33, 58-59.
https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-0218.39249
[4]  Sharma, R., Yadav, R., Sharma, M., Saini, V. and Koushal, V. (2014) Quality of Life of Multi Drug Resistant Tuberculosis Patients:a Study of North India. Acta Medica Iranica, 52, 448-453.
[5]  Valencia, S., León, M., Losada, I., Sequera, V.G., Quevedo, M.F. and García-Basteiro, A.L. (2016) How Do We Measure Adherence to Anti Tuberculosis Treatment? Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy, 15, 157-165.
https://doi.org/10.1080/14787210.2017.1264270
[6]  Dourado, V.Z. (2004) Influence of General Clinical Parameters on the Quality of Life of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients. The Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia, 30, 207-214.
[7]  Gadag District Profile.
http://khpkvk.org/image/GADAG%20DISTRICT%20PROFILE.pdf
[8]  Tuberculosis India (2015) Annual Status Report.
https://tbcindia.gov.in/showfile.php?lid=3314
[9]  WHOQOL-BREF Introduction, Administration, Scoring and Generic Version of the Assessment.
http://www.who.int/mental_health/media/en/76.pdf
[10]  Singh, T., Sharma, S. and Nagesh, S. (2017) Socio-Economic Status Scales Updated for 2017. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 5, 3264-3267.
https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20173029
[11]  Sule, A.G., Odeigah, L.O., Alabi, K.M., Issa, B.A., Shittu, R.O., Joseph, A.I., Abiola, O.F. and Natie, B.N. (2014) Quality of Life of Patients with Tuberculosis in a Nigerian Teaching Hospital. Turkish Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 8, 39-47.
https://doi.org/10.5455/tjfmpc.46982
[12]  Al-Qahtani, M.F., El Mahalli, A.A., Al Dossary, N., Al Muhaish, A., Al Otaibi, S. and Al Baker, F. (2014) Health-Related Quality of Life of Tuberculosis Patients in the Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Talibah University Medical Sciences, 9, 311-317.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S165836121400064X
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtumed.2014.04.005
[13]  De Farias, S.N.P., Da Silva Medeiros, C.R., Paz, E.P.A., et al. (2013) Completeness in Caring: Study of Quality of Life in Clients with Tuberculosis. Escola Anna Nery, 17, 749-754.
https://doi.org/10.5935/1414-8145.20130020
[14]  Abraham, S., Venu, A., Ramachandran, A., Chandran, P.M. and Raman, S. (2012) Assessment of Quality of Life in Patients on Hemodialysis and the Impact of Counseling. Saudi Journal of Kidney Disease and Transplantation, 23, 953-957.
https://doi.org/10.4103/1319-2442.100875
[15]  Dhingra, V.K. and Rajpal, S. (2005) Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL) Scoring (DR-12 Score) in Tuberculosis: Additional Evaluative Tool under DOTS. The Journal of Communicable Diseases, 37, 261-268.
[16]  Chamla, D. (2004) The Assessment of Patients’ Health-Related Quality of Life during Tuberculosis Treatment in Wuhan, China. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 8, 1100-1106.
[17]  Sharma, R., Yadav, R., Sharma, M., Saini, V. and Koushal, V. (2014) Quality of Life of Multi Drug Resistant Tuberculosis Patients: A Study of North India. Acta Medica Iranica, 52, 448-453.

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus