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-  2017 

四言诗演变的文体学考察 A Stylistic Study of the Evolution of Fourcharacter Poems

Keywords: 《诗》四言,分章合乐,《书》与赋四言,乐府与骈语,fourcharacter verses of “The Book of Songs”,in synchrony with musical rhythms,“The Book of History&rdquo,and fourcharacter Fu,Yuefu and parallel style

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Abstract:

摘要 《诗》四言简质未舒,但以虚字衬贴、叠字形容、章句字词重复间破板质,而且分章合乐适于言志的歌咏。赋在一章具有整体性和结构性的作用,比兴则仅有暂时性和片段性的功能。《诗》四言与《书》四言散语实字并列及赋体四言散语一顺铺陈具有本质的区别,但汉代四言参合《诗·颂》和《书》语,愈显典重。汉末以降文人创制已非分章合乐,或自抒怀抱,或受五言、骈体影响,工于属对锻炼,及唐人四言都从拟乐府而来,终乖《诗》体本调。

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