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-  2015 

Historical Change and Development Trend of Chinese Rural Community

Keywords: 社会生活共同体 乡村社区 历史变迁
social life community rural community historical change development trend

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For the nature and characteristics of Chinese traditional rural community, scholars have proposed several different definitions such as “village community” “clan community” and “market community”. Although these views above have recognized the openness of the village, especially the link among different “market communities”, they mainly take a holistic and static perspective which regard the village as a relatively closed and autonomous body. From the late Qing Dynasty, with the start of construction of State Power, external forces increasingly involved in rural governance, which exacerbated the bureaucratic and administrative trend of the countryside. Afterwards, in the process of State integration, people tried to transform rural community through economic and political means, partly achieved the goal of State governance whilst caused some disasters in practice. Therefore, the construction of rural community in a new era should follow the “service embedded”road, to revitalize the residents’ identity to rural community and rebuild a social life community characterized by “orderly management, perfect service, civilized and harmonious environment”.


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